No.31-class patrol boat

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Japanese patrol boat No35.jpg
No. 35 in 1940
Class overview
Name: No. 31-class patrol boat
Builders: Kure Naval Arsenal
Sasebo Naval Arsenal
Hakodate Dock Corporation
Operators: Naval Ensign of Japan.svg Imperial Japanese Navy
Naval Jack of Indonesia.svg People's Security Army
Succeeded by: Matsu-class destroyer
No.1-class landing ship
Subclasses: No. 31 class (ex-Momi class)
No. 46 class (ex-Wakatake class)
Built: 1940
In commission: 1940 – 1946
Planned: 6
Completed: 10
Lost: 9
Retired: 1
General characteristics No. 31 class
Type: Patrol boat
Displacement: 940 long tons (955 t) standard
Length: April 1940
88.39 m (290 ft 0 in) overall
Beam: 7.93 m (26 ft 0 in)
Propulsion: 2 × geared turbines
2 × Kampon water tube boilers
2 shafts, 4,000 shp
Speed: 18.0 knots (20.7 mph; 33.3 km/h)
Armament: April 1940
• 2 × 120 mm (4.7 in) L/45 naval guns
• 1 × Type 96 25 mm AA gun
• 1 × paravane
No. 32 in 1941
• 2 × 120 mm L/45 naval guns
• 2 × Type 96 25 mm AA guns
• 2 × depth charge throwers
• 18 × depth charges
• 1 × landing craft and one companie of Navy Landing Force, or 42 × depth charges
General characteristics No. 46
Type: Patrol boat
Displacement: 925 long tons (940 t) standard
Length: 88.39 m (290 ft 0 in) overall
Beam: 8.08 m (26 ft 6 in)
Propulsion: 2 x Escher Wyss & Cie Zoelly geared turbines
2 × Kampon water tube boilers
2 shafts, 4,000 shp
Speed: 18.0 knots (20.7 mph; 33.3 km/h)
Armament: • 2 × 120 mm L/45 naval guns

The No. 31-class patrol boats (第三十一号型哨戒艇, Dai Sanjūichi Gō-gata Shōkaitei?) were a class of patrol boats of the Imperial Japanese Navy (IJN), serving during World War II. 9 vessels were converted from Momi-class destroyers and 1 vessel was converted from a Wakatake-class destroyer in 1940.

Background[edit]

In 1939, the IJN was liberated from London Naval Treaty, and they built many Kagerō-class destroyers. On the other hand, aging of the Momi-class destroyers was serious. Their boilers were worn down very much because they were destroyers. Some Momi-class destroyers were not able to show 30 knots speed. The Navy General Staff made the Confidential Document No. 456. It was an order to rebuild them into patrol boats - about four Minekaze-class destroyers and six Momi-class destroyers. The IJN chose nine Momi class and one Wakatake class. Three Momis and one Wakatake were increased, because two Minekazes were decreased.

Rebuilding[edit]

  • Ten vessels were sent to dockyards for rebuilding. "Q" turret, all of torpedo tubes and one boiler were removed in 1940.
  • In the second half of 1941, the IJN rebuilt them once again for war preparations.[1] They were rebuilt to the landing craft carrier. The Y turret was moved to a place of the "Q" turret. Furthermore, a slope for Daihatsu-class landing craft was installed to their stern, and added deck house for one company of Navy Landing Force. As for the No. 31 and the No. 46, those rebuilt were not done.

Service[edit]

  • 10 and 23 December 1941: Sortie for the Battle of Wake Island. (No. 32 and No. 33)
  • 12 December 1941: Sortie for the invasion of Legazpi. (No. 34, No. 35 and No. 36)
  • 20 December 1941: Sortie for invasion of Davao. (No. 36 and No. 37)
  • 25 December 1941: Sortie for invasion of Jolo. (No. 36 and No. 37)
  • 11 January 1942: Sortie for the Battle of Tarakan. (No. 36, No. 37 and No. 38)
  • 11 January 1942: Sortie for the Battle of Manado. (No. 34, No. 1 and No. 2)
  • 31 January 1942: Sortie for the Battle of Ambon. (No. 34 and No. 39)
  • 20 February 1942: Sortie for invasion of Kupang. (No. 39, No. 1 and No. 2)
  • 1 March 1942: Sortie for invasion of Surabaya. (No. 34, No. 36, No. 37, No. 38 and No. 39)
  • 31 March 1942: Sortie for the Battle of Christmas Island. (No. 34 and No. 36)
  • (after): The IJN which finished First Phase Operations allotted them to the convoy escort operations. Only No. 36 was survived war.

Ships in classes[edit]

No. 31 class[edit]

Ship Completed as destroyer Rebuilt completed Fate
Patrol Boat No. 31 [2]
ex-Kiku
10 December 1920 First quarter of 1940 at Kure Naval Arsenal.
Renamed Patrol Boat No. 31 on 31 April 1940.[3]
Sunk during the Operation Desecrate One at Palau on 30 March 1944; removed from naval ship list on 10 May 1944.
Patrol Boat No. 32
ex-Aoi
20 December 1920 First quarter of 1940 at Kure Naval Arsenal.
Renamed Patrol Boat No. 32 on 1 April 1940.
Aground during the Battle of Wake Island on 23 December 1941, later sculpted; removed from naval ship list on 10 January 1942.
Patrol Boat No. 33
ex-Hagi
20 April 1921 First quarter of 1940 at Hakodate Dock.
Renamed Patrol Boat No. 33 on 1 April 1940.
Aground during the Battle of Wake Island on 23 December 1941, later sculpted; removed from naval ship list on 10 January 1942.
Patrol Boat No. 34
ex-Susuki
25 May 1921 First quarter of 1940 at Kure Naval Arsenal.
Renamed Patrol Boat No. 34 on 1 April 1940.
Clashed with target ship Yakaze and sunk off Kavieng on 6 March 1943; removed from naval ship list on 10 January 1945.
Patrol Boat No. 35
ex-Tsuta
30 June 1921 First quarter of 1940 at Kure Naval Arsenal.
Renamed Patrol Boat No. 35 on 1 April 1940.
Sunk by air raid off Lae on 2 September 1942; removed from naval ship list on 10 February 1943.
Patrol Boat No. 36
ex-Fuji
31 May 1921 First quarter of 1940 at Kure Naval Arsenal.
Renamed Patrol Boat No. 36 on 1 April 1940.
Survived war at Surabaya. Seized by Indonesian People's Security Army in June 1946, recaptured by Royal Netherlands Navy in July 1946. Decommissioned on 10 August 1946; scrapped in 1947.
Patrol Boat No. 37
ex-Hishi
23 March 1922 First quarter of 1940 at Sasebo Naval Arsenal.
Renamed Patrol Boat No. 37 on 1 April 1940.
Heavily damaged during the Battle of Balikpapan on 24 January 1942, later sculpted; removed from naval ship list on 10 April 1942.
Patrol Boat No. 38
ex-Yomogi
19 August 1922 First quarter of 1940 at Sasebo Naval Arsenal.
Renamed Patrol Boat No. 38 on 1 April 1940.
Sunk by USS Atule at Bashi Channel 20°12′N 121°51′E / 20.200°N 121.850°E / 20.200; 121.850 on 25 November 1944; removed from naval ship list on 10 March 1945.
Patrol Boat No. 39
ex-Tade
31 July 1922 First quarter of 1940 at Sasebo Naval Arsenal.
Renamed Patrol Boat No. 39 on 1 April 1940.
Sunk by USS Seawolf off Yonaguni 23°45′N 122°45′E / 23.750°N 122.750°E / 23.750; 122.750 on 23 April 1943; removed from naval ship list on 1 July 1943.

No. 46 class[edit]

No. 40 to No. 45 were a space to the vessels numbers. These numbers were going to be given to all of Wakatakes.

Ship Completed as destroyer Rebuilt completed Fate
Patrol Boat No. 46
ex-Yūgao
31 May 1924 First quarter of 1940 at Kure Naval Arsenal.
Renamed Patrol Boat No. 46 on 1 April 1940.
Sunk by USS Greenling off Minamiizu 34°30′N 138°34′E / 34.500°N 138.567°E / 34.500; 138.567 on 10 November 1944; removed from naval ship list on 10 January 1945.

Photos[edit]

See also[edit]

Footnotes[edit]

  1. ^ About the time of their entering a dock, correct historical materials were not left.
  2. ^ 第三十一号哨戒艇 (Dai 31 Gō Shōkaitei?). The same shall apply hereinafter.
  3. ^ 1 April 1940, Notice No. 72, Reclassified old destroyers to auxiliary boat. (昭和十五年四月一日 海軍大臣官房達第七十二号 舊驅逐艦ヲ特務艇籍ニ編入シ左ノ通命名ス 海軍大臣 吉田善吾), Minister's Secretariat, Ministry of the Navy. The same shall apply hereinafter.

Bibliography[edit]

  • "Rekishi Gunzō". , History of Pacific War Vol.62 Ships of the Imperial Japanese Forces, Gakken (Japan), January 2008, ISBN 978-4-05-605008-0
  • Ships of the World special issue Vol.45, Escort Vessels of the Imperial Japanese Navy, "Kaijinsha". , (Japan), February 1996
  • The Maru Special, Japanese Naval Vessels No.49, Japanese submarine chasers and patrol boats, "Ushio Shobō".  (Japan), March 1981