No. 257 Squadron RAF

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No. 257 (Burma) Squadron RAF
Active 18 August 1918 - 30 June 1919
17 May 1940 - 5 March 1945
1 September 1946 - 31 March 1957
1 July 1960 - 31 December 1963
Country United Kingdom United Kingdom
Branch Ensign of the Royal Air Force.svg Royal Air Force
Nickname Burma
Motto Burmese: Thay myay gyee shin shwe hti
("Death or glory")
post 1950 aircraft insignia RAF 257 Sqn.svg
Commanders
Notable
commanders
Robert Stanford Tuck
Insignia
Squadron Badge A Chinthe sejant[1]
Squadron Codes ML (May 1940 - Jun 1940)
DT (Jun 1940 - May 1941)
FM (May 1941 - Mar 1945)
A6 (Sep 1946 - 1951)

History[edit]

In World War I[edit]

No. 257 Squadron was formed at Dundee on 18 August 1918[1] from Nos. 318 and 319 Flights. It flew both seaplanes and flying boats on anti-submarine patrols from Dundee until the end of the First World War and disbanded there on 30 June 1919.[2]

In World War II[edit]

Robert Stanford Tuck in a 257 sqn Hurricane

The squadron was re-formed on 17 May 1940 at RAF Hendon[1] as a Fighter Squadron, equipped with Spitfires. The squadron became operational at RAF Northolt, where the squadron flew Hurricanes in the Battle of Britain, during which it was part of No. 11 Group RAF. The squadron was based in south-east England throughout the Battle of Britain and in March began taking part in sweeps over France. Night fighter patrols were also flown and in July 1942 converted to Typhoons which began low-level patrols in September to intercept enemy fighter-bomber raids. Escort missions were also flown and in July 1943, it began offensive operations. The squadron started fighter-bombing sorties in January 1944, and as part of Second Tactical Air Force moved to France in July to provide air support for the Allied armies. By October it was based in Belgium for attacks on enemy transport and battlefield targets. The Squadron disbanded on 5 March 1945.[2]

During the Second World War the squadron was the Burma gift squadron; the chinte in its logo is a Burmese effigy.[3]

Post War[edit]

On 1 September 1946 the squadron was re-formed at RAF Church Fenton[4] as a fighter squadron, flying Gloster Meteors until January 1955. It then converted to Hawker Hunters. On 31 March 1957 the squadron was disbanded for the third time.[2]

On Bloodhounds[edit]

The squadron re-emerged on 1 July 1960 at RAF Warboys[4] as an air defence unit using Bristol Bloodhound missiles till 31 December 1963, when the squadron was disbanded for the fourth time.[2]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ a b c Halley 1988, p. 324.
  2. ^ a b c d Jefford 2001, p. 81.
  3. ^ Rawlings 1978, p. 363.
  4. ^ a b Halley 1988, p. 325.

Bibliography[edit]

  • Halley, James J. The Squadrons of the Royal Air Force & Commonwealth, 1981-1988. Tonbridge, Kent, UK: Air-Britain (Historians) Ltd., 1988. ISBN 0-85130-164-9.
  • Jefford, Wing Commander C.G., MBE,BA,RAF (Retd). RAF Squadrons, a Comprehensive Record of the Movement and Equipment of all RAF Squadrons and their Antecedents since 1912. Shrewsbury, Shropshire, UK: Airlife Publishing, 2001. ISBN 1-84037-141-2.
  • Rawlings, John D.R. Coastal, Support and Special Squadrons of the RAF and their Aircraft. London: Jane's Publishing Company Ltd., 1982. ISBN 0-7106-0187-5.
  • Rawlings, John D.R. Fighter Squadrons of the RAF and their Aircraft. London: Macdonald and Jane's (Publishers) Ltd., 1978. ISBN 0-354-01028-X.
  • Robinson, Anthony. RAF Squadrons in the Battle of Britain. London: Arms and Armour Press Ltd., 1987 (republished 1999 by Brockhampton Press, ISBN 1-86019-907-0.).

External links[edit]