No.1-class submarine chaser

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Three japanese No1-class submarine chasers in 1938.jpg
(left to right) No. 1, No. 2 and No. 3 in 1938
Class overview
Name: No. 1-class submarine chasers
No. 1-class (Project nomber K3)
No. 3-class (Project number K4)
Builders: Uraga Dock Company
Tōkyō Ishikawajima Shipyard
Asano Shipyard
Operators: Naval Ensign of Japan.svg Imperial Japanese Navy
Succeeded by: No. 4-class
Cost: 1,525,700 JPY (No. 1-class)
1,530,000 JPY (No. 3-class)
Built: 1933 – 1936
In commission: 1934 – 1946
Planned: 3
Completed: 3
Lost: 1
Retired: 2
General characteristics No. 1-class
Displacement: 266 long tons (270 t) standard
280 long tons (284 t) trial
and after late 1934
377 long tons (383 t) trial
Length: 65.30 m (214 ft 3 in) overall
64.00 m (210 ft 0 in) waterline
Beam: 5.90 m (19 ft 4 in)
Draught: 1.43 m (4 ft 8 in)
Propulsion: 2 × Kampon Mk.22 Model 8 diesels
2 shafts, 3,400 bhp
Speed: 24.0 knots (27.6 mph; 44.4 km/h)
and after late 1934
21.1 knots (24.3 mph; 39.1 km/h)
Range: 1,500 nmi (2,800 km) at 14 kn (16 mph; 26 km/h)
Complement: 65
Armament: • 2 × 40 mm heavy machine guns
• 36 × depth charges
• 1 × depth charge thrower
• 1 × Type 93 active sonar
• 1 × MV hydrophone
General characteristics No. 3-class
Displacement: 270 long tons (274 t) standard
285 long tons (290 t) trial
Length: 56.10 m (184 ft 1 in) overall
55.00 m (180 ft 5 in) waterline
Beam: 5.60 m (18 ft 4 in)
Draught: 2.10 m (6 ft 11 in)
Propulsion: 2 × Kampon Mk.22 Model 6 diesels
2 shafts, 2,500 bhp
Speed: 20.0 knots (23.0 mph; 37.0 km/h)
Range: 1,500 nmi (2,800 km) at 14 kn (16 mph; 26 km/h)
Complement: 60
Armament: • 2 × 40 mm heavy machine guns
• 36 × depth charges
• 2 × Type 94 depth charge projectors
• 1 × depth charge thrower
• 1 × French SCAM active sonar
• 1 × Type 93 hydrophone

The No. 1-class submarine chaser (第一号型駆潜艇, Dai 1 Gō-gata Kusentei?) was a class of submarine chasers of the Imperial Japanese Navy (IJN), serving during World War II. Three vessels were built in 1933-36 under the Maru 1 Programme and the Maru 2 Programme. They have two sub classes, this article handles them collectively.

Background[edit]

  • In World War I, German U-boat raged. The IJN began maintenance of an anti-submarine boat as a lesson in this, because Japanese shoreline and sea-lanes were very long. The IJN had some submarine chaser type tugboats and yard ferries. However, they were small and their speed was low.
  • The IJN wanted to give the anti-submarine boats a speed of more than 20 knots, because their Kaidai III submarine already achieved a 20kt surfaced.

Design[edit]

  • The Naval Technical Department (Kampon) made draft shallow to give them high speed. They achieved 24 kt speed hereby.
  • The No. 1 and the No. 2 were completed in March 1934, and they were assigned to the 1st Subchaser Division, Yokosuka Naval Defence Squadron.
  • However, because of their very shallow draft they lacked the rolling performance. This fact become evident after the Tomozuru incident.
  • The Tomozuru incident affected the No. 1-class. The No. 1 and the No. 2 were sent to the Uraga Dock Company in July 1934, and repairs were started. They were equipped 80 tons ballast and mounted a ballast keel. The drawings for the No. 3-class boat was also revised.

Service[edit]

Ships in classes[edit]

No.1-class[edit]

  • Project number was K3. 2 vessels were built under the Maru 1 Programme. They equipped the MV hydrophone by Submarine signal company and latest active sonar the Type 93.
Ship Builder Laid down Launched Completed Fate
No. 1[1] Uraga Dock Company 19 June 1933 23 December 1933 24 March 1934 Scuttled by Royal Navy off Singapore on 11 July 1946. Decommissioned on 10 August 1946.
No. 2 Tōkyō Ishikawajima Shipyard 9 June 1933 20 December 1933 25 March 1934 Sunk by USS Blueback at north of Lombok on 27 June 1945.

No.3-class[edit]

  • Project number was K4. Only 1 vessel was built under the Maru 2 Programme. The No. 3 was equipped the French SCAM active sonar and latest hydrophone the Type 93. The No. 3 was classed in the No. 1-class in the IJN official documents.
Ship Builder Laid down Launched Completed Fate
No. 3 Asano Shipyard 17 April 1935 6 June 1936 5 October 1936 Scuttled by Royal Navy off Singapore on 11 July 1946. Decommissioned on 10 August 1946.

Photos[edit]

Footnotes[edit]

  1. ^ Submarine chaser No. 1 (第1号駆潜艇 Dai 1 Gō Kusentei?). The same shall apply hereinafter.

Bibliography[edit]

  • Ships of the World special issue Vol. 45, Escort Vessels of the Imperial Japanese Navy, "Kaijinsha". , (Japan), 1996.
  • The Maru Special, Japanese Naval Vessels No. 49, Japanese submarine chasers and patrol boats, "Ushio Shobō".  (Japan), 1981.