Non-alcoholic beverage

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Alcohol free beers produced yeast-free ensures 0.00% alcohol by volume

Alcohol free, or non-alcoholic beverages, are non-alcoholic versions of typically alcoholic beverages, such as beer and cocktails. These may take the form of a non-alcoholic mixed drink (a "virgin drink"), non-alcoholic beer ("near beer") and "mocktails", and are widely available where alcoholic beverages are sold. Beverages with labels that state the actual alcohol by volume help citizens from unknowingly becoming inebriated or drunk drivers.

Scientific definition[edit]

Alcohol free beverage[edit]

The Japanese brewery uses a yeast-free process to ensure their popular product Kirin Free has 0.00% alcohol by volume. Kirin Free was an instant hit in Japan, and the brewery is eager to see how U.S. consumers will respond, testing the beer in New York, California, Nevada and Arizona.

Low-alcoholic beverage[edit]

Sparkling cider but also sodas, and juices naturally contain trace amounts or no alcohol. Some fresh orange juices are above the UK 'alcohol free' limit of 0.05% abv, as are some yoghurts and rye bread.

Ethanol distillation are used to separate alcoholic beverages into what are advertised as non alcoholic beverages and spirits; Distilled wine produces low alcohol wine and Brandy (from brandywine, derived from Dutch brandewijn, "burning wine"),[1] distilled beer may be used to produce Low-alcohol beer and whisky.

However alcoholic beverages cannot be further purified to 0.00% alcohol by volume by distillation. In fact, most beverages labeled non-alcoholic contain 0.5% ABV as it is more profitable than distilling it to 0.05% ABV often found in products sold by companies specializing in non alcoholic beverages.

Ethical issues[edit]

Alcohol is legal in most countries of the world where a drinking culture exists. In countries where alcohol is illegal, similar non-alcoholic beverage are permitted. The definition of "alcohol-free" may vary from country to country. The term "non-alcoholic" (e.g., alcohol-free beer) is often used to describe a beverage that contains 0.0% ABV. Such beverages are permitted by Islam and are popular in countries that enforce alcohol prohibition, such as Saudi Arabia, Kuwait, and Iran.

However, most beverages advertised as "non-alcoholic" or "alcohol free" sold by countries with zero tolerance with state-run liquor monopoly, actually contain alcohol. Finland has a quite high ABV regulation for non alcoholic beverages that are classified as alcoholic beverage by most other countries.

non-alcoholic beverage means a beverage which contains a maximum of 2.8 percentage by volume ethyl alcohol

—THE ALCOHOL ACT, Chapter 1, Section 3 (4.1.2001/1), paragraph 3[2]

In the European Union, the labels of beverages containing only more than 1.2% ABV must state the actual alcoholic strength (i.e., show the word "alcohol" or the abbreviation "alc." followed by the symbol "% vol.").[3]

Alcohol is a psychoactive drug and some people say that these labels are misleading and are a threat to recovering alcoholics.[4]

Controversial products[edit]

Legal definitions[edit]

EU[edit]

In the European Union, the labels of beverages containing more than 1.2% ABV must state the actual alcoholic strength (i.e., show the word "alcohol" or the abbreviation "alc." followed by the symbol "% vol.").[3]

Denmark[edit]

The government of Denmark have decided to change the alcohol free legal definition from 0.1% alcohol by volume to 0.5%.[5]

Finland[edit]

non-alcoholic beverage means a beverage which contains a maximum of 2.8 percentage by volume ethyl alcohol

—THE ALCOHOL ACT, Chapter 1, Section 3 (4.1.2001/1), paragraph 3[2]

Italy[edit]

non-alcoholic beer, termed as “birra analcolica” are regulated as equal to or less than 1.2% ABV[6]

Sweden[edit]

Systembolaget defines alcohol-free as a beverage that contains no more than 0.5% alcohol by volume.[7]

UK[edit]

Alcohol-free De-alcoholised are defined as 0.05% alcohol or less.[8]

Norway[edit]

Alcohol free beverage defines as under 0.7 alcohol by volume.[9]

US[edit]

A malt beverage (American term) that contains less than 0.5% alcohol by volume does not have to have to get labeled.

(e) Non-alcoholic. The term “non-alcoholic” may be used on malt beverages, provided the statement “contains less than 0.5 percent (or .5%) alcohol by volume” appears in direct conjunction with it, in readily legible printing and on a completely contrasting background. (f) Alcohol free. The term “alcohol free” may be used only on malt beverages containing no alcohol.

—Electronic Code of Federal Regulations, PART 7—LABELING AND ADVERTISING OF MALT BEVERAGES, Subpart H §7.71 Alcoholic content[10]

References[edit]