No Man Friday

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No Man Friday (also known in the United States as First on Mars) is a British science fiction novel by Rex Gordon (Stanley Bennett Hough) published in 1956. Although the story is set mainly on Mars, it was heavily influenced by Robinson Crusoe.[citation needed]

Plot[edit]

A British rocket, developed at minimal cost and secretly from officialdom, lifts off from the Woomera rocket range on a mission to Mars. During the voyage, an accident in the airlock kills all but the narrator, who was returning from EVA and still in his space suit. The rocket reaches Mars but crash lands. There, the narrator learns how to produce oxygen and water, also discovering more about Martian species and nourishment. Eventually, he starts cooperating with the titanic inhabitants of that planet to survive. After fifteen years, an American mission lands, thinking themselves the first to reach Mars. The narrator contacts the Americans, and then tries to return to the Dominant Beings, but is prevented from reaching them. He returns to Earth with the Americans.

Martian creatures[edit]

In his book, Rex Gordon describes Mars as a planet inhabited by different kinds of life forms.

Minerals 
Highly energetic flower-shaped mineral formations that grow in Martian valleys. Humidity disintegrates them.
Plants 
Photosynthetic organisms growing throughout Martian surface. They bloom and produce hard fruits.
"Ants" 
Social insect-like bugs that pollinate the plants' flowers.
"Humans" 
Humanoid creatures are not the dominant species in Mars. These animals eat the plants' fruits, live in groups and have limited intelligence.
Dominant Beings 
Gigantic nocturnal living beings that eat Martian humanoids. They use their body lights for communication. The book also suggests they have the capacity to distort spacetime.