Noja is a municipality of the autonomous community of Cantabria (Spain), placed in Trasmiera's region. It borders in the northern part on the Cantabrian sea, in the western part and south on Arnuero, in the southern part on Argoños and in the eastern part on Santoña. Noja is to 25 minutes in car of Santander and to 60 minutes of Bilbao, approximately. Noja's municipality is not organized in localities but in several neighborhoods, being a headquarters of the council the neighborhood of Palace.
The toponym Noja comes from a form Noega, from origin protoindoeuropeo or even previous, that also is for example in the name of the Galician municipality of Nonalready. The meaning is dark, but it might be related to the Celt *nouika, 'new', with what the toponym would do allusion to a recent foundation, in a way similar to many populations called "Villanueva"
Noja belonged from the 9th century until 1834 to the Meeting of Seven Villas, one of five meetings that were composing the Merindad de Trasmiera. On the other hand, a prominent fact of the local history is that in 1644 Noja the title of villa received of Philip IV, which allowed him to be independent from the above mentioned meeting and qualified to name his own mayors. From ends of the 19th century Noja it is recognized as tourist destination. At present, the population in the summer epoch can come to 60.000 inhabitants thanks to the visitors come principally from the Basque Country, La Rioja, Madrid, and Castile and León. One of the big problems of the zone is the lack of infrastructure to attend to so many population concentrated in the summer epoch.
Four are the goods of cultural interest of this municipality, all with category of monument:
- Tower of the Velasco.
- A house for Obdulia Bonifaz (Palace of the Marquess of Albaicin).
- A house of Zilla's.
- Victoria's mill, in Victoria's marsh, which served to generate energy with the waters of the marshes.
In addition, they are inventoried goods:
- Assas's mansion
- A detached house for don Manuel Morales.
- House - palace of Vein, where there lived Francisco of Vein Cabanzo, constructed in the 17th century.
- Hermitage of San Juan.
- Hermitage of Saint Nicholas.
- San's Pedro hermitage.
As for natural resources, the marshes of Small jewel and Victory, placed each one to an end of the municipality, are a great attraction as natural reservation and certainly for the birds, which also end up at Santoña's marshes at his migrations.
Noja's municipality is constituted by an alone locality of the same name, which in turn is divided in diverse neighborhoods, which are the following ones:
- The Arch.
- The Sudden one.
- The Rattan.
3,3 % of the population of the municipality devotes himself to the primary sector, 33 % to the construction, 11,5 % to the industry and 52,2 % to the tertiary sector. In the municipality the rate of activity is 51,7 % and the rate is of unemployment is 17 %, whereas the average in Cantabria is concerning 52,5 % and 14,2 % respectively. The sector predominates therefore over services.
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