Nokia X platform
|Company / developer||Android Open Source Project (AOSP) code: Google
Modifications: Microsoft Mobile (formerly Nokia)
|Written in||C (core), C++, Java (UI)|
|Source model||Proprietary software based on open source Android and in all devices with proprietary components|
|Latest release||Nokia X software platform 2.0|
|Supported platforms||32-bit ARM|
|Kernel type||Monolithic (modified Linux kernel)|
|Userland||Bionic libc, mksh shell, native core utilities with a few from NetBSD|
|Default user interface||Graphical (Multi-touch)|
|License||Proprietary EULA; based on Apache License 2.0
Modified Linux kernel under GNU GPL v2
The Nokia X platform is a Linux-based mobile operating system and software platform originally developed by Nokia, and now by Microsoft Mobile. It is forked from Android. It is the system used on all the devices of the Nokia X family.
The Nokia X software platform is based on Android Open Source Project (AOSP) and the Linux kernel. Nokia have combined Android apps with Nokia experiences (such as HERE Maps, Nokia Xpress and MixRadio) and Microsoft services (such as Skype and Outlook). Nokia officially described the software as bringing "the best of all worlds". It also encompasses features from the Asha platform, such as the Fastlane. The user interface mimics that of Windows Phone, which powers Nokia's Lumia smartphones. The OS has been heavily compared to Amazon.com's Fire OS, which is also based on AOSP.
Google's applications have been replaced by Nokia's and Microsoft's. Although the Google Play store is not included, with Nokia offering apps from their own Nokia Store, Nokia has confirmed that 75% of Android apps are currently compatible. Nokia has also noted that developers can port the remaining missing apps in a matter of hours.
On July 17, 2014, Microsoft announced that future Nokia X phones would use Windows Phone and not Android, becoming low cost Lumia phones. This would mean the end of Nokia X Platform only a few months after its introduction.
A SDK is available for the platform, and includes an emulator based on the Android emulator.
Nokia is discouraging developers from using Windows Phone design patterns and encouraging Android design guidelines on the Nokia X.
|Version||Release date||Based on AOSP (Android) version||Notes|
|1.0||2014-02-24||API Level 16 (4.1.2 Jelly Bean)||
|1.1.1||2014-03-25||API Level 16 (4.1.2 Jelly Bean)||
|184.108.40.206||2014-05-10||API Level 16 (4.1.2 Jelly Bean)||
|2.0||2014-06-24||API Level 18 (4.3 Jelly Bean)||
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- "Google’s iron grip on Android: Controlling open source by any means necessary". Ars Technica. Retrieved 2013-12-08.
- "Licenses". Android Open Source Project. Open Handset Alliance. Retrieved 9 September 2012. "The preferred license for the Android Open Source Project is the Apache Software License, 2.0. ... Why Apache Software License? ... For userspace (that is, non-kernel) software, we do in fact prefer ASL2.0 (and similar licenses like BSD, MIT, etc.) over other licenses such as LGPL. Android is about freedom and choice. The purpose of Android is promote openness in the mobile world, but we don't believe it's possible to predict or dictate all the uses to which people will want to put our software. So, while we encourage everyone to make devices that are open and modifiable, we don't believe it is our place to force them to do so. Using LGPL libraries would often force them to do so."
- Nokia X Platform Overview | Nokia Developer
- Foley, Mary Jo (2014-02-24). "Why Microsoft may keep, not kill, Nokia's new Android phones". zdnet. Retrieved 2014-03-05.
- UX checklist - Nokia X Design Guidelines