Nizip

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Not to be confused with Nusaybin. ‹See Tfd›
Nizip
Tilm
Nizip is located in Turkey
Nizip
Nizip
Coordinates: 37°00′36″N 37°47′50″E / 37.01000°N 37.79722°E / 37.01000; 37.79722Coordinates: 37°00′36″N 37°47′50″E / 37.01000°N 37.79722°E / 37.01000; 37.79722
Country Turkey
Province Gaziantep
Government
 • Mayor Hacı Fevzi Akdoğan (AKP)
 • Kaymakam Yaşar Karadeniz
Area[1]
 • District 1,046.25 km2 (403.96 sq mi)
Population (2012)[2]
 • Urban 100,488
 • District 135,819
 • District density 130/km2 (340/sq mi)
Post code 27700
Website www.nizip.bel.tr

Nizip (Ottoman Turkish: نزيب,[3] Zazaki: Sêwrege[citation needed]) is a district of Gaziantep Province of southeastern Turkey.

As of 2010, the population of the city is 96,229. It is located 45 km from the city of Gaziantep, 95 km from Şanlıurfa (Edessa), and 35 km from Karkamış, which is an old city also known historically as Carchemish. It is quite near to the ancient Roman cities of Zeugma and Rumkale, which means Roman Castle. The city is commonly confused with Nusaybin because both cities had similar ancient names, which are Nisibis and Nisibin. Even in very credible encyclopedias there appear some confusions. Indeed, while Nizip is near the Euphrates river, Nusaybin is near the Tigris river. In excavation sites, valuable mosaics have been found, including those of Triton, Dionysos' Wedding, Poseidon, Perseus, Gypsy Girl or Gaia, Dolphin and Eros, Physke, Akhilleus, Aphrodite's Birth, the God of Euphrates, and Europa.

In 1839, the Ottoman Empire and Egypt, which was being ruled by Muhammad Ali of Egypt (otherwise known as Muhammad Ali Pasha), went to war in the countryside of Nizip on June 24, 1839. Because of that, the war was called the Battle of Nezib.

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Area of regions (including lakes), km²". Regional Statistics Database. Turkish Statistical Institute. 2002. Retrieved 2013-03-05. 
  2. ^ "Population of province/district centers and towns/villages by districts - 2012". Address Based Population Registration System (ABPRS) Database. Turkish Statistical Institute. Retrieved 2013-02-27. 
  3. ^ Tahir Sezen and in kurdish Tilm Osmanlı Yer Adları (Alfabetik Sırayla), T.C. Başbakanlık Devlet Arşivleri Genel Müdürlüğü, Yayın Nu 21, Ankara, p. 385.