Non-aggression pact

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For the music band, see Non-aggression Pact (band).

A non-aggression pact is a national treaty between two or more states/countries agreeing to avoid war or armed conflict between them and resolve their disputes through peaceful negotiations. Sometimes[when?] such a pact may include a pledge of avoiding armed conflict even if participants find themselves fighting third countries, including allies of one of the participants.

It was a popular form of international agreement in the 1920s and 1930s, but has largely fallen out of use after the Second World War. Since the implementation of a non-aggression pact depends on the good faith of the parties, the international community following the Second World War adopted the norm of multilateral collective security agreements, such as the treaties establishing NATO, ANZUS, SEATO and Warsaw Pact.

The most famous non-aggression pact is the 1939 Molotov–Ribbentrop Pact between the Soviet Union and Nazi Germany, which lasted until the 1941 German invasion of the Soviet Union in Operation Barbarossa. Its fame partly derives from the fact of being labelled as a military alliance by anti-communists.

Examples of such pacts in history:

During negotiations between the United States and North Korea in 2003, North Korea offered to eventually eliminate its nuclear weapons program if both sides signed a non-aggression treaty (along with multiple other conditions). As of this date, however, a non-aggression treaty between the two has yet to be formulated.

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Notes[edit]

  1. ^ Text in League of Nations Treaty Series, vol. 108, pp. 188-199.
  2. ^ Text in League of Nations Treaty Series, vol. 157, pp. 372.
  3. ^ Text in League of Nations Treaty Series, vol. 148, pp. 114-127.
  4. ^ Text in League of Nations Treaty Series, vol. 131, pp. 298-307.
  5. ^ Text in League of Nations Treaty Series, vol. 148, pp. 320-329.
  6. ^ Text in League of Nations Treaty Series, vol. 165, p. 274.
  7. ^ Text in League of Nations Treaty Series, vol. 161, p. 230.
  8. ^ Text in League of Nations Treaty Series, vol. 197, p. 38.
  9. ^ Text in League of Nations Treaty Series, vol. 203, p. 422.