No. 524 Squadron RAF

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No. 524 Squadron RAF
Active 20 Oct 1943 – 7 Dec 1943
7 Apr 1944 – 25 May 1945
Country United Kingdom United Kingdom
Branch Ensign of the Royal Air Force.svg Royal Air Force
Part of No. 15 Group RAF, Coastal Command (Okt 43 – Dec 43)
No. 19 Group RAF, Coastal Command (Apr 44 – Jul 44)
No. 16 Group RAF, Coastal Command (Jul 44 – May 45)[1]
Insignia
Squadron Codes 7R (Apr 1944 – May 1945)[2][3]

No. 524 Squadron was a Royal Air Force Coastal Command aircraft squadron that operated during the Second World War.

History[edit]

An 524 Sqn. Mariner I at Oban, Scotland, (October 1943)

No. 524 Squadron was formed at RAF Oban, Argyll and Bute in Scotland on 20 October 1943 to operate the Martin Mariner flying boat.[4][5][6] The squadron's role was to introduce the Mariner into RAF service.[7] By the end of 1943 the aircraft was ready for operations but the RAF had decided not to operate the type and the squadron was disbanded on either 7 December 1943[5][6] or 29 January 1944.[1][4]

The squadron was reformed at RAF Davidstow Moor on 7 April 1944 to operate the Vickers Wellington.[4][5][6] The squadron carried out night operations of the French coast in preparation for D-Day, mainly attacking E-boats and submarines but also other shipping.[7] It also provided escort to Coastal Command Beaufighters carrying out night strikes. After the Normandy Invasion the squadron moved to the east of England to RAF Docking in a similar role along the Dutch coast. The squadron also directed surface vessels to attack enemy shipping.[7] With the end of the war approaching the squadron was disbanded on either 25 May 1945[5][6] or on 25 June 1945 at RAF Langham,[1][4] the appointment of S/Ldr. Willis pointing to the latter.

Aircraft operated[edit]

Aircraft operated by no. 524 Squadron RAF, data from[4][5][6]
From To Aircraft Version Type
October 1943 January 1944 Martin Mariner Mk.I Twin-engined maritime patrol flying boat
April 1944 January 1945 Vickers Wellington Mk.XIII Twin-engined medium bomber
December 1944 May 1945 Vickers Wellington Mk.XIV Twin-engined medium bomber

Squadron bases[edit]

Bases and airfields used by no. 524 Squadron RAF, data from[4][5][6]
From To Base Remark
20 October 1943 7 December 1943 RAF Oban, Argyll, Scotland
7 April 1944 1 July 1944 RAF Davidstow Moor, Cornwall
1 July 1944 23 July 1944 RAF Docking, Norfolk
23 July 1944 17 October 1944 RAF Bircham Newton, Norfolk Dets. at RAF Docking, Norfolk; RAF Langham, Norfolk
and RAF Dallachy, Moray, Scotland (under No. 18 Group RAF, Coastal Command[1])
17 October 1944 25 May 1945 RAF Langham, Norfolk Det. at RAF Dallachy, Moray, Scotland

Commanding officers[edit]

Officers commanding no. 524 Squadron RAF, data from[4]
From To Name
October 1943 December 1943 W/Cdr. W.E.M. Lowry
April 1944 July 1944 S/Ldr. A.W.B. Naismith
July 1944 May 1945 W/Cdr. R.G. Knott, DSO, DFC
May 1945 June 1945 S/Ldr. G.E. Willis, DFC

References[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d rafcommands
  2. ^ Bowyer and Rawlings 1979, p. 92.
  3. ^ Flintham and Thomas 2003, p. 60.
  4. ^ a b c d e f g Rawlings 1982, p. 230.
  5. ^ a b c d e f Halley 1988, p. 399.
  6. ^ a b c d e f Jefford 2001, p. 97.
  7. ^ a b c Orbis 1985, p. 4212.

Bibliography[edit]

  • Bowyer, Michael J.F. and John D.R. Rawlings. Squadron Codes, 1937–56. Cambridge, UK: Patrick Stephens Ltd., 1979. ISBN 0-85059-364-6.
  • Flintham, Vic and Andrew Thomas. Combat Codes: A full explanation and listing of British, Commonwealth and Allied air force unit codes since 1938. Shrewsbury, Shropshire, UK: Airlife Publishing Ltd., 2003. ISBN 1-84037-281-8.
  • Halley, James J. The Squadrons of the Royal Air Force & Commonwealth 1918–1988. Tonbridge, Kent, UK: Air Britain (Historians) Ltd., 1988. ISBN 0-85130-164-9.
  • Jefford, Wing Commander C.G., MBE, BA, RAF(Retd.). RAF Squadrons, a Comprehensive record of the Movement and Equipment of all RAF Squadrons and their Antecedents since 1912. Shrewsbury, Shropshire, UK: Airlife Publishing, 1988 (second edition 2001). ISBN 1-85310-053-6.
  • Moyes, Philip J.R. Bomber Squadrons of the RAF and their Aircraft. London: Macdonald and Jane's (Publishers) Ltd., 2nd edition 1976. ISBN 0-354-01027-1.
  • The Illustrated Encyclopedia of Aircraft (Part Work 1982–1985). Orbis Publishing. 
  • Rawlings, John D.R. Coastal, Support and Special Squadrons of the RAF and their Aircraft. London: Jane's Publishing Company Ltd., 1982. ISBN 0-7106-0187-5.

External links[edit]