Nogent-sur-Marne

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Nogent-sur-Marne
The Pavillon Baltard
The Pavillon Baltard
Coat of arms of Nogent-sur-Marne
Coat of arms
Paris and inner ring departments
Paris and inner ring departments
Coordinates: 48°50′15″N 2°29′00″E / 48.8375°N 2.4833°E / 48.8375; 2.4833Coordinates: 48°50′15″N 2°29′00″E / 48.8375°N 2.4833°E / 48.8375; 2.4833
Country France
Region Île-de-France
Department Val-de-Marne
Arrondissement Nogent-sur-Marne
Canton Nogent-sur-Marne
Intercommunality Vallée de la Marne
Government
 • Mayor Jacques JP Martin
Area1 2.8 km2 (1.1 sq mi)
Population (2006)2 31,276
 • Density 11,000/km2 (29,000/sq mi)
INSEE/Postal code 94052 / 94130
Elevation 36–99 m (118–325 ft)

1 French Land Register data, which excludes lakes, ponds, glaciers > 1 km² (0.386 sq mi or 247 acres) and river estuaries.

2 Population without double counting: residents of multiple communes (e.g., students and military personnel) only counted once.

Nogent-sur-Marne is a commune in the eastern suburbs of Paris, France. It is located 10.6 km (6.6 mi) from the centre of Paris. Nogent-sur-Marne is a sous-préfecture of the Val-de-Marne département, being the seat of the Arrondissement of Nogent-sur-Marne.

History[edit]

Several origins of the name are proposed:

  • Novigentum, "new people", i.e. prisoners brought by the Roman armies.
  • Nov. indicates fatty or soaked grounds.
  • Novientum which is the Gallic equivalent of Villeneuve medieval.

In the Middle Ages, several castles were built. Le Chateau de Plaisance, built in the 13th century, which hosted Charles V and Jeanne de Bourbon in 1375. The only vestige which remains is a house of the current private hospital, 30 rue de Plaisance, as well as the bottom of the enclosing wall of the gardens. Le Chateau de Beauté sur Marne, 14th century, is a royal stay. Cardinal de Richelieu destroyed it in 1626.

In the 17th century, whereas the rural population was made up of a majority of vine growers, the middle-class discovered the charms of the country, and settled in Nogent. Jean-Antoine Watteau lived in Mr. Lefevre's house his last moments and died there in 1721.

The construction of the two railway lines: Paris–Mulhouse and Bastille–La Varenne in the 1850s still accelerated the process. The viaduct, built by Auvergnats and Belgians is destroyed once in 15 September 1870. Italians rebuilt it; an Italian community was established there. Coming, for the majority, from the province of Piacenza, they were from the Valley of Nure or from the south of Tyrol.

Isolated since 1854 by the construction of a viaduct for the Paris–Mulhouse line, the commune of Le Perreux sur Marne is born after a fight of more than 10 years in 1887. On 28 February 1887, more than half of the territory of Nogent-sur-Marne was detached and became the commune of Le Perreux-sur-Marne.

In 1929, the commune of Nogent-sur-Marne lost a small part of its territory when the city of Paris annexed the Bois de Vincennes, the eastern fringe of which belonged to Nogent-sur-Marne.

Railway bridge of Nogent-sur-Marne
Nogent-sur-Marne, Leclerc square
Railway bridge of Nogent-sur-Marne

International relations[edit]

Twin towns – Sister cities[edit]

Nogent-sur-Marne is twinned with:

Transport[edit]

  • Autoroute F.svg Autoroutes:
    • A 4 (Paris ↔ East of France, forms part of E 25 and E 50)
    • A 86 (Paris Super-Périphérique)
      • both at Sinnbild Autobahnausfahrt.svg 03 - Sinnbild Autobahnkreuz.svg A4–A86 Junction, Nogent-sur-Marne
  • by boat, by Marne, from Paris.

Personalities[edit]

Births[edit]

Former mayors[edit]

  • Antoine Louis René Prosper Bauyn de Perreuse (1834–68)
  • Émile Brisson (1907–19)
  • Pierre Champion (1919–42)
  • Roland Nungesser (1959–95)
  • Estelle Debæker (1995–2001)

Painters of Nogent-sur-Marne[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Association Suisse des Communes et Régions d’Europe". L'Association suisse pour le Conseil des Communes et Régions d'Europe (ASCCRE) (in French). Retrieved 2013-07-20. 

External links[edit]