|This article is missing information about provisions of the law. (November 2014)|
|Other short titles||Notification and Federal Employee Antidiscrimination and Retaliation Act of 2001|
|Long title||An Act to require that Federal agencies be accountable for violations of antidiscrimination and whistleblower protection laws, and for other purposes.|
|Nicknames||Notification and Federal Employee Antidiscrimination and Retaliation Act of 2002|
|Enacted by||the 107th United States Congress|
|Effective||May 15, 2002|
|Statutes at Large||116 Stat. 566|
|Titles amended||5 U.S.C.: Government Organization and Employees|
|U.S.C. sections amended||5 U.S.C. ch. 23 § 2301 et seq.|
|Civil Rights Act of 1964|
The Notification and Federal Employee Antidiscrimination and Retaliation Act of 2002 is a United States federal law that seeks to discourage federal managers and supervisors from engaging in unlawful discrimination and retaliation. It is popularly called the No-FEAR Act, and is also known as Public Law 107–174.
On August 18, 2000, a federal jury found the US Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) guilty of violating the civil rights of Dr. Marsha Coleman-Adebayo on the basis of race, sex, color and a hostile work environment, under the Civil Rights Act of 1964. She was awarded $600,000. The EPA had refused to promote Coleman-Adebayo shortly after she alleged the presence of environmental and health problems at the Brits, South Africa, vanadium mines.
Sparked by this outcome, Congressman F.James Sensenbrenner, Chairman of the House Judiciary Committee and Texas Congresswoman Sheila Jackson-Lee introduced the No-FEAR Act into Congress. Dr. Coleman-Adebayo founded the No FEAR Institute to organize support for the bill's purposes while continuing to work for the EPA. The No FEAR Institute spearheaded the No FEAR Coalition to advocate for passage of the Act.
Dr. Coleman-Adebayo and others have criticized implementation of the No-FEAR Act on grounds that agencies are abusing the provision allowing them a "reasonable" time to make their reimbursements to the General Fund of the Treasury. They have proposed a No-FEAR II Act to set a time limit for such reimbursements, and to increase the penalties for violations.
Book and movie
- Fears, D., "Coming Soon: A Tale of Whistleblowing at the EPA," Washington Post, 10 July 2006.