Noctilien

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Noctilien
Noctilie logo.svg
Paris region public transport
(M) Métro lines
(1) Line 1 (7bis) Line 7bis
(2) Line 2 (8) Line 8
(3) Line 3 (9) Line 9
(3bis) Line 3bis (10) Line 10
(4) Line 4 (11) Line 11
(5) Line 5 (12) Line 12
(6) Line 6 (13) Line 13
(7) Line 7 (14) Line 14
(RER) RER lines
(A) Line A (D) Line D
(B) Line B (E) Line E
(C) Line C
[T] Suburban rail (Transilien)
({{[1]}}) Saint-Lazare ({{[1]}}) Nord
({{[1]}}) ({{[1]}}) ({{[1]}}) ({{[1]}})
({{[1]}}) La Défense ({{[1]}}) Est
({{[1]}}) ({{[1]}})
({{[1]}}) Montparnasse ({{[1]}}) Lyon
({{[1]}}) ({{[1]}})
Airport shuttles
({{[1]}}) CDGVAL ({{[1]}}) Orlyval
Bus
({{[1]}}) Bus (RATP) ({{[1]}}) Noctilien
  Bus (Optile)  
(T) Tramway
(1) Tramway T1 (4) Tramway T4
(2) Tramway T2 (5) Tramway T5
(3a) Tramway T3a (7) Tramway T7
(3b) Tramway T3b
Other
({{[1]}}) Montmartre funicular

Noctilien is the night bus service in Paris and its agglomeration. It is managed by the Syndicat des transports d'Île-de-France (STIF), the Île-de-France regional public transit authority, and operated by RATP and SNCF. It replaced the previous Noctambus service on the night of 20/21 September 2005, providing for a larger number of lines than before and claiming to be better adapted to night-time transport needs.

In place of the previous hub-and-spoke scheme where all buses terminated at and departed from Châtelet metro station, Noctilien's new service includes buses operating between banlieues (communes surrounding Paris proper) as well as outbound lines running from Paris' four main railway stations : Gare de l'Est, Gare de Lyon, Gare Montparnasse and Gare Saint-Lazare. In addition, these four stations are also connected to each other by a regular night bus service.

All in all, Noctilien operates 47 bus lines from the last bus of the night (00:30) until the first bus of the morning (05:30) over the whole of Paris and the Île-de-France region. It is made up of :

  • 2 "circular" lines running between Paris' major train stations (N01 and N02),
  • 6 "transversal" lines running between different banlieues via Châtelet,
  • 19 "radial" lines managed by the RATP (2 digits lines) running from major Paris stations outward to the banlieues,
  • 18 "radial" lines managed by the SNCF (3 digits lines, with the exception of N153 managed by the RATP) running from major Paris stations and
  • 2 "banlieues" line (N71 and N135).

Like Transilien, the name "Noctilien" is formed by analogy with "Francilien" — the French demonym for residents of Île-de-France.

Noctilien lines[edit]

Line numbering scheme[edit]

Each bus line number starts with N for Noctilien followed by a two or three digit number:

  • 2 digits starting with "N0" for the two "circular" routes
  • 2 digits starting with "N1" for the "transversal" routes
  • 2 digits starting with "N2" for buses running from "Châtelet"
  • 2 digits starting with "N3" for buses running from "Gare de Lyon"
  • 2 digits starting with "N4" for buses running from "Gare de l'Est"
  • 2 digits starting with "N5" for buses running from "Gare Saint-Lazare"
  • 2 digits starting with "N6" for buses running from "Gare Montparnasse"
  • 3 digits starting with "N1" for the long distance buses running to the outer suburbs

These line numbers bear no relationship to the old Noctambus line numbers.

References[edit]

  • This article draws heavily on the French Wikipedia page "Noctilien", downloaded 18 February 2006.

External links[edit]