Nolanville, Texas

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Nolanville, Texas
City
Motto: A Great Place to Live
Location of Nolanville, Texas
Location of Nolanville, Texas
Bell Nolanville.svg
Coordinates: 31°4′44″N 97°36′30″W / 31.07889°N 97.60833°W / 31.07889; -97.60833Coordinates: 31°4′44″N 97°36′30″W / 31.07889°N 97.60833°W / 31.07889; -97.60833
Country United States
State Texas
County Bell
Area
 • Total 3.47 sq mi (8.98 km2)
 • Land 3.45 sq mi (8.94 km2)
 • Water 0.02 sq mi (0.05 km2)
Elevation 709 ft (216 m)
Population (2010)
 • Total 4,259
 • Density 1,234/sq mi (476.6/km2)
Time zone Central (CST) (UTC-6)
 • Summer (DST) CDT (UTC-5)
ZIP code 76559
Area code(s) 254
FIPS code 48-51708[1]
GNIS feature ID 1363958[2]
Website ci.nolanville.tx.us

Nolanville is a city in Bell County, Texas, United States. The population was 4,259 at the 2010 census.[3] It is part of the KilleenTempleFort Hood Metropolitan Statistical Area.

History[edit]

Nolanville reached its peak as a town between 1890 and 1900 when it went into a holding pattern. A weekly newspaper, the Item, was started by 1896. The first telephone service in Nolanville was started, using barbed wire for lines. There were two lines, a south and a north, with Nolan Creek serving as the dividing line. Nolanville School, one of the larger rural schools in the county in the early twentieth century, had ninety pupils in 1903. The first automobile appeared between 1900 and 1910. It was the automobile that caused Nolanville businesses to decline because it made the trip to Belton or Killeen so much shorter.

In 1921 a new two-story brick school was built, and in 1938 the original part of the present school plant was built. By the mid-1940s the community had 150 to 200 residents, but began to decline after the end of World War II. After dropping to fifty inhabitants in the 1950s, the town began to revive in the 1960s and had 200 residents and six businesses when it incorporated on March 27, 1961. By the late 1960s Nolanville was caught up in the expansion of the Killeen-Fort Hood area, and, as a suburban community, its population shot up to 740 in 1968.

Nolanville Common School District #50 ceased to exist in the spring of 1972. At that time it was annexed to the Killeen Independent School District by the Bell County Board of School Trustees. This action was requested by the Nolanville Board of School Trustees. The Nolanville Common School District was one of only three remaining common school districts in Bell County at that time. It was also uncommon for a school to consolidate because its enrollment and academic needs were greater than its capacity rather than because enrollment had dropped.

Nolanville enjoyed brief notoriety after a 1970s 60 Minutes exposed creative law enforcement practices. These practices continue to the current day, just not nearly as blatant. "Some people said the town is still shaking off its reputation for a “speed trap” town it garnered in the 1970s and 1980s. Reportedly, the CBS news show “60 Minutes” did a feature on Nolanville’s speed trap, which grew notorious for filling the town’s coffers with speed-ticket money." Speed traps and ambushes, no longer on Hwy 190, still appear to generate much needed revenue for the non-descript little town. At one point during the 1970s, because of its reputation, the commanding general of Fort Hood declared Nolanville off-limits to all military personnel. Maps of routes around Nolanville were posted in all company offices. While no longer off limits officially, nearby residents and military alike avoid the town.

By 1974, Nolanville's population was 1,050. It had grown to 1,834 in 1990 and 2,150 in 2000, then jumped to 4,259 as of the 2010 census.

Geography[edit]

Nolanville is located in west-central Bell County at 31°4′44″N 97°36′30″W / 31.07889°N 97.60833°W / 31.07889; -97.60833 (31.079004, -97.608278).[4] It is bordered by the city of Harker Heights on the south and west. U.S. Highway 190, a four-lane freeway, passes through Nolanville, leading east 8 miles (13 km) to Interstate 35 in Belton and west 13 miles (21 km) to the entrance to Fort Hood at the western edge of Killeen.

According to the United States Census Bureau, the city of Nolanville has a total area of 3.5 square miles (9.0 km2), of which 0.019 square miles (0.05 km2), or 0.51%, is water.[3]

Climate[edit]

The climate in this area is characterized by hot, humid summers and generally mild to cool winters. According to the Köppen Climate Classification system, Nolanville has a humid subtropical climate, abbreviated "Cfa" on climate maps.[5]

Demographics[edit]

Historical population
Census Pop.
1970 902
1980 1,308 45.0%
1990 1,834 40.2%
2000 2,150 17.2%
2010 4,259 98.1%
Est. 2013 4,463 4.8%
U.S. Decennial Census[6]
2013 Estimate[7]


As of the census[1] of 2000, there were 2,150 people, 781 households, and 582 families residing in the city. The population density was 850.0 people per square mile (328.1/km²). There were 907 housing units at an average density of 358.6/sq mi (138.4/km²). The racial makeup of the city was 78.74% White, 7.77% African American, 1.30% Native American, 1.16% Asian, 0.19% Pacific Islander, 7.26% from other races, and 3.58% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 17.40% of the population.

There were 781 households out of which 43.5% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 57.2% were married couples living together, 12.7% had a female householder with no husband present, and 25.4% were non-families. 20.6% of all households were made up of individuals and 5.1% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.75 and the average family size was 3.16.

In the city the population was spread out with 31.3% under the age of 18, 10.7% from 18 to 24, 33.8% from 25 to 44, 18.0% from 45 to 64, and 6.3% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 29 years. For every 100 females there were 101.5 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 99.2 males.

The median income for a household in the city was $36,140, and the median income for a family was $38,045. Males had a median income of $26,490 versus $21,970 for females. The per capita income for the city was $14,163. About 9.9% of families and 12.3% of the population were below the poverty line, including 16.5% of those under age 18 and 11.9% of those age 65 or over.

Education[edit]

Nolanville is served by the Killeen Independent School District.

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 
  2. ^ "US Board on Geographic Names". United States Geological Survey. 2007-10-25. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 
  3. ^ a b "Geographic Identifiers: 2010 Demographic Profile Data (G001): Nolanville city, Texas". U.S. Census Bureau, American Factfinder. Retrieved April 10, 2014. 
  4. ^ "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. Retrieved 2011-04-23. 
  5. ^ Climate Summary for Nolanville, Texas
  6. ^ "U.S. Decennial Census". Census.gov. Retrieved June 10, 2014. 
  7. ^ "State & County QuickFacts". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved December 8, 2013. 

Sources[edit]

  • Killeen Daily Herald, Newcomers Guide © 1997-2000
  • Bell County Revisited ©1976, Bowmer, Temple Jaycees
  • Story of Bell County ©1988, Bell County Historical Commission, Eakin Press

External links[edit]