No. 635 Squadron RAF

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No. 635 Squadron RAF
Active 20 March 1944 – 1 September 1945
Country United Kingdom United Kingdom
Branch Ensign of the Royal Air Force.svg Royal Air Force
Type Inactive
Role Bomber Squadron
Part of No. 8 Group RAF Bomber Command[1]
Base RAF Downham Market, Norfolk
Motto Latin: Nos Ducimus Ceteri Secunter
(Translation: "We lead, others follow")[2][3]
Insignia
Squadron Badge heraldry In front of a roundel nebuly, a dexter gauntlet holding three flashes of lightning[2][3]
Squadron Codes F2 (Mar 1944 – Sep 1945)[4][5]
Aircraft flown
Bomber Avro Lancaster
Four-engined heavy bomber

No. 635 Squadron RAF was a heavy bomber squadron of the Royal Air Force during the Second World War.

History[edit]

635 squadron was formed at RAF Downham Market in Norfolk on 20 March 1944 from two flights drawn from No. 35 Squadron and No. 97 Squadron, equipped with Lancaster Mk.I bombers, as part of No. 8 Group RAF in Bomber Command. It re-equipped with Lancaster Mk.III bombers the same month, then Lancaster Mk.VI bombers in July. After the end of its bombing operations in April 1945 it was used for transport and food relief until disbanded at Downham Market on 1 September 1945.[3][6]

Notable squadron members[edit]

One member of the squadron, S/Ldr. I.W. Bazalgette, was awarded a posthumous VC following the raid against Trossy-St Maximin on 4 August 1944.[7][8]

Aircraft operated[edit]

Aircraft operated by no. 635 Squadron RAF, data from[3][9][10]
From To Aircraft Version
March 1944 March 1944 Avro Lancaster Mk.I
March 1944 August 1945 Avro Lancaster Mk.III
July 1944 November 1944 Avro Lancaster Mk.VI

Squadron bases[edit]

Base used by no. 635 Squadron RAF, data from[3][9][10]
From To Base
20 March 1944 1 September 1945 RAF Downham Market, Norfolk

References[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ Delve 1994, pp. 69, 78.
  2. ^ a b Moyes 1976, p. 289.
  3. ^ a b c d e Halley 1988, p. 442.
  4. ^ Bowyer and Rawlings 1979, p. 43.
  5. ^ Flintham and Thomas 2003, p. 71.
  6. ^ Moyes 1976, pp. 289–290.
  7. ^ Air of Authority – A History of RAF Organisation
  8. ^ Moyes 1976, p. 359.
  9. ^ a b Moyes 1976, p. 290.
  10. ^ a b Jefford 2001, p. 102.

Bibliography[edit]

  • Bowyer, Michael J.F. and John D.R. Rawlings. Squadron Codes, 1937–56. Cambridge, UK: Patrick Stephens Ltd., 1979. ISBN 0-85059-364-6.
  • Delve, Ken. The Source Book of the RAF. Shrewsbury, Shropshire, UK: Airlife Publishing, 1994. ISBN 1-85310-451-5.
  • Flintham, Vic and Andrew Thomas. Combat Codes: A full explanation and listing of British, Commonwealth and Allied air force unit codes since 1938. Shrewsbury, Shropshire, UK: Airlife Publishing Ltd., 2003. ISBN 1-84037-281-8.
  • Halley, James J. The Squadrons of the Royal Air Force & Commonwealth 1918–1988. Tonbridge, Kent, UK: Air Britain (Historians) Ltd., 1988. ISBN 0-85130-164-9.
  • Jefford, Wing Commander C.G., MBE, BA, RAF(Retd.). RAF Squadrons, a Comprehensive record of the Movement and Equipment of all RAF Squadrons and their Antecedents since 1912. Shrewsbury, Shropshire, UK: Airlife Publishing Ltd., 1988 (second edition 2001). ISBN 1-85310-053-6.
  • Moyes, Philip J.R. Bomber Squadrons of the RAF and their Aircraft. London: Macdonald and Jane's (Publishers) Ltd., 2nd edition 1976. ISBN 0-354-01027-1.
  • Thorne, Alex. Lancaster at War 4: Pathfinder Squadron. Shepperton, Surrey, UK: Ian Allan, 1995. ISBN 0-7110-1882-0.

External links[edit]