“A loan is nonperforming when payments of interest and principal are past due by 90 days or more, or at least 90 days of interest payments have been capitalized, refinanced or delayed by agreement, or payments are less than 90 days overdue, but there are other good reasons to doubt that payments will be made in full” (International Monetary Fund).
By bank regulatory definition non-performing loans consist of:
- other real estate owned which is taken by foreclosure or a deed in lieu of foreclosure,
- loans that are 90 days or more past due and still accruing interest, and
- loans which have been placed on nonaccrual (i.e., loans for which interest is no longer accrued and posted to the income statement).
In India, non-performing loans are usually the loans given to the agricultural sector where the farmers can't pay back the loan or the interest amount due to lack of rain due to which they don't have any crops to sell, due to floods etc.
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