Non-human electoral candidates

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Non-human electoral candidates have been found in a number of countries. Often, the candidacies are a means of casting a protest vote or satirizing the political system. Other times, it is simply done for the entertainment value.

Electoral regulations may explicitly require candidates to be human (or equivalent wording), or may require candidates to do things which animals cannot reasonably do (such as sign their name legibly on a legal form). On some occasions, however, animals have been accepted as candidates, and have even won office.


Folklore and pop culture[edit]

The notion of animals being elected to office have often been the subject of parody and folklore. In 1972, American singer Tom T. Hall had a hit with a recording entitled "The Monkey That Became President" which considered a scenario in which said animal was elected to office. Thomas Love Peacock's 1817 novel Melincourt featured an orangutan as a parliamentary candidate.

The Black Mirror episode The Waldo Moment explores the concept of a cartoon character electoral candidate.

Welcome to Night Vale features Hiram McDaniels as a mayoral candidate. Hiram McDaniels is a five-headed dragon who cares.

See also[edit]


  1. ^ "Boston Curtis." Time Magazine. Published 26 Sept. 1938. Accessed 11 January 2008.
  2. ^ Boston Curtis
  3. ^ Cacareco
  4. ^ Snopes: Political Podiatry
  5. ^ Garnick, Darren. "Hillary Cried Here: An Unconventional Tourist Guide to the N.H. Primary". Tourist Guide to the N.H. Primary. The Atlantic. Retrieved 10 January 2014. 
  6. ^ Vanderbilt Television News Archive
  7. ^ "Bay Area's First Canine Mayor Memorialized". NBC Bay Area (San Jose, California: NBCUniversal). 17 December 2008. Retrieved 27 October 2013. 
  8. ^ Novel Resource Guide and Literary Analysis
  9. ^ Tião's home page
  10. ^ Tião's 31st birthday, O Estado de S. Paulo, 1994-01-16
  11. ^ Rio Zoo completes 60 years, O Estado de S. Paulo, 2005-03-18
  12. ^ Yan, Holly (July 17, 2012). "Mayor of Alaska village walks on four paws". CNN. Retrieved July 17, 2012. 
  13. ^ Plant candidate
  14. ^ Molly the dog
  15. ^ "A hen in the White House? Just the ticket - LA Daily News". Retrieved 2013-06-21. 
  16. ^ Benjamin R. Freed (2012-11-09). "Hank the Cat Claws His Way to Third Place in Virginia Senate Race". DCist. Retrieved 2013-06-21. 
  17. ^ "Tuxedo Stan, cat, running for mayor of Halifax (video)". Vancouver Sun. Retrieved 15 December 2012. 
  18. ^ "Anderson Cooper endorses Tuxedo Stan for mayor". CTV News. Retrieved 15 December 2012. 
  19. ^ Strapagiel, Lauren (20 June 2013). "Morris the cat joins long legacy of cuddly politicians". Retrieved 21 June 2013. 
  20. ^ "Fire Hydrant the Politician". Retrieved 2014-01-31. 
  21. ^ "Last Words: In which we nitpick the AMS elections". The Ubyssey. 2013-01-16. Retrieved 2014-01-31.