Non-photo blue

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Non-Photo BlueHow to read this color infobox
About these coordinates     Colour coordinates
Hex triplet #A4DDED
sRGBB  (rgb) (164, 221, 237)
HSV       (h, s, v) (193°, 67%, 79%)
Source [Unsourced]
B: Normalized to [0–255] (byte)

Non-photo blue (or non-repro blue) is a common tool used in the graphic design and print industry.[1][2]

Function[edit]

Non-photo blue is a particular shade of blue that can not be detected by graphic arts cameras. This allows layout editors to write notes to the printer on the print flat (the image that is to be photographed and sent to print) which will not show in the final form. As well as this, it allows artists to lay down sketch lines without the need to erase after inking.

(1) Colour copy of non-photo blue pencil. (2) Colour copy of blue pen. (3) Grayscale copy of non-photo blue pencil. (4) Grayscale copy of blue pen.

Change in function[edit]

As of late, with digital scanning and image manipulation, non-photo blue fulfils its function in a different way. The artist can do their sketch and inking in the traditional method and scan the page. Most scanners will detect the light blue lines. However, shifting to greyscale and increasing the contrast and brightness will cause the blue to disappear. Another common approach involves replacing the blue channel with another channel – typically the red channel. The exact processes may differ depending on the scanner, settings and image-editing software, but the concept remains the same.

Black ink[edit]

The difference between the non-photo blue and black ink is vast enough that digital image manipulation can separate the two easily. If a black-and-white bitmap setting is scanned in, the exposure or threshold number can be set high enough to detect the black ink or dark images being scanned, but low enough to leave out the non-photo blue. On a threshold scale of 0–255, this number would be approximately 140. Only with a considerably high threshold setting will the blue be detected; this however may greatly distort black lines and add a lot of noise and black speckles, making the image potentially almost unrecognizable. Scanning in black-and-white makes it possible for the non-photo blue still to serve its original purpose, as notes and rough sketching lines can be placed throughout the image being scanned and remain undetected by the scan head.

There is no known colour within the Pantone Matching System that matches non-photo blue.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Colleen Doran (8 November 2007). Manga Pro Superstar Workshop: How to Create and Sell Comics and Graphic Novels. IMPACT. pp. 14–. ISBN 978-1-58180-985-5. Retrieved 2 January 2013. 
  2. ^ Freddie E Williams II (1 September 2009). The DC Comics Guide to Digitally Drawing Comics. Random House Digital, Inc. pp. 52–. ISBN 978-0-8230-9923-8. Retrieved 2 January 2013.