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Nomination is part of the process of selecting a candidate for either election to an office, or the bestowing of an honor or award. A collection of nominees narrowed from the full list of candidates is a short list.
In the context of elections for public office, a candidate who has been selected by a political party is said to be the party's nominee. The selection is typically accomplished either based on one or more primary elections or by means of a political party convention or caucus, according to the rules of the party and any applicable election laws.
In some jurisdictions the nominee of a recognized political party is entitled to appear on the general election ballot paper. Candidates who are unaffiliated with any political party are typically required to submit a nominating petition in order to gain ballot access. In others all candidates have to meet nomination rules criteria to stand.
A number of awards are given to the prefered candidate among those nominated. The rules for selecting people for nomination varies and depends on the award.
For some prizes, being nominated is considered an honour. In 2015 there are 273 candidates nominated for the Nobel peace prize, while 9000 are nominated for the more satirical Ig Nobel prizes every year.
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