No.1-class minesweeper (1923)

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Japanese minesweeper No3 in 1923.jpg
No.3 in 1923
Class overview
Name: No.1 class minesweeper
Builders: Sasebo Naval Arsenal
Harima Zōsen
Mitsui Bussan
Ōsaka Iron Works
Operators: Naval Ensign of Japan.svg Imperial Japanese Navy
Succeeded by: No.13-class
Subclasses: No.1-class (Project Number I1)
No.5-class (Project Number I2)
Cost: 700,000 JPY (in 1920)
Built: 1922 – 1929
In commission: 1923 – 1946
Planned: 6
Completed: 6
Lost: 5
Retired: 1
General characteristics No.1-class
Displacement: 600 long tons (610 t) standard
Length: 76.20 m (250 ft 0 in) overall
Beam: 8.03 m (26 ft 4 in)
Draught: 2.29 m (7 ft 6 in)
Propulsion: 2 × triple expansion stages reciprocating engines
3 × Kampon coal-fired boilers
2 shafts, 4,000 shp
Speed: 20.0 knots (23.0 mph; 37.0 km/h)
Range: 2,000 nmi (3,700 km) at 10 kn (12 mph; 19 km/h)
Complement: 97
Armament: • 2 × 120 mm (4.7 in) L/45 naval guns
• 1 × 76.2 mm (3.00 in) L/40 AA gun
• 18 × depth charges
• 2 × Type 81 depth charge projectors
• 1 × paravane or 50 × Mk.5 naval mines
General characteristics No.5-class
Displacement: 620 long tons (630 t) standard
Length: 77.00 m (252 ft 7 in) overall
Beam: 8.25 m (27 ft 1 in)
Draught: 2.25 m (7 ft 5 in)
Propulsion: 2 × triple expansion stages reciprocating engines
3 × Kampon coal-fired boilers
2 shafts, 4,000 shp
Speed: 21.0 knots (24.2 mph; 38.9 km/h)
Range: 2,000 nmi (3,700 km) at 14 kn (16 mph; 26 km/h)
Complement: 91
Armament: • 2 × 120 mm (4.7 in) L/45 naval guns
• 1 × 76.2 mm (3.00 in) L/40 AA gun
• 18 × depth charges
• 2 × Type 81 depth charge projectors
• 2 × paravanes or 50 × Mk.5 naval mines

The No.1 class minesweeper (第一号型掃海艇, Dai Icih Gō-gata Sōkaitei?) was a class of minesweepers of the Imperial Japanese Navy (IJN), serving during the 1930s and World War II. 6 vessels were built in 1922-29 under the Eight-eight fleet plan. They have two sub classes, this article handles them collectively.

Background[edit]

  • In 1920, the IJN made an Eighty-eight Fleet Plan which would provide them with eight battleships and eight battle cruisers. However, they did not forget the Hatsuse and Yashima, which had struck naval mines during the Russo-Japanese War and the IJN was afraid of this event occurring once again.
  • In the IJN, destroyers undertook minesweeping operations but could also lay their own minefields. As a result, the fleet wanted a brand-new minesweeper which could follow their battleships into an action and this would become the No.1-class.

Ships in classes[edit]

No.1 class[edit]

  • Project number I1. 4 vessels were built in 1922-1925. No.4 was behind with the laid down by the Washington Naval Treaty.
Ship Builder Laid down Launched Completed Fate
No.1[1] Harima Zōsen 10 May 1922 6 March 1923 30 June 1923 Sunk by air raid at Yamada Bay on 10 August 1945; removed from naval ship list on 15 September 1945.
No.2 Mitsui, Tama Shipyard 13 April 1922 17 March 1923 30 June 1923 Sunk by friendly torpedo by Mogami or Mikuma[2] at Bantam Bay during the Battle of Sunda Strait on 1 March 1942; removed from naval ship list on 30 November 1945.
No.3 Ōsaka Iron Works 29 March 1923 30 June 1923 Sunk by USS Parche at Ōfunato Bay on 9 April 1945; removed from naval ship list on 10 May 1945.
No.4 Sasebo Naval Arsenal 1 December 1923 24 April 1924 29 April 1925 Survived war; scuttled by Royal Navy off Singapore on 11 July 1946; removed from naval ship list on 10 August 1946.

No.5 class[edit]

  • Project number I2. 2 vessels were built in 1928-1929. Improved model of the No.1-class. About their appearance, foremast was changed to tripod type.
Ship Builder Laid down Launched Completed Fate
No.5 Mitsui, Tama Shipyard 25 March 1928 30 Octpber 1928 25 February 1929 Sunk by HMS Terrapin at Strait of Malacca 33°44′N 99°50′E / 33.733°N 99.833°E / 33.733; 99.833 on 4 November 1944; removed from naval ship list on 10 March 1945.
No.6 Ōsaka Iron Works 10 March 1928 29 Octpber 1928 25 February 1929 Sunk by air raid off Kuching 01°34′N 110°21′E / 1.567°N 110.350°E / 1.567; 110.350 on 26 December 1941; removed from naval ship list on 10 January 1942.

Photos[edit]

Footnotes[edit]

  1. ^ Minesweeper No.1 (第一号掃海艇 Dai 1 Gō Sōkaitei?). The same shall apply hereinafter.
  2. ^ In the neighborhood of spot, many parts of the Type 93 torpedo were discovered. The Japanese destroyers which participated in Battle of Sunda Strait were not equipped with Type 93 torpedo.

Bibliography[edit]

  • Ships of the World special issue Vol.45, Escort Vessels of the Imperial Japanese Navy, "Kaijinsha". , (Japan), February 1996
  • The Maru Special, Japanese Naval Vessels No.50, Japanese minesweepers and landing ships, "Ushio Shobō".  (Japan), April 1981