No. 24 Squadron (Pakistan Air Force)

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No. 24 Squadron
Blinders
Active December 1962
Country  Pakistan
Allegiance  Pakistan
Branch  Pakistan Air Force
Type Special mission unit
Role Electronic warfare
Airbase PAF Base Mushaf (Sargodha)
Nickname Blinders
Motto First to fly in, last to fly out.[1]
Aircraft Dassault Falcon 20
Falcon 20F (EW variant)
Engagements 1965 Indo-Pak War
Commanders
Notable
commanders
Sqn Ldr M. Iqbal
Sqn Ldr Rashid Mir
Aircraft flown
Electronic
warfare
RB-57B Canberra (1962~1977)
Dassault Falcon 20F (1987—Present)

No. 24 Squadron, named the Blinders, is an electronic warfare unit of the Pakistan Air Force.

History[edit]

The Falcon 20 nicknamed Iqbal parked in a hangar at a Pakistan Air Force airbase. The electronic warfare equipment fairings and aerials can be seen.
Another view of Iqbal, one of three electronic warfare aircraft in service with the squadron.

The squadron was established at PAF Base Peshawar in December 1962 and equipped with the RB-57F, an electronic surveillance variant of the B-57 Canberra bomber, to fulfil the role of providing electronic intelligence of areas around Pakistan. The squadron personnel were drawn from No. 31 Bomber Wing, which was operating the PAF's B-57 Canberras, and the first squadron commander was Squadron Leader M. Iqbal. Six months were spent completing a ground training course and training on the electronic surveillance equipment, two members of the squadron completing some training in the United States.[citation needed]

The 1965 Indo-Pak War saw the Blinders flying several electronic support measures (ESM) missions to assist with counter-air sorties by other PAF squadrons. In one mission, Squadron Leader M. Iqbal and his navigator Squadron Leader Saifullah Khan Lodhi provided ESM for a strike against an Indian radar station at Amritsar by PAF F-86 Sabres. Squadron Leader Rashid Mir replaced Iqbal as squadron commander when Sqn Ldr Iqbal and Sqn Ldr Lodhi were shot down in a friendly fire incident over Rahwali, during the war. Later, the squadron's new aircraft would be named Iqbal and Lodhi in honour of them.[citation needed]

After the 1965 Indo-Pak War the squadron conducted several more sorties deep into Indian territory. Soon after war in October 1965, Squadron Leader Rashid Mir flew an RB-57B over Agra, while being monitored by another B-57 from a large distance. The Indian Air Force attempted to engage Sqn Ldr Mir's aircraft over Agra with SA-2 Guideline surface-to-air missile but the missile exploded on launch. Another attempt was made to intercept Sqn Ldr Mir by Indian MiG-21s over the area of Pathankot/Amritsar. The aircraft was again attacked by an SA-2 Guideline missile over Ambala and this time the shockwave of the missile's warhead was reported by Sqn Ldr Mir to have buffeted the aircraft, caused an engine to flame-out and shattered the windshield with a fragment of debris. The aircraft began losing height and Indian MiG-21s again attempted to intercept, but Sqn Ldr Mir managed to reach Pakistani airspace and the Indian interceptors stopped pursuing him on detection of PAF F-104 Starfighters. The damaged aircraft was landed by Mir, though severely damaged .[citation needed]

The only aircraft left, was destroyed in its hangar during a night bombing raid by IAF on 6 December in 1971 war.

The squadron was disbanded circa 1977.[citation needed]

In 1987 the Blinders were re-established and equipped with two Dassault Falcon DA-20 aircraft fitted with an electronic warfare suite, tasked with providing ESM and ECM support to other PAF squadrons. Electronic warfare missions provide data which is analysed by EW officers to compile an enemy's electronic order of battle and evaluate their tactics. Electronics and Air Defence officers are also trained in electronic warfare concepts, equipment and operational tactics by the squadron.

In various exercises the squadron's aircraft have provided Airborne Early Warning of intruding aircraft to participating squadrons, as well as communications jamming, radar jamming and radar spoofing. They have been used to expose PAF aircrews in operating under degraded environments and train pilots and controllers in ECM. Lectures have been delivered on the capabilities of their DA-20 electronic warfare variant. The squadron's aircraft have been involved in almost all PAF air defence exercises, as well as various joint Army and Navy exercises. Susceptibility of army and navy systems to electronic warfare has been analysed during these exercises.[citation needed]

During the international exercises Inspired Alert 94, Inspired Alert 95 and Sea Spark 95, the squadron's electronic support measures equipment has been employed to gain intelligence on radar capabilities and tactics used by aircraft of participating countries. As well as international exercises, the squadron flies extensively during Indian military exercises to ensure complete coverage. Aircraft of the Blinders squadron form an integral part of trans-frontier photo reconnaissance missions flown by the PAF's reconnaissance aircraft, providing protection and early warning.[citation needed]

From late 2004 until mid-2007 each of the squadron's Falcon 20 aircraft spent around 16 months in France for deep overhauls and upgrades. An additional aircraft (VIP configured since induction) was introduced circa 2008 to the squadron inventory.[citation needed] The three aircraft have associated nicknames connected with the squadron history, the original two named Iqbal and Lodhi while the third aircraft is named Mir.[citation needed]

No. 24 Squadron
Blinders
Operational Aircraft Role Notes
1962~1977 RB-57 Canberra
RB-57F
Electronic surveillance
1987— Falcon 20F Electronic Warfare Used for radar jamming, radar spoofing, communications jamming, airborne early warning and electronic reconnaissance.

Exercises[edit]

National[edit]

  • Zarb-e-Momin 1989 - the unit flew 21 sorties.
  • High Mark 89 - seventeen sorties flown.
  • Naval ECM Exercise 1991
  • High Mark 93 - fourteen sorties flown.
  • Sky Guard 1994
  • Jiddat 1995
  • High Mark 95 - sixty-five sorties flown.
  • Exercise Sea Lion 1996
  • Exercise Sea Hawk 1997
  • Joint Pakistan Army and Air Force exercise (1997) - army fire control radars tested with jamming.
  • Saffron Bandit 1997 - thirty-five sorties flown. Pilots and controllers trained in ECM and almost all PAF units exposed to operations in an environment degraded by EW.
  • Pakistan Army exercise (1998) - Jamming operations carried out against Sky Guard radars and LAADS of the Army Air Defence System.

International[edit]

  • Inspired Alert 94
  • Inspired Alert 95
  • Sea Spark 95

Gallery[edit]

References[edit]