List of Nobel laureates by country

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Map of Nobel laureates by country

This is a list of Nobel Prize laureates by country. Listings for Economics refer to the related Nobel Memorial Prize in Economic Sciences. The Nobel Prizes and the Prize in Economic Sciences have been awarded 567 times to 889 recipients, of which 25 awards (all Peace Prizes) were to organizations. Due to some recipients receiving multiple awards, the total number of recipients is 860 individuals and 22 organizations. [1]

The present list ranks laureates under the country/countries that are stated by the Nobel Prize committee on its website.[2] The list does not distinguish between laureates who got a full prize and the majority who got just a fraction of a prize.[3] Some laureates are listed under more than one country, because the official website mentions multiple countries in relation to the laureate.[4] If a country is merely mentioned as the place of birth, an asterisk(*) is used in the respective listing to indicate this.[5] In this case, the birth country is mentioned in italics at the other listings of this laureate. For the same award, two birthplace related listings occur when the place of birth is currently in a different country than at the time of birth. Laureate–country connections that are not mentioned at the official website are not considered in this list.

Organizations are listed here if the Nobel Prize committee relates them to a single country.[6]

Argentina[edit]

  1. César Milstein, Physiology or Medicine, 1984
  2. Adolfo Pérez Esquivel, Peace, 1980
  3. Luis Federico Leloir, Chemistry, 1970
  4. Bernardo Houssay, Physiology or Medicine, 1947
  5. Carlos Saavedra Lamas, Peace, 1936

Australia[edit]

  1. Brian P. Schmidt, born in the United States, Physics, 2011
  2. Elizabeth H. Blackburn*, Physiology or Medicine, 2009
  3. Barry Marshall, Physiology or Medicine, 2005
  4. J. Robin Warren, Physiology or Medicine, 2005
  5. Peter C. Doherty & Professor Rolf Zinkernagel, Physiology or Medicine, 1996
  6. John Harsanyi, Economics,1994
  7. John Warcup Cornforth*, Chemistry, 1975
  8. Patrick White, born in the United Kingdom, Literature, 1973
  9. Aleksandr M. Prokhorov*, Physics, 1964
  10. John Carew Eccles, Physiology or Medicine, 1963
  11. Sir Frank Macfarlane Burnet, Physiology or Medicine, 1960
  12. Sir Howard Florey, Physiology or Medicine, 1945
  13. William Lawrence Bragg*, Physics, 1915

Austria[edit]

  1. Martin Karplus*, Chemistry 2013
  2. International Atomic Energy Agency, Peace, 2005
  3. Elfriede Jelinek, Literature, 2004
  4. Eric R. Kandel*, Physiology or Medicine, 2000
  5. Walter Kohn*, Chemistry, 1998
  6. Friedrich Hayek, Economics, 1974
  7. Konrad Lorenz, Physiology or Medicine, 1973
  8. Karl von Frisch*, Physiology or Medicine, 1973
  9. Max F. Perutz, Chemistry, 1962
  10. Wolfgang Pauli, Physics, 1945
  11. Richard Kuhn*, Chemistry, 1938
  12. Otto Loewi*, Physiology or Medicine, 1936
  13. Victor Francis Hess, Physics, 1936
  14. Erwin Schrödinger, Physics, 1933
  15. Karl Landsteiner, Physiology or Medicine, 1930
  16. Julius Wagner-Jauregg, Physiology or Medicine, 1927
  17. Richard Adolf Zsigmondy, Chemistry, 1925
  18. Friderik Pregl, born in then Austria-Hungary, now Slovenia, Chemistry, 1923
  19. Robert Bárány, Physiology or Medicine, 1914
  20. Alfred Hermann Fried, Peace, 1911
  21. Bertha von Suttner, born in then Austria-Hungary, now Czech Republic, Peace, 1905
  22. Philipp Lenard, born in then Austria-Hungary, now Romania, Physics, 1905

Azerbaijan[edit]

  1. Lev Landau, born in then Russian Empire, laureate when citizen of the Soviet Union, Physics, 1962

Bangladesh[edit]

  1. Muhammad Yunus, Peace, 2006

Belarus[edit]

  1. Zhores Ivanovich Alferov*, born in then Soviet Union, now Belarus, Physics, 2000
  2. Shimon Peres*, born in then Poland, now Belarus, Peace, 1994
  3. Menachem Begin*, born in then Russian Empire, now Belarus, Peace, 1978
  4. Simon Kuznets*, born in then Russian Empire, now Belarus, Economics, 1971

Belgium[edit]

  1. François Englert, Physics, 2013
  2. Ilya Prigogine, born in Russia, Chemistry, 1977
  3. Christian de Duve, born in the United Kingdom, Physiology or Medicine, 1974
  4. Albert Claude, Physiology or Medicine, 1974
  5. Georges Pire, Peace, 1958
  6. Corneille Heymans, Physiology or Medicine, 1938
  7. Jules Bordet, Physiology or Medicine, 1919
  8. Henri La Fontaine, Peace, 1913
  9. Maurice Maeterlinck, Literature, 1911
  10. Auguste Beernaert, Peace, 1909
  11. Institut de Droit International, Peace, 1904

Bosnia and Herzegovina[edit]

  1. Vladimir Prelog*, born in then Austria–Hungary, now Bosnia and Herzegovina, Chemistry, 1975
  2. Ivo Andric*, born in then Austria–Hungary, now Bosnia and Herzegovina, Literature, 1961

Brazil[edit]

  1. Peter Medawar*, Physiology or Medicine, 1960

Bulgaria[edit]

  1. Elias Canetti*, Literature, 1981

Canada[edit]

  1. Alice Munro, Literature, 2013
  2. Ralph M. Steinman, Physiology or Medicine, 2011
  3. Willard S. Boyle*, Physics, 2009
  4. Jack W. Szostak, born in the United Kingdom, Physiology or Medicine, 2009
  5. Robert Mundell, Economics, 1999
  6. Myron Scholes*, Economics, 1997
  7. William Vickrey*, Economics, 1996
  8. Pugwash Conferences on Science and World Affairs, Peace, 1995
  9. Bertram N. Brockhouse, Physics, 1994
  10. Michael Smith, born in the United Kingdom, Chemistry, 1993
  11. Rudolph A. Marcus*, Chemistry, 1992
  12. Richard E. Taylor, Physics, 1990
  13. Sidney Altman, Chemistry, 1989
  14. John C. Polányi, born in Germany, Chemistry, 1986
  15. Henry Taube*, Chemistry, 1983
  16. David H. Hubel*, Physiology or Medicine, 1981
  17. Saul Bellow*, Literature, 1976
  18. Gerhard Herzberg, born in Germany, Chemistry, 1971
  19. Charles B. Huggins*, Physiology or Medicine, 1966
  20. Lester B. Pearson, Peace, 1957
  21. William Giauque*, Chemistry, 1949
  22. Frederick G. Banting, Physiology or Medicine, 1923
  23. Ernest Rutherford, born in New Zealand, Chemistry, 1908

Chile[edit]

  1. Pablo Neruda, Literature, 1971
  2. Gabriela Mistral, Literature, 1945

China[edit]

  1. Mo Yan, Literature, 2012
  2. Liu Xiaobo, Peace, 2010
  3. Charles K. Kao*, Physics, 2009
  4. Gao Xingjian*, Literature, 2000
  5. Daniel C. Tsui*, Physics, 1998
  6. Tenzin Gyatso, Peace, 1989
  7. Chen Ning Yang, Physics, 1957
  8. Tsung-Dao Lee, Physics, 1957

Colombia[edit]

  1. Gabriel García Márquez, Literature, 1982

Costa Rica[edit]

  1. Óscar Arias Sánchez, Peace, 1987

Croatia[edit]

  1. Leopold Ružička*, born in Austro-Hungarian Empire, now Croatia, Chemistry, 1939

Cyprus[edit]

  1. Christopher A. Pissarides, Economics, 2010

Czech Republic[edit]

  1. Jaroslav Seifert, Literature, 1984
  2. Jaroslav Heyrovský, Chemistry, 1959
  3. Carl Ferdinand Cori*, born in then Austria-Hungary, Physiology or Medicine, 1947
  4. Gerty Cori*, born in then Austria-Hungary, Physiology or Medicine, 1947
  5. Bertha von Suttner*, born in then Austrian-Hungary, Peace, 1905

Denmark[edit]

  1. Jens Christian Skou, Chemistry, 1997
  2. Niels Kaj Jerne, Physiology or Medicine, 1984
  3. Aage Bohr, Physics, 1975
  4. Ben Roy Mottelson, Physics, 1975
  5. Johannes Vilhelm Jensen, Literature, 1944
  6. Henrik Dam, Physiology or Medicine, 1943
  7. Johannes Andreas Grib Fibiger, Physiology or Medicine, 1926
  8. Niels Bohr, Physics, 1922
  9. August Krogh, Physiology or Medicine, 1920
  10. Karl Adolph Gjellerup, Literature, 1917
  11. Henrik Pontoppidan, Literature, 1917
  12. Fredrik Bajer, Peace, 1908
  13. Niels Ryberg Finsen, born in Faroe Islands, Physiology or Medicine, 1903

East Timor[edit]

  1. Carlos Filipe Ximenes Belo, Peace, 1996
  2. José Ramos-Horta, Peace, 1996

Egypt[edit]

  1. Mohamed ElBaradei, Peace, 2005
  2. Ahmed Zewail, Chemistry, 1999
  3. Yasser Arafat, Born in Cairo, Egypt, Peace, 1994
  4. Naguib Mahfouz, Literature, 1988
  5. Anwar El Sadat, Peace, 1978

Faroe Islands[edit]

  1. Niels Ryberg Finsen*, Physiology or Medicine, 1903

Finland[edit]

  1. Martti Ahtisaari, Peace, 2008
  2. Ragnar Granit, born in the Grand Duchy of Finland, a part of the Russian Empire in 1809–1917, Physiology or Medicine, 1967
  3. Artturi Ilmari Virtanen, born in the Grand Duchy of Finland, a part of the Russian Empire in 1809–1917, Chemistry, 1945
  4. Frans Eemil Sillanpää, born in the Grand Duchy of Finland, a part of the Russian Empire in 1809–1917, Literature, 1939

France[edit]

  1. Jean Tirole, Economics, 2014
  2. Patrick Modiano, Literature, 2014
  3. Serge Haroche, born in Morocco, then under French protectorate, Physics, 2012
  4. Jules A. Hoffmann, born in Luxembourg, Physiology or Medicine, 2011
  5. J. M. G. Le Clézio, Literature, 2008
  6. Luc Montagnier, Physiology or Medicine, 2008
  7. Françoise Barré-Sinoussi, Physiology or Medicine, 2008
  8. Albert Fert, Physics, 2007
  9. Yves Chauvin, Chemistry, 2005
  10. Gao Xingjian, born in China, Literature, 2000
  11. Médecins Sans Frontières, Peace, 1999
  12. Claude Cohen-Tannoudji, born in French Algeria, Physics, 1997
  13. Georges Charpak, Physics, 1992
  14. Pierre-Gilles de Gennes, Physics, 1991
  15. Maurice Allais, Economics, 1988
  16. Jean-Marie Lehn, Chemistry, 1987
  17. Claude Simon, Literature, 1985
  18. Gérard Debreu, Economics, 1983
  19. Jean Dausset, Physiology or Medicine, 1980
  20. Roger Guillemin*, Physiology or Medicine, 1977
  21. Seán MacBride*, Peace, 1974
  22. Louis Néel, Physics, 1970
  23. Luis Federico Leloir*, Chemistry, 1970
  24. René Cassin, Peace, 1968
  25. Alfred Kastler, Physics, 1966
  26. François Jacob, Physiology or Medicine, 1965
  27. Jacques Monod, Physiology or Medicine, 1965
  28. André Lwoff, Physiology or Medicine, 1965
  29. Jean-Paul Sartre, (declined the prize), Literature, 1964
  30. Saint-John Perse, Literature, 1960
  31. Albert Camus, born in French Algeria, Literature, 1957
  32. André Frédéric Cournand, Physiology or Medicine, 1956
  33. François Mauriac, Literature, 1952
  34. Albert Schweitzer, born in Alsace, then in Germany, Peace, 1952
  35. Léon Jouhaux, Peace, 1951
  36. André Gide, Literature, 1947
  37. Roger Martin du Gard, Literature, 1937
  38. Frédéric Joliot, Chemistry, 1935
  39. Irène Joliot-Curie, Chemistry, 1935
  40. Ivan Bunin, born in Russia, Literature, 1933
  41. Louis de Broglie, Physics, 1929
  42. Charles Nicolle, Physiology or Medicine, 1928
  43. Henri Bergson, Literature, 1927
  44. Ferdinand Buisson, Peace, 1927
  45. Aristide Briand, Peace, 1926
  46. Jean-Baptiste Perrin, Physics, 1926
  47. Anatole France, Literature, 1921
  48. Léon Bourgeois, Peace, 1920
  49. Romain Rolland, Literature, 1915
  50. Alfred Werner*, Chemistry, 1913
  51. Charles Richet, Physiology or Medicine, 1913
  52. Alexis Carrel, Medicine, 1912
  53. Paul Sabatier, Chemistry, 1912
  54. Victor Grignard, Chemistry, 1912
  55. Marie Curie, born in then Russian Empire, now Poland, Chemistry, 1911
  56. Paul-Henri-Benjamin d'Estournelles de Constant, Peace, 1909
  57. Gabriel Lippmann, born in Luxembourg, Physics, 1908
  58. Alphonse Laveran, Physiology or Medicine, 1907
  59. Louis Renault, Peace, 1907
  60. Henri Moissan, Chemistry, 1906
  61. Frédéric Mistral, Literature, 1904
  62. Antoine Henri Becquerel, Physics, 1903
  63. Pierre Curie, Physics, 1903
  64. Marie Curie, born in then Russian Empire, now Poland, Physics, 1903
  65. Henry Dunant, Peace, 1901
  66. Frédéric Passy, Peace, 1901
  67. Sully Prudhomme, Literature, 1901

Germany[edit]

  1. Stefan Hell, born in Romania, Chemistry, 2014
  2. Thomas C. Südhof, Physiology or Medicine, 2013
  3. Herta Müller, born in Romania, Literature, 2009
  4. Harald zur Hausen, Physiology or Medicine, 2008
  5. Gerhard Ertl, Chemistry, 2007
  6. Peter Grünberg, born in then Protectorate of Bohemia and Moravia, now the Czech Republic, Physics, 2007
  7. Theodor W. Hänsch, Physics, 2005
  8. Wolfgang Ketterle, Physics, 2001
  9. Herbert Kroemer, Physics, 2000
  10. Günter Blobel*, Physiology or Medicine, 1999
  11. Günter Grass, born in then Free City of Danzig, now Poland, Literature, 1999
  12. Horst L. Störmer, Physics, 1998
  13. Christiane Nüsslein-Volhard, Physiology or Medicine, 1995
  14. Reinhard Selten, Economics, 1994
  15. Bert Sakmann, Physiology or Medicine, 1991
  16. Erwin Neher, Physiology or Medicine, 1991
  17. Hans G. Dehmelt*, Physics, 1989
  18. Wolfgang Paul, Physics, 1989
  19. Johann Deisenhofer, Chemistry, 1988
  20. Robert Huber, Chemistry, 1988
  21. Hartmut Michel, Chemistry, 1988
  22. Jack Steinberger*, Physics, 1988
  23. J. Georg Bednorz, Physics, 1987
  24. Ernst Ruska, Physics, 1986
  25. Gerd Binnig, Physics, 1986
  26. Klaus von Klitzing, Physics, 1985
  27. Georges J.F. Köhler*, Physiology or Medicine, 1984
  28. Georg Wittig, Chemistry, 1979
  29. Arno Penzias*, Physics, 1978
  30. Henry Kissinger*, Peace, 1973
  31. Ernst Otto Fischer, Chemistry, 1973
  32. Karl Ritter von Frisch, born in then Austria-Hungary, now Austria, Physiology or Medicine, 1973
  33. Heinrich Böll, Literature, 1972
  34. Gerhard Herzberg*, Chemistry, 1971
  35. Willy Brandt, Peace, 1971
  36. Bernard Katz*, Physiology or Medicine, 1970
  37. Max Delbrück*, Physiology or Medicine, 1969
  38. Manfred Eigen, Chemistry, 1967
  39. Hans Albrecht Bethe*, Physics, 1967
  40. Nelly Sachs*, Literature, 1966
  41. Feodor Felix Konrad Lynen, Physiology or Medicine, 1964
  42. Konrad Bloch*, Physiology or Medicine, 1964
  43. Karl Ziegler, Chemistry, 1963
  44. Maria Goeppert-Mayer*, Physics, 1963
  45. J. Hans D. Jensen, Physics, 1963
  46. Rudolf Mössbauer, Physics, 1961
  47. Werner Forssmann, Physiology or Medicine, 1956
  48. Max Born*, Physics, 1954
  49. Walther Bothe, Physics, 1954
  50. Hermann Staudinger, Chemistry, 1953
  51. Fritz Albert Lipmann*, Physiology or Medicine, 1953
  52. Hans Adolf Krebs*, Physiology or Medicine, 1953
  53. Albert Schweitzer*, Peace, 1952
  54. Otto Diels, Chemistry, 1950
  55. Kurt Alder, Chemistry, 1950
  56. Herman Hesse*, Literature, 1946
  57. Ernst Boris Chain*, Physiology or Medicine, 1945
  58. Otto Hahn, Chemistry, 1944
  59. Otto Stern*, Physics, 1943
  60. Adolf Butenandt, Chemistry, 1939
  61. Gerhard Domagk, Physiology or Medicine, 1939
  62. Richard Kuhn, born in Austria, Chemistry, 1938
  63. Carl von Ossietzky, Peace, 1935
  64. Hans Spemann, Physiology or Medicine, 1935
  65. Werner Karl Heisenberg, Physics, 1932
  66. Otto Heinrich Warburg, Physiology or Medicine, 1931
  67. Carl Bosch, Chemistry, 1931
  68. Friedrich Bergius, Chemistry, 1931
  69. Hans Fischer, Chemistry, 1930
  70. Thomas Mann, Literature, 1929
  71. Hans von Euler-Chelpin*, Chemistry, 1929
  72. Adolf Otto Reinhold Windaus, Chemistry, 1928
  73. Ludwig Quidde, Peace, 1927
  74. Heinrich Otto Wieland, Chemistry, 1927
  75. Gustav Stresemann, Peace, 1926
  76. James Franck, Physics, 1925
  77. Gustav Ludwig Hertz, Physics, 1925
  78. Otto Fritz Meyerhof, Physiology or Medicine, 1922
  79. Albert Einstein, Physics, 1921
  80. Walther Nernst, Chemistry, 1920
  81. Johannes Stark, Physics, 1919
  82. Fritz Haber, Chemistry, 1918
  83. Max Karl Ernst Ludwig Planck, Physics, 1918
  84. Richard Willstätter, Chemistry, 1915
  85. Max von Laue, Physics, 1914
  86. Gerhart Hauptmann, born in then Prussia, now Poland, Literature, 1912
  87. Wilhelm Wien, Physics, 1911
  88. Otto Wallach, Chemistry, 1910
  89. Albrecht Kossel, Physiology or Medicine, 1910
  90. Paul Johann Ludwig Heyse, Literature, 1910
  91. Karl Ferdinand Braun, Physics, 1909
  92. Wilhelm Ostwald, born in then Russia, now Latvia, Chemistry, 1909
  93. Rudolf Christoph Eucken, Literature, 1908
  94. Paul Ehrlich, Physiology or Medicine, 1908
  95. Eduard Buchner, Chemistry, 1907
  96. Robert Koch, Physiology or Medicine, 1905
  97. Philipp Lenard, born in then Austrian Empire, now Slovakia, Physics, 1905
  98. Adolf von Baeyer, Chemistry, 1905
  99. Hermann Emil Fischer, Chemistry, 1902
  100. Theodor Mommsen, born in then Denmark, Literature, 1902
  101. Emil Adolf von Behring, Physiology or Medicine, 1901
  102. Wilhelm Conrad Röntgen, Physics, 1901

Ghana[edit]

  1. Kofi Annan, Peace, 2001

Greece[edit]

  1. Odysseas Elytis, Literature, 1979
  2. Giorgos Seferis, Literature, 1963

Guatemala[edit]

  1. Rigoberta Menchú, Peace, 1992
  2. Miguel Ángel Asturias, Literature, 1967

Hong Kong[edit]

  1. Charles K. Kao, Physics, 2009

Hungary[edit]

  1. Avram Hershko, (Herskó Ferenc), Chemistry, 2004
  2. Imre Kertész, Literature, 2002
  3. George Andrew Olah* (Oláh György), Chemistry, 1994
  4. John Harsanyi*, (Harsányi János), Economics, 1994
  5. Dennis Gabor* (Gábor Dénes), Physics, 1971
  6. Eugene Wigner*, (Wigner Jenő Pál), Physics, 1963
  7. Georg von Békésy* (Békésy György), Physiology or Medicine, 1961
  8. George de Hevesy (Hevesy György), Chemistry, 1943
  9. Albert Szent-Györgyi, Physiology or Medicine, 1937
  10. Richard Adolf Zsigmondy*, born in then Austria-Hungary, Chemistry, 1925
  11. Robert Bárány*, born in then Austria-Hungary, Medicine, 1914
  12. Philipp Lenard (Lénárd Fülöp)*, born in then Austria-Hungary, Physics, 1905

Iceland[edit]

  1. Halldór Laxness, Literature, 1955

India[edit]

  1. Kailash Satyarthi, Peace, 2014
  2. Venkatraman Ramakrishnan*, Chemistry, 2009
  3. Amartya Sen, Economic Sciences, 1998
  4. Subrahmanyan Chandrasekhar*, Physics, 1983
  5. Mother Teresa, born in Ottoman Empire, now Macedonia, Peace, 1979
  6. Hargobind Khorana*, born in Kabirwala, British India (Now Pakistan), acquired US citizenship, Physiology of Medicine,1968
  7. C.V. Raman, Physics, 1930
  8. Rabindranath Tagore, Literature, 1913

Iran[edit]

  1. Shirin Ebadi, Peace, 2003

Ireland[edit]

  1. John Hume, Peace, 1998
  2. David Trimble*, Peace, 1998
  3. Seamus Heaney*, Literature, 1995
  4. Betty Williams, Peace, 1976
  5. Mairéad Corrigan, Peace, 1976
  6. Seán MacBride, Peace, 1974
  7. Samuel Beckett, Literature, 1969
  8. Ernest Walton, Physics, 1951
  9. George Bernard Shaw*, Literature, 1925
  10. W. B. Yeats, Literature, 1923

Israel[edit]

  1. Arieh Warshel, Chemistry, 2013
  2. Michael Levitt*, born in South Africa, Chemistry, 2013
  3. Dan Shechtman, Chemistry, 2011
  4. Ada E. Yonath, Chemistry, 2009
  5. Robert Aumann, born in Germany, Economics, 2005
  6. Aaron Ciechanover, Chemistry, 2004
  7. Avram Hershko, born in Hungary, Chemistry, 2004
  8. Daniel Kahneman, Economics, 2002
  9. Yitzhak Rabin, Peace, 1994
  10. Shimon Peres, born in what was then Poland, now Belarus, Peace, 1994
  11. Menachem Begin, born in what was then Russia, now Belarus, Peace, 1978
  12. Shmuel Yosef Agnon, born in what was then Austria-Hungary, now Ukraine, Literature, 1966

Italy[edit]

  1. Mario Capecchi*, Physiology or Medicine, 2007
  2. Riccardo Giacconi*, Physics, 2002
  3. Dario Fo, Literature, 1997
  4. Rita Levi-Montalcini, Physiology or Medicine, 1986
  5. Franco Modigliani, Economics, 1985
  6. Carlo Rubbia, Physics, 1984
  7. Renato Dulbecco*, Physiology or Medicine, 1975
  8. Eugenio Montale, Literature, 1975
  9. Salvador Luria*, Physiology or Medicine, 1969
  10. Giulio Natta, Chemistry, 1963
  11. Salvatore Quasimodo, Literature, 1959
  12. Emilio G. Segrè, Physics, 1959
  13. Daniel Bovet, born in Switzerland, Physiology or Medicine, 1957
  14. Enrico Fermi, Physics, 1938
  15. Luigi Pirandello, Literature, 1934
  16. Grazia Deledda, Literature, 1926
  17. Guglielmo Marconi, Physics, 1909
  18. Ernesto Teodoro Moneta, Peace, 1907
  19. Giosuè Carducci, Literature, 1906
  20. Camillo Golgi, Physiology or Medicine, 1906

Japan[edit]

  1. Hiroshi Amano, Physics, 2014
  2. Isamu Akasaki, Physics, 2014
  3. Shuji Nakamura, Physics, 2014
  4. Shinya Yamanaka, Physiology or Medicine, 2012
  5. Ei-ichi Negishi, born in China, Chemistry, 2010
  6. Akira Suzuki, Chemistry, 2010
  7. Osamu Shimomura, Chemistry, 2008
  8. Makoto Kobayashi, Physics, 2008
  9. Toshihide Maskawa, Physics, 2008
  10. Yoichiro Nambu*, Physics, 2008
  11. Masatoshi Koshiba, Physics, 2002
  12. Koichi Tanaka, Chemistry, 2002
  13. Ryōji Noyori, Chemistry, 2001
  14. Hideki Shirakawa, Chemistry, 2000
  15. Kenzaburō Ōe, Literature, 1994
  16. Susumu Tonegawa, Physiology or Medicine, 1987
  17. Kenichi Fukui, Chemistry, 1981
  18. Eisaku Satō, Peace, 1974
  19. Leo Esaki, Physics, 1973
  20. Yasunari Kawabata, Literature, 1968
  21. Sin-Itiro Tomonaga, Physics, 1965
  22. Hideki Yukawa, Physics, 1949

Kenya[edit]

  1. Wangari Muta Maathai, Peace, 2004

Korea, South[edit]

  1. Kim Dae-jung, Peace, 2000

Macedonia[edit]

  1. Mother Teresa, Peace, 1979. Born in Uskub, Ottoman Empire, now Skopje, Republic of Macedonia, Albanian origin, Founder of the Missionaries of Charity

Latvia[edit]

  1. Wilhelm Ostwald*, born in then Russian Empire, Chemistry, 1909

Liberia[edit]

  1. Ellen Johnson Sirleaf, Peace, 2011
  2. Leymah Gbowee, Peace, 2011

Lithuania[edit]

  1. Aaron Klug*, Chemistry, 1982
  2. Czesław Miłosz*, born in partitioned Poland (Russian Empire), now Lithuania, Literature, 1980
  3. Andrew Schally*, born in then Poland, now Lithuania, Medicine, 1977

Luxembourg[edit]

  1. Jules A. Hoffmann*, Physiology or Medicine, 2011
  2. Gabriel Lippmann*, Physics, 1908

Mexico[edit]

  1. Mario José Molina Henríquez*, Chemistry, 1995
  2. Octavio Paz Lozano, Literature, 1990
  3. Alfonso García Robles, Peace, 1982

Myanmar (Burma)[edit]

  1. Aung San Suu Kyi, Peace, 1991

Netherlands[edit]

  1. Andre Geim, born in Russia, Physics, 2010
  2. Martinus J. G. Veltman, Physics, 1999
  3. Gerard 't Hooft, Physics, 1999
  4. Paul J. Crutzen, Chemistry, 1995
  5. Simon van der Meer, Physics, 1984
  6. Nicolaas Bloembergen*, Physics, 1981
  7. Tjalling Koopmans, Economics, 1975
  8. Nikolaas Tinbergen*, Physiology or Medicine, 1973
  9. Jan Tinbergen, Economics, 1969
  10. Frits Zernike, Physics, 1953
  11. Peter Debye, Chemistry, 1936
  12. Christiaan Eijkman, Physiology or Medicine, 1929
  13. Willem Einthoven, Physiology or Medicine, 1924
  14. Heike Kamerlingh Onnes, Physics, 1913
  15. Tobias Asser, Peace, 1911
  16. Johannes Diderik van der Waals, Physics, 1910
  17. Pieter Zeeman, Physics, 1902
  18. Hendrik Lorentz, Physics, 1902
  19. Jacobus Henricus van 't Hoff, Chemistry, 1901

New Zealand[edit]

  1. Alan MacDiarmid*, Chemistry, 2000
  2. Maurice Wilkins*, Physiology or Medicine, 1962
  3. Ernest Rutherford*, Chemistry, 1908

Nigeria[edit]

  1. Wole Soyinka, Literature, 1986

Norway[edit]

  1. May-Britt Moser, Physiology or Medicine, 2014
  2. Edvard Moser, Physiology or Medicine, 2014
  3. Finn E. Kydland, Economics, 2004
  4. Trygve Haavelmo, Economics, 1989
  5. Ivar Giaever, Physics, 1973
  6. Ragnar Anton Kittil Frisch, Economics, 1969
  7. Odd Hassel, Chemistry, 1969
  8. Lars Onsager, Chemistry, 1968
  9. Sigrid Undset, Literature, 1928
  10. Fridtjof Nansen, Peace, 1922
  11. Christian Lous Lange, Peace, 1921
  12. Knut Hamsun, Literature, 1920
  13. Bjørnstjerne Bjørnson, Literature, 1903

Pakistan[edit]

  1. Malala Yousafzai, Peace, 2014
  2. Abdus Salam, Physics, 1979

Palestine[edit]

  1. Yasser Arafat, Born in Cairo, Egypt, Peace, 1994

Peru[edit]

  1. Mario Vargas Llosa*, Literature, 2010

Poland[edit]

  1. Leonid Hurwicz, born in then Russian Republic, Economics, 2007
  2. Wisława Szymborska, Literature, 1996
  3. Joseph Rotblat*, born in partitioned Poland (Russian Empire), Peace, 1995
  4. Shimon Peres*, born Szymon Perski in Wiszniew, Poland (now Vishnyeva, Belarus), Peace, 1994
  5. Georges Charpak*, born in then Poland (Second Polish Republic), now Ukraine, Physics, 1992
  6. Lech Wałęsa, Peace, 1983
  7. Roald Hoffmann*, born in then Poland (Second Polish Republic), now Ukraine, Chemistry, 1981
  8. Czesław Miłosz*, born in partitioned Poland (Russian Empire), now Lithuania, Literature, 1980
  9. Isaac Bashevis Singer*, born in partitioned Poland (Russian Empire), Literature, 1978
  10. Andrew Schally*, born in Wilno, Second Polish Republic (now Vilnius, Lithuania), Medicine, 1976
  11. Tadeus Reichstein*, born in partitioned Poland (Russian Empire), Physiology or Medicine, 1950
  12. Władysław Reymont, born in partitioned Poland (Russian Empire), Literature, 1924
  13. Marie Skłodowska-Curie, born in partitioned Poland (Russian Empire), Chemistry, 1911
  14. Albert Abraham Michelson* born in partitioned Poland (Prussian Empire), Physics, 1907
  15. Henryk Sienkiewicz, born in partitioned Poland (Russian Empire), Literature, 1905
  16. Marie Skłodowska-Curie, born in partitioned Poland (Russian Empire), Physics, 1903

Portugal[edit]

  1. José de Sousa Saramago, Literature, 1998
  2. Carlos Filipe Ximenes Belo*, born in then Portuguese Timor, now East Timor, Peace, 1996
  3. José Ramos-Horta*, born in then Portuguese Timor, now East Timor, Peace, 1996
  4. António Caetano de Abreu Freire Egas Moniz, Physiology or Medicine, 1949

Romania[edit]

  1. Stefan Hell*, Chemistry, 2014
  2. Herta Müller*, Literature, 2009
  3. Elie Wiesel*, Peace, 1986
  4. George E. Palade*, Physiology or Medicine, 1974

Russia[edit]

  1. Andre Geim*, Physics, 2010
  2. Konstantin Novoselov*, Physics, 2010
  3. Leonid Hurwicz*, Economics, 2007
  4. Alexei A. Abrikosov*, Physics, 2003
  5. Vitaly Ginzburg, Physics, 2003
  6. Zhores Ivanovich Alferov, born in then Soviet Union, now Belarus, Physics, 2000
  7. Mikhail Sergeyevich Gorbachev, Peace, 1990
  8. Iosif Aleksandrovich Brodsky*, Literature, 1987
  9. Pyotr Leonidovich Kapitsa, Physics, 1978
  10. Menachem Begin*, born in now Belarus, Peace, 1978
  11. Ilya Prigogine*, Chemistry, 1977
  12. Andrei Dmitrievich Sakharov, Peace, 1975
  13. Leonid Vitalyevich Kantorovich, Economics, 1975
  14. Wassily Leontief, Economics, 1973
  15. Aleksandr Solzhenitsyn, Literature, 1970
  16. Michail Sholokhov, Literature, 1965
  17. Nicolay G. Basov, Physics, 1964
  18. Aleksandr M. Prokhorov, born in Australia, Physics, 1964
  19. Lev Davidovich Landau, Physics, 1962
  20. Boris Pasternak, Literature, 1958 (forced to decline)
  21. Pavel Alekseyevich Cherenkov, Physics, 1958
  22. Igor Yevgenyevich Tamm, Physics, 1958
  23. Ilya Mikhailovich Frank, Physics, 1958
  24. Nikolay Nikolayevich Semyonov, Chemistry, 1956
  25. Ivan Bunin*, Literature, 1933
  26. Wilhelm Ostwald*, born in now Latvia, Chemistry, 1909
  27. Ilya Ilyich Mechnikov, born in now Ukraine, Physiology or Medicine, 1908
  28. Ivan Petrovich Pavlov, Physiology or Medicine, 1904

Saint Lucia[edit]

  1. Derek Walcott, Literature, 1992
  2. Sir Arthur Lewis*, Economics, 1979

Serbia[edit]

  1. Ivo Andrić*, Literature, 1961

Slovenia[edit]

  1. Friderik Pregl*, born in Austro-Hungarian Empire, now Slovenia, Chemistry, 1923

South Africa[edit]

  1. Michael Levitt*, Chemistry, 2013
  2. J. M. Coetzee, Literature, 2003
  3. Sydney Brenner*, Physiology or Medicine, 2002
  4. F.W. de Klerk, Peace, 1993
  5. Nelson Mandela, Peace, 1993
  6. Nadine Gordimer, Literature, 1991
  7. Desmond Tutu, Peace, 1984
  8. Aaron Klug, Chemistry, 1982
  9. Allan M. Cormack*, Physiology or Medicine, 1979
  10. Albert Lutuli, Peace, 1960
  11. Max Theiler, Physiology or Medicine, 1951

Spain[edit]

  1. Mario Vargas Llosa, born in Peru, Literature, 2010
  2. Camilo José Cela, Literature, 1989
  3. Vicente Aleixandre, Literature, 1977
  4. Severo Ochoa*, Physiology or Medicine, 1959
  5. Juan Ramón Jiménez, Literature, 1956
  6. Jacinto Benavente, Literature, 1922
  7. Santiago Ramón y Cajal, Physiology or Medicine, 1906
  8. José Echegaray, Literature, 1904

Sweden[edit]

  1. Tomas Tranströmer, Literature, 2011
  2. Arvid Carlsson, Physiology or Medicine, 2000
  3. Alva Myrdal, Peace, 1982
  4. Sune Bergström, Physiology or Medicine, 1982
  5. Bengt I. Samuelsson, Physiology or Medicine, 1982
  6. Kai Siegbahn, Physics, 1981
  7. Torsten Wiesel*, Physiology or Medicine, 1981
  8. Bertil Ohlin, Economics, 1977
  9. Eyvind Johnson, Literature, 1974
  10. Harry Martinson, Literature, 1974
  11. Gunnar Myrdal, Economics, 1974
  12. Ulf von Euler, Physiology or Medicine, 1970
  13. Hannes Alfvén, Physics, 1970
  14. Ragnar Granit, born in then Russian Empire, now Finland, Physiology or Medicine, 1967
  15. Nelly Sachs, born in Germany, Literature, 1966
  16. Dag Hammarskjöld, Peace, 1961 (posthumously)
  17. Pär Lagerkvist, Literature, 1951
  18. Arne Tiselius, Chemistry, 1948
  19. Erik Axel Karlfeldt, Literature, 1931
  20. Nathan Söderblom, Peace, 1930
  21. Hans von Euler-Chelpin, born in Germany, Chemistry, 1929
  22. Theodor Svedberg, Chemistry, 1926
  23. Karl Manne Siegbahn, Physics, 1924
  24. Hjalmar Branting, Peace, 1921
  25. Carl Gustaf Verner von Heidenstam, Literature, 1916
  26. Gustaf Dalén, Physics, 1912
  27. Allvar Gullstrand, Physiology or Medicine, 1911
  28. Selma Lagerlöf, Literature, 1909
  29. Klas Pontus Arnoldson, Peace, 1908
  30. Svante Arrhenius, Chemistry, 1903

Switzerland[edit]

  1. Kurt Wüthrich, Chemistry, 2002
  2. Médecins Sans Frontières, Peace, 1999
  3. Rolf M. Zinkernagel, Physiology or Medicine, 1996
  4. Edmond H. Fischer, born in China, Physiology or Medicine, 1992
  5. Richard R. Ernst, Chemistry, 1991
  6. Karl Alexander Müller, Physics, 1987
  7. Heinrich Rohrer, Physics, 1986
  8. Georges J. F. Köhler, born in Germany (worked in Switzerland for 1976 to 1984), Physiology or Medicine, 1984
  9. Werner Arber, Physiology or Medicine, 1978
  10. Vladimir Prelog, born in then Austria-Hungary, now Bosnia-Herzegovina, Chemistry, 1975
  11. Daniel Bovet, Physiology or Medicine, 1957
  12. Felix Bloch, Physics, 1952
  13. Tadeus Reichstein, Physiology or Medicine, 1950
  14. Walter Rudolf Hess, Physiology or Medicine, 1949
  15. Paul Hermann Müller, Physiology or Medicine, 1948
  16. Hermann Hesse, born in Germany, Literature, 1946
  17. Leopold Ružička, born in then Austria-Hungary, now Croatia, Chemistry, 1939
  18. Paul Karrer, Chemistry, 1937
  19. Albert Einstein, born in Germany, Physics, 1921
  20. Charles Édouard Guillaume, Physics, 1920
  21. Carl Spitteler, Literature, 1919
  22. Alfred Werner, Chemistry, 1913
  23. Theodor Kocher, Physiology or Medicine, 1909
  24. Élie Ducommun, Peace, 1902
  25. Charles Albert Gobat, Peace, 1902
  26. Henry Dunant, Peace, 1901

Taiwan[edit]

  1. Yuan Tseh Lee, Chemistry, 1986

Trinidad and Tobago[edit]

  1. V. S. Naipaul*, Literature, 2001

Turkey[edit]

  1. Orhan Pamuk, Literature, 2006

Ukraine[edit]

  1. Georges Charpak*, born in then Poland, now Ukraine, Physics, 1992
  2. Roald Hoffmann*, born in then Poland, now Ukraine, Chemistry, 1981
  3. Shmuel Yosef Agnon*, born in what was then Austria-Hungary, now Ukraine, Literature, 1966
  4. Selman A. Waksman*, born in then Russian Empire, now Ukraine, Physiology or Medicine, 1952
  5. Ilya Ilyich Mechnikov*, born in then Russian Empire, now Ukraine, Physiology or Medicine, 1908

United Kingdom[edit]

  1. John O'Keefe, born in the United States, Physiology or Medicine, 2014
  2. Michael Levitt, born in South Africa, Chemistry 2013
  3. Peter Higgs, Physics 2013
  4. John B. Gurdon, Physiology or Medicine, 2012
  5. Konstantin Novoselov, born in Russia, Physics, 2010
  6. Robert G. Edwards, Physiology or Medicine, 2010
  7. Doris Lessing, born in Iran, Literature, 2007
  8. Sir Martin J. Evans, Physiology or Medicine, 2007
  9. Oliver Smithies*, Physiology or Medicine, 2007
  10. Harold Pinter, Literature, 2005
  11. Clive W. J. Granger*, Economics, 2003
  12. Anthony J. Leggett*, Physics, 2003
  13. Peter Mansfield, Physiology or Medicine, 2003
  14. Sydney Brenner, born in South Africa, Physiology or Medicine, 2002
  15. John E. Sulston, Physiology or Medicine, 2002
  16. Tim Hunt, Physiology or Medicine, 2001
  17. Paul Nurse, Physiology or Medicine, 2001
  18. V.S. Naipaul, born in Trinidad, Literature, 2001
  19. David Trimble, Peace, 1998
  20. John Pople, Chemistry, 1998
  21. John E. Walker, Chemistry, 1997
  22. Harold Kroto, Chemistry, 1996
  23. James A. Mirrlees, Economics, 1996
  24. Joseph Rotblat, born in then Russian Empire, now Poland, Peace, 1995
  25. Richard J. Roberts, Physiology or Medicine, 1993
  26. Michael Smith*, Chemistry, 1993
  27. Ronald Coase,based in the United States Economics, 1991
  28. James W. Black, Physiology or Medicine, 1988
  29. Niels Kaj Jerne*, Physiology or Medicine, 1984
  30. César Milstein, born in Argentina, Physiology or Medicine, 1984
  31. Richard Stone, Economics, 1984
  32. William Golding, Literature, 1983
  33. Aaron Klug, born in Lithuania, Chemistry, 1982
  34. John Robert Vane, Physiology or Medicine, 1982
  35. Elias Canetti, born in Bulgaria, Literature, 1981
  36. Frederick Sanger, Chemistry, 1980
  37. Arthur Lewis, born on St. Lucia, Economics, 1979
  38. Godfrey Hounsfield, Physiology or Medicine, 1979
  39. Peter D. Mitchell, Chemistry, 1978
  40. James Meade, Economics, 1977
  41. Nevill Francis Mott, Physics, 1977
  42. Amnesty International, Peace, 1977
  43. Betty Williams, Peace, 1976
  44. John Cornforth, born in Australia, Chemistry, 1975
  45. Christian de Duve*, Physiology or Medicine, 1974
  46. Friedrich Hayek, born in Austria, Economics, 1974
  47. Martin Ryle, Physics, 1974
  48. Antony Hewish, Physics, 1974
  49. Patrick White*, Literature, 1973
  50. Geoffrey Wilkinson, Chemistry, 1973
  51. Brian David Josephson, Physics, 1973
  52. Rodney Robert Porter, Physiology or Medicine, 1972
  53. John Hicks, Economics, 1972
  54. Dennis Gabor, born in Hungary, Physics, 1971
  55. Bernard Katz, born in Germany, Physiology or Medicine, 1970
  56. Derek Harold Richard Barton, Chemistry, 1969
  57. Ronald George Wreyford Norrish, Chemistry, 1967
  58. George Porter, Chemistry, 1967
  59. Dorothy Crowfoot Hodgkin, Chemistry, 1964
  60. Andrew Huxley, Physiology or Medicine, 1963
  61. Alan Lloyd Hodgkin, Physiology or Medicine, 1963
  62. John Kendrew, Chemistry, 1962
  63. Max Perutz, born in Austria, Chemistry, 1962
  64. Francis Crick, Physiology or Medicine, 1962
  65. Maurice Wilkins, born in New Zealand, Physiology or Medicine, 1962
  66. Peter Medawar, born in Brazil (British citizen only), Physiology or Medicine, 1960
  67. Philip Noel-Baker, Peace, 1959
  68. Frederick Sanger, Chemistry, 1958
  69. Alexander R. Todd, Baron Todd, Chemistry, 1957
  70. Cyril Norman Hinshelwood, Chemistry, 1956
  71. Max Born, born in then Germany, now Poland, Physics, 1954
  72. Winston Churchill, Literature, 1953
  73. Hans Adolf Krebs, born in Germany, Physiology or Medicine, 1953
  74. Archer John Porter Martin, Chemistry, 1952
  75. Richard Laurence Millington Synge, Chemistry, 1952
  76. John Cockcroft, Physics, 1951
  77. Bertrand Russell, Literature, 1950
  78. Cecil Frank Powell, Physics, 1950
  79. John Boyd Orr, Peace, 1949
  80. Patrick Blackett, Baron Blackett, Physics, 1948
  81. Edward Victor Appleton, Physics, 1947
  82. Robert Robinson, Chemistry, 1947
  83. Friends Service Council, Peace, 1947
  84. Ernst Boris Chain, born in Germany, Physiology or Medicine, 1945
  85. Alexander Fleming, Physiology or Medicine, 1945
  86. George Paget Thomson, Physics, 1937
  87. Robert Cecil, 1st Viscount Cecil of Chelwood, Peace, 1937
  88. Norman Haworth, Chemistry, 1937
  89. Henry Hallett Dale, Physiology or Medicine, 1936
  90. James Chadwick, Physics, 1935
  91. Arthur Henderson, Peace, 1934
  92. Norman Angell, Peace, 1933
  93. Paul Dirac, Physics, 1933
  94. Charles Scott Sherrington, Physiology or Medicine, 1932
  95. John Galsworthy, Literature, 1932
  96. Edgar Adrian, 1st Baron Adrian, Physiology or Medicine, 1932
  97. Arthur Harden, Chemistry, 1929
  98. Frederick Hopkins, Physiology or Medicine, 1929
  99. Owen Willans Richardson, Physics, 1928
  100. Charles Thomson Rees Wilson, Physics, 1927
  101. Austen Chamberlain, Peace, 1925
  102. John James Rickard Macleod*, Physiology or Medicine, 1923
  103. Francis William Aston, Chemistry, 1922
  104. Frederick Soddy, Chemistry, 1921
  105. Charles Glover Barkla, Physics, 1917
  106. William Henry Bragg, Physics, 1915
  107. William Lawrence Bragg, born in Australia, Physics, 1915
  108. Ernest Rutherford, born in New Zealand, Chemistry, 1908
  109. Rudyard Kipling, born in India, Literature, 1907
  110. J. J. Thomson, Physics, 1906
  111. John Strutt, 3rd Baron Rayleigh, Physics, 1904
  112. William Ramsay, Chemistry, 1904
  113. William Randal Cremer, Peace, 1903
  114. Ronald Ross, Physiology or Medicine, 1902

United States[edit]

  1. William E. Moerner, Chemistry, 2014
  2. Eric Betzig, Chemistry, 2014
  3. Shuji Nakamura, born in Japan, Physics, 2014
  4. John O'Keefe*, Physiology or Medicine, 2014
  5. Robert J. Shiller, Economics, 2013
  6. Lars Peter Hansen, Economics, 2013
  7. Eugene F. Fama, Economics, 2013
  8. Arieh Warshel, born in Israel, Chemistry, 2013
  9. Michael Levitt, born in South Africa, Chemistry, 2013
  10. Martin Karplus, born in Austria, Chemistry, 2013
  11. Randy Schekman, Physiology or Medicine, 2013
  12. Thomas C. Südhof, born in Germany, Physiology or Medicine, 2013
  13. James Rothman, Physiology or Medicine, 2013
  14. Alvin E. Roth, Economics, 2012
  15. Lloyd S. Shapley, Economics, 2012
  16. Brian K. Kobilka, Chemistry, 2012
  17. Robert J. Lefkowitz, Chemistry, 2012
  18. David J. Wineland, Physics, 2012
  19. Christopher A. Sims, Economics, 2011
  20. Thomas J. Sargent, Economics, 2011
  21. Saul Perlmutter, Physics, 2011
  22. Brian P. Schmidt, Physics, 2011
  23. Adam G. Riess, Physics, 2011
  24. Ralph M. Steinman, born in Canada, Physiology or Medicine, 2011
  25. Bruce Beutler, Physiology or Medicine, 2011
  26. Peter A. Diamond, Economics, 2010
  27. Dale T. Mortensen, Economics, 2010
  28. Richard F. Heck, Chemistry, 2010
  29. Ei-ichi Negishi, born in Japan, Chemistry, 2010
  30. Elinor Ostrom, Economics, 2009
  31. Oliver Eaton Williamson, Economics, 2009
  32. Barack H. Obama, Peace, 2009
  33. Venkatraman Ramakrishnan, born in India, Chemistry, 2009
  34. Thomas A. Steitz, Chemistry, 2009
  35. Willard S. Boyle, born in Canada, Physics, 2009
  36. Charles K. Kao, born in China, Physics, 2009
  37. George E. Smith, Physics, 2009
  38. Elizabeth Blackburn, born in Australia, Physiology or Medicine, 2009
  39. Carol W. Greider, Physiology or Medicine, 2009
  40. Jack W. Szostak, born in United Kingdom, Physiology or Medicine, 2009
  41. Paul Krugman, Economics, 2008
  42. Roger Yonchien Tsien, Chemistry, 2008
  43. Martin Chalfie, Chemistry, 2008
  44. Osamu Shimomura, born in Japan, Chemistry, 2008
  45. Yoichiro Nambu, born in Japan, Physics, 2008
  46. Leonid Hurwicz, born in Russia, Economics, 2007
  47. Eric S. Maskin, Economics, 2007
  48. Roger B. Myerson, Economics, 2007
  49. Al Gore, Peace, 2007
  50. Mario R. Capecchi, born in Italy, Physiology or Medicine, 2007
  51. Oliver Smithies, born in United Kingdom, Physiology or Medicine, 2007
  52. Roger D. Kornberg, Chemistry, 2006
  53. John C. Mather, Physics, 2006
  54. Edmund S. Phelps, Economics, 2006
  55. George F. Smoot, Physics, 2006
  56. Andrew Z. Fire, Physiology or Medicine, 2006
  57. Craig C. Mello, Physiology or Medicine, 2006
  58. Robert Aumann, born in Germany, Economics, 2005
  59. Robert H. Grubbs, Chemistry, 2005
  60. Richard R. Schrock, Chemistry, 2005
  61. Thomas Schelling, Economics, 2005
  62. John L. Hall, Physics, 2005
  63. Roy J. Glauber, Physics, 2005
  64. Irwin Rose, Chemistry, 2004
  65. Edward C. Prescott, Economics, 2004
  66. David J. Gross, Physics, 2004
  67. H. David Politzer, Physics, 2004
  68. Frank Wilczek, Physics, 2004
  69. Richard Axel, Physiology or Medicine, 2004
  70. Linda B. Buck, Physiology or Medicine, 2004
  71. Peter Agre, Chemistry, 2003
  72. Roderick MacKinnon, Chemistry, 2003
  73. Robert F. Engle, Economics, 2003
  74. Anthony J. Leggett, born in United Kingdom, Physics, 2003
  75. Paul C. Lauterbur, Physiology or Medicine, 2003
  76. Alexei A. Abrikosov, born in Russia, Physics, 2003
  77. Daniel Kahneman, born in Israel, Economics, 2002
  78. Vernon L. Smith, Economics, 2002
  79. Jimmy Carter, Peace, 2002
  80. John Bennett Fenn, Chemistry, 2002
  81. Raymond Davis Jr., Physics, 2002
  82. Riccardo Giacconi, born in Italy, Physics, 2002
  83. Sydney Brenner, born in South Africa, Physiology or Medicine, 2002
  84. H. Robert Horvitz, Physiology or Medicine, 2002
  85. William S. Knowles, Chemistry, 2001
  86. K. Barry Sharpless, Chemistry, 2001
  87. Joseph E. Stiglitz, Economics, 2001
  88. George A. Akerlof, Economics, 2001
  89. A. Michael Spence, Economics, 2001
  90. Eric A. Cornell, Physics, 2001
  91. Carl E. Wieman, Physics, 2001
  92. Leland H. Hartwell, Physiology or Medicine, 2001
  93. Alan Heeger, Chemistry, 2000
  94. Alan MacDiarmid, born in New Zealand, Chemistry, 2000
  95. James J. Heckman, Economics, 2000
  96. Daniel L. McFadden, Economics, 2000
  97. Jack Kilby, Physics, 2000
  98. Paul Greengard, Physiology or Medicine, 2000
  99. Eric R. Kandel, born in Austria, Physiology or Medicine, 2000
  100. Ahmed H. Zewail, born in Egypt, Chemistry, 1999
  101. Günter Blobel, born in then Germany, now Poland, Physiology or Medicine, 1999
  102. Walter Kohn, born in Austria, Chemistry, 1998
  103. Robert B. Laughlin, Physics, 1998
  104. Daniel C. Tsui, born in China, Physics, 1998
  105. Robert F. Furchgott, Physiology or Medicine, 1998
  106. Louis J. Ignarro, Physiology or Medicine, 1998
  107. Ferid Murad, Physiology or Medicine, 1998
  108. Paul D. Boyer, Chemistry, 1997
  109. Robert C. Merton, Economics, 1997
  110. Myron Scholes, born in Canada, Economics, 1997
  111. Jody Williams, Peace, 1997
  112. Steven Chu, Physics, 1997
  113. William D. Phillips, Physics, 1997
  114. Stanley B. Prusiner, Physiology or Medicine, 1997
  115. Richard E. Smalley, Chemistry, 1996
  116. Robert F. Curl Jr., Chemistry, 1996
  117. William Vickrey, born in Canada, Economics, 1996
  118. David M. Lee, Physics, 1996
  119. Douglas D. Osheroff, Physics, 1996
  120. Robert C. Richardson, Physics, 1996
  121. Mario J. Molina, born in Mexico, Chemistry, 1995
  122. F. Sherwood Rowland, Chemistry, 1995
  123. Robert Lucas, Jr., Economics, 1995
  124. Martin L. Perl, Physics, 1995
  125. Frederick Reines, Physics, 1995
  126. Edward B. Lewis, Physiology or Medicine, 1995
  127. Eric F. Wieschaus, Physiology or Medicine, 1995
  128. George Andrew Olah, born in Hungary, Chemistry, 1994
  129. John Charles Harsanyi, born in Hungary, Economics, 1994
  130. John Forbes Nash, Economics, 1994
  131. Clifford G. Shull, Physics, 1994
  132. Alfred G. Gilman, Physiology or Medicine, 1994
  133. Martin Rodbell, Physiology or Medicine, 1994
  134. Kary B. Mullis, Chemistry, 1993
  135. Robert W. Fogel, Economics, 1993
  136. Douglass C. North, Economics, 1993
  137. Toni Morrison, Literature, 1993
  138. Russell A. Hulse, Physics, 1993
  139. Joseph H. Taylor Jr., Physics, 1993
  140. Phillip A. Sharp, Physiology or Medicine, 1993
  141. Rudolph A. Marcus, born in Canada, Chemistry, 1992
  142. Gary S. Becker, Economics, 1992
  143. Edmond H. Fischer, born in China, Physiology or Medicine, 1992
  144. Edwin G. Krebs, Physiology or Medicine, 1992
  145. Ronald Coase, born in the United Kingdom, Economics, 1991
  146. Elias James Corey, Chemistry, 1990
  147. Merton H. Miller, Economics, 1990
  148. William F. Sharpe, Economics, 1990
  149. Harry M. Markowitz, Economics, 1990
  150. Jerome I. Friedman, Physics, 1990
  151. Henry W. Kendall, Physics, 1990
  152. Joseph E. Murray, Physiology or Medicine, 1990
  153. E. Donnall Thomas, Physiology or Medicine, 1990
  154. Sidney Altman, born in Canada, Chemistry, 1990
  155. Thomas R. Cech, Chemistry, 1989
  156. Hans G. Dehmelt, born in Germany, Physics, 1989
  157. Norman F. Ramsey, Physics, 1989
  158. J. Michael Bishop, Physiology or Medicine, 1989
  159. Harold E. Varmus, Physiology or Medicine, 1989
  160. Leon M. Lederman, Physics, 1988
  161. Melvin Schwartz, Physics, 1988
  162. Jack Steinberger, born in Germany, Physics, 1988
  163. Gertrude B. Elion, Physiology or Medicine, 1988
  164. George H. Hitchings, Physiology or Medicine, 1988
  165. Charles J. Pedersen, born in Korea, Chemistry, 1987
  166. Donald J. Cram, Chemistry, 1987
  167. Robert M. Solow, Economics, 1987
  168. Joseph Brodsky, born in Russia, Literature, 1987
  169. Dudley R. Herschbach, Chemistry, 1986
  170. Yuan T. Lee, born in Taiwan, Chemistry, 1986
  171. James M. Buchanan, Economics, 1986
  172. Elie Wiesel, born in Romania, Peace, 1986
  173. Stanley Cohen, Physiology or Medicine, 1986
  174. Rita Levi-Montalcini, born in Italy, Physiology or Medicine, 1986
  175. Jerome Karle, Chemistry, 1985
  176. Herbert A. Hauptman, Chemistry, 1985
  177. Franco Modigliani, born in Italy, Economics, 1985
  178. Michael S. Brown, Physiology or Medicine, 1985
  179. Joseph L. Goldstein, Physiology or Medicine, 1985
  180. Bruce Merrifield, Chemistry, 1984
  181. Henry Taube, born in Canada, Chemistry, 1983
  182. Gérard Debreu, born in France, Economics, 1983
  183. William A. Fowler, Physics, 1983
  184. Subrahmanyan Chandrasekhar, born in then British India, now Pakistan, Physics, 1983
  185. Barbara McClintock, Physiology or Medicine, 1983
  186. George J. Stigler, Economics, 1982
  187. Kenneth G. Wilson, Physics, 1982
  188. Roald Hoffmann, born in then Poland, now Ukraine, Chemistry, 1981
  189. James Tobin, Economics, 1981
  190. Nicolaas Bloembergen, born in the Netherlands, Physics, 1981
  191. Arthur L. Schawlow, Physics, 1981
  192. David H. Hubel, born in Canada, Physiology or Medicine, 1981
  193. Roger W. Sperry, Physiology or Medicine, 1981
  194. Walter Gilbert, Chemistry, 1980
  195. Paul Berg, Chemistry, 1980
  196. Lawrence R. Klein, Economics, 1980
  197. Czesław Miłosz, born in then Russian Empire, now Lithuania, Literature, 1980
  198. James Cronin, Physics, 1980
  199. Val Fitch, Physics, 1980
  200. Baruj Benacerraf, born in Venezuela, Physiology or Medicine, 1980
  201. George D. Snell, Physiology or Medicine, 1980
  202. Herbert C. Brown, Chemistry, 1979
  203. Theodore Schultz, Economics, 1979
  204. Steven Weinberg, Physics, 1979
  205. Sheldon Glashow, Physics, 1979
  206. Allan M. Cormack, born in South Africa, Physiology or Medicine, 1979
  207. Herbert A. Simon, Economics, 1978
  208. Isaac Bashevis Singer, born in then Russian Empire, now Poland, Literature, 1978
  209. Robert Woodrow Wilson, Physics, 1978
  210. Arno Penzias, born in Germany, Physics, 1978
  211. Hamilton O. Smith, Physiology or Medicine, 1978
  212. Daniel Nathans, Physiology or Medicine, 1978
  213. Philip Anderson, Physics, 1977
  214. John H. van Vleck, Physics, 1977
  215. Roger Guillemin, born in France, Physiology or Medicine, 1977
  216. Andrzej W. Schally, born in then Poland, now Lithuania, Physiology or Medicine, 1977
  217. Rosalyn Yalow, Physiology or Medicine, 1977
  218. William Lipscomb, Chemistry, 1976
  219. Milton Friedman, Economics, 1976
  220. Saul Bellow, born in Canada, Literature, 1976
  221. Burton Richter, Physics, 1976
  222. Samuel C. C. Ting, Physics, 1976
  223. Baruch S. Blumberg, Physiology or Medicine, 1976
  224. Daniel Carleton Gajdusek, Physiology or Medicine, 1976
  225. Tjalling C. Koopmans, born in the Netherlands, Economics, 1975
  226. Ben R. Mottelson*, Physics, 1975
  227. James Rainwater, Physics, 1975
  228. David Baltimore, Physiology or Medicine, 1975
  229. Renato Dulbecco, born in Italy, Physiology or Medicine, 1975
  230. Howard Martin Temin, Physiology or Medicine, 1975
  231. Paul J. Flory, Chemistry, 1974
  232. George E. Palade, born in Romania, Physiology or Medicine, 1974
  233. Wassily Leontief, born in Germany, Economics, 1973
  234. Henry Kissinger, born in Germany, Peace, 1973
  235. Ivar Giaever, Norway, Physics, 1973
  236. Christian Anfinsen, Chemistry, 1972
  237. Stanford Moore, Chemistry, 1972
  238. William H. Stein, Chemistry, 1972
  239. Kenneth J. Arrow, Economics, 1972
  240. John Bardeen, Physics, 1972
  241. Leon N. Cooper, Physics, 1972
  242. Robert Schrieffer, Physics, 1972
  243. Gerald Edelman, Physiology or Medicine, 1972
  244. Simon Kuznets, born in then Russia, now Belarus, Economics, 1971
  245. Earl W. Sutherland Jr., Physiology or Medicine, 1971
  246. Paul A. Samuelson, Economics, 1970
  247. Norman Borlaug, Peace, 1970
  248. Julius Axelrod, Physiology or Medicine, 1970
  249. Murray Gell-Mann, Physics, 1969
  250. Max Delbrück, born in Germany, Physiology or Medicine, 1969
  251. Alfred Hershey, Physiology or Medicine, 1969
  252. Salvador Luria, born in Italy, Physiology or Medicine, 1969
  253. Lars Onsager, born in Norway, Chemistry, 1968
  254. Luis Alvarez, Physics, 1968
  255. Robert W. Holley, Physiology or Medicine, 1968
  256. Har Gobind Khorana, born in British India, now Pakistan, Physiology or Medicine, 1968
  257. Marshall Warren Nirenberg, Physiology or Medicine, 1968
  258. Hans Bethe, born in then Germany, now France, Physics, 1967
  259. Haldan Keffer Hartline, Physiology or Medicine, 1967
  260. George Wald, Physiology or Medicine, 1967
  261. Robert S. Mulliken, Chemistry, 1966
  262. Charles B. Huggins, born in Canada, Physiology or Medicine, 1966
  263. Francis Peyton Rous, Physiology or Medicine, 1966
  264. Robert B. Woodward, Chemistry, 1965
  265. Richard P. Feynman, Physics, 1965
  266. Julian Schwinger, Physics, 1965
  267. Martin Luther King, Jr., Peace, 1964
  268. Charles H. Townes, Physics, 1964
  269. Konrad Bloch, born in then Germany, now Poland, Physiology or Medicine, 1964
  270. Maria Goeppert-Mayer, born in then Germany, now Poland, Physics, 1963
  271. Eugene Wigner, born in Hungary, Physics, 1963
  272. John Steinbeck, Literature, 1962
  273. Linus C. Pauling, Peace, 1962
  274. James D. Watson, Physiology or Medicine, 1962
  275. Melvin Calvin, Chemistry, 1961
  276. Robert Hofstadter, Physics, 1961
  277. Georg von Békésy, born in Hungary, Physiology or Medicine, 1961
  278. Willard F. Libby, Chemistry, 1960
  279. Donald A. Glaser, Physics, 1960
  280. Owen Chamberlain, Physics, 1959
  281. Emilio Segrè, born in Italy, Physics, 1959
  282. Arthur Kornberg, Physiology or Medicine, 1959
  283. Severo Ochoa, born in Spain, Physiology or Medicine, 1959
  284. George Beadle, Physiology or Medicine, 1958
  285. Joshua Lederberg, Physiology or Medicine, 1958
  286. Edward Tatum, Physiology or Medicine, 1958
  287. Chen Ning Yang, born in China, Physics, 1957
  288. Tsung-Dao Lee, born in China, Physics, 1957
  289. William B. Shockley, Physics, 1956
  290. John Bardeen, Physics, 1956
  291. Walter H. Brattain, Physics, 1956
  292. Dickinson W. Richards, Physiology or Medicine, 1956
  293. André F. Cournand, France, Physiology or Medicine, 1956
  294. Vincent du Vigneaud, Chemistry, 1955
  295. Willis E. Lamb, Physics, 1955
  296. Polykarp Kusch, born in Germany, Physics, 1955
  297. Linus C. Pauling, Chemistry, 1954
  298. Ernest Hemingway, Literature, 1954
  299. John F. Enders, Physiology or Medicine, 1954
  300. Frederick C. Robbins, Physiology or Medicine, 1954
  301. Thomas H. Weller, Physiology or Medicine, 1954
  302. George C. Marshall, Peace, 1953
  303. Fritz Lipmann, born in then Germany, now Russia, Physiology or Medicine, 1953
  304. E. M. Purcell, Physics, 1952
  305. Felix Bloch, born in Switzerland, Physics, 1952
  306. Selman A. Waksman, born in then Russian Empire, now Ukraine, Physiology or Medicine, 1952
  307. Edwin M. McMillan, Chemistry, 1951
  308. Glenn Theodore Seaborg, Chemistry, 1951
  309. Ralph J. Bunche, Peace, 1950
  310. Philip S. Hench, Physiology or Medicine, 1950
  311. Edward C. Kendall, Physiology or Medicine, 1950
  312. William Giauque, born in Canada, Chemistry, 1949
  313. William Faulkner, Literature, 1949
  314. T. S. Eliot*, Literature, 1948
  315. American Friends Service Committee (The Quakers), Peace, 1947
  316. Carl Cori, born in Austria, Physiology or Medicine, 1947
  317. Gerty Cori, born in Austria, Physiology or Medicine, 1947
  318. Wendell M. Stanley, Chemistry, 1946
  319. James B. Sumner, Chemistry, 1946
  320. John H. Northrop, Chemistry, 1946
  321. Emily G. Balch, Peace, 1946
  322. John R. Mott, Peace, 1946
  323. Percy W. Bridgman, Physics, 1946
  324. Hermann J. Muller, Physiology or Medicine, 1946
  325. Cordell Hull, Peace, 1945
  326. Isidor Isaac Rabi, born in Austria, Physics, 1944
  327. Joseph Erlanger, Physiology or Medicine, 1944
  328. Herbert S. Gasser, Physiology or Medicine, 1944
  329. Otto Stern, born in then Germany, now Poland, Physics, 1943
  330. Edward A. Doisy, Physiology or Medicine, 1943
  331. Ernest Lawrence, Physics, 1939
  332. Pearl S. Buck, Literature, 1938
  333. Clinton Davisson, Physics, 1937
  334. Eugene O'Neill, Literature, 1936
  335. Carl Anderson, Physics, 1936
  336. Harold C. Urey, Chemistry, 1934
  337. George R. Minot, Physiology or Medicine, 1934
  338. William P. Murphy, Physiology or Medicine, 1934
  339. George H. Whipple, Physiology or Medicine, 1934
  340. Thomas H. Morgan, Physiology or Medicine, 1933
  341. Irving Langmuir, Chemistry, 1932
  342. Jane Addams, Peace, 1931
  343. Nicholas M. Butler, Peace, 1931
  344. Sinclair Lewis, Literature, 1930
  345. Frank B. Kellogg, Peace, 1929
  346. Arthur H. Compton, Physics, 1927
  347. Charles G. Dawes, Peace, 1925
  348. Robert A. Millikan, Physics, 1923
  349. Woodrow Wilson, Peace, 1919
  350. Theodore W. Richards, Chemistry, 1914
  351. Elihu Root, Peace, 1912
  352. Albert A. Michelson, born in then Germany, now Poland, Physics, 1907
  353. Theodore Roosevelt, Peace, 1906

Venezuela[edit]

  1. Baruj Benacerraf, Physiology or Medicine, 1980

Vietnam[edit]

  1. Lê Ðức Thọ, born in French Indochina, Peace, 1973 (declined)

Yemen[edit]

  1. Tawakkol Karman, Peace, 2011

Yugoslavia[edit]

  1. Ivo Andrić, born in Austro-Hungarian Empire, now Bosnia and Herzegovina, Literature, 1961

See also[edit]

References[edit]