No.13-class submarine chaser

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IJN No14 Submarine Chaser 1941.jpg
No.13 class No.14 in March 1941
Class overview
Name: No.13 class submarine chasers
No.13 class
No.28 class
No.60 class
Builders: Fujinagata Shipyards
Hakodate Dock Corporation
Harima Zōsen Corporation
Hitachi Zōsen Corporation
Kawanami Kōgyō Corporation
Mitsubishi Heavy Industries
Mitsui Engineering & Shipbuilding Corporation
Naniwa Dock Company
Nihon Kōkan Corporation
Niigata Iron Works
Ōsaka Iron Works
Tama Shipyards
Tōkyō Ishikawajima Shipyard
Tsurumi Iron Works
Operators: Naval Ensign of Japan.svg Imperial Japanese Navy
Flag of the Republic of China.svg Republic of China Navy
Soviet Navy Ensign Soviet Navy
Preceded by: No.4 class submarine chaser
Succeeded by: No.1 class coast defence boat
No.101 class coast defence boat
Built: 1939–1944
In commission: 1940–1956
Planned: 77
Completed: 49
Cancelled: 28
Lost: 35
Retired: 14
General characteristics
Type: Submarine chaser
Displacement: No.13 class
438 long tons (445 t) standard
No.28 class and No.60 class
420 long tons (427 t) standard
Length: 51.00 m (167 ft 4 in) overall
Beam: 6.70 m (22 ft 0 in)
Draught: No.13 class
2.75 m (9 ft 0 in)
No.28 class and No.60 class
2.63 m (8 ft 8 in)
Propulsion: No.13, No.14, No.15 and No.16
2 × Kampon Mk.23A Model 8 diesels, 2 shafts, 1,700 bhp
all others
2 × Kampon Mk.23B Model 8 diesels, 2 shafts, 1,700 bhp
Speed: 16.0 knots (18.4 mph; 29.6 km/h)
Range: 2,000 nmi (3,700 km) at 14 kn (16 mph; 26 km/h)
Complement: No.13 class
68
No.28 class and No.60 class
80
Armament: No.13 on 1940
• 1 × 76.2 mm (3.00 in) L/40 AA gun
• 2 × Type 93 13 mm AA guns
• 36 × Type 95 depth charges
• 2 × Type 94 depth charge projectors
• 1 × depth charge thrower
• 1 × Type 93 active sonar
• 1 × Type 93 hydrophone
No.30 on August 1944
• 1 × 76.2 mm L/40 AA gun
• 3 × Type 96 25 mm AA guns
• 2 × Type 93 13 mm AA guns
• 36 × Type 2 depth charges
• 2 × Type 94 depth charge projectors
• 2 × depth charge throwers
• 1 × 22-Gō surface search radar
• 1 × Type 3 active sonar
• 1 × Type 93 hydrophone

The No.13 class submarine chaser (第十三号型駆潜艇, Dai 13 Gō-gata Kusentei?) were a class of submarine chasers of the Imperial Japanese Navy (IJN), serving during and after World War II; there were three sub classes, however the IJN's official document calls all of them the No.13 class.

Background[edit]

  • In 1938 the Soviet Union strengthened its Pacific Ocean Fleet, increasing the number of submarines it possessed; the No.13 class was designed to counter this potential threat to Japanese shipping.

Ships in classes[edit]

No.13 class[edit]

  • Project number K8. 15 vessels were built in 1939-42 under the Maru 4 Programme (Ship # 180 - 183) and the Maru Rin Programme (Ship # 184 - 194). And after the Maru Rin Programme vessels were equipped with a kitchen and food storage between bridge and the chimney for a long cruise.
Ship # Ship Builder Completed Fate
180 No.13 (第13号駆潜艇, Dai-13-Gō Kusentei?)
the same shall apply hereinafter
Tsurumi Iron Works 15 July 1940 Sunk by USS Pickerel at southeast of Noda, 3 April 1943.
181 No.14 Tama Shipyards 31 March 1941 Sunk by aircraft at Owase, 28 July 1945.
182 No.15 Ōsaka Iron Works 31 March 1941 Decommissioned on 30 November 1945. Scrapped 1948.
183 No.16 Nihon Kōkan 5 April 1941 Sunk by aircraft at Chichi-jima, 4 July 1944.
184 No.17 Tōkyō Ishikawajima Shipyard 31 July 1941 Sunk by USS Springer at Gotō Islands, 28 April 1945.
185 No.18 Nihon Kōkan 31 July 1941 Sunk by aircraft at west of Manila, 30 December 1944.
186 No.19 Harima Zōsen 20 September 1941 Sink at Sasebo after the end of war.
187 No.20 Tama Shipyards 20 August 1941 Scrapped 1948.
188 No.21 Ōsaka Iron Works 20 August 1941 Decommissioned on 5 October 1945. Surrendered to United Kingdom on 7 October 1947, later scrapped.
189 No.22 Mitsubishi Heavy Industries 12 October 1941 Sunk by aircraft at Steven Channel on 19 February 1944.
190 No.23 Harima Zōsen 15 November 1941 Decommissioned on 25 October 1945. Scrapped 1948.
191 No.24 Ōsaka Iron Works 20 December 1941 Sunk by USS Burns at west of Truk, 17 February 1944.
192 No.25 Mitsubishi Heavy Industries 29 December 1941 Sunk by USS Grunion at Kiska, 15 July 1942.
193 No.26 Nihon Kōkan 20 December 1941 Sunk by aircraft off Jinhae, 30 July 1945.
194 No.27 Tōkyō Ishikawajima Shipyard 18 January 1942 Sunk by USS Grunion at Kiska, 15 July 1942.

No.28 class[edit]

  • Project number K8B. 31 vessels were built in 1941-44 under the Maru Rin Programme (Ship # 221 - 232) and the Maru Kyū Programme (Ship # 440 - 458). They abolished a slant of stern for mass production.
Ship # Ship Builder Completed Fate
221 No.28 Nihon Kōkan 15 May 1942 Sunk by aircraft at Balintang Channel, 1 February 1945.
222 No.29 Harima Zōsen 30 April 1942 Sunk by aircraft off Truk, 18 February 1944.
223 No.30 Mitsui Engineering & Shipbuilding 13 May 1942 Sunk by USS Barbero off Kuching, 24 December 1944.
224 No.31 Tōkyō Ishikawajima Shipyard 15 June 1942 Sunk by aircraft at southeast of French Indochina, 12 January 1945.
225 No.32 Nihon Kōkan 19 August 1942 Sunk by aircraft at Coron Bay, 24 September 1944.
226 No.33 Mitsui Engineering & Shipbuilding 15 August 1942 Sunk by aircraft at Cam Ranh Bay, 21 March 1945.
227 No.34 Harima Zōsen 31 August 1942 Sunk by HMS Saumarez, HMS Vigilant and HMS Rapid at east of Little Andaman, 26 March 1945.
228 No.35 Hakodate Dock 28 February 1943 Sunk by aircraft at Mekong, 23 February 1945.
229 No.36 Tōkyō Ishikawajima Shipyard 15 October 1942 Sunk by aircraft at Subic Bay, 19 November 1944.
230 No.37 Mitsui Engineering & Shipbuilding 31 October 1942 Sunk by aircraft at Amami Ōshima, 22 May 1945.
231 No.38 Nihon Kōkan 10 December 1942 Decommissioned on 25 October 1945. Surrendered to Soviet Union on 3 October 1947.
232 No.39 Harima Zōsen 31 October 1942 Sunk by aircraft at Kavieng, 16 February 1944.
440 No.40 Hitachi Zōsen 31 March 1942 Sunk by aircraft off Kavieng, 19 February 1944.
441 No.41 Kawanami Kōgyō 31 January 1943 Scuttled by Royal Navy, 11 July 1946. Decommissioned on 10 August 1946.
442 No.42 Hitachi Zōsen 31 January 1943 Sunk by aircraft at Onagawa, 9 August 1945.
443 No.43 Niigata Iron Works 7 April 1943 Sunk by aircraft at Cam Ranh Bay, 12 January 1945.
444 No.44 Kawanami Kōgyō 15 May 1943 Decommissioned on 15 September 1945. Scrapped 1948.
445 No.45 Hakodate Dock 15 October 1943 Sunk by aircraft at Cebu, 29 November 1944.
446 No.46 Hitachi Zōsen 30 September 1943 Sunk by aircraft at Masbate, 25 November 1944.
447 No.47 Kawanami Kōgyō 12 August 1943 Decommissioned on 15 September 1945. Surrendered to United States on 1 October 1947 at Qingdao. Sunk as target at 35°45′N 123°17′E / 35.750°N 123.283°E / 35.750; 123.283, 7 October 1947.
448 No.48 Niigata Iron Works 31 July 1943 Sunk by aircraft at Kamaishi, 14 July 1945.
449 No.49 Hakodate Dock 31 January 1944 Decommissioned on 5 October 1945. Surrendered to Republic of China on 3 October 1947, and renamed Haihong. Renamed Yalong (PC-106) in January 1951. Renamed Qujiang in 1954. Decommissioned on 1 October 1956.
450 No.50 Hitachi Zōsen 30 November 1943 Sunk by aircraft at Chichi-jima, 20 July 1944.
451 No.51 Kawanami Kōgyō 8 November 1943 Decommissioned on 15 September 1945. Scrapped on 1 August 1948.
452 No.52 Naniwa Dock 30 November 1943 Scrapped 1948.
453 No.53 Naniwa Dock 20 March 1944 Sunk by USS Waller and USS Pringle at Ormoc Bay, 28 November 1944.
454 No.54 Niigata Iron Works 12 November 1943 Sunk by USS Pollack at Bonin Islands, 25 March 1944.
455 No.55 Hakodate Dock 31 May 1944 Sunk by aircraft at Cebu Strait, 13 September 1944.
456 No.56 Naniwa Dock 26 July 1944 Decommissioned 1947.
457 No.57 Hakodate Dock 28 October 1944 Sunk by HMS Tartar and HMS Eskimo at north of Sabang, 12 June 1945.
458 No.58 Niigata Iron Works 26 January 1944 Sunk by aircraft at Amami Ōshima, 22 May 1945.
459 No.59 Cancelled in 1943.

No.60 class[edit]

  • Project number K8C. 3 vessels were built in 1943-44 under the Kai-Maru 5 Programme (Ship # 5341, # 5342 and 5344). They were changed inner hull design from the No.28 class. Therefore, there is not a difference of appearances.
Ship # Ship Builder Completed Fate
5341 No.60 Niigata Iron Works 28 March 1944 Decommissioned on 5 October 1945. Scrapped 1948.
5342 No.61 Niigata Iron Works 8 May 1944 Sunk by aircraft at south of Taiwan, 9 January 1945.
5343 No.62 Cancelled in 1943.
5344 No.63 Niigata Iron Works 30 June 1944 Sunk by HMS Virago and HMS Volage at east of Little Andaman, 26 March 1945.
5345 - 5370 No.64 to No.89 Cancelled in 1943.

Photo[edit]

Bibliography[edit]

  • Monthly Ships of the World, Special issue Vol. 45, "Escort Vessels of the Imperial Japanese Navy", "Kaijinsha". , (Japan), February 1996
  • Model Art Extra, No. 340 "Drawings of Imperial Japanese Naval Vessels Part-1", "Model Art Co. Ltd.".  (Japan), October 1989
  • The Maru Special, Japanese Naval Vessels No. 49, "Japanese submarine chasers and patrol boats", "Ushio Shobō".  (Japan), March 1981
  • 50 year History of Harima Zōsen, Harima Zōsen Corporation, November 1960