Nomarchs were the semi-feudal rulers of Ancient Egyptian provinces. Serving as provincial governors, they each held authority over one of the 42 nomes (Egyptian: sepat) into which the country was divided. Nome is derived from the Greek nomos, meaning a province or district, and nomarch is derived from the Greek title nomarches (νομάρχης), the ruler of a nomos. The nomarchs exercised considerable power.
The title was also in use in modern Greece for the heads of the prefectures of Greece, which were also titled nomos (pl. νομοί, nomoi; νομαρχία, nomarchia also being used to refer to the area under a nomarch's purview).
- Nicolas Grimal, A History of Ancient Egypt, Blackwell Books: 1992, pp.142 & 400
- The European Union and the regions By James Barry Jones, Michael Keating Page 253 ISBN 0-19-827999-X, 1995