No. 222 Squadron RAF

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No. (Natal) 222 Squadron RAF
Active 1 April 1918 - 27 February 1919
5 October 1939 - 1 November 1957
1 May 1960 - 30 June 1964
Country United Kingdom United Kingdom
Branch Ensign of the Royal Air Force.svg Royal Air Force
Nickname Natal
Motto Zulu: Pambili bo
("Go straight ahead")
Commanders
Notable
commanders
Insignia
Squadron Badge heraldry A wildebeest in full course
The wildebeest comes from the armorial bearings of Natal, the squadron being the Natal gift squadron; the wildebeest also symbolises speed.[1]
Post 1950 squadron roundel RAF 222 Sqn.svg
Squadron Codes ZD (Oct 1939 - 1953)

No. 222 Squadron was a Royal Air Force fighter unit.

History[edit]

In World War I[edit]

The Squadron was formally formed at Thasos on 1 April 1918 from A squadron of the former No. 2 Wing, RNAS when the Royal Air Force was formed. At this time, Richard Peirse became Officer Commanding 222 Sqn.[2] Later, 6 April 1918 former Z Squadron of No. 2 Wing, RNAS was added to the strength. Renumbered No. 62 Wing and consisting of Nos. 478, 479 and 480 Flights, the squadron was given the task of maintaining raids on Turkish targets in Macedonia and Thrace, operating from islands in the Northern Aegean, officially adopting the 222 sqn number plate on 14 September 1918.[3] The squadron continued to carry out raids on Turkish targets in the Balkans until the end of the war, eventually disbanding on 27 February 1919.[4]

In World War II[edit]

No. 222 Squadron Spitfire VB in 1942.

On 5 October 1939 No. 222 squadron was reformed at RAF Duxford flying Blenheim Mk.If's in the shipping protection role,[4] but in March of the following year it re-equipped with Spitfires and became a day-fighter unit. It fought during the Battle of Britain, being based at RAF Hornchurch on 15 September 1940, under Squadron Leader "Johnnie" Hill.[5] It later took part in Operation Jubilee, the 1942 Dieppe raid. In December 1944 the squadron converted to Tempests, which it flew till the squadron was called back to the UK to re-equip with Meteors.[4]

Entering the jet age[edit]

From October 1945 the Squadron flew various marks of Meteors for nine years and later, after December 1954 Hunters, being part of Scotland's defence,[6] but on 1 November 1957 No. 222 was disbanded.[3][4]

On Rockets[edit]

In its last incarnation on 1 May 1960, No. 222 became a Bristol Bloodhound SAM unit at RAF Woodhall Spa, but after four years service in this role it disbanded on 30 June 1964.[3][4]

References[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ Rawlings 1978, p. 330.
  2. ^ "Air Chief Marshal Sir Richard Peirse". Air of Authority - A History of RAF Organisation. Retrieved 13 February 2013. 
  3. ^ a b c Jefford 2001, p. 75.
  4. ^ a b c d e Halley 1988, p. 288.
  5. ^ Robinson 1999, p. 276.
  6. ^ Rawlings 1978, p. 331.

Bibliography[edit]

  • Burton, E. Go straight ahead: Battle of Britain diary of 222 Squadron RAF. London: Square One, 1996.
  • Halley, James J. The Squadrons of the Royal Air Force & Commonwealth, 1981-1988. Tonbridge, Kent, UK: Air-Britain (Historians) Ltd., 1988. ISBN 0-85130-164-9.
  • Jefford, Wing Commander C.G., MBE,BA,RAF (Retd). RAF Squadrons, a Comprehensive Record of the Movement and Equipment of all RAF Squadrons and their Antecedents since 1912. Shrewsbury, Shropshire, UK: Airlife Publishing, 2001. ISBN 1-84037-141-2.
  • Rawlings, John D.R. Coastal, Support and Special Squadrons of the RAF and their Aircraft. London: Jane's Publishing Company Ltd., 1982. ISBN 0-7106-0187-5.
  • Rawlings, John D.R. Fighter Squadrons of the RAF and their Aircraft. London: Macdonald and Jane's (Publishers) Ltd., 1978. ISBN 0-354-01028-X.
  • Robinson, Anthony. RAF Squadrons in the Battle of Britain. London: Arms and Armour Press Ltd., 1987 (republished 1999 by Brockhampton Press, ISBN 1-86019-907-0.).

External links[edit]