Noble Sissle

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Noble Sissle photo taken by Carl Van Vechten, 1951

Noble Sissle (July 10, 1889 – December 17, 1975) was an American jazz composer, lyricist, bandleader, singer and playwright.


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Sheet music cover for "I'm Just Wild About Harry" from the musical Shuffle Along by Noble Sissle and Eubie Blake, 1921

Early life[edit]

Noble Lee Sissle was born in Indianapolis, Indiana on the 10th of July, 1889, around the time his father, the Rev George A. Sissle, was pastor of the city’s Simpson M. E. Chapel.[1] His mother, Martha Angeline (née Scott) Sissle, was a school teacher and juvenile probation officer.[2] As a youth Sissle sang in church choirs and as a soloist with his high school's glee club in Cleveland, Ohio.[3] Sissle attended De Pauw University in Greencastle, Indiana on scholarship and later transferred to Butler University in Indianapolis before turning to music full-time.[4]

Career[edit]

Noble Lee Sissle circa 1920 (NYPL Digital Collection)

On October 1, 1918, Sissle joined the New York 369th Infantry Regiment[5][6] at New York City where he helped Lieutenant James Reese Europe form the 369th Regimental Band. Sissle played violin and also served as drum major for the 369th that, under Europe as bandmaster,[7] is now considered amongst the greatest jazz bands of all time. Sissle sang several vocals on the last disc recorded by the band that was released in March 1919. He left the army after the war as a second lieutenant with the 370th Infantry Regiment[8] and joined Europe’s civilian version of the 369th band. Not long afterwards, on the 9th of May, 1919 James Europe was murdered by a disgruntled band member in Boston, Massachusetts leaving Sissle, with the help of his friend Eubie Blake, to take temporary charge of his band. Years earlier Sissle had struck up a partnership with Blake after they first met in Baltimore in 1915[9] and had remained in touch during the war.

Sissle is noted for his collaboration with songwriter, Eubie Blake. The pair first performed in vaudeville and later produced the musicals Shuffle Along and The Chocolate Dandies. Sissle is also, famously, the only African-American artist to appear in the Pathé film archives.

Shortly after World War I, Sissle joined forces with Blake to form a vaudeville music duo, "The Dixie Duo". After vaudeville, the pair began work on the musical revue, Shuffle Along, which incorporated many songs they had written, and had a book written by F. E. Miller and Aubrey Lyles. When it premiered in 1921, Shuffle Along became the first hit musical on Broadway written by and about African Americans. The musicals also introduced hit songs such as "I'm Just Wild About Harry" and "Love Will Find a Way."[10][11]

In 1923, Sissle made two films for Lee DeForest in DeForest's Phonofilm sound-on-film process. They were Noble Sissle and Eubie Blake featuring Sissle and Blake's song "Affectionate Dan", and Sissle and Blake Sing Snappy Songs featuring "Sons of Old Black Joe" and "My Swanee Home". Blake also made a third film in Phonofilm, playing his composition "Fantasy on Swanee River". These three films are preserved in the Maurice Zouary film collection at the Library of Congress.

Sissle and his band appear in a 1930 British Pathétone short filmed at Ciro's nightclub in London, performing Walter Donaldson's "Little White Lies" and "Happy Feet," written by Jack Yellen and Milton Ager. In 1932, Sissle appeared with Nina Mae McKinney, the Nicholas Brothers, and Eubie Blake in Pie, Pie Blackbird, a Vitaphone short released by Warner Brothers.

In February 1931, Sissle accompanied Adelaide Hall on piano at the prestigious Palace Theatre (Broadway) in New York during her 1931/32 world tour.[12]

In 1954, New York radio station WMGM, which was then owned by Loew's Theatre Organization, signed Sissle as a disc jockey. His show featured the music of African-American recording artists.[13]

Sissle was a member of Alpha Phi Alpha fraternity.

He died in 1975 at the age of 86 Tampa, Florida.

His rendition of the song "Viper Mad" was included in the Woody Allen film Sweet and Lowdown.

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ African Americans in the Military By Catherine Reef
  2. ^ African Americans in the Military By Catherine Reef
  3. ^ Africana: arts and letters : an A-to-Z reference of writers, musicians, and Artists of the African American Experience By Kwame Anthony Appiah, Henry Louie Gates 2005
  4. ^ life in ragtime: a biography of James Reese Europe By Reid Badgelife in ragtime: a biography of James Reese Europe By Reid Badger 1995
  5. ^ African Americans in the Military By Catherine Reef
  6. ^ U.S. Veterans Gravesites, ca.1775-2006
  7. ^ African Americans in the Military By Catherine Reef
  8. ^ U.S. Veterans Gravesites, ca.1775-2006
  9. ^ Ebony Jul 1973
  10. ^ Southern, Eileen. Eubie Blake. in Kernfeld, Barry. ed. The New Grove Dictionary of Jazz, 2nd Edition, Vol. 1. London: MacMillan, 2002. p. 231.
  11. ^ Graziano, John. Noble Sissle. in Kernfeld, Barry. ed. The New Grove Dictionary of Jazz, 2nd Edition, Vol. 3. London: MacMillan, 2002. p. 596.
  12. ^ 'Underneath a Harlem Moon ... the Harlem to Paris years of Adelaide Hall' by Iain Cameron Williams. pages 389 & 395 (1931 - Adelaide Hall appears four times at the Palace Theatre (Broadway) during her 1931/32 world tour - February (with Noble Sissle), April, July & November), http://www.amazon.com/Underneath-Harlem-Moon-Paris-Adelaide/dp/B005ZOLV7C
  13. ^ Noble Sissle to D.J. Platter Show. Billboard. 16 January 1954. p. 6. Retrieved 26 May 2011. 

See also[edit]

References[edit]

The Book of World Famous Music, Classical, Popular and Folk by James Fuld

External links[edit]