Noise-equivalent flux density
In optics the noise-equivalent flux density (NEFD) or noise-equivalent irradiance (NEI) of a system is the level of flux density required to be equivalent to the noise present in the system. It is a measure used by astronomers in determining the accuracy of observations.
The NEFD can be related to a light detector's Noise-Equivalent Power for a collection area A and a photon bandwidth by:
, where a factor (often 2, in the case of switching between measuring a source and measuring off-source) accounts for the photon statistics for the mode of operation.
- Malacara, Daniel (1988). Physical Optics and Light Measurements. Academic Press. p. 247. ISBN 9780124759718.
- Benford, D. J.; Hunter, T. R.; Phillips, T. G. (1998). "Noise Equivalent Power of Background Limited Thermal Detectors at Submillimeter Wavelengths". International Journal of Infrared and Millimeter Waves 19 (7): 931. doi:10.1023/A:1022671223858.
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