|Operating system||AIX, Linux|
nmon was a freely downloadable tool for AIX 4.3 from the AIX wiki. It was also rewritten for the Linux operating system running on IA-32, x86-64, RS/6000 and Power processor and Mainframe and released by IBM to open source in July 2009. Its features were then bundled as part of the AIX operating systems from AIX 5.3 TL09 and AIX 6.1 TL02 within the topas command. It is used by AIX and Linux Systems Administrators and performance tuning specialists around the world.
- There are two modes available:
- In Online Mode it uses curses for efficient screen handling, which updates the terminal frequently for real-time monitoring.
- In Capture Mode, the data is saved to a file in CSV format for later processing and graphing. The file also includes important configuration details that are useful for recommending tuning.
nmonconcentrates on performance information for the performance tuner and in a concise layout to aim understanding. This includes: CPU, memory, disks, adapters, networks, NFS, Kernel statistics, File-systems, Workload Manger (AIX), Workload Partitions (AIX) and Top Processes.
nmonincludes support for older AIX releases, Linux running on x86, POWER and Mainframe platforms
On AIX, there is the topas command that can output reports to a file but this is not in a format that can be used easily as a source for a spread sheet or web tools like rrdtool.
On Linux, there is the top command which is good for CPU and processes but does not cover disks and networks. For disk I/O, the iostat command can give you the details. But neither of these commands allow saving data in a format suitable for a spreadsheet or simple further processing. Linux utility dstat can be used to produce text data, even in comma separated value format, which is quite suitable for spreadsheet programs.
For monitoring many systems at a higher level, the Ganglia open source tool is a good addition to lower detailed level.
nmon and Ganglia both support UNIX (including AIX) and Linux systems.
- Official website
- nmon for Linux, source code and Linux binaries
- AIX nmon man page
- Tuning a Perfect Note: A look at performance tuning and new AIX 5.3 commands