List of Nobel laureates by country

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This is a list of Nobel Prize Laureates by country. Listings for Economics refer to the Nobel Memorial Prize in Economic Sciences. The Nobel prize has been awarded 853 times, of which 23 awards were to organizations.[1]

The present list ranks laureates under the country/countries that are stated by the Nobel Prize committee on its website.[2] The list does not distinguish between laureates who got a full prize and the majority who got just a fraction of a prize.[3] Some laureates are listed under more than one country, because the official website mentions multiple countries in relation to the laureate.[4] If a country is merely mentioned as the place of birth, an asterisk(*) is used in the respective listing to indicate this.[5] In this case, the birth country is mentioned in italics at the other listings of this laureate. For the same award, two birthplace related listings occur when the place of birth is currently in a different country than at the time of birth. Laureate–country connections that are not mentioned at the official website are not considered in this list.

Organizations are listed here if the Nobel Prize committee relates them to a single country.[6]

Argentina[edit]

  1. César Milstein, Physiology or medicine, 1984
  2. Adolfo Pérez Esquivel, Peace, 1980
  3. Luis Federico Leloir, Chemistry, 1970
  4. Bernardo Houssay, Physiology or Medicine, 1947
  5. Carlos Saavedra Lamas, Peace, 1936

Australia[edit]

  1. Brian P. Schmidt, born in the United States, Physics, 2011
  2. Elizabeth H. Blackburn*, Physiology or Medicine, 2009
  3. Barry Marshall, Physiology or Medicine, 2005
  4. J. Robin Warren, Physiology or Medicine, 2005
  5. Peter C. Doherty & Professor Rolf Zinkernagel, Physiology or Medicine, 1996
  6. John Harsanyi, Economics,1994
  7. John Warcup Cornforth*, Chemistry, 1975
  8. Patrick White, born in the United Kingdom, Literature, 1973
  9. Aleksandr M. Prokhorov*, Physics, 1964
  10. John Carew Eccles, Physiology or Medicine, 1963
  11. Sir Frank Macfarlane Burnet, Physiology or Medicine, 1960
  12. Sir Howard Florey, Physiology or Medicine, 1945
  13. William Lawrence Bragg*, Physics, 1915

Austria[edit]

  1. Martin Karplus*, Chemistry 2013
  2. International Atomic Energy Agency, Peace, 2005
  3. Elfriede Jelinek, Literature, 2004
  4. Eric R. Kandel*, Physiology or Medicine, 2000
  5. Walter Kohn*, Chemistry, 1998
  6. Friedrich Hayek, Economics, 1974
  7. Konrad Lorenz, Physiology or Medicine, 1973
  8. Karl von Frisch*, Physiology or Medicine, 1973
  9. Max F. Perutz, Chemistry, 1962
  10. Wolfgang Pauli, Physics, 1945
  11. Richard Kuhn*, Chemistry, 1938
  12. Otto Loewi*, Physiology or Medicine, 1936
  13. Victor Francis Hess, Physics, 1936
  14. Erwin Schrödinger, Physics, 1933
  15. Karl Landsteiner, Physiology or Medicine, 1930
  16. Julius Wagner-Jauregg, Physiology or Medicine, 1927
  17. Richard Adolf Zsigmondy, Chemistry, 1925
  18. Friderik Pregl, born in then Austria-Hungary, now Slovenia, Chemistry, 1923
  19. Robert Bárány, Physiology or Medicine, 1914
  20. Alfred Hermann Fried, Peace, 1911
  21. Bertha von Suttner, born in then Austria-Hungary, now Czech Republic, Peace, 1905
  22. Philipp Lenard, born in then Austria-Hungary, now Romania, Physics, 1905

Azerbaijan[edit]

  1. Lev Landau, born in then Russian Empire, laureate when citizen of the Soviet Union, Physics, 1962

Bangladesh[edit]

  1. Muhammad Yunus, Peace, 2006

Belarus[edit]

  1. Zhores Ivanovich Alferov*, born in then Soviet Union, now Belarus, Physics, 2000
  2. Shimon Peres*, born in then Poland, now Belarus, Peace, 1994
  3. Menachem Begin*, born in then Russian Empire, now Belarus, Peace, 1978
  4. Simon Kuznets*, born in then Russian Empire, now Belarus, Economics, 1971

Belgium[edit]

  1. François Englert, Physics, 2013
  2. Ilya Prigogine, born in Russia, Chemistry, 1977
  3. Christian de Duve, born in the United Kingdom, Physiology or Medicine, 1974
  4. Albert Claude, Physiology or Medicine, 1974
  5. Georges Pire, Peace, 1958
  6. Corneille Heymans, Physiology or Medicine, 1938
  7. Jules Bordet, Physiology or Medicine, 1919
  8. Henri La Fontaine, Peace, 1913
  9. Maurice Maeterlinck, Literature, 1911
  10. Auguste Beernaert, Peace, 1909
  11. Institut de Droit International, Peace, 1904

Bosnia and Herzegovina[edit]

  1. Vladimir Prelog*, born in then Austria–Hungary, now Bosnia and Herzegovina, Chemistry, 1975
  2. Ivo Andric*, born in then Austria–Hungary, now Bosnia and Herzegovina, Literature, 1961

Bulgaria[edit]

  1. Elias Canetti*, Literature, 1981

Canada[edit]

  1. Alice Munro, Literature, 2013
  2. Ralph M. Steinman, Physiology or Medicine, 2011
  3. Willard S. Boyle*, Physics, 2009
  4. Jack W. Szostak, born in the United Kingdom, Physiology or Medicine, 2009
  5. Robert Mundell, Economics, 1999
  6. Myron Scholes*, Economics, 1997
  7. William Vickrey*, Economics, 1996
  8. Pugwash Conferences on Science and World Affairs, Peace, 1995
  9. Bertram N. Brockhouse, Physics, 1994
  10. Michael Smith, born in the United Kingdom, Chemistry, 1993
  11. Rudolph A. Marcus*, Chemistry, 1992
  12. Richard E. Taylor, Physics, 1990
  13. Sidney Altman, Chemistry, 1989
  14. John C. Polányi, born in Germany, Chemistry, 1986
  15. Henry Taube*, Chemistry, 1983
  16. David H. Hubel*, Physiology or Medicine, 1981
  17. Saul Bellow*, Literature, 1976
  18. Gerhard Herzberg, born in Germany, Chemistry, 1971
  19. Charles B. Huggins*, Physiology or Medicine, 1966
  20. Lester B. Pearson, Peace, 1957
  21. William Giauque*, Chemistry, 1949
  22. Frederick G. Banting, Physiology or Medicine, 1923
  23. Ernest Rutherford, born in New Zealand, Chemistry, 1908

Chile[edit]

  1. Pablo Neruda, Literature, 1971
  2. Gabriela Mistral, Literature, 1945

China[edit]

  1. Mo Yan, Literature, 2012
  2. Liu Xiaobo, Peace, 2010
  3. Charles K. Kao*, Physics, 2009
  4. Gao Xingjian*, Literature, 2000
  5. Daniel C. Tsui*, Physics, 1998
  6. Tenzin Gyatso, Peace, 1989
  7. Chen Ning Yang, Physics, 1957
  8. Tsung-Dao Lee, Physics, 1957

Colombia[edit]

  1. Gabriel García Márquez, Literature, 1982

Costa Rica[edit]

  1. Óscar Arias Sánchez, Peace, 1987

Croatia[edit]

  1. Leopold Ružička*, born in Austro-Hungarian Empire, now Croatia, Chemistry, 1939

Cyprus[edit]

  1. Christopher A. Pissarides, Economics, 2010

Czech Republic[edit]

  1. Jaroslav Seifert, Literature, 1984
  2. Jaroslav Heyrovský, Chemistry, 1959
  3. Carl Ferdinand Cori*, born in then Austria-Hungary, Physiology or Medicine, 1947
  4. Gerty Cori*, born in then Austria-Hungary, Physiology or Medicine, 1947
  5. Bertha von Suttner*, born in then Austrian-Hungary, Peace, 1905

Denmark[edit]

  1. Jens Christian Skou, Chemistry, 1997
  2. Niels Kaj Jerne, Physiology or Medicine, 1984
  3. Aage Bohr, Physics, 1975
  4. Ben Roy Mottelson, Physics, 1975
  5. Johannes Vilhelm Jensen, Literature, 1944
  6. Henrik Dam, Physiology or Medicine, 1943
  7. Johannes Andreas Grib Fibiger, Physiology or Medicine, 1926
  8. Niels Bohr, Physics, 1922
  9. August Krogh, Physiology or Medicine, 1920
  10. Karl Adolph Gjellerup, Literature, 1917
  11. Henrik Pontoppidan, Literature, 1917
  12. Fredrik Bajer, Peace, 1908
  13. Niels Ryberg Finsen, born on Faroe Islands, Physiology or Medicine, 1903

East Timor[edit]

  1. Carlos Filipe Ximenes Belo, Peace, 1996
  2. José Ramos-Horta, Peace, 1996

Egypt[edit]

  1. Mohamed El Baradei, Peace, 2005
  2. Ahmed Zewail, Chemistry, 1999
  3. Yassir Arafat, Born in Cairo, Egypt, Peace, 1994
  4. Naguib Mahfouz, Literature, 1988
  5. Anwar El Sadat, Peace, 1978

Faroe Islands[edit]

  1. Niels Ryberg Finsen*, Physiology or Medicine, 1903

Finland[edit]

  1. Martti Ahtisaari, Peace, 2008
  2. Ragnar Granit, born in the Grand Duchy of Finland, a part of the Russian Empire in 1809–1917, Physiology or Medicine, 1967
  3. Artturi Ilmari Virtanen, born in the Grand Duchy of Finland, a part of the Russian Empire in 1809–1917, Chemistry, 1945
  4. Frans Eemil Sillanpää, born in the Grand Duchy of Finland, a part of the Russian Empire in 1809–1917, Literature, 1939

France[edit]

  1. Martin Karplus, born in Austria, Chemistry, 2013
  2. Serge Haroche, born in Morocco, then under French protectorate, Physics, 2012
  3. Jules A. Hoffmann, born in Luxembourg, Physiology or Medicine, 2011
  4. J. M. G. Le Clézio, Literature, 2008
  5. Luc Montagnier, Physiology or Medicine, 2008
  6. Françoise Barré-Sinoussi, Physiology or Medicine, 2008
  7. Albert Fert, Physics, 2007
  8. Yves Chauvin, Chemistry, 2005
  9. Gao Xingjian, born in China, Literature, 2000
  10. Médecins Sans Frontières, Peace, 1999
  11. Claude Cohen-Tannoudji, born in French Algeria, Physics, 1997
  12. Georges Charpak, Physics, 1992
  13. Pierre-Gilles de Gennes, Physics, 1991
  14. Maurice Allais, Economics, 1988
  15. Jean-Marie Lehn, Chemistry, 1987
  16. Claude Simon, Literature, 1985
  17. Gérard Debreu, Economics, 1983
  18. Jean Dausset, Physiology or Medicine, 1980
  19. Roger Guillemin*, Physiology or Medicine, 1977
  20. Seán MacBride*, Peace, 1974
  21. Louis Néel, Physics, 1970
  22. Luis Federico Leloir*, Chemistry, 1970
  23. René Cassin, Peace, 1968
  24. Alfred Kastler, Physics, 1966
  25. François Jacob, Physiology or Medicine, 1965
  26. Jacques Monod, Physiology or Medicine, 1965
  27. André Lwoff, Physiology or Medicine, 1965
  28. Jean-Paul Sartre, (declined the prize), Literature, 1964
  29. Saint-John Perse, Literature, 1960
  30. Albert Camus, born in French Algeria, Literature, 1957
  31. André Frédéric Cournand, Physiology or Medicine, 1956
  32. François Mauriac, Literature, 1952
  33. Albert Schweitzer, born in Alsace, then in Germany, Peace, 1952
  34. Léon Jouhaux, Peace, 1951
  35. André Gide, Literature, 1947
  36. Roger Martin du Gard, Literature, 1937
  37. Frédéric Joliot, Chemistry, 1935
  38. Irène Joliot-Curie, Chemistry, 1935
  39. Ivan Bunin, born in Russia, Literature, 1933
  40. Louis de Broglie, Physics, 1929
  41. Charles Nicolle, Physiology or Medicine, 1928
  42. Henri Bergson, Literature, 1927
  43. Ferdinand Buisson, Peace, 1927
  44. Aristide Briand, Peace, 1926
  45. Jean-Baptiste Perrin, Physics, 1926
  46. Anatole France, Literature, 1921
  47. Léon Bourgeois, Peace, 1920
  48. Romain Rolland, Literature, 1915
  49. Alfred Werner*, Chemistry, 1913
  50. Charles Richet, Physiology or Medicine, 1913
  51. Alexis Carrel, Medicine, 1912
  52. Paul Sabatier, Chemistry, 1912
  53. Victor Grignard, Chemistry, 1912
  54. Marie Curie, born in then Russian Empire, now Poland, Chemistry, 1911
  55. Paul-Henri-Benjamin d'Estournelles de Constant, Peace, 1909
  56. Gabriel Lippmann, born in Luxembourg, Physics, 1908
  57. Alphonse Laveran, Physiology or Medicine, 1907
  58. Louis Renault, Peace, 1907
  59. Henri Moissan, Chemistry, 1906
  60. Frédéric Mistral, Literature, 1904
  61. Antoine Henri Becquerel, Physics, 1903
  62. Pierre Curie, Physics, 1903
  63. Marie Curie, born in then Russian Empire, now Poland, Physics, 1903
  64. Henry Dunant, Peace, 1901
  65. Frédéric Passy, Peace, 1901
  66. Sully Prudhomme, Literature, 1901

Germany[edit]

  1. Thomas C. Südhof, Physiology or Medicine, 2013
  2. Herta Müller, born in Romania, Literature, 2009
  3. Harald zur Hausen, Physiology or Medicine, 2008
  4. Gerhard Ertl, Chemistry, 2007
  5. Peter Grünberg, born in then Protectorate of Bohemia and Moravia, now the Czech Republic, Physics, 2007
  6. Theodor W. Hänsch, Physics, 2005
  7. Wolfgang Ketterle, Physics, 2001
  8. Herbert Kroemer, Physics, 2000
  9. Günter Blobel*, Physiology or Medicine, 1999
  10. Günter Grass, born in then Free City of Danzig, now Poland, Literature, 1999
  11. Horst L. Störmer, Physics, 1998
  12. Christiane Nüsslein-Volhard, Physiology or Medicine, 1995
  13. Reinhard Selten, Economics, 1994
  14. Bert Sakmann, Physiology or Medicine, 1991
  15. Erwin Neher, Physiology or Medicine, 1991
  16. Hans G. Dehmelt*, Physics, 1989
  17. Wolfgang Paul, Physics, 1989
  18. Johann Deisenhofer, Chemistry, 1988
  19. Robert Huber, Chemistry, 1988
  20. Hartmut Michel, Chemistry, 1988
  21. Jack Steinberger*, Physics, 1988
  22. J. Georg Bednorz, Physics, 1987
  23. Ernst Ruska, Physics, 1986
  24. Gerd Binnig, Physics, 1986
  25. Klaus von Klitzing, Physics, 1985
  26. Georges J.F. Köhler*, Physiology or Medicine, 1984
  27. Georg Wittig, Chemistry, 1979
  28. Arno Penzias*, Physics, 1978
  29. Henry Kissinger*, Peace, 1973
  30. Ernst Otto Fischer, Chemistry, 1973
  31. Karl Ritter von Frisch, born in then Austria-Hungary, now Austria, Physiology or Medicine, 1973
  32. Heinrich Böll, Literature, 1972
  33. Gerhard Herzberg*, Chemistry, 1971
  34. Willy Brandt, Peace, 1971
  35. Bernard Katz*, Physiology or Medicine, 1970
  36. Max Delbrück*, Physiology or Medicine, 1969
  37. Manfred Eigen, Chemistry, 1967
  38. Hans Albrecht Bethe*, Physics, 1967
  39. Nelly Sachs*, Literature, 1966
  40. Feodor Felix Konrad Lynen, Physiology or Medicine, 1964
  41. Konrad Bloch*, Physiology or Medicine, 1964
  42. Karl Ziegler, Chemistry, 1963
  43. Maria Goeppert-Mayer*, Physics, 1963
  44. J. Hans D. Jensen, Physics, 1963
  45. Rudolf Mössbauer, Physics, 1961
  46. Werner Forssmann, Physiology or Medicine, 1956
  47. Max Born*, Physics, 1954
  48. Walther Bothe, Physics, 1954
  49. Hermann Staudinger, Chemistry, 1953
  50. Fritz Albert Lipmann*, Physiology or Medicine, 1953
  51. Hans Adolf Krebs*, Physiology or Medicine, 1953
  52. Albert Schweitzer*, Peace, 1952
  53. Otto Diels, Chemistry, 1950
  54. Kurt Alder, Chemistry, 1950
  55. Herman Hesse*, Literature, 1946
  56. Ernst Boris Chain*, Physiology or Medicine, 1945
  57. Otto Hahn, Chemistry, 1944
  58. Otto Stern*, Physics, 1943
  59. Adolf Butenandt, Chemistry, 1939
  60. Gerhard Domagk, Physiology or Medicine, 1939
  61. Richard Kuhn, born in Austria, Chemistry, 1938
  62. Carl von Ossietzky, Peace, 1935
  63. Hans Spemann, Physiology or Medicine, 1935
  64. Werner Karl Heisenberg, Physics, 1932
  65. Otto Heinrich Warburg, Physiology or Medicine, 1931
  66. Carl Bosch, Chemistry, 1931
  67. Friedrich Bergius, Chemistry, 1931
  68. Hans Fischer, Chemistry, 1930
  69. Thomas Mann, Literature, 1929
  70. Hans von Euler-Chelpin*, Chemistry, 1929
  71. Adolf Otto Reinhold Windaus, Chemistry, 1928
  72. Ludwig Quidde, Peace, 1927
  73. Heinrich Otto Wieland, Chemistry, 1927
  74. Gustav Stresemann, Peace, 1926
  75. James Franck, Physics, 1925
  76. Gustav Ludwig Hertz, Physics, 1925
  77. Otto Fritz Meyerhof, Physiology or Medicine, 1922
  78. Albert Einstein, Physics, 1921
  79. Walther Nernst, Chemistry, 1920
  80. Johannes Stark, Physics, 1919
  81. Fritz Haber, Chemistry, 1918
  82. Max Karl Ernst Ludwig Planck, Physics, 1918
  83. Richard Willstätter, Chemistry, 1915
  84. Max von Laue, Physics, 1914
  85. Gerhart Hauptmann, born in then Prussia, now Poland, Literature, 1912
  86. Wilhelm Wien, Physics, 1911
  87. Otto Wallach, Chemistry, 1910
  88. Albrecht Kossel, Physiology or Medicine, 1910
  89. Paul Johann Ludwig Heyse, Literature, 1910
  90. Karl Ferdinand Braun, Physics, 1909
  91. Wilhelm Ostwald, born in then Russia, now Latvia, Chemistry, 1909
  92. Rudolf Christoph Eucken, Literature, 1908
  93. Paul Ehrlich, Physiology or Medicine, 1908
  94. Eduard Buchner, Chemistry, 1907
  95. Robert Koch, Physiology or Medicine, 1905
  96. Philipp Lenard, born in then Austrian Empire, now Slovakia, Physics, 1905
  97. Adolf von Baeyer, Chemistry, 1905
  98. Hermann Emil Fischer, Chemistry, 1902
  99. Theodor Mommsen, born in then Denmark, Literature, 1902
  100. Emil Adolf von Behring, Physiology or Medicine, 1901
  101. Wilhelm Conrad Röntgen, Physics, 1901

Ghana[edit]

  1. Kofi Annan, Peace, 2001

Greece[edit]

  1. Odysseas Elytis, Literature, 1979
  2. Giorgos Seferis, Literature, 1963

Guatemala[edit]

  1. Rigoberta Menchú, Peace, 1992
  2. Miguel Ángel Asturias, Literature, 1967

Hong Kong[edit]

  1. Charles K. Kao, Physics, 2009

Hungary[edit]

  1. Avram Hershko, (Herskó Ferenc), Chemistry, 2004
  2. Imre Kertész, Literature, 2002
  3. George Andrew Olah* (Oláh György), Chemistry, 1994
  4. John Harsanyi*, (Harsányi János), Economics, 1994
  5. Dennis Gabor* (Gábor Dénes), Physics, 1971
  6. Eugene Wigner*, (Wigner Jenő Pál), Physics, 1963
  7. Georg von Békésy* (Békésy György), Physiology or Medicine, 1961
  8. George de Hevesy (Hevesy György), Chemistry, 1943
  9. Albert Szent-Györgyi, Physiology or Medicine, 1937
  10. Richard Adolf Zsigmondy*, born in then Austria-Hungary, Chemistry, 1925
  11. Robert Bárány*, born in then Austria-Hungary, Medicine, 1914
  12. Philipp Lenard (Lénárd Fülöp)*, born in then Austria-Hungary, Physics, 1905

Iceland[edit]

  1. Halldór Laxness, Literature, 1955

India[edit]

  1. Venkatraman Ramakrishnan*, Chemistry, 2009
  2. Amartya Sen, Economic Sciences, 1998
  3. Subrahmanyan Chandrasekhar*, Physics, 1983
  4. Mother Teresa, born in Ottoman Empire, now Macedonia, Peace, 1979
  5. Har Gobind Khorana*, Physiology or Medicine, 1968
  6. C.V. Raman, Physics, 1930
  7. Rabindranath Tagore, Literature, 1913

Iran[edit]

  1. Shirin Ebadi, Peace, 2003

Ireland[edit]

  1. John Hume and David Trimble*, Peace, 1998
  2. Séamus Heaney*, Literature, 1995
  3. Betty Williams, Peace, 1976
  4. Mairéad Corrigan, Peace, 1976
  5. Seán MacBride, Peace, 1974
  6. Samuel Beckett, Literature, 1969
  7. Ernest Walton, Physics, 1951
  8. George Bernard Shaw*, Literature, 1925
  9. William Butler Yeats, Literature, 1923

Israel[edit]

  1. Arieh Warshel, Chemistry, 2013
  2. Michael Levitt*, born in South Africa, Chemistry, 2013
  3. Dan Shechtman, Chemistry, 2011
  4. Ada E. Yonath, Chemistry, 2009
  5. Robert Aumann, born in Germany, Economics, 2005
  6. Aaron Ciechanover, Chemistry, 2004
  7. Avram Hershko, born in Hungary, Chemistry, 2004
  8. Daniel Kahneman, Economics, 2002
  9. Yitzhak Rabin, Peace, 1994
  10. Shimon Peres, born in what was then Poland, now Belarus, Peace, 1994
  11. Menachem Begin, born in what was then Russia, now Belarus, Peace, 1978
  12. Shmuel Yosef Agnon, born in what was then Austria-Hungary, now Ukraine, Literature, 1966

Italy[edit]

  1. Mario Capecchi*, Physiology or Medicine, 2007
  2. Riccardo Giacconi*, Physics, 2002
  3. Dario Fo, Literature, 1997
  4. Rita Levi-Montalcini, Physiology or Medicine, 1986
  5. Franco Modigliani, Economics, 1985
  6. Carlo Rubbia, Physics, 1984
  7. Renato Dulbecco*, Physiology or Medicine, 1975
  8. Eugenio Montale, Literature, 1975
  9. Salvador Luria*, Physiology or Medicine, 1969
  10. Giulio Natta, Chemistry, 1963
  11. Salvatore Quasimodo, Literature, 1959
  12. Emilio G. Segrè, Physics, 1959
  13. Daniel Bovet, born in Switzerland, Physiology or Medicine, 1957
  14. Enrico Fermi, Physics, 1938
  15. Luigi Pirandello, Literature, 1934
  16. Grazia Deledda, Literature, 1926
  17. Guglielmo Marconi, Physics, 1909
  18. Ernesto Teodoro Moneta, Peace, 1907
  19. Giosuè Carducci, Literature, 1906
  20. Camillo Golgi, Physiology or Medicine, 1906

Japan[edit]

  1. Shinya Yamanaka, Physiology or Medicine, 2012
  2. Ei-ichi Negishi, born in China, Chemistry, 2010
  3. Akira Suzuki, Chemistry, 2010
  4. Osamu Shimomura, Chemistry, 2008
  5. Makoto Kobayashi, Physics, 2008
  6. Toshihide Maskawa, Physics, 2008
  7. Yoichiro Nambu*, Physics, 2008
  8. Masatoshi Koshiba, Physics, 2002
  9. Koichi Tanaka, Chemistry, 2002
  10. Ryōji Noyori, Chemistry, 2001
  11. Hideki Shirakawa, Chemistry, 2000
  12. Kenzaburō Ōe, Literature, 1994
  13. Susumu Tonegawa, Physiology or Medicine, 1987
  14. Kenichi Fukui, Chemistry, 1981
  15. Eisaku Satō, Peace, 1974
  16. Leo Esaki, Physics, 1973
  17. Yasunari Kawabata, Literature, 1968
  18. Sin-Itiro Tomonaga, Physics, 1965
  19. Hideki Yukawa, Physics, 1949

Kenya[edit]

  1. Wangari Maathai, Peace, 2004

Korea, South[edit]

  1. Kim Dae-jung, Peace, 2000

Macedonia[edit]

  1. Mother Teresa, Peace, 1979. Born in Uskub, Ottoman Empire, now Skopje, Republic of Macedonia, Founder of the Missionaries of Charity

Latvia[edit]

  1. Wilhelm Ostwald*, born in then Russian Empire, Chemistry, 1909

Liberia[edit]

  1. Ellen Johnson Sirleaf, Peace, 2011
  2. Leymah Gbowee, Peace, 2011

Lithuania[edit]

  1. Aaron Klug*, Chemistry, 1982
  2. Czesław Miłosz*, born in partitioned Poland (Russian Empire), now Lithuania, Literature, 1980
  3. Andrew Schally*, born in then Poland, now Lithuania, Medicine, 1977

Luxembourg[edit]

  1. Jules A. Hoffmann*, Physiology or Medicine, 2011
  2. Gabriel Lippmann*, Physics, 1908

Mexico[edit]

  1. Mario José Molina Henríquez*, Chemistry, 1995
  2. Octavio Paz Lozano, Literature, 1990
  3. Alfonso García Robles, Peace, 1982

Myanmar (Burma)[edit]

  1. Aung San Suu Kyi, Peace, 1991

Netherlands[edit]

  1. Andre Geim, born in Russia, Physics, 2010
  2. Martinus J. G. Veltman, Physics, 1999
  3. Gerard 't Hooft, Physics, 1999
  4. Paul J. Crutzen, Chemistry, 1995
  5. Simon van der Meer, Physics, 1984
  6. Nicolaas Bloembergen*, Physics, 1981
  7. Tjalling Koopmans, Economics, 1975
  8. Nikolaas Tinbergen*, Physiology or Medicine, 1973
  9. Jan Tinbergen, Economics, 1969
  10. Frits Zernike, Physics, 1953
  11. Peter Debye, Chemistry, 1936
  12. Christiaan Eijkman, Physiology or Medicine, 1929
  13. Willem Einthoven, Physiology or Medicine, 1924
  14. Heike Kamerlingh Onnes, Physics, 1913
  15. Tobias Asser, Peace, 1911
  16. Johannes Diderik van der Waals, Physics, 1910
  17. Pieter Zeeman, Physics, 1902
  18. Hendrik Lorentz, Physics, 1902
  19. Jacobus Henricus van 't Hoff, Chemistry, 1901

New Zealand[edit]

  1. Alan MacDiarmid*, Chemistry, 2000
  2. Maurice Wilkins*, Physiology or Medicine, 1962
  3. Ernest Rutherford*, Chemistry, 1908

Nigeria[edit]

  1. Wole Soyinka, Literature, 1986

Norway[edit]

  1. Finn E. Kydland, Economics, 2004
  2. Trygve Haavelmo, Economics, 1989
  3. Ivar Giaever, Physics, 1973
  4. Ragnar Anton Kittil Frisch, Economics, 1969
  5. Odd Hassel, Chemistry, 1969
  6. Lars Onsager, Chemistry, 1968
  7. Sigrid Undset, Literature, 1928
  8. Fridtjof Nansen, Peace, 1922
  9. Christian Lous Lange, Peace, 1921
  10. Knut Hamsun, Literature, 1920
  11. Bjørnstjerne Bjørnson, Literature, 1903

Palestine[edit]

  1. Yassir Arafat, Born in Cairo, Egypt, Peace, 1994

Pakistan[edit]

  1. Abdus Salam, Physics, 1979


Peru[edit]

  1. Mario Vargas Llosa*, Literature, 2010

Poland[edit]

  1. Leonid Hurwicz, born in then Russian Republic, Economics, 2007
  2. Wisława Szymborska, Literature, 1996
  3. Joseph Rotblat*, born in partitioned Poland (Russian Empire), Peace, 1995
  4. Shimon Peres*, born Szymon Perski in Wiszniew, Poland (now Vishnyeva, Belarus), Peace, 1994
  5. Georges Charpak*, born in then Poland (Second Polish Republic), now Ukraine, Physics, 1992
  6. Lech Wałęsa, Peace, 1983
  7. Roald Hoffmann*, born in then Poland (Second Polish Republic), now Ukraine, Chemistry, 1981
  8. Czesław Miłosz*, born in partitioned Poland (Russian Empire), now Lithuania, Literature, 1980
  9. Isaac Bashevis Singer*, born in partitioned Poland (Russian Empire), Literature, 1978
  10. Andrew Schally*, born in Wilno, Second Polish Republic (now Vilnius, Lithuania), Medicine, 1976
  11. Tadeus Reichstein*, born in partitioned Poland (Russian Empire), Physiology or Medicine, 1950
  12. Władysław Reymont, born in partitioned Poland (Russian Empire), Literature, 1924
  13. Marie Skłodowska-Curie, born in partitioned Poland (Russian Empire), Chemistry, 1911
  14. Albert Abraham Michelson* born in partitioned Poland (Prussian Empire), Physics, 1907
  15. Henryk Sienkiewicz, born in partitioned Poland (Russian Empire), Literature, 1905
  16. Marie Skłodowska-Curie, born in partitioned Poland (Russian Empire), Physics, 1903

Portugal[edit]

  1. José de Sousa Saramago, Literature, 1998
  2. Carlos Filipe Ximenes Belo*, born in then Portuguese Timor, now East Timor, Peace, 1996
  3. José Ramos-Horta*, born in then Portuguese Timor, now East Timor, Peace, 1996
  4. António Caetano de Abreu Freire Egas Moniz, Physiology or Medicine, 1949

Romania[edit]

  1. Herta Müller*, Literature, 2009
  2. Elie Wiesel*, Peace, 1986
  3. George E. Palade*, Physiology or Medicine, 1974

Russia[edit]

  1. Andre Geim*, Physics, 2010
  2. Konstantin Novoselov*, Physics, 2010
  3. Leonid Hurwicz*, Economics, 2007
  4. Alexei A. Abrikosov*, Physics, 2003
  5. Vitaly Ginzburg, Physics, 2003
  6. Zhores Ivanovich Alferov, born in then Soviet Union, now Belarus, Physics, 2000
  7. Mikhail Sergeyevich Gorbachev, Peace, 1990
  8. Iosif Aleksandrovich Brodsky*, Literature, 1987
  9. Pyotr Leonidovich Kapitsa, Physics, 1978
  10. Menachem Begin*, born in now Belarus, Peace, 1978
  11. Ilya Prigogine*, Chemistry, 1977
  12. Andrei Dmitrievich Sakharov, Peace, 1975
  13. Leonid Vitalyevich Kantorovich, Economics, 1975
  14. Aleksandr Solzhenitsyn, Literature, 1970
  15. Michail Sholokhov, Literature, 1965
  16. Nicolay G. Basov, Physics, 1964
  17. Aleksandr M. Prokhorov, born in Australia, Physics, 1964
  18. Lev Davidovich Landau, Physics, 1962
  19. Boris Pasternak, Literature, 1958 (forced to decline)
  20. Pavel Alekseyevich Cherenkov, Physics, 1958
  21. Igor Yevgenyevich Tamm, Physics, 1958
  22. Ilya Mikhailovich Frank, Physics, 1958
  23. Nikolay Nikolayevich Semyonov, Chemistry, 1956
  24. Ivan Bunin*, Literature, 1933
  25. Wilhelm Ostwald*, born in now Latvia, Chemistry, 1909
  26. Ilya Ilyich Mechnikov, born in now Ukraine, Physiology or Medicine, 1908
  27. Ivan Petrovich Pavlov, Physiology or Medicine, 1904

Saint Lucia[edit]

  1. Derek Walcott, Literature, 1992
  2. Sir Arthur Lewis*, Economics, 1979

Slovenia[edit]

  1. Friderik Pregl*, born in born in Austro-Hungarian Empire, now Slovenia, Chemistry, 1923

South Africa[edit]

  1. Michael Levitt*, Chemistry, 2013
  2. J. M. Coetzee, Literature, 2003
  3. Sydney Brenner*, Physiology or Medicine, 2002
  4. F.W. de Klerk, Peace, 1993
  5. Nelson Mandela, Peace, 1993
  6. Nadine Gordimer, Literature, 1991
  7. Desmond Tutu, Peace, 1984
  8. Aaron Klug, Chemistry, 1982
  9. Allan M. Cormack*, Physiology or Medicine, 1979
  10. Albert Lutuli, Peace, 1960
  11. Max Theiler, Physiology or Medicine, 1951

Spain[edit]

  1. Mario Vargas Llosa, born in Peru, Literature, 2010
  2. Camilo José Cela, Literature, 1989
  3. Vicente Aleixandre, Literature, 1977
  4. Severo Ochoa*, Physiology or Medicine, 1959
  5. Juan Ramón Jiménez, Literature, 1956
  6. Jacinto Benavente, Literature, 1922
  7. Santiago Ramón y Cajal, Physiology or Medicine, 1906
  8. José Echegaray, Literature, 1904

Sweden[edit]

  1. Tomas Tranströmer, Literature, 2011
  2. Arvid Carlsson, Physiology or Medicine, 2000
  3. Alva Myrdal, Peace, 1982
  4. Sune Bergström, Physiology or Medicine, 1982
  5. Bengt I. Samuelsson, Physiology or Medicine, 1982
  6. Kai Siegbahn, Physics, 1981
  7. Torsten Wiesel*, Physiology or Medicine, 1981
  8. Bertil Ohlin, Economics, 1977
  9. Eyvind Johnson, Literature, 1974
  10. Harry Martinson, Literature, 1974
  11. Gunnar Myrdal, Economics, 1974
  12. Ulf von Euler, Physiology or Medicine, 1970
  13. Hannes Alfvén, Physics, 1970
  14. Ragnar Granit, born in then Russian Empire, now Finland, Physiology or Medicine, 1967
  15. Nelly Sachs, born in Germany, Literature, 1966
  16. Dag Hammarskjöld, Peace, 1961 (posthumously)
  17. Pär Lagerkvist, Literature, 1951
  18. Arne Tiselius, Chemistry, 1948
  19. Erik Axel Karlfeldt, Literature, 1931
  20. Nathan Söderblom, Peace, 1930
  21. Hans von Euler-Chelpin, born in Germany, Chemistry, 1929
  22. Theodor Svedberg, Chemistry, 1926
  23. Karl Manne Siegbahn, Physics, 1924
  24. Hjalmar Branting, Peace, 1921
  25. Carl Gustaf Verner von Heidenstam, Literature, 1916
  26. Gustaf Dalén, Physics, 1912
  27. Allvar Gullstrand, Physiology or Medicine, 1911
  28. Selma Lagerlöf, Literature, 1909
  29. Klas Pontus Arnoldson, Peace, 1908
  30. Svante Arrhenius, Chemistry, 1903

Switzerland[edit]

  1. Kurt Wüthrich, Chemistry, 2002
  2. Médecins Sans Frontières, Peace, 1999
  3. Rolf M. Zinkernagel, Physiology or Medicine, 1996
  4. Edmond H. Fischer, born in China, Physiology or Medicine, 1992
  5. Richard R. Ernst, Chemistry, 1991
  6. Karl Alexander Müller, Physics, 1987
  7. Heinrich Rohrer, Physics, 1986
  8. Georges J. F. Köhler, born in Germany (worked in Switzerland for 1976 to 1984), Physiology or Medicine, 1984
  9. Werner Arber, Physiology or Medicine, 1978
  10. Vladimir Prelog, born in then Austria-Hungary, now Bosnia-Herzegovina, Chemistry, 1975
  11. Daniel Bovet, Physiology or Medicine, 1957
  12. Felix Bloch, Physics, 1952
  13. Tadeus Reichstein, Physiology or Medicine, 1950
  14. Walter Rudolf Hess, Physiology or Medicine, 1949
  15. Paul Hermann Müller, Physiology or Medicine, 1948
  16. Hermann Hesse, born in Germany, Literature, 1946
  17. Leopold Ružička, born in then Austria-Hungary, now Croatia, Chemistry, 1939
  18. Paul Karrer, Chemistry, 1937
  19. Albert Einstein, born in Germany, Physics, 1921
  20. Charles Édouard Guillaume, Physics, 1920
  21. Carl Spitteler, Literature, 1919
  22. Alfred Werner, Chemistry, 1913
  23. Theodor Kocher, Physiology or Medicine, 1909
  24. Élie Ducommun, Peace, 1902
  25. Charles Albert Gobat, Peace, 1902
  26. Henry Dunant, Peace, 1901

Taiwan[edit]

  1. Yuan Tseh Lee, Chemistry, 1986

Trinidad and Tobago[edit]

  1. V. S. Naipaul*, Literature, 2001

Turkey[edit]

  1. Orhan Pamuk, Literature, 2006

Ukraine[edit]

  1. Georges Charpak*, born in then Poland, now Ukraine, Physics, 1992
  2. Roald Hoffmann*, born in then Poland, now Ukraine, Chemistry, 1981
  3. Shmuel Yosef Agnon*, born in what was then Austria-Hungary, now Ukraine, Literature, 1966
  4. Selman A. Waksman*, born in then Russian Empire, now Ukraine, Physiology or Medicine, 1952
  5. Ilya Ilyich Mechnikov*, born in then Russian Empire, now Ukraine, Physiology or Medicine, 1908

United Kingdom[edit]

  1. Michael Levitt, born in South Africa, Chemistry 2013
  2. Peter Higgs, Physics 2013
  3. John B. Gurdon, Physiology or Medicine, 2012
  4. Konstantin Novoselov, born in Russia, Physics, 2010
  5. Robert G. Edwards, Physiology or Medicine, 2010
  6. Doris Lessing, born in Iran, Literature, 2007
  7. Sir Martin J. Evans, Physiology or Medicine, 2007
  8. Oliver Smithies*, Physiology or Medicine, 2007
  9. Harold Pinter, Literature, 2005
  10. Clive W. J. Granger*, Economics, 2003
  11. Anthony J. Leggett*, Physics, 2003
  12. Peter Mansfield, Physiology or Medicine, 2003
  13. Sydney Brenner, born in South Africa, Physiology or Medicine, 2002
  14. John E. Sulston, Physiology or Medicine, 2002
  15. Tim Hunt, Physiology or Medicine, 2001
  16. Paul Nurse, Physiology or Medicine, 2001
  17. V.S. Naipaul, born in Trinidad, Literature, 2001
  18. David Trimble, Peace, 1998
  19. John Pople, Chemistry, 1998
  20. John E. Walker, Chemistry, 1997
  21. Harold Kroto, Chemistry, 1996
  22. James A. Mirrlees, Economics, 1996
  23. Joseph Rotblat, born in then Russian Empire, now Poland, Peace, 1995
  24. Richard J. Roberts, Physiology or Medicine, 1993
  25. Michael Smith*, Chemistry, 1993
  26. Ronald Coase,based in the United States Economics, 1991
  27. James W. Black, Physiology or Medicine, 1988
  28. Niels Kaj Jerne*, Physiology or Medicine, 1984
  29. César Milstein, born in Argentina, Physiology or Medicine, 1984
  30. Richard Stone, Economics, 1984
  31. William Golding, Literature, 1983
  32. Aaron Klug, born in Lithuania, Chemistry, 1982
  33. John Robert Vane, Physiology or Medicine, 1982
  34. Elias Canetti, born in Bulgaria, Literature, 1981
  35. Frederick Sanger, Chemistry, 1980
  36. Arthur Lewis, born on St. Lucia, Economics, 1979
  37. Godfrey Hounsfield, Physiology or Medicine, 1979
  38. Peter D. Mitchell, Chemistry, 1978
  39. James Meade, Economics, 1977
  40. Nevill Francis Mott, Physics, 1977
  41. Amnesty International, Peace, 1977
  42. Betty Williams, Peace, 1976
  43. John Cornforth, born in Australia, Chemistry, 1975
  44. Christian de Duve*, Physiology or Medicine, 1974
  45. Friedrich Hayek, born in Austria, Economics, 1974
  46. Martin Ryle, Physics, 1974
  47. Antony Hewish, Physics, 1974
  48. Patrick White*, Literature, 1973
  49. Geoffrey Wilkinson, Chemistry, 1973
  50. Brian David Josephson, Physics, 1973
  51. Rodney Robert Porter, Physiology or Medicine, 1972
  52. John Hicks, Economics, 1972
  53. Dennis Gabor, born in Hungary, Physics, 1971
  54. Bernard Katz, born in Germany, Physiology or Medicine, 1970
  55. Derek Harold Richard Barton, Chemistry, 1969
  56. Ronald George Wreyford Norrish, Chemistry, 1967
  57. George Porter, Chemistry, 1967
  58. Dorothy Crowfoot Hodgkin, Chemistry, 1964
  59. Andrew Huxley, Physiology or Medicine, 1963
  60. Alan Lloyd Hodgkin, Physiology or Medicine, 1963
  61. John Kendrew, Chemistry, 1962
  62. Max Perutz, born in Austria, Chemistry, 1962
  63. Francis Crick, Physiology or Medicine, 1962
  64. Maurice Wilkins, born in New Zealand, Physiology or Medicine, 1962
  65. Peter Medawar, born in Brazil (British citizen only), Physiology or Medicine, 1960
  66. Severo Ochoa*, born in Spain, Physiology or Medicine, 1959
  67. Philip Noel-Baker, Peace, 1959
  68. Frederick Sanger, Chemistry, 1958
  69. Alexander R. Todd, Baron Todd, Chemistry, 1957
  70. Cyril Norman Hinshelwood, Chemistry, 1956
  71. Max Born, born in then Germany, now Poland, Physics, 1954
  72. Winston Churchill, Literature, 1953
  73. Hans Adolf Krebs, born in Germany, Physiology or Medicine, 1953
  74. Archer John Porter Martin, Chemistry, 1952
  75. Richard Laurence Millington Synge, Chemistry, 1952
  76. John Cockcroft, Physics, 1951
  77. Bertrand Russell, Literature, 1950
  78. Cecil Frank Powell, Physics, 1950
  79. John Boyd Orr, Peace, 1949
  80. Patrick Blackett, Baron Blackett, Physics, 1948
  81. Edward Victor Appleton, Physics, 1947
  82. Robert Robinson, Chemistry, 1947
  83. Friends Service Council, Peace, 1947
  84. Ernst Boris Chain, born in Germany, Physiology or Medicine, 1945
  85. Alexander Fleming, Physiology or Medicine, 1945
  86. George Paget Thomson, Physics, 1937
  87. Robert Cecil, 1st Viscount Cecil of Chelwood, Peace, 1937
  88. Norman Haworth, Chemistry, 1937
  89. Henry Hallett Dale, Physiology or Medicine, 1936
  90. James Chadwick, Physics, 1935
  91. Arthur Henderson, Peace, 1934
  92. Norman Angell, Peace, 1933
  93. Paul Dirac, Physics, 1933
  94. Charles Scott Sherrington, Physiology or Medicine, 1932
  95. John Galsworthy, Literature, 1932
  96. Edgar Adrian, 1st Baron Adrian, Physiology or Medicine, 1932
  97. Arthur Harden, Chemistry, 1929
  98. Frederick Hopkins, Physiology or Medicine, 1929
  99. Owen Willans Richardson, Physics, 1928
  100. Charles Thomson Rees Wilson, Physics, 1927
  101. Austen Chamberlain, Peace, 1925
  102. John James Rickard Macleod*, Physiology or Medicine, 1923
  103. Francis William Aston, Chemistry, 1922
  104. Archibald Hill, Physiology or Medicine, 1922
  105. Frederick Soddy, Chemistry, 1921
  106. Charles Glover Barkla, Physics, 1917
  107. William Henry Bragg, Physics, 1915
  108. William Lawrence Bragg, born in Australia, Physics, 1915
  109. Ernest Rutherford, born in New Zealand, Chemistry, 1908
  110. Rudyard Kipling, born in India, Literature, 1907
  111. J. J. Thomson, Physics, 1906
  112. John Strutt, 3rd Baron Rayleigh, Physics, 1904
  113. William Ramsay, Chemistry, 1904
  114. William Randal Cremer, Peace, 1903
  115. Ronald Ross, born in India, Physiology or Medicine, 1902
  116. Dorothy Hodgkin, Chemistry, 1964

United States of America[edit]

  1. Robert J. Shiller, Economics, 2013
  2. Lars Peter Hansen, Economics, 2013
  3. Eugene F. Fama, Economics, 2013
  4. Arieh Warshel, born in Israel, Chemistry, 2013
  5. Michael Levitt, born in South Africa, Chemistry, 2013
  6. Martin Karplus, born in Austria, Chemistry, 2013
  7. Randy Schekman, Physiology or Medicine, 2013
  8. Thomas C. Südhof, born in Germany, Physiology or Medicine, 2013
  9. James Rothman, Physiology or Medicine, 2013
  10. Alvin E. Roth, Economics, 2012
  11. Lloyd S. Shapley, Economics, 2012
  12. Brian K. Kobilka, Chemistry, 2012
  13. Robert J. Lefkowitz, Chemistry, 2012
  14. David J. Wineland, Physics, 2012
  15. Christopher A. Sims, Economics, 2011
  16. Thomas J. Sargent, Economics, 2011
  17. Saul Perlmutter, Physics, 2011
  18. Brian P. Schmidt, Physics, 2011
  19. Adam G. Riess, Physics, 2011
  20. Ralph M. Steinman, born in Canada, Physiology or Medicine, 2011
  21. Bruce Beutler, Physiology or Medicine, 2011
  22. Peter A. Diamond, Economics, 2010
  23. Dale T. Mortensen, Economics, 2010
  24. Richard F. Heck, Chemistry, 2010
  25. Ei-ichi Negishi, born in Japan, Chemistry, 2010
  26. Elinor Ostrom, Economics, 2009
  27. Oliver Eaton Williamson, Economics, 2009
  28. Barack H. Obama, Peace, 2009
  29. Venkatraman Ramakrishnan, born in India, Chemistry, 2009
  30. Thomas A. Steitz, Chemistry, 2009
  31. Willard S. Boyle, born in Canada, Physics, 2009
  32. Charles K. Kao, born in China, Physics, 2009
  33. George E. Smith, Physics, 2009
  34. Elizabeth Blackburn, born in Australia, Physiology or Medicine, 2009
  35. Carol W. Greider, Physiology or Medicine, 2009
  36. Jack W. Szostak, born in United Kingdom, Physiology or Medicine, 2009
  37. Paul Krugman, Economics, 2008
  38. Roger Yonchien Tsien, Chemistry, 2008
  39. Martin Chalfie, Chemistry, 2008
  40. Osamu Shimomura, born in Japan, Chemistry, 2008
  41. Yoichiro Nambu, born in Japan, Physics, 2008
  42. Leonid Hurwicz, born in Russia, Economics, 2007
  43. Eric S. Maskin, Economics, 2007
  44. Roger B. Myerson, Economics, 2007
  45. Al Gore, Peace, 2007
  46. Mario R. Capecchi, born in Italy, Physiology or Medicine, 2007
  47. Oliver Smithies, born in United Kingdom, Physiology or Medicine, 2007
  48. Roger D. Kornberg, Chemistry, 2006
  49. John C. Mather, Physics, 2006
  50. Edmund S. Phelps, Economics, 2006
  51. George F. Smoot, Physics, 2006
  52. Andrew Z. Fire, Physiology or Medicine, 2006
  53. Craig C. Mello, Physiology or Medicine, 2006
  54. Robert Aumann, born in Germany, Economics, 2005
  55. Robert H. Grubbs, Chemistry, 2005
  56. Richard R. Schrock, Chemistry, 2005
  57. Thomas Schelling, Economics, 2005
  58. John L. Hall, Physics, 2005
  59. Roy J. Glauber, Physics, 2005
  60. Irwin Rose, Chemistry, 2004
  61. Edward C. Prescott, Economics, 2004
  62. David J. Gross, Physics, 2004
  63. H. David Politzer, Physics, 2004
  64. Frank Wilczek, Physics, 2004
  65. Richard Axel, Physiology or Medicine, 2004
  66. Linda B. Buck, Physiology or Medicine, 2004
  67. Peter Agre, Chemistry, 2003
  68. Roderick MacKinnon, Chemistry, 2003
  69. Robert F. Engle, Economics, 2003
  70. Anthony J. Leggett, born in United Kingdom, Physics, 2003
  71. Paul C. Lauterbur, Physiology or Medicine, 2003
  72. Alexei A. Abrikosov, born in Russia, Physics, 2003
  73. Daniel Kahneman, born in Israel, Economics, 2002
  74. Vernon L. Smith, Economics, 2002
  75. Jimmy Carter, Peace, 2002
  76. John Bennett Fenn, Chemistry, 2002
  77. Raymond Davis Jr., Physics, 2002
  78. Riccardo Giacconi, born in Italy, Physics, 2002
  79. Sydney Brenner, born in South Africa, Physiology or Medicine, 2002
  80. H. Robert Horvitz, Physiology or Medicine, 2002
  81. William S. Knowles, Chemistry, 2001
  82. K. Barry Sharpless, Chemistry, 2001
  83. Joseph E. Stiglitz, Economics, 2001
  84. George A. Akerlof, Economics, 2001
  85. A. Michael Spence, Economics, 2001
  86. Eric A. Cornell, Physics, 2001
  87. Carl E. Wieman, Physics, 2001
  88. Leland H. Hartwell, Physiology or Medicine, 2001
  89. Alan Heeger, Chemistry, 2000
  90. Alan MacDiarmid, born in New Zealand, Chemistry, 2000
  91. James J. Heckman, Economics, 2000
  92. Daniel L. McFadden, Economics, 2000
  93. Jack Kilby, Physics, 2000
  94. Paul Greengard, Physiology or Medicine, 2000
  95. Eric R. Kandel, born in Austria, Physiology or Medicine, 2000
  96. Ahmed H. Zewail, born in Egypt, Chemistry, 1999
  97. Günter Blobel, born in then Germany, now Poland, Physiology or Medicine, 1999
  98. Walter Kohn, born in Austria, Chemistry, 1998
  99. Robert B. Laughlin, Physics, 1998
  100. Daniel C. Tsui, born in China, Physics, 1998
  101. Robert F. Furchgott, Physiology or Medicine, 1998
  102. Louis J. Ignarro, Physiology or Medicine, 1998
  103. Ferid Murad, Physiology or Medicine, 1998
  104. Paul D. Boyer, Chemistry, 1997
  105. Robert C. Merton, Economics, 1997
  106. Myron Scholes, born in Canada, Economics, 1997
  107. Jody Williams, Peace, 1997
  108. Steven Chu, Physics, 1997
  109. William D. Phillips, Physics, 1997
  110. Stanley B. Prusiner, Physiology or Medicine, 1997
  111. Richard E. Smalley, Chemistry, 1996
  112. Robert F. Curl Jr., Chemistry, 1996
  113. William Vickrey, born in Canada, Economics, 1996
  114. David M. Lee, Physics, 1996
  115. Douglas D. Osheroff, Physics, 1996
  116. Robert C. Richardson, Physics, 1996
  117. Mario J. Molina, born in Mexico, Chemistry, 1995
  118. F. Sherwood Rowland, Chemistry, 1995
  119. Robert Lucas, Jr., Economics, 1995
  120. Martin L. Perl, Physics, 1995
  121. Frederick Reines, Physics, 1995
  122. Edward B. Lewis, Physiology or Medicine, 1995
  123. Eric F. Wieschaus, Physiology or Medicine, 1995
  124. George Andrew Olah, born in Hungary, Chemistry, 1994
  125. John Charles Harsanyi, born in Hungary, Economics, 1994
  126. John Forbes Nash, Economics, 1994
  127. Clifford G. Shull, Physics, 1994
  128. Alfred G. Gilman, Physiology or Medicine, 1994
  129. Martin Rodbell, Physiology or Medicine, 1994
  130. Kary B. Mullis, Chemistry, 1993
  131. Robert W. Fogel, Economics, 1993
  132. Douglass C. North, Economics, 1993
  133. Toni Morrison, Literature, 1993
  134. Russell A. Hulse, Physics, 1993
  135. Joseph H. Taylor Jr., Physics, 1993
  136. Phillip A. Sharp, Physiology or Medicine, 1993
  137. Rudolph A. Marcus, born in Canada, Chemistry, 1992
  138. Gary S. Becker, Economics, 1992
  139. Edmond H. Fischer, born in China, Physiology or Medicine, 1992
  140. Edwin G. Krebs, Physiology or Medicine, 1992
  141. Ronald Coase, born in the United Kingdom, Economics, 1991
  142. Elias James Corey, Chemistry, 1990
  143. Merton H. Miller, Economics, 1990
  144. William F. Sharpe, Economics, 1990
  145. Harry M. Markowitz, Economics, 1990
  146. Jerome I. Friedman, Physics, 1990
  147. Henry W. Kendall, Physics, 1990
  148. Joseph E. Murray, Physiology or Medicine, 1990
  149. E. Donnall Thomas, Physiology or Medicine, 1990
  150. Sidney Altman, born in Canada, Chemistry, 1990
  151. Thomas R. Cech, Chemistry, 1989
  152. Hans G. Dehmelt, born in Germany, Physics, 1989
  153. Norman F. Ramsey, Physics, 1989
  154. J. Michael Bishop, Physiology or Medicine, 1989
  155. Harold E. Varmus, Physiology or Medicine, 1989
  156. Leon M. Lederman, Physics, 1988
  157. Melvin Schwartz, Physics, 1988
  158. Jack Steinberger, born in Germany, Physics, 1988
  159. Gertrude B. Elion, Physiology or Medicine, 1988
  160. George H. Hitchings, Physiology or Medicine, 1988
  161. Charles J. Pedersen, born in Korea, Chemistry, 1987
  162. Donald J. Cram, Chemistry, 1987
  163. Robert M. Solow, Economics, 1987
  164. Joseph Brodsky, born in Russia, Literature, 1987
  165. Dudley R. Herschbach, Chemistry, 1986
  166. Yuan T. Lee, born in Taiwan, Chemistry, 1986
  167. James M. Buchanan, Economics, 1986
  168. Elie Wiesel, born in Romania, Peace, 1986
  169. Stanley Cohen, Physiology or Medicine, 1986
  170. Rita Levi-Montalcini, born in Italy, Physiology or Medicine, 1986
  171. Jerome Karle, Chemistry, 1985
  172. Herbert A. Hauptman, Chemistry, 1985
  173. Franco Modigliani, born in Italy, Economics, 1985
  174. Michael S. Brown, Physiology or Medicine, 1985
  175. Joseph L. Goldstein, Physiology or Medicine, 1985
  176. Bruce Merrifield, Chemistry, 1984
  177. Henry Taube, born in Canada, Chemistry, 1983
  178. Gérard Debreu, born in France, Economics, 1983
  179. William A. Fowler, Physics, 1983
  180. Subrahmanyan Chandrasekhar, born in then British India, now Pakistan, Physics, 1983
  181. Barbara McClintock, Physiology or Medicine, 1983
  182. George J. Stigler, Economics, 1982
  183. Kenneth G. Wilson, Physics, 1982
  184. Roald Hoffmann, born in then Poland, now Ukraine, Chemistry, 1981
  185. James Tobin, Economics, 1981
  186. Nicolaas Bloembergen, born in the Netherlands, Physics, 1981
  187. Arthur L. Schawlow, Physics, 1981
  188. David H. Hubel, born in Canada, Physiology or Medicine, 1981
  189. Roger W. Sperry, Physiology or Medicine, 1981
  190. Walter Gilbert, Chemistry, 1980
  191. Paul Berg, Chemistry, 1980
  192. Lawrence R. Klein, Economics, 1980
  193. Czesław Miłosz, born in then Russian Empire, now Lithuania, Literature, 1980
  194. James Cronin, Physics, 1980
  195. Val Fitch, Physics, 1980
  196. Baruj Benacerraf, born in Venezuela, Physiology or Medicine, 1980
  197. George D. Snell, Physiology or Medicine, 1980
  198. Herbert C. Brown, Chemistry, 1979
  199. Theodore Schultz, Economics, 1979
  200. Steven Weinberg, Physics, 1979
  201. Sheldon Glashow, Physics, 1979
  202. Allan M. Cormack, born in South Africa, Physiology or Medicine, 1979
  203. Herbert A. Simon, Economics, 1978
  204. Isaac Bashevis Singer, born in then Russian Empire, now Poland, Literature, 1978
  205. Robert Woodrow Wilson, Physics, 1978
  206. Arno Penzias, born in Germany, Physics, 1978
  207. Hamilton O. Smith, Physiology or Medicine, 1978
  208. Daniel Nathans, Physiology or Medicine, 1978
  209. Philip Anderson, Physics, 1977
  210. John H. van Vleck, Physics, 1977
  211. Roger Guillemin, born in France, Physiology or Medicine, 1977
  212. Andrzej W. Schally, born in then Poland, now Lithuania, Physiology or Medicine, 1977
  213. Rosalyn Yalow, Physiology or Medicine, 1977
  214. William Lipscomb, Chemistry, 1976
  215. Milton Friedman, Economics, 1976
  216. Saul Bellow, born in Canada, Literature, 1976
  217. Burton Richter, Physics, 1976
  218. Samuel C. C. Ting, Physics, 1976
  219. Baruch S. Blumberg, Physiology or Medicine, 1976
  220. Daniel Carleton Gajdusek, Physiology or Medicine, 1976
  221. Tjalling C. Koopmans, born in the Netherlands, Economics, 1975
  222. Ben R. Mottelson*, Physics, 1975
  223. James Rainwater, Physics, 1975
  224. David Baltimore, Physiology or Medicine, 1975
  225. Renato Dulbecco, born in Italy, Physiology or Medicine, 1975
  226. Howard Martin Temin, Physiology or Medicine, 1975
  227. Paul J. Flory, Chemistry, 1974
  228. George E. Palade, born in Romania, Physiology or Medicine, 1974
  229. Wassily Leontief, born in Germany, Economics, 1973
  230. Henry Kissinger, born in Germany, Peace, 1973
  231. Ivar Giaever, Norway, Physics, 1973
  232. Christian Anfinsen, Chemistry, 1972
  233. Stanford Moore, Chemistry, 1972
  234. William H. Stein, Chemistry, 1972
  235. Kenneth J. Arrow, Economics, 1972
  236. John Bardeen, Physics, 1972
  237. Leon N. Cooper, Physics, 1972
  238. Robert Schrieffer, Physics, 1972
  239. Gerald Edelman, Physiology or Medicine, 1972
  240. Simon Kuznets, born in then Russia, now Belarus, Economics, 1971
  241. Earl W. Sutherland Jr., Physiology or Medicine, 1971
  242. Paul A. Samuelson, Economics, 1970
  243. Norman Borlaug, Peace, 1970
  244. Julius Axelrod, Physiology or Medicine, 1970
  245. Murray Gell-Mann, Physics, 1969
  246. Max Delbrück, born in Germany, Physiology or Medicine, 1969
  247. Alfred Hershey, Physiology or Medicine, 1969
  248. Salvador Luria, born in Italy, Physiology or Medicine, 1969
  249. Lars Onsager, born in Norway, Chemistry, 1968
  250. Luis Alvarez, Physics, 1968
  251. Robert W. Holley, Physiology or Medicine, 1968
  252. Har Gobind Khorana, born in British India, now Pakistan, Physiology or Medicine, 1968
  253. Marshall Warren Nirenberg, Physiology or Medicine, 1968
  254. Hans Bethe, born in then Germany, now France, Physics, 1967
  255. Haldan Keffer Hartline, Physiology or Medicine, 1967
  256. George Wald, Physiology or Medicine, 1967
  257. Robert S. Mulliken, Chemistry, 1966
  258. Charles B. Huggins, born in Canada, Physiology or Medicine, 1966
  259. Francis Peyton Rous, Physiology or Medicine, 1966
  260. Robert B. Woodward, Chemistry, 1965
  261. Richard P. Feynman, Physics, 1965
  262. Julian Schwinger, Physics, 1965
  263. Martin Luther King, Jr., Peace, 1964
  264. Charles H. Townes, Physics, 1964
  265. Konrad Bloch, born in then Germany, now Poland, Physiology or Medicine, 1964
  266. Maria Goeppert-Mayer, born in then Germany, now Poland, Physics, 1963
  267. Eugene Wigner, born in Hungary, Physics, 1963
  268. John Steinbeck, Literature, 1962
  269. Linus C. Pauling, Peace, 1962
  270. James D. Watson, Physiology or Medicine, 1962
  271. Melvin Calvin, Chemistry, 1961
  272. Robert Hofstadter, Physics, 1961
  273. Georg von Békésy, born in Hungary, Physiology or Medicine, 1961
  274. Willard F. Libby, Chemistry, 1960
  275. Donald A. Glaser, Physics, 1960
  276. Owen Chamberlain, Physics, 1959
  277. Emilio Segrè, born in Italy, Physics, 1959
  278. Arthur Kornberg, Physiology or Medicine, 1959
  279. Severo Ochoa, born in Spain, Physiology or Medicine, 1959
  280. George Beadle, Physiology or Medicine, 1958
  281. Joshua Lederberg, Physiology or Medicine, 1958
  282. Edward Tatum, Physiology or Medicine, 1958
  283. Chen Ning Yang, born in China, Physics, 1957
  284. Tsung-Dao Lee, born in China, Physics, 1957
  285. William B. Shockley, Physics, 1956
  286. John Bardeen, Physics, 1956
  287. Walter H. Brattain, Physics, 1956
  288. Dickinson W. Richards, Physiology or Medicine, 1956
  289. André F. Cournand, France, Physiology or Medicine, 1956
  290. Vincent du Vigneaud, Chemistry, 1955
  291. Willis E. Lamb, Physics, 1955
  292. Polykarp Kusch, born in Germany, Physics, 1955
  293. Linus C. Pauling, Chemistry, 1954
  294. Ernest Hemingway, Literature, 1954
  295. John F. Enders, Physiology or Medicine, 1954
  296. Frederick C. Robbins, Physiology or Medicine, 1954
  297. Thomas H. Weller, Physiology or Medicine, 1954
  298. George C. Marshall, Peace, 1953
  299. Fritz Lipmann, born in then Germany, now Russia, Physiology or Medicine, 1953
  300. E. M. Purcell, Physics, 1952
  301. Felix Bloch, born in Switzerland, Physics, 1952
  302. Selman A. Waksman, born in then Russian Empire, now Ukraine, Physiology or Medicine, 1952
  303. Edwin M. McMillan, Chemistry, 1951
  304. Glenn Theodore Seaborg, Chemistry, 1951
  305. Ralph J. Bunche, Peace, 1950
  306. Philip S. Hench, Physiology or Medicine, 1950
  307. Edward C. Kendall, Physiology or Medicine, 1950
  308. William Giauque, born in Canada, Chemistry, 1949
  309. William Faulkner, Literature, 1949
  310. T. S. Eliot*, Literature, 1948
  311. American Friends Service Committee (The Quakers), Peace, 1947
  312. Carl Cori, born in Austria, Physiology or Medicine, 1947
  313. Gerty Cori, born in Austria, Physiology or Medicine, 1947
  314. Wendell M. Stanley, Chemistry, 1946
  315. James B. Sumner, Chemistry, 1946
  316. John H. Northrop, Chemistry, 1946
  317. Emily G. Balch, Peace, 1946
  318. John R. Mott, Peace, 1946
  319. Percy W. Bridgman, Physics, 1946
  320. Hermann J. Muller, Physiology or Medicine, 1946
  321. Cordell Hull, Peace, 1945
  322. Isidor Isaac Rabi, born in Austria, Physics, 1944
  323. Joseph Erlanger, Physiology or Medicine, 1944
  324. Herbert S. Gasser, Physiology or Medicine, 1944
  325. Otto Stern, born in then Germany, now Poland, Physics, 1943
  326. Edward A. Doisy, Physiology or Medicine, 1943
  327. Ernest Lawrence, Physics, 1939
  328. Pearl S. Buck, Literature, 1938
  329. Clinton Davisson, Physics, 1937
  330. Eugene O'Neill, Literature, 1936
  331. Carl Anderson, Physics, 1936
  332. Harold C. Urey, Chemistry, 1934
  333. George R. Minot, Physiology or Medicine, 1934
  334. William P. Murphy, Physiology or Medicine, 1934
  335. George H. Whipple, Physiology or Medicine, 1934
  336. Thomas H. Morgan, Physiology or Medicine, 1933
  337. Irving Langmuir, Chemistry, 1932
  338. Jane Addams, Peace, 1931
  339. Nicholas M. Butler, Peace, 1931
  340. Sinclair Lewis, Literature, 1930
  341. Frank B. Kellogg, Peace, 1929
  342. Arthur H. Compton, Physics, 1927
  343. Charles G. Dawes, Peace, 1925
  344. Robert A. Millikan, Physics, 1923
  345. Woodrow Wilson, Peace, 1919
  346. Theodore W. Richards, Chemistry, 1914
  347. Elihu Root, Peace, 1912
  348. Albert A. Michelson, born in then Germany, now Poland, Physics, 1907
  349. Theodore Roosevelt, Peace, 1906

Venezuela[edit]

  1. Baruj Benacerraf, Physiology or Medicine, 1980

Vietnam[edit]

  1. Lê Ðức Thọ, born in French Indochina, Peace, 1973 (declined)

Yemen[edit]

  1. Tawakkol Karman, Peace, 2011

Yugoslavia[edit]

  1. Ivo Andrić, born in Austro-Hungarian Empire, now Bosnia and Herzegovina, Literature, 1961

See also[edit]

References[edit]