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In Canada, a Non-Status Indian is a legal term referring to any First Nations individual who for whatever reason is not registered with the Federal government, and/or is not registered to a band which signed a Treaty with the Crown.
For several decades, Canadian First Nations women automatically became non-status if they married non-First Nations men.
Prior to 1955, a status Indian may lose their status and become non-status through enfranchisement (voluntarily giving up status, usually for a minimal cash payment), by obtaining a college degree or becoming an ordained minister.
The 2013 Federal Court case Daniels v. Canada established that non-Status Indians (and Métis) have the same Aboriginal rights as status people, in that they are encompassed in the 1867 constitution's language about "Indians".
However, the 2014 Federal Court of Appeal decision "Canada v Daniels" overturned that verdict.
- Pemberton, Kim (January 8, 2013). "Court decision ends ambiguity for non-status Indians and Metis, now officially 'Indians'". Vancouver Sun.
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