Noi Bai International Airport
|Nội Bài International Airport
Sân bay Quốc tế Nội Bài
Noi Bai International Airport
|Operator||Airports Corporation of Vietnam (ACV)|
|Hub for||VietJet Air
|Elevation AMSL||39 ft / 12 m|
Nội Bài International Airport (IATA: HAN, ICAO: VVNB) (Vietnamese: Sân bay Quốc tế Nội Bài) in Hanoi, the capital of Vietnam, is the largest airport in the north of the country. It is the main airport serving Hanoi, replacing the role of Gia Lam Airport.
The airport is located in Phu Minh Commune in Soc Son District, about 30 kilometres (19 miles) northeast of downtown Hanoi. The distance will be shortened by 15 km when the new Nhật Tân Bridge is completed in 2014. It can also be reached by National Road 3, which connects it with the eastern suburbs of the city. The airport is also close to some satellite cities of Hanoi such as Vinh Yen, Bac Ninh and Thai Nguyen.
The airport is severely congested with a capacity of 9 million passengers yet serving a total of 15.2 million in 2013. This will be solved after the opening of the new International Terminal (Terminal 2) at the end of 2014. It will provide space for an additional 10 million passengers, increasing total capacity to 19 million per year. 
The airport opened on 2 January 1978 and the existing terminal building was completed and operational in 2001.
In 2005 Tiger Airways started thrice-weekly flights between Hanoi and Singapore after launching direct flights between Hồ Chí Minh City and Singapore becoming the first budget airline to operate in Vietnam. It was later joined by low-cost carrier AirAsia when they launched direct flights between Hanoi and Bangkok and Kuala Lumpur.
The second runway (1B – 11R/29L) opened in 2006 and the following year the airport hosted an Airbus A380 for the first time, although no scheduled A380 services are operated from the airport. 2013 saw the first arrival of a Cargolux Boeing 747-8F. In 2014 Nội Bài received its first scheduled service from the newest generation of aircraft when All Nippon Airways started using a Boeing 787-8 on services between Hanoi and Tokyo.
2015 will see the launch of the first direct flights linking Hanoi and North America which is home to a large population of Vietnamese. The routes will also link the Boeing assembly plants in Vietnam with the company's headquarters.
Terminals and Facilities
At 650 hectares, Noi Bai is the second-largest airport in Vietnam, behind the 800 hectare Tan Son Nhat International Airport. Terminal 1, has one main section for international flights and a new terminal extension (denoted Lobby E) for domestic flights, which was completed in early 2014.
In March 2012 the construction of a new terminal (Terminal 2) next to the existing one with a designed capacity of 16 million passengers per annum started. The 996m long new terminal, funded by a Japan International Cooperation Agency ODA loan was designed by Japan Airport Consultants and is being built by Taisei Corporation. It is expected to be put into operation early 2015 together with a new freeway connection the airport to downtown Hanoi.
The airport has a 3,800-meter paved runway (CAT II – 11R/29L) which opened in August 2006 and an older 3,200-meter paved runway (CAT I – 11L/29R). The older runway is closed for upgrades for 4 months from August to December 2014. The distance between the two runways is only 250 metres, so the airport currently restricts the maximum passenger capacity in accordance with International Civil Aviation Organisation safety regulations.
Airlines and Destinations
As of August 2014, the following destinations were served from Hanoi:
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Noi Bai International Airport.|
- Terminal 2 at Ha Noi Airport to open on Dec 31 2014
- "A new international airport for the North?" on Ha Noi Moi News online, 11 February 2007 [dead link]
- "Jeju Air Adds New International Routes in Dec 2014". Airline Route. 29 September 2014. Retrieved 29 September 2014.
- "Vietnam Airlines to Start Tokyo Haneda Service from July 2014". Airline Route. 25 February 2014. Retrieved 25 February 2014.
- Finnair exits freighter market
- QR Cargo to HAN
- Airport information for VVNB at World Aero Data. Data current as of October 2006.