Nkhata Bay

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search

Coordinates: 11°36′S 34°18′E / 11.600°S 34.300°E / -11.600; 34.300

Nkhata Bay
Nkhata
The town sits on the flat between the hills and Lake Malawi
The town sits on the flat between the hills and Lake Malawi
Nkhata Bay is located in Malawi
Nkhata Bay
Nkhata Bay
Location in Malawi
Coordinates: 11°36′00″S 34°18′00″E / 11.60000°S 34.30000°E / -11.60000; 34.30000
Country  Malawi
Region Northern Region
District Nkhata Bay District
Elevation 1,548 ft (471 m)
Population (2008)[1]
 • Total 14,722
Time zone +2

Nkhata Bay or just Nkhata is the capital of the Nkhata Bay District in Malawi. It is on the shore of Lake Malawi (formerly Lake Nyasa), east of Mzuzu, and is one of the main ports on Lake Malawi.[2] The population of Nkhata Bay is estimated to be 14,722 as of 2008.[1] Nkhata Bay is 413 kilometres (257 mi) from Lilongwe, Malawi’s capital city, and 576 kilometres (358 mi) from Blantyre, Malawi’s largest city.[3] Nkhata Bay is the second "busiest resort" on Lake Malawi.[4]

History[edit]

The ancestors of Nkhata Bay residents were the Tonga (Lakeside Tonga). In the 19th century the area suffered frequent attacks from the Ngoni people, who fled north to escape the rule of the Zulu king Shaka, in South Africa.[5]

Demographics[edit]

Year Population[1]
1987 6,494
1998 9,424
2008 14,722

Language[edit]

Chichewa is the preferred language in hospitals, churches, radio and newspapers in Nkhata Bay, although Chitumbuka is the main language spoken in the Northern Region. Tonga is the main language spoken in Nkhata Bay’s schools; Tonga is used approximately 92% of the time.[6]

Economy[edit]

Nkhata Bay is dependent on fish.[7] Farming, especially cassava, is the main occupation in the area.[8] Rubber plantations also exist at Nkhata Bay.[9] In May 2008, the Lweya irrigation scheme in Nkhata Bay was "rehabilitated".[10]

Income from tourism is a major source of income to the Nkhata Bay community.

Damage to crops[edit]

In April 2002, over 1,000 hectares (2,500 acres) of "corn, rice, nuts and cassava" were washed away at Nkhata Bay after heavy rain, causing a worsening of food shortages.[11] In March 2006, Nkhata Bay received over 300 bags of maize from the Feed the Nation Fund, because the area was suffering from food shortages.[12] There were heavy rains in April 2006, causing further damage to Nkhata Bay.[13] Malawi’s former minister of agriculture, Uladi Mussa Monday, stated in May 2008 that due to heavy rain and flooding, crops in Nkhata Bay had washed away; he said this would cause an "acute food shortage".[14]

Transport[edit]

MV Ilala leaves Nkhata Bay

Nkhata Bay is a port visited by the MV Ilala steamship, a boat which travels up Lake Malawi from Monkey Bay in southern Malawi, to Chilumba in the north, via Likoma Island and Chizumulu. In July 2006, plans were announced to "rehabilitate" Nkhata Bay port, and to re-establish a ferry service between Nkhata Bay and Mbamba Bay in Tanzania.[15] This route is currently serviced by motorized dhow.

There are regular minibuses that travel from Nkhata Bay to Mzuzu, Chintheche, Nkhotakota and Salima.[16] Express buses to Blantyre, Mzuzu and Karonga depart from the police road block, 3 km from the town.

In June 2008, it was announced that the African Development Bank (ADB) would fund the reconstruction of the road from Nkhata Bay to Mzuzu.[17] As of 20 June 2008, it is expected that the ADB will partly fund the reconstruction.[18]

Sport[edit]

Nkhata Bay’s local football team are the Nkhata Bay Police; the team were renamed to Eagle Strikers and now play in Mzuzu. The team play in the TNM Super League.[19] There is a ladies’ football team in Nkhata Bay, and are called the Nkhata Bay United Sisters of Malawi. The club was founded in 2003.[20] Netball is also played in Nkhata Bay. In June 2008, the champions of Nkhata Bay were Kawalazi, and received a prize of 30,000 Malawian Kwacha.[21]

Each summer there is a multi-day yacht race which starts at Cape Maclear in the south, and ends at Nkhata Bay.[22]

Politics[edit]

The Member of the Malawian Parliament for Nkhata Bay North is Pisho Nkhwazi.[23] The MP for Nkhata Bay Central is Symon Vuwa Kaunda.[24] The MP for Nkhata Bay South West is Silvester Kasambara, a member of the opposition.[25] Kasambara caused a storm in Parliament in June 2008 when he pledged 10,000 Malawian kwacha to the Malawi national football team, after their 1-0 victory against Egypt, the African champions, in a FIFA World Cup 2010 qualifier.[26]

Facilities[edit]

Amenities[edit]

There are bars, restaurants, two grocery stores, a bus station, tailor shops, a taxi rank and a market in Nkhata Bay. There are four banks, NBS, FNB, Malawi Savings and Opportunity Bank, as of early 2013 the automated teller machine will allow withdrawals using most foreign credit or debit cards in the two banks on the top of the hill, NBS and FNB. There is internet access in a few internet cafes, Nkhata Bay Communications Center, Jessie's and others. And free access to internet at Butterfly lodge in South Bay. There are public telephones.[27] The District offices are in town and there is a Post Office. You can pay your ESCOM bill in town, and Water Board bill at the top of the hill.

Law and order[edit]

Nkhata Bay has a police station.[28] Robberies of tourists have occurred at Nkhata Bay, but are rare.[29]

Medical[edit]

There is a hospital in Nkhata Bay, and in October 2006 it received a donation from the National Bank of Malawi.[30] AllAfrica have reported that parts of the Nkhata Bay area are not receiving appropriate AIDS treatment.[31]

Tourism[edit]

Nkhata Bay is described by Lonely Planet as "Caribbeanesque" and a "lush tropical indent".[32] There are several guesthouses and lodges for tourists in Nkhata Bay.[33] In February 2005, the Malawian government announced plans to build ecolodges as a way of increasing ecotourism in the Nkhata Bay area.[34] The diving school in Nkhata Bay offers the "cheapest diving course in the world" according to The Daily Telegraph.[35] Nkhata Bay tourism has a long history. It has been part of the overland backpackers route between east Africa and cape town but the number of backpackers have dropped considerably in recent years. Political issues in Zimbabwe has revised the overland backpacking route so that many people now go through Zambia or the Mozambique coast. The Heart Hotel was a local owned establishment in the local village where very low budget backpackers could get a room and breakfast for well under one US dollar. Nkhata Bay became a place where people could rest on a long trip and spend very little money. With the opening of Njajay Lodge the scene changed a little. The town along with backpackers culture shifted to catering to a traveler with more money to spend. While the village now has many places to stay the problem has become attracting people who now often travel though other countries or more easier accessed beaches in Malawi. Another shift that has reduced the amount of foreign visitors to Nkhata Bay is the increasing number of people traveling Africa by overland truck rather than independent backpackers travel. Overland trucks to do not come to Nkhata Bay but instead choose the beaches on Chinteche to the south. As a result many of the local artists have moved their craft stalls to the Nkhata Bay/Chinteche road junction. This along with huge increases in international parcel rates from Malawi have made it increasing difficult for the talented local artist to make a living. Many artists now set up stalls directly outside of overland truck camps around Malawi understanding that backpackers can no longer afford to send famous Malawi chief chairs and masks home.

Notable events[edit]

Marriage[edit]

In March 2000, 73-year-old man from Nkhata and a 22 year-old woman married, in what BBC News reported as "Malawi's surprise wedding of the year"[36]

Crocodile attack[edit]

In December 2002, a businessman, Mac Bosco Chawinga, was dragged in to Lake Malawi at Nkhata Bay by a crocodile; Chawinga managed to escape by biting the crocodile on the nose. The crocodile then released him, and Chawinga managed to return to the shore, although he had received severe injuries to his legs and arms. The Times reported that, according to "wildlife experts", Chawinga is the first person to survive after "using such an audacious tactic".[37][38][39]

Capsized boat[edit]

On 9 May 2004, the then-Tourism, Parks and Wildlife Minister Wallace Chiume survived when a boat capsized in Nkhata Bay. At least six other people drowned in the accident.[28] One of the dead passengers was a child. The boat was being used for campaigning in the Malawian election. Strong winds were blamed for the accident which happened 10 kilometres (6.2 mi) from the shore of Lake Malawi.[40] 40 people were on the boat at the time.[41]

Organizations[edit]

In 2006, the Nkhata Bay AIDS Support Organization was created in Malawi and later registered in the state of Wisconsin as a non-profit corporation. The American-Malawian partnership has led to great success in the fight against HIV/AIDS in the Nkhata Bay District. Over six outreach clinics were established in the past two years, leading to a 23% drop in positive HIV testing results. The charity operates on a small budget coming from local Wisconsin donors. [42][43]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c "World Gazetteer: Malawi: largest cities and towns and statistics of their population". World Gazetteer. Retrieved 2008-06-20. 
  2. ^ "Malawi: Transportation". Encyclopaedia Britannica. Retrieved 2008-06-20. 
  3. ^ "Malawi distance table". Retrieved 2008-06-20. 
  4. ^ "Malawi: On a mission in Africa". The Daily Telegraph. 2001-02-05. Retrieved 2008-06-22. [dead link]
  5. ^ "Malawi: Malawians Take a Leaf From Zulus And Publicly Display Tribal". AllAfrica. 2003-04-29. Retrieved 2008-06-21. 
  6. ^ Baldauf, Richard B.; Kaplan, Robert (2004). Language Planning and Policy in Africa: Botswana, Malawi, Mozambique and South Africa. p. 134. ISBN 1-85359-725-2. Retrieved 2008-06-21. 
  7. ^ Banda, Sam Jnr. (2008-06-13). "Malawi: Fish production reaps more in 2007". Retrieved 2008-06-21. 
  8. ^ Chiwona-Karltun, L.; Tylleskar, T.; Mkumbira, J.; Gebre-Medhin, M.; Rosling, H. (2000-01-01). "Low dietary cyanogen exposure from frequent consumption of potentially toxic cassava in Malawi.(Statistical Data Included)". International Journal of Food Sciences and Nutrition. Archived from the original on 2008-01-13. Retrieved 2008-06-21. 
  9. ^ "Malawi newspaper hails newly launched regional development initiative.". Asia Africa Intelligence Wire. 2004-12-16. Retrieved 2008-06-21. 
  10. ^ Chinyang'anya, Lester (2008-05-28). "Insurance Issues -Insurers go North". The Daily Times. Retrieved 2008-06-21. 
  11. ^ "Heavy rains destroy crops in northern Malawi". Associated Press. 2002-04-10. Retrieved 2008-06-21. 
  12. ^ Feed the Nation feeds Nkhata Bay, 2006-03-10, Factiva LQAF000020060310e23a000h2 
  13. ^ Disaster hits Karonga, Nkhata Bay, 2006-04-18, Factiva LQAF000020060418e24i000jj 
  14. ^ Chipalasa, Mike (2008-05-27). "MP predicts hunger this year". The Daily Times. Retrieved 2008-06-21. 
  15. ^ Chimwala, Marcel (2006-07-21). "Crowding in". Engineering News. Retrieved 2008-06-21. 
  16. ^ Murphy, Alan; Armstrong, Kate; Firestone, Matthew D.; Fitzpatrick, Mary (2007). Lonely Planet Southern Africa: Join the Safari. Lonely Planet. p. 191. ISBN 1-74059-745-1. Retrieved 2008-06-21. 
  17. ^ Khunga, Suzgo (2008-06-06). "Blantyre-Zomba road to be reconstructed". The Daily Times. Retrieved 2008-06-21. 
  18. ^ Chimwala, Marcel (2008-06-20). "Malawi in talks over funding for Blantyre–Zomba road reconstruction". Engineering News. 
  19. ^ Banda, Sam Jnr.; Chipalasa, Mike (2008-05-26). "Bullets maintain top spot". The Daily Times. Retrieved 2008-06-21. 
  20. ^ "Football for Hope: África, la tierra de los sueños". Noticias. 2007-01-12. Retrieved 2008-06-21. 
  21. ^ Tayanjah-Phiri, Francis (2008-06-11). "Nico Life splashes prizes to top district netball winners". The Daily Times. Retrieved 2008-06-21. 
  22. ^ "Das "warme Herz Afrikas" liegt im Süden". Hamburger Abendblatt (in German). 2007-06-30. Retrieved 2008-06-21. 
  23. ^ Khunga, Suzgo (2008-06-05). "PSC adamant on Katopola". The Daily Times. Retrieved 2008-06-21. 
  24. ^ "Malawian leader drops vice-president from cabinet". MIJ FM, Blantyre. 2006-06-02. Retrieved 2008-06-21. 
  25. ^ Kashoti, Dickson (2008-06-19). "Opposition MP praises K229 budget". The Daily Times. Retrieved 2008-06-21. 
  26. ^ Kashoti, Dickson (2008-06-18). "Flames unite warring MPs". The Daily Times. Retrieved 2008-06-21. 
  27. ^ Levitov, Betty (2007). Africa on Six Wheels: A Semester on Safari. University of Nebraska Press. p. 114. ISBN 0-8032-8054-8. Retrieved 2008-06-21. 
  28. ^ a b "Malawi minister survives electoral campaign accident". Xinhua News Agency. 2004-05-09. Retrieved 2008-06-21. 
  29. ^ Murphy, Alan; Armstrong, Kate; Firestone, Matthew D.; Fitzpatrick, Mary (2007). Lonely Planet Southern Africa: Join the Safari. Lonely Planet. p. 228. ISBN 1-74059-745-1. Retrieved 2008-06-21. 
  30. ^ NBM donates K4.5m equipment to hospitals, 2006-10-13, Factiva LQAF000020061013e2ad0008e 
  31. ^ "Malawi: Aids Treatment Fails to Reach Remote Lakeshore Community". AllAfrica. 2006-11-15. Retrieved 2008-06-21. 
  32. ^ Murphy, Alan; Armstrong, Kate; Firestone, Matthew D.; Fitzpatrick, Mary (2007). Lonely Planet Southern Africa: Join the Safari. Lonely Planet. p. 188. ISBN 1-74059-745-1. Retrieved 2008-06-21. 
  33. ^ Murphy, Alan; Armstrong, Kate; Firestone, Matthew D.; Fitzpatrick, Mary (2007). Lonely Planet Southern Africa: Join the Safari. Lonely Planet. p. 189. ISBN 1-74059-745-1. Retrieved 2008-06-21. 
  34. ^ Chimwala, Marcel (2005-02-18). "Tenders invited for Lake Malawi ecotourism project". Engineering News. Retrieved 2008-06-21. 
  35. ^ Isaacson, Rupert (2001-02-05). "Malawi: Flying under water". The Daily Telegraph. Archived from the original on 2008-04-11. Retrieved 2008-06-21. 
  36. ^ Tenthani, Raphael (2000-03-21). "Malawi's unlikely love story". BBC News. Retrieved 2008-06-21. 
  37. ^ McGrory, Daniel (2002-12-13). "Man escapes by biting crocodile". The Times. 
  38. ^ Tenthani, Raphael (2002-12-11). "Man bites crocodile". BBC News. Retrieved 2008-06-21. 
  39. ^ "Man Bites Crocodile In The Nose". San Francisco Chronicle. 2002-12-12. Retrieved 2008-06-21. 
  40. ^ "Six die as minister's campaign boat capsizes". Independent Online. 2004-05-10. Retrieved 2008-06-21. [dead link]
  41. ^ "Six die in Malawi boat accident, minister survives". SABC News. 2004-05-09. Retrieved 2008-06-21. [dead link]
  42. ^ "Nkhata Bay AIDS Support Org". WDFI. 2008-08-23. Retrieved 2008-12-23. 
  43. ^ "NkhataBayAIDSSupportInfodate=2008-12-23". Facebook Group. Retrieved 2008-12-23. 

External links[edit]