Non-stop flight

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A non-stop flight, especially in the aviation industry, is a flight by an aircraft with no intermediate stops.

Ultra long-haul non-stop flights[edit]

An ultra long-haul non-stop flight is a flight by a commercially operated airliner with:

  • No scheduled intermediate stop of any kind
  • A route length over 7,500 miles (12,100 km)

These flights usually follow a great circle route, often passing over polar regions. As of February 2014, the longest non-stop scheduled airline flight only operates non-stop in one direction—from Australia to North America—and the return flight has a scheduled intermediate stop for refueling. However, this is the only ultra long-haul flight to operate as such, with all others being non-stop in both directions.

Time determinants[edit]

Along with the chosen cruising air speed, the time taken by a flight depends mainly on:

  • The speed and direction of the winds at flight level, which can result in a tailwind, headwind and crosswind at various points of the flight
  • ATC route

Flights crossing the middle latitudes often encounter the jet stream, which typically flows in a general eastward direction. As a result, flights traveling from west to east often experience a tailwind and have flight times that are considerably shorter than for flights traveling from east to west, which experience a headwind. Flight schedules account for this effect in an average sense, but when the jet stream is stronger or weaker than normal, or takes an unusual direction, large differences can occur from scheduled flight times.

Records[edit]

In August 1967, Aerolineas Argentinas established their non-stop "Plus Ultra" service between Madrid and Buenos Aires.[1] With a flight time of 12 h, the Boeing 707-based service[2] was the longest-ever scheduled flight (by distance) until the Boeing 747SP entered service in 1976. Iran Air began its scheduled non-stop service between New York and Tehran using its newly acquired long-range Boeing 747SPs, completing the eastward journey in 11 h 15 min. Although the airline planned a non-stop TehranLos Angeles flight, it never materialized due to the 1979 Iranian Revolution. The flight would have made a leap in the time and distance records (12,222 km – 7,595 mi). The Tehran–New York flight was suspended in November 1979.

In April 1976 Pan Am set a new record for longest non-stop scheduled flight with its New York–Tokyo route (10,854 km – 6,745 mi). In December the airline set another record with SydneySan Francisco, covering 11,937 km (7,417 mi). Both routes were flown by Boeing 747SP aircraft.

In May 1988 the El Al began its long-haul passenger flight from Tel Aviv to Los Angeles, completing its journey in 13 h 41 min (12,189 km – 7,574 mi).

In modern day aviation, on August 1989, a Qantas Boeing 747-400 set a record for flying non-stop between Sydney and London at a distance of 18,001 km (11,185 mi). However, this is only a delivery flight. This is followed more recently by Singapore Airlines introduced ultra long-haul flights on 3 February 2004 to Los Angeles, and on 28 June 2004[3] to Newark from Singapore Changi Airport (Flight SIA 22). These two flights held the record for the longest commercial passenger non-stop flights in the world based on both time and distance, until both routes were cancelled on October and November of 2013, respectively. The route from New York City (JFK or Newark) to Hong Kong is the longest non-stop route in the world to be served by more than one airline (three daily non-stop and one via Vancouver by Cathay Pacific[4] and 1 daily by United Airlines). The routes served between Los Angeles and Sydney have the maximum number of airlines operating non-stop flights in the ultra-long-haul category. (4 Airlines—Delta Air Lines, Qantas, Virgin Australia and United Airlines) In terms of flight frequency, Emirates tops the list of ultra-long-haul flight operators, Six flights operating from its Dubai base to Dallas/Fort Worth, Houston, Los Angeles, São Paulo, San Francisco, and Seattle.

On 9 November 2005 a Boeing 777-200LR, dubbed the Worldliner, completed the world's longest non-stop passenger flight. It traveled 13,423 mi (21,602 km) eastward, as opposed to a normal westward routing for that sector, which is much shorter at 9,647 km, from Hong Kong to London, in roughly 22 h 22 min.[5] Aboard the 777-200LR were eight pilots including Suzanna Darcy-Henneman, Boeing's first female test pilot. Although the airplane seats 301, there were only 27 passengers aboard this flight. There were two Boeing executives; several Boeing 777 engineers; representatives from General Electric; and a dozen journalists from around the world. The aircraft belonged to PIA, Commander Asif Reza, senior vice president flight operations PIA, was in command and assisted by Captain Mohammed Ilyas Malik, designated as check pilot Boeing 777 in PIA, to fly the aircraft as Boeing's "Launch Customer", pending delivery of this very first plane to PIA, registered in Pakistan AP-BGY.[6]

Focke-Wulf FW 200 B Condor of Deutsche Luft Hansa (model).

This was not, however, the record for longest time aloft for an airliner. This debatable record is claimed either by the 1939 Berlin–New York non-stop flight of a reciprocal piston powered Focke-Wulf Fw 200 built for Deutsche Lufthansa (flight time 24 h 56 min) or by a Trans World Airlines Lockheed L-1649 Starliner on the inaugural London–San Francisco polar route on 1–2 October 1957 (flight time 23 h 19 min). The L-1649A was the last of the Constellation series, and the ultimate piston-engine airliner in terms of range and endurance.[7] However, from 1943 to 1945 Qantas operated a weekly return flight from Western Australia to Sri Lanka with flight times 28–33 h. This was called The Double Sunrise service. The aircraft used was the Consolidated PBY Catalina.

Longest flights[edit]

The following table lists the world's longest non-stop scheduled passenger routes in distance order. City pairs may be served using different routings on the return journey, which may therefore involve different route length and journey times. Weather conditions, particularly the direction of jet streams, also have a significant impact on the time needed to complete the journey. For example, Singapore Airline's flight 21 from Newark to Singapore follows a 15,753 km great circle route within 70 nautical miles (130 km) of the Geographic North Pole, while its return flight, flight 22, is a 16,600 km route via Asia and Alaska.[citation needed] The Singapore to Los Angeles route on Singapore Airlines is scheduled for 16 h 30 min in summer (15 July 2009) and 15 h 35 min in winter (15 January 2010). On the return trip, the flight is scheduled for 17 h 20 min in summer (15 July 2009) and 18 h 5 min in winter (15 January 2010).

Because Europe is at the centre of the land hemisphere, the distances from Europe to the largest cities in North/South America, Africa and Asia are shorter than the flights below. The distance from Europe to Australia and New Zealand is longer than the flights on the list, but there are no non-stop flights between these continents at present. Currently, all of the top 16 flights departs from or arrives at one of nine cities in North America. Further, all but three of the top 30 have one terminus in North America.

Boeing is currently the dominant manufacturer in the ultra long-haul aircraft segment, with 25 of the 30 longest nonstop flights being operated by Boeing airliners such as the 777-300ER, 777-200LR and the 747-400ER.

Currently scheduled (top 30, by distance)[edit]

For the purposes of this table, multiple frequencies operated by the same airline between the same airports is counted as one flight, while different airlines operating between the same airports are counted separately. Also, each airport pair is counted separately, even though some cities have multiple airports supporting long-range flights (e.g. New York-Kennedy and Newark airports).

Rank
(Dist.)
From To Airline Flight
number
Distance
km (mi) [nm]
Scheduled
duration
Aircraft type First flight
1[8] Sydney Dallas/Fort Worth Qantas QF 7 13,804 (8,578) [7,454] 15 hr 25 min Boeing 747-400ER 16 May 2011[9][10]
2 Johannesburg Atlanta Delta Air Lines DL 201 13,582 (8,439) [7,334] 16 hr 40 min Boeing 777-200LR 3 June 2009[11]
3 Dubai Los Angeles Emirates EK 215 13,420 (8,339) [7,246] 16 hr 35 min Airbus A380-800 26 October 2008[12]
4 Jeddah Los Angeles Saudia SV 41 13,409 (8,332) [7,240] 16 hr 55 min Boeing 777-300ER 31 March 2014[13]
5 Dallas/Fort Worth Brisbane Qantas QF 8 13,363 (8,303) [7,215] 16 hr 05 min Boeing 747-400ER 16 May 2011[14]
6 Dubai Houston Emirates EK 211 13,144 (8,168) [7,097] 16 hr 20 min Boeing 777-300ER 3 December 2007[15]
7 Dubai San Francisco Emirates EK 225 13,041 (8,103) [7,041] 15 hr 50 min Boeing 777-300ER 15 December 2008[16]
8 New York Hong Kong Cathay Pacific CX 831
CX 841
CX 845[17]
12,990 (8,072) [7,014] 16 hr 00 min[18]
16 hr 15 min[19]
Boeing 777-300ER 1 July 2004[20]
9 Newark Hong Kong United Airlines UA 117 12,980 (8,065) [7,009] 16 hr 0 min Boeing 777-200ER 1 March 2001[21]
9 Newark Hong Kong Cathay Pacific CX 899 12,980 (8,065) [7,009] 15 hr 50 min Boeing 777-300ER 1 March 2014[22]
11 Doha Houston Qatar Airways QR 77 12,951 (8,047) [6,993] 16 hr 15 min Boeing 777-200LR 31 March 2009[23]
12 Dubai Dallas/Fort Worth Emirates EK 221 12,940 (8,040) [6.972] 16 hr 0 min Boeing 777-200LR 2 February 2012[24]
13 Johannesburg New York South African Airways SA 203 12,825 (7,969) [6,925] 16 hr 15 min Airbus A340-600 1 May 2011[25]
14 Los Angeles Melbourne Qantas QF 94 12,748 (7,921) [6,883] 15 hr 50 min[26] Airbus A380-800 31 October 1999[27]
14 Los Angeles Melbourne Virgin Australia VA 24 12,748 (7,921) [6,883] 15 hr 50 min Boeing 777-300ER 1 December 2009[28]
16 Toronto Hong Kong Cathay Pacific CX 825
CX 829
12,569 (7,810) [6,787] 15 hr 25 min[18]
15 hr 30 min[19]
Boeing 777-300ER 1 January 2008[29]
16 Toronto Hong Kong Air Canada AC 15 12,569 (7,810) [6,787] 15 hr 35 min Boeing 777-200LR 1 August 2004[30]
18 New York Taipei EVA Air BR 31 12,566 (7,808) [6,785] 15 hr 30 min[18]
16 hr 10 min[19]
Boeing 777-300ER 31 October 2011[31]
19 Mumbai Newark United Airlines UA 49 12,565 (7,807) [6,784] 16 hr 05 min Boeing 777-200ER 1 October 2007[32]
19 Mumbai Newark Air India AI 191 12,565 (7,807) [6,784] 16 hr 05 min Boeing 777-300ER 31 October 2010[32]
21 Chicago Hong Kong United Airlines UA 895 12,542 (7,793) [6,772] 15 hr 25 min Boeing 777-200ER 15 June 1996[33]
21 Chicago Hong Kong Cathay Pacific CX 807 12,542 (7,793) [6,772] 15 hr 25 min Boeing 777-300ER 1 September 2011[34]
23 Vancouver Sydney Air Canada AC 33
AC 35
12,484 (7,757) [6,741] 15 hr 40 min Boeing 777-200LR 14 December 2007[35]
24 Dubai Atlanta Delta Air Lines DL 7 12,230 (7,599) [6,604] 15 hr 45 min Boeing 777-200LR 1 June 2007[36]
25 Dubai São Paulo Emirates EK 261 12,217 (7,592) [6,597] 14 hr 55 min Boeing 777-300ER 1 October 2007[37]
26 Tel Aviv Los Angeles El Al LY 5 12,189 (7,556) [6,581] 15 hr 35 min Boeing 777-200ER 23 June 2006[38]
27 Abu Dhabi São Paulo Etihad EY 191 12,122 (7,532) (6,545) 15 hr 35 min Airbus A340-500 1 June 2013
28 Toronto Taipei EVA Air BR 35 12,099 (7,520) [6,533] 14 hr 45 min[18]
15 hr 30 min[19]
Boeing 777-300ER 29 March 2010[39]
29 Sydney Abu Dhabi Etihad EY 451
EY 455
12,057 (7,492) [6,510] 15 hr 00 min Airbus A340-600 26 March 2007[40]
29 Sydney Abu Dhabi Virgin Australia VA 29 12,057 (7,492) [6,510] 14 hr 35 min Boeing 777-300ER 24 February 2011

Discontinued[edit]

Route Airline Flight
number
Distance km (mi) [nm] Scheduled duration Aircraft Type Final flight
Newark to Singapore Singapore Airlines SQ 21 15,345 (9,535) [8,285] 18 hr 50 min Airbus A340-500 23 November 2013
Service began on 28 June 2004, at which point it was the longest non-stop commercial flight. Now stops in Frankfurt and through New York JFK instead[41][42]
Los Angeles to Singapore Singapore Airlines SQ 37 14,114 (8,770) [7,621] 18 hr 05 min Airbus A340-500 20 October 2013
(now operates via Tokyo)
New York to Bangkok Thai Airways International TG 793 13,963 (8,676) [7,539] 17 hr 00 min Airbus A340-500 1 July 2008[43]
Mumbai to Atlanta Delta Air Lines DL 185 13,695 (8,510) [7,395] 17 hr 00 min Boeing 777-200LR 23 October 2009[44]
Los Angeles to Bangkok Thai Airways International TG 795 13,309 (8,270) [7,186] 17 hr 20 min Airbus A340-500 30 April 2012
(now operates via Seoul)
Manila to Toronto Philippine Airlines PR 118 13,230 (8,221) [7,143] 16 hr 05 min Boeing 777-300ER 13 March 2013
(now operates via Vancouver)[45]
New York to Hong Kong United Airlines UA 821 12,990 (8,072) [7,014] 15 hr 40 min Boeing 747-400 30 August 2001
Service began on 1 April 2001, at which point it was the longest non-stop commercial flight.[46]
Washington, D.C. to Johannesburg South African Airways SA 208 12,813 (7,973) [6,929] 17 hr 00 min Airbus A340-600 30 April 2009
(now operates via Dakar)[47]
Detroit to Hong Kong Delta Air Lines DL 187 12,645 (7,857) [6,828] 15 hr 45 min Boeing 777-200LR 30 August 2012[48]
Taipei to Newark EVA Air BR 32 12,552 (7,677) [6,777] 14 hr 55 min Boeing 777-300ER 29 October 2011[31]
BR 32 currently designated on the Taipei-New York Flight.
Mumbai to New York Delta Air Lines DL 17 12,540 (7,790) [6,771] 16 hr 00 min Boeing 777-200LR 31 October 2008[49]
New York to Mumbai Air India AI 141 12,540 (7,790) [6,771] 16 hr 00 min Boeing 777-200LR 30 October 2010
(now operates via New Delhi)[50]
Minneapolis to Hong Kong Northwest Airlines NW 97
12,073 (7,501) [6,420] 15 hr 10 min Boeing 747-400 28 August 1998[51]
Delhi to Chicago American Airlines AA 293 12,044 (7,484) [6,503] 15 hr 55 min Boeing 777-200ER 28 February 2012[52]

Airlines and aircraft types for non-stop flights[edit]

The sections below gives two separate views. The first one lists all the commercial aircraft types used for serving non-stop flights and their currently scheduled and operating longest flight. The second section attempts to list all the passenger airline companies in the world and their longest scheduled non-stop flight currently in operation.

By aircraft type[edit]

The table below lists the longest (by distance) non-stop flights operated by different types of aircraft. [53] [54] [55] [56]

[57][53]

Aircraft type Route Distance (km) Distance (mi) Scheduled duration Airline Flight number
Airbus A300-600 Tehran to Bangkok 5,501 3,472 06 hr 30 min Mahan Air W5 50/51
Airbus A310-300 Rome to Toronto 7,105 4,415 08 hr 45 min Air Transat TS 307/315/387
Airbus A318 New York to London-City 5,587 3,418 07 hr 25 min British Airways Limited BA 2/4
Airbus A319-100 Freetown to London-Gatwick 4,865 3,023 06 hr 50 min Gambia Bird 3G 1600
Airbus A320-200 Bahrain to London- Heathrow 5,095 3,166 07 hr 35 min Gulf Air GF 7
Airbus A321-200 Dubai to Helsinki 4,537 2,819 06 hr 35 min Finnair AY 962, 1964
Airbus A330-200 Seoul-Incheon to Nairobi-Jomo Kenyatta 10,059 6,250 13 hr 40 min Korean Air KE 959
Airbus A330-300 Istanbul to Chicago 8,836 5,491 12 hr 10 min Turkish Airlines TK 5
Airbus A340-200 Buenos Aires to Sydney 11,789 7,326 15 hr 00 min Aerolíneas Argentinas AR 1180
Airbus A340-300 Manila to Los Angeles 11,757 7,305 12 hr 15 min Philippine Airlines PR 112
Airbus A340-500 Abu Dhabi to São Paulo 12,122 7,532 15 hr 35 min Etihad Airways EY 191
Airbus A340-600 Johannesburg to New York 12,825 7,969 16 hr 05 min South African Airways SA 203
Airbus A380-800 Dubai to Los Angeles 13,420 8,339 16 hr 35 min Emirates EK 215
ATR 42-500 Mirny to Krasnoyarsk 1395 867 03 hr 20 min NordStar Airlines Y7 88
ATR 72-200 Copenhagen to Sarajevo 1,373 853 03 hr 30 min B&H Airlines JA 407
ATR 72-500 Mangareva to Papeete 1,654 1,028 03 hr 55 min Air Tahiti VT 951
Boeing 737-200 Ottawa to Iqaluit 2,100 1,305 03 hr 10 min Canadian North
First Air
5T 436/439
7F 862
Boeing 737-300 Deer Lake to Winnipeg 2,863 1,789 04 hr 26 min Canadian North 5T 1527
Boeing 737-400 Portland to Anchorage 2,482 1,542 04 hr 05 min Alaska Airlines AS 131
Boeing 737-500 Munich to Moscow 3,641 2,262 05 hr 15 min UTair Aviation UT 724
Boeing 737-600 Montreal to Edmonton 2,977 1,850 04 hr 24 min WestJet WS 523
Boeing 737-700 Montevideo to Panama City 5,446 3,385 07 hr 30 min Copa Airlines CM 284
Boeing 737-700ER Tokyo to Mumbai 6,796 4,223 09 hr 35 min All Nippon Airways NH 943
Boeing 737-800 Frankfurt to Pune 6,703 4,159 08 hr 15 min PrivatAir PT 768
Boeing 737-900 San Francisco to Boston 4,352 2,704 05 hr 46 min United Airlines UA 1529
Boeing 737-900ER Istanbul to Dar es Salaam 5,404 3,357 07 hr 15 min Turkish Airlines TK 603
Boeing 747-400 Los Angeles to Sydney 12,051 7,488 14 hr 35 min
14 hr 50 min
United Airlines
Qantas
UA 839
QF 108
Boeing 747-400ER Sydney to Dallas/Fort Worth 13,804 8,578 15 hr 25 min Qantas QF 7
Boeing 747-8I Frankfurt to Sao Paulo 9,805 6,093 12 hr 00 min Lufthansa LH 506
Boeing 747SP Tehran to Kuala Lumpur 6,334 3,936 08 hr 00 min Iran Air IR 841
Boeing 757-200 Berlin-Tegel to Newark 6,405 3,980 09 hr 20 min United Airlines UA 97
Boeing 757-300 Boston to San Francisco 4,352 2,704 06 hr 42 min United Airlines UA3,1727
Boeing 767-200ER Madrid to Mexico City 9,080 5,642 12 hr 25 min Aeroméxico AM 2
Boeing 767-300ER Lagos to Atlanta 9,404 5,843 13 hr 06 min Delta Air Lines DL 55
Boeing 767-400ER Rio de Janeiro to Houston 8,072 5,016 10 hr 35 min United Airlines UA 128
Boeing 777-200 Chicago to São Paulo 8,452 5,252 10 hr 15 min United Airlines UA 845
Boeing 777-200ER Newark to Hong Kong 12,980 8,065 15 hr 50 min United Airlines UA 117
Boeing 777-200LR Johannesburg to Atlanta 13,582 8,439 16 hr 40 min Delta Air Lines DL 201
Boeing 777-300 Bangkok to Oslo 8,671 4,682 12 hr 10 min Thai Airways International TG 954
Boeing 777-300ER Jeddah to Los Angeles 13,409 8,332 16 hr 55 min Saudia SV 41
Boeing 787-8 Washington-Dulles to Addis Ababa 11,548 7,176 13 hr 30 min Ethiopian Airlines ET 501
Bombardier Dash 8 (200) Reykjavik to Nuuk 1,434 891 03 hr 20 min Air Iceland NY 407
Bombardier Dash 8 (Q400) Yakutsk to Krasnoyarsk 2,181 1,355 04 hr 10 min Yakutia Airlines R3 441
Canadair CRJ-700 Minneapolis to Los Angeles 2,470 1,535 04 hr 00 min SkyWest Airlines dba United Express OO 5639
Canadair CRJ-705 Houston to Calgary 2,812 1,747 04 hr 02 min Jazz Air dba Air Canada Express QK 8103, 8105, 8107
Cessna B208 Caravan Jonesboro to St. Louis 325 202 01 hr 30 min Air Choice One 3E 300/310
Embraer ERJ 145 Atlantic City to Houston-Intercontinental 2,165 1,345 03 hr 45 min Expressjet dba United Express EV 6170
Embraer E-170 Montreal to Houston-Intercontinental 2,559 1,590 04 hr 28 min Shuttle America dba United Express S5 3555
Embraer E-175 Dallas/Fort Worth to New York 2,234 1,389 03 hr 30 min Compass Airlines dba Delta Connection CP 5832, 5839
Embraer E-190 Toronto-Pearson to Seattle 3,316 2,060 05 hr 23 min Air Canada AC 541
Embraer E-195 Campinas to Manaus 2,609 1,621 04 hr 00 min Azul Brazilian Airlines AD 4005/ AD 4170
Fokker 50 Reykjavik to Nuuk 1,443 896 03 hr 20 min Air Iceland NY 407
Fokker 100 Honiara to Nadi 2,163 1,344 03 hr 00 min Air Niugini PX 84
Ilyushin Il-96-300 Havana to Paris 7,751 4,816 09 hr 40 min Cubana de Aviación CU 444
McDonnell Douglas MD-11 Amsterdam to Montreal 5,524 3,433 07 hr 40 min KLM KL 671
Saab 340 Anchorage to Unalaska (Dutch Harbor) 1,274 797 03 hr 10 min PenAir KS 3298

By airline companies (currently scheduled)[edit]

The table below lists international airline companies with their longest (in mileage not time) non-stop flight currently in operation.

Airline Flight number Route Distance (km) Distance (mi) Scheduled duration Aircraft Type
Adria Airways JP 915 Moscow-Sheremetyevo to Ljubljana 1,925 1,196 03 hr 05 min Airbus A319
Canadair CRJ-900
Aegean Airlines A3 608 Athens to London Heathrow 2,430 1,510 03 hr 30 min Airbus A321-200
Aer Lingus EI 147 Dublin to San Francisco 8,181 5,083 11 hr 00 min Airbus A330-200
Aerolíneas Argentinas AR 1180 Buenos Aires-Ezeiza to Sydney 11,789 7,326 15 hr 50 min Airbus A340-200
Aeroméxico AM 57 Tokyo-Narita to Mexico City 11,272 7,004 12 hr 45 min Boeing 787-8
Aeroflot SU 335 Moscow-Sheremetyevo to Cancun 10,013 6,202 14 hr 08 min Airbus A330-200
Aerosvit VV 141 Kiev-Boryspil to Toronto-Pearson 7,715 4,732 10 hr 45 min Boeing 767-300ER
AirTran Airways FL 231 Baltimore to Seattle 3,746 2,023 05 hr 35 min Boeing 737-700
Air Algérie AH 3061 Beijing to Algiers 9,125 5,660 11 hr 30 min Airbus A330-200
Air Arabia G9 265 Sharjah to Moscow-Domodedovo 3,640 2,262 05 hr 30 min Airbus A320-200
AirAsia AK 203 Kuala Lumpur to Kochi 2,914 1,811 04 hr 10 min Airbus A320-200
AirAsia X D7 223 Sydney to Kuala Lumpur 6,579 4,088 08 hr 35 min Airbus A330-300
AirAsia Zest Z2 48 Cebu to Seoul-Incheon 3,019 1,876 04 hr 20 min Airbus A320-200
Air Astana KC 936 Kuala Lumpur to Almaty 5,110 3,175 08 hr 15 min Boeing 757-200
Air Austral UU 772/975 Saint-Denis to Paris-Charles de Gaulle 9,349 5,823 11 hr 15 min Boeing 777-300ER / 777-200LR
Air Baltic BT 743 Tashkent to Riga 3,650 2,268 05 hr 20 min Boeing 737-300
Air Berlin AB 7430 Düsseldorf to Los Angeles 9,155 5,689 11 hr 50 min Airbus A330-200
Air Botswana BP 213 Kasane to Johannesburg 971 604 02 hr 20 min ATR 42
Air Busan BX 721 Busan to Siem Reap 4,015 2,168 05 hr 25 min Airbus A321-200
Aircalin SB 800 Nouméa to Seoul-Incheon 7,792 4,841 09 hr 55 min Airbus A330-200
Air Caraïbes TX 570 Paris-Orly to Cayenne 7,107 4,401 09 hr 00 min Airbus A330-300
Air Canada AC 15 Toronto-Pearson to Hong Kong 12,569 7,809 15 hr 25 min Boeing 777-200LR
Air China CA 995 Beijing to Houston-Intercontinental 11,567 7188 13 hr 10 min Boeing 777-300ER
Air Europa UX 41 Madrid to Buenos Aires-Ezeiza 10,062 6,252 13 hr 20 min Airbus A330-200
Air France AF 406 Paris-Charles de Gaulle to Santiago de Chile 11,652 7,240 14 hr 10 min Boeing 777-300ER / 777-200ER
Air Greenland GL 782 Kangerlussuaq to Copenhagen 3,440 2,138 04 hr 20 min Airbus A330-200
Air Iceland NY 423/1423 Reykjavik to Nuuk 1,434 864 03 hr 20 min Bombardier Dash 8 Q200
Air India AI 191 Mumbai to Newark 12,565 7,807 15 hr 55 min Boeing 777-200LR
Air Japan NQ 1052 Tokyo to Honolulu 6,145 3,818 07 hr 00 min Boeing 767-300ER
Air Jamaica JM 79 Kingston to Toronto-Pearson 2,886 1,781 04 hr 10 min Boeing 737-800
Air Koryo JS 161/162 Pyongyang to Kuwait 7,028 4,367 13 hr 10 min Tupolev Tu-204-300
Air Macau NX 862 Macau to Tokyo-Narita 3,000 1,864 04 hr 25 min Airbus A321-200
Air Madagascar MD 50 Antananarivo to Paris-Charles de Gaulle 8,726 5,422 11 hr 10 min Airbus A340-300
Air Malta KM 572 Malta to Moscow-Sheremetyevo 2,829 1,758 04 hr 00 min Airbus A319-100
Air Mauritius MK 42/46 Mauritius to London-Heathrow 9,765 6,066 12 hr 30 min Airbus A340-300
Air Mekong P8 916/915 Hanoi to Phu Quoc 1,233 766 02 hr 20 min Bombardier CRJ900
Air Namibia SW 286 Windhoek to Frankfurt 8,079 5,043 10 hr 00 min Airbus A340-300
Air New Zealand NZ 83 Vancouver to Auckland 11,335 7,060 14 hr 00 min Boeing 777-200ER
Air Niugini PX 54 Port Moresby to Tokyo 5,055 3,141 06 hr 35 min Boeing 767-300ER
Air One AP 882 Milan to Cairo 2,618 1,627 03 hr 50 min Airbus A320-200
Air Saint-Pierre PJ 1123 Saint-Pierre to Montreal-Dorval 1,363 847 03 hr 25 min ATR 42-500
Air Serbia JU 801 Abu Dhabi to Belgrade 3,266 2,381 06 hr 05 min Airbus A-319
Air Seychelles HM 61 Mahé Island to Johannesburg 3,752 2,332 05 hr 10 min Airbus A330-200
Air Tahiti VT 951 Mangareva to Papeete 1,654 1,028 03 hr 55 min ATR 72-500
Air Tahiti Nui TN 78 Papeete to Tokyo-Narita 9,435 5,863 12 hr 25 min Airbus A340-300
Air Transat TS 691 Athens to Toronto-Pearson 8,149 5,063 10 hr 45 min Airbus A330-200
Air Vanuatu NF 10 Port Vila to Sydney 2,481 1,542 03 hr 45 min Boeing 737-800
Alaska Airlines AS 872 Anchorage to Kailua-Kona 4,636 2,881 06 hr 27 min Boeing 737-800
Alitalia AZ 680 Rome-Fiumicino to Buenos Aires-Ezeiza 11,136 6,919 14 hr 00 min Boeing 777-200ER
All Nippon Airways NH 1 Washington-Dulles to Tokyo-Narita 10,868 6,753 14 hr 05 min Boeing 777-300ER
American Airlines AA 289 Chicago-O'Hare to Shanghai 11,357 7,057 14 hr 30 min Boeing 777-200ER
Arik Air W3 107 Lagos to New York-JFK 8,449 5,250 11 hr 00 min Airbus A340-500
Asiana Airlines OZ 221 New York-JFK to Seoul-Incheon 11,114 6,906 14 hr 40 min Boeing 777-200ER
Atlantic Airways RC 491 Barcelona to Vagar 2,394 1,487 03 hr 30 min Airbus A319-100
Austrian Airlines OS 52 Tokyo-Narita to Vienna 9,176 5,702 12 hr 05 min Boeing 777-200ER
Avianca AV 19 Barcelona to Bogotá 8,516 5,287 11 hr 25 min Airbus A330-200
Azerbaijan Airlines J2 7 Baku to London-Heathrow 4,012 2,493 06 hr 00 min Airbus A320-200
Azul Brazilian Airlines AD 4005 Campinas to Manaus 2,605 1,619 04 hr 00 min Embraer 195
B&H Airlines JA 407 Copenhagen to Sarajevo 1,379 853 03 hr 30 min ATR 72-200
Bangkok Airways PG 711 Bangkok-Suvarnabhumi to Male 3,168 1,968 04 hr 15 min Airbus A319-100
Belair Airlines 4T 2104 Zurich to Marsa Alam 3,337 2,074 04 hr 35 min Airbus A320-200
Biman Bangladesh Airlines BG 5/15/17 Dhaka to London-Heathrow 8,006 4,976 10 hr 30 min Boeing 777-300ER
Boliviana de Aviación OB 775 Madrid to Santa Cruz de la Sierra 8,903 4,807 11 hr 00 min Boeing 767-200ER
Business Air HB 88 Bangkok-Suvarnabhumi to Tokyo-Narita 4,650 2,889 06 hr 00 min Boeing 767-300ER
Bulgaria Air FB 481 Sofia to Málaga 2,472 1,536 03 hr 45 min Airbus A319-100
Blue Air 0B 128 Bucharest-Otopeni to Lisbon 2,978 1,851 04 hr 50 min Boeing 737-400
Blue Panorama Airlines BV 1504 Rome-Fiumicino to Managua 9,710 6,400 12 hr 20 min Boeing 767-300ER
British Airways BA 245 London-Heathrow to Buenos Aires-Ezeiza 11,111 6,904 13 hr 40 min Boeing 777-200ER
Brussels Airlines SN 359 Brussels-National to Luanda 6,690 4,160 07 hr 40 min Airbus A330-300
Canadian North 5T 1527 Deer Lake to Winnipeg 2,863 1,789 04 hr 26 min Boeing 737-300
Cape Air 9K 1029/1033/1037 Boston to Saranac Lake 343 213 01 hr 39 min Cessna 402
Carpatair V3 337 Chisinau to Rome-Fiumicino 1,443 897 02 hr 30 min Boeing 737-300
Cathay Pacific CX 831/841/845 New York-JFK to Hong Kong 12,990 8,072 16 hr 05 min Boeing 777-300ER
Cayman Airways KX 504 Grand Cayman to Chicago-O'Hare 2,591 1,610 03 hr 55 min Boeing 737-300
Cebu Pacific 5J 7944 Manila to Dubai 6,902 4,289 09 hr 06 min Airbus A330-300
China Airlines CI 19 New York-JFK to Osaka-Kansai 11,293 7,017 14 hr 40 min Boeing 747-400
China Eastern MU 588 New York-JFK to Shanghai-Pudong 11,897 7,375 14 hr 55 min Airbus A340-600
China Southern CZ 328 Los Angeles to Guangzhou 11,638 7,231 15 hr 30 min Airbus A380-800
Condor Airlines DE 6315 Mauritius to Frankfurt 9,178 5,703 11 hr 50 min Boeing 767-300ER
Conviasa V0 3013 Madrid to Caracas 7,010 4,356 09 hr 05 min Boeing 767-300
Copa Airlines CM 284 Montevideo to Panama City 5,447 3,385 07 hr 30 min Boeing 737-700
Corsair International SS 953 Mauritius to Paris-Orly 9,427 5,850 11 hr 15 min Boeing 747-400
Croatia Airlines OU 357/359 Tel Aviv-Ben Gurion to Zagreb 2,214 1,376 03 hr 30 min Airbus A320-200
Cubana de Aviación CU 444 Havana to Paris-Orly 7,751 4,816 09 hr 40 min Ilyushin Il-96-300
Cyprus Airways CY 358 Larnaca to Manchester 3,474 2,166 05 hr 10 min Airbus A320-200
Czech Airlines OK 191 Seoul-Incheon to Prague 8,257 5,131 11 hr 05 min Airbus A330-300
Darwin Airline F7 559 Geneva to Cambridge 791 492 01 hr 50 min Saab 2000
Delta Air Lines DL 201 Johannesburg to Atlanta 13,582 8,439 16 hr 40 min Boeing 777-200LR
Dragonair KA 152 Hong Kong to Bangalore 3,959 2,460 05 hr 20 min Airbus A330-300
Druk Air KB 130 Bagdogra to Bangkok-Suvarnabhumi 1,936 1,203 03 hr 00 min Airbus A319-100
Eastar Jet ZE511/512 Seoul Incheon to Bangkok-Suvarnabhumi 3,663 2,276 05hr 50 min Boeing 737-800
EasyJet U2 1856 Sharm-el-Sheikh to Manchester 4,111 2,555 06 hr 00 min Airbus A320-200
Edelweiss Air WK 8946 Zurich to Tokyo-Narita 9,618 5,976 11 hr 55 min Airbus A330-200
El Al LY 5 Tel Aviv-Ben Gurion to Los Angeles 12,189 7,556 15 hr 35 min Boeing 777-200ER
Egypt Air MS 965 Tokyo-Narita to Cairo 9,612 5,972 14 hr 20 min Boeing 777-300ER
Emirates EK 215 Dubai to Los Angeles 13,420 8,339 16 hr 35 min Airbus A380-800
Etihad Airways EY 191 Abu Dhabi to São Paulo-Guarulhos 12,122 7,532 15 hr 35 min Airbus A340-500
Ethiopian Airlines ET 501 Washington–Dulles to Addis Ababa 11,575 7,193 13 hr 30 min Boeing 777-200LR / Boeing 787-8[58]
Eurofly GJ 2814 Milan-Malpensa to Mauritius 8,828 5,486 11 hr 10 min Airbus A330-200
Estonian Air OV 181/182 Tallinn to Barcelona 2,558 1,590 04 hr 00 min Boeing 737-300
EVA Air BR 32 Taipei to New York-JFK 12,565 7,807 15 hr 00 min Boeing 777-300ER
Fiji Airways FJ 811 Los Angeles to Nadi 8,881 5,525 10 hr 40 min Airbus A330-200
Finnair AY 82 Singapore to Helsinki 9,273 5,762 12 hr 05 min Airbus A340-300
First Air 7F 860/862 Ottawa to Iqaluit 2,100 1,305 03 hr 10 min Boeing 737-200
Boeing 737-400
flyDubai FZ 741/742 Dubai to Belgrade 3,819 2,373 05 hr 30 min Boeing 737-800
Frontier Airlines F9 641/642 Denver to Fairbanks 3,910 2,430 05 hr 27 min Airbus A319-100
Gambia Bird 3G 1600 Freetown to London-Gatwick 4,865 3,023 06 hr 50 min Airbus A319-100
Garuda Indonesia GA 86/87 Jakarta to London-Gatwick 11,797 7,330 15 hr 25 min Boeing 777-300ER
Germanwings 4U 252 Tenerife-Sur to Cologne 3,224 2,003 04 hr 40 min Airbus A319-100
Gol Linhas Aéreas G3 7710 Rio de Janeiro-Galeao to Santo Domingo 5,392 3,350 07 hr 10 min Boeing 737-800
Gulf Air GF 155/157 Manila to Bahrain 7,380 4,586 10 hr 15 min Airbus A330-200
Hainan Airlines HU 7976 Toronto-Pearson to Beijing 10,587 6,578 13 hr 00 min Airbus A340-600
Hawaiian Airlines HA 51 New York-JFK to Honolulu 9,100 5,654 11 hr 00 min Airbus A330-200
Hong Kong Airlines HX 789 Hong Kong to Male 4,790 2,976 06 hr 15 min Airbus A330-200
Hong Kong Express UO 622 Hong Kong to Tokyo-HND 2,904 1,805 04 hr 25 min Airbus A320-200
Horizon Air QX 2532 Fresno to Seattle 1,207 750 02 hr 25 min Bombardier Dash 8 Q400
Iberia IB 6831 Madrid to Santiago de Chile 10,700 6,647 13 hr 30 min Airbus A340-600
Iceland Express HC 3181 Keflavik to Alicante 3,211 1,995 04 hr 30 min Airbus A320-200
Icelandair FI 681 Keflavik to Seattle 5,830 3,622 07 hr 45 min Boeing 757-200
Indonesia AirAsia QZ 8122 Surabaya to Bangkok 2,948 1,832 04 hr 10 min Airbus A320-200
Iran Air IR 841 Tehran to Kuala Lumpur 6,334 3,936 08 hr 00 min Boeing 747SP
Iraqi Airways IA238 London to Baghdad 4,097 2,546 06 hr 30 min Airbus A330-200
Japan Airlines JL 5 New York to Tokyo 10,854 6,745 13 hr 50 min Boeing 777-300ER
JAL Express JC 891 Osaka-kansai to Shanghai-Pudong 1,309 813 02 hr 45 min Boeing 737-800
Jeju Air 7C 2201 Seoul to Bangkok 3,663 2,276 06 hr 15 min Boeing 737-800
Jet Airways 9W 120 Mumbai to London-Heathrow 7,221 4,487 09 hr 55 min Boeing 777-300ER
Jet2.com LS143 Glasgow to Gran Canaria 3,225 2,004 04 hr 45 min Boeing 737-800
Jetairfly TB 502 Cancún to Brussels 8,314 5,151 10 hr 10 min Boeing 767-300ER
JetBlue Airways B6 631 Boston to San Francisco 4,352 2,704 06 hr 49 min Airbus A320-200
Jetstar Airways JQ 2 Honolulu to Melbourne 8,885 5,520 11 hr 40 min Airbus A330-200
Jin Air LJ 701 Seoul to Utapao 3,732 2,319 06 hr 05 min Boeing 737-800
Kenya Airways KQ 882/883 Nairobi to Guangzhou-Baiyun 8,684 5,396 11 hr 30 min Boeing 777-300ER
KLM KL 707 Amsterdam to Buenos Aires-Ezeiza 11,437 7,107 14 hr 10 min Boeing 777-200ER
Korea Express Air KEA371/372 Yangyang to Gwangju 434 270 01 hr 30 min Beechcarft 1900D
Korean Air KE 33/35 Seoul-Incheon to Atlanta 11,477 7,132 14 hr 50 min Airbus A380-800
Boeing 747-400
Boeing 777-200ER
Boeing 777-300ER
Kuwait Airways KU 117 Kuwait to New York-JFK 10,222 6,316 12 hr 55 min Boeing 777-200ER
Lao Airlines QV 912 Seoul-Incheon to Vientiane 3,176 1,973 05 hr 10 min Airbus A320-200
LAN Airlines LA 705 Madrid to Santiago de Chile 10,700 6,647 14 hr 00 min Boeing 787-8
Lion Air JT 110/111 Jakarta to Jeddah 7,974 4,955 09 hr 40 min Boeing 747-400
LOT Polish Airlines LO 2 Warsaw to Chicago-O'Hare 7,540 4,685 10 hr 10 min Boeing 787-8
Lufthansa LH 510 Frankfurt to Buenos Aires-Ezeiza 11,477 7,132 13 hr 45 min Boeing 747-400
Luxair LG 715 Luxembourg to Tenerife-Sur 3,081 1,914 04 hr 30 min Boeing 737-800
Mahan Air W5 5049 Tehran-Imam Khomeini to Phuket 5,662 3518 08 hr 00 min Airbus A310-300
Malaysia Airlines MH 2/4 Kuala Lumpur to London-Heathrow 10,610 6,592 13 hr 10 min Airbus A380-800
MIAT Mongolian Airlines OM 135 Ulaanbaatar to Moscow-Sheremetyevo 4,649 2,889 06 hr 35 min Boeing 737-800
Boeing 767-300ER
Middle East Airlines ME 5607 Beirut to Abidjan 5,151 3,486 07 hr 20 min Airbus A330-200
Mihin Lanka MJ 603 Colombo to Jakarta 3,316 2,060 04 hr 50 min Airbus A321-200
Monarch Airlines ZB 369 London Gatwick to Tobago 7,006 4,353 08 hr 30 min Airbus A330-200
Myanmar Airways International 8M 231 Yangon to Singapore 1,920 1,193 02 hr 55 min Airbus A320-200
Nepal Airlines RA 230 Kathmandu to Doha 3,370 2,094 04 hr 25 min Boeing 757-200
Nextjet 2N 443 Stockholm-Arlanda to Arvidsjaur 666 414 01 hr 40 min British Aerospace ATP
Niki HG 2600 Vienna to Tenerife Sur 3,616 2,247 04 hr 55 min Airbus A320-200
Norlandair FNA 505 Akureyri to Constable Point 598 371 02 hr 15 min De Haviland DHC 6-300 Twin Otter
Norwegian Air Shuttle DY 7201 Oslo to Bangkok 8,680 5,393 11 hr 10 min Boeing 787-8
Novair 1I 811/9811 Stockholm-Arlanda to Krabi 8,730 5,425 10 hr 30 min Airbus A330-200
Olympic Air OA 391 Athens to Belgrade 822 511 01 hr 55 min Bombardier Dash 8 Q400
Oman Air WY 101 Muscat to London-Heathrow 5,840 3,629 08 hr 35 min Airbus A330-300
Orient Thai Airlines OX 300 Bangkok to Seoul 3,663 2,276 05 hr 25 min Boeing 747-400
Boeing 767-300
Pakistan International Airlines PK 783 Karachi to Toronto 11,691 7,265 15 hr 00 min Boeing 777-200LR
PAL Express 2P 2658 Manila to Dubai 6,908 4,292 09 hr 15 min Airbus A330-343X
Passaredo Linhas Aéreas Y8 2224 São Paulo to Vitória da Conquista 1,117 694 03 hr 00 min ATR 72
Pegasus Airlines PC 502 İzmir to London Stansted 2,578 1,392 03 hr 35 min Boeing 737-800
Philippine Airlines PR 103/113 Los Angeles to Manila 11,756 7,305 14 hr 25 Boeing 747-400
Airbus A340-300
Porter Airlines PD 701 Toronto to Myrtle Beach 1,105 687 02 hr 20 min Bombardier Dash 8 Q400
Pullmantur Air EB7003 Madrid to Cancun 7,973 4,954 10 hr 40 min Boeing 747-400
Qantas QF 7 Sydney to Dallas/Fort Worth 13,804 8,578 15 hr 25 min Boeing 747-400ER
Qatar Airways QR 77 Doha to Houston 12,951 8,047 16 hr 20 min Boeing 777-200LR
Rossiya Airlines FV 885 Saint Petersburg to Dushanbe 2,857 2,229 05 hr 00 min Airbus A319-100
Royal Air Maroc AT 215 Casablanca to São Paulo 7,517 4,671 09 hr 55 min Boeing 767-300ER
Royal Brunei Airlines BI 81 Bandar Seri Begawan to Jeddah 8,344 5,177 09 hr 45 min Boeing 777-200ER
Royal Jordanian RJ 263 Amman to Chicago 10,035 6,236 13 hr 40 min Airbus A340-200
Rwandair WB 211 Mombasa to Dubai 3,661 2,275 05 hr 40 min Boeing 737-800
Ryanair FR 1229 Billund to Tenerife Sur 3,699 2,298 05 hr 20 min Boeing 737-800
S7 Airlines S7 850 Phuket to Novosibirsk 5,384 3,346 09 hr 15 min Boeing 767-300ER
SATA International S4 851 Lisbon to Salvador de Bahia 7,929 4,927 08 hr 40 min Airbus A310
Saudia SV 41 Jeddah to Los Angeles 13,409 8,332 16 hr 55 min Boeing 777-300ER
Scandinavian Airlines System SK 935 Copenhagen to San Francisco 8,817 5,478 11 hr 20 min Airbus A340-300
Shandong Airlines SC 4905 Jinan to Ürümqi 2,628 1,633 04 hr 25 min Boeing 737-800
Sichuan Airlines 3U 601 Chengdu to Melbourne 8,671 5,388 10 hr 40 min Airbus A330-200
Singapore Airlines SQ 1 San Francisco to Hong Kong 11,147 6,927 15 hr 00 min Airbus A380-800
Boeing 777-300ER
Silkair MI 933 Chengdu-Shuangliu to Singapore 3,234 2,010 04 hr 50 min Airbus A320-200
SkyTaxi IGA 826 Wroclaw to Zurich 728 452 02 hr 05 min Saab 340
South African Airways SA 203 Johannesburg to New York 12,825 7,969 16 hr 05 min Airbus A340-600
South East Asian Airlines DG 7792 Clark to Singapore 2,378 1,478 03 hr 30 min Airbus A319-100
Southwest Airlines WN 1149/2146 Baltimore to Los Angeles 3,730 2,320 06 hr 05 min Boeing 737-800
Spirit Airlines NK 578 Lima to Ft Lauderdale 4,227 2,627 05 hr 50 min Airbus A319-100
SriLankan Airlines UL 3/5/501 Colombo to London-Heathrow 8,718 5,413 11 hr 30 min Airbus A340-300
Sun Country Airlines SY 8/47 London-Gatwick to Gander[59] 3,813 2,370 06 hr 00 min Boeing 737-800
Swiss International Air Lines LX 179 Singapore to Zurich 10,309 6,406 13 hr 00 min Airbus A340-300
T'way Airlines TW101/102 Seoul Incheon to Bangkok-Suvarnabhumi 3,663 2,276 05 hr 45 min Boeing 737-800
TAAG Angola Airlines DT 690 Luanda to Beijing 11,777 7,318 15 hr 30 min Boeing 777-200ER
TAM Airlines JJ 8071 Frankfurt to São Paulo 9,774 6,073 12 hr 50 min Boeing 777-300ER
TAME EQ 550 Guayaquil to New York 4,815 2,992 06 hr 45 min Airbus A330-200
TAP Portugal TP 163 Lisbon to Porto Alegre 8,774 5,452 11 hr 15 min Airbus A330-200
Tarom RO 65 Bucharest to Dubai 3,389 2,118 04 hr 55 min Boeing 737-700
Thai Airways TG 948 Bangkok to Madrid 10,206 6,342 12 hr 55 min Boeing 777-200ER
Thai AirAsia FD 3677 Denpasar to Bangkok 2,948 1,832 04 hr 15 min Airbus A320-200
Tigerair TR 2717/2715 Singapore to Perth 3,895 2,420 05 hr 15 min Airbus A320-200
Thomas Cook Airlines MT 104 Manchester to Cancun 7,802 4,848 10 hr 30 min Airbus A330-200
Thomson Airways BY 188 Manchester to Male 8,694 5,402 11 hr 00 min Boeing 767-300ER
Transaero UN 587 Moscow-Vnukovo to Cancun 10,023 6,228 12 hr 55 min Boeing 777-200ER/Boeing 747-400
Transavia HV 6901 Amsterdam to Dubai 5,174 3,215 07 hr 00 min Boeing 737-800
TUIfly Nordic 6B 841 Oslo to Phuket 9,075 5,639 11 hr 30 min Boeing 767-300ER
Tunisair TU 833 Tunis to Dubai 4,451 2,766 05 hr 35 min Airbus A319-100
Turkish Airlines TK 9 Istanbul to Los Angeles 11,058 6,871 13 hr 40 min Boeing 777-300ER
Tyrolean Airways VO 615 Vienna to Krasnodar 1,736 1,084 02 hr 50 min Fokker 100
Ukraine International Airlines PS 3852 Goa-Dabolim to Donetsk 4,903 3,046 06 hr 50 min Boeing 737-800
Uni Air B7 35 Kaohsiung to Ho Chi minh City 1,953 1,214 03 hr 15 min McDonnell Douglas MD-90
United Airlines UA 117 Newark to Hong Kong 12,980 8,065 15 hr 55 min Boeing 777-200ER
US Airways US 797 Tel Aviv to Philadelphia 9,288 5,754 13 hr 10 min Airbus A330-200
Ural Airlines U6 704 Beijing to Yekaterinburg 4,375 2,719 06 hr 15 min Airbus A320-200
Uzbekistan Airways HY 101 Riga to New York 6,764 4,203 09 hr 50 min Boeing 767-300ER
Vietnam Airlines VN 141 Ho Chi Minh City to London-Gatwick 10,223 6,352 13 hr 00 min Boeing 777-200ER
Virgin America VX 351/353/357/1355 Boston to San Francisco 4,352 2,704 06 hr 30 min Airbus A319-100
Airbus A320-200
Virgin Atlantic VS 201 Hong Kong to London 9,647 5,994 12 hr 30 min Airbus A340-600
Virgin Australia VA 24 Los Angeles to Melbourne 12,748 7,921 15 hr 45 min Boeing 777-300ER
Vladivostok Air XF 717 Krasnoyarsk to Baku 3,553 2,008 05 hr 20 min Airbus A320-200
Vueling Airlines VY 7845 Tel Aviv to Barcelona 3,087 1,918 04 hr 35 min Airbus A320-200
Volotea V7 2819 Tenerife Sur to Nantes 2,489 1,547 03 hr 20 min Boeing 717-200
WestJet WS 2057 Cancun to Vancouver 4,476 2,781 06 hr 39 min Boeing 737-800
Wizz Air W6 2497 Budapest to Dubai World Central 4,029 2,503 06 hr 25 min Airbus A320-200
WOW air X9 177 Keflavik to Alicante 3,211 1,995 04 hr 30 min Airbus A320-200
Xiamen Airlines MF 869 Fuzhou to Jakarta 3,830 2,380 05 hr 20 min Boeing 737-800
XL Airways France SE 62 Paris to San Francisco 8,985 5,583 11 hr 35 min Airbus A330-200
Yakutia Airlines R3 732 Anadyr to Moscow 6,226 3,869 08 hr 20 min Boeing 757-200
Yemen Airways IY 862 Dubai to Jakarta 6,230 3,628 08 hr 05 min Airbus A330-300

Future of ultra long-haul[edit]

The longest non-stop flights currently running are not the longest city pairs theoretically possible. Flights on the Kangaroo route, if flown non-stop, would exceed 17,000 kilometres (9,200 nmi). The longest routes possible are between antipodes, or points on the Earth's surface opposite each other with the Earth's center directly between, a distance of 20,038 km at the equator. Flights between Buenos Aires and Shanghai, Quito and Kuala Lumpur, Wellington and Madrid, Perth and Bermuda or Asuncion and Taipei have a distance of flight at 19,602 km, 19,715 km, 19,851 km, 19,918 km, and 19,933 km respectively. A theoretical non-stop flight between Málaga and Auckland, which are nearly antipodal, would cover a great circle distance of flight at 19,943 km.

Singapore Airlines announced the termination of its ultra-longhaul nonstop flights to Los Angeles and Newark in late 2013, after Airbus agreed to buy back the carrier's five A340-500s. It is believed that these services continued to fall short of revenue expectations, despite the airline switching to an all–business class cabin layout.[60]

The Boeing 777-200LR airliner can cover the distance between antipodes with no payload, but its range decreases significantly with the added weight of cargo and passengers. As of 2009, no airline has plans to introduce a non-stop service longer than the Singapore–Newark run, though both Airbus and Boeing have hinted at interest in developing variants to their long-haul airliners to make a London–Sydney non-stop flight economically feasible, for which purpose the Airbus consortium will offer the special Airbus A350-900R XWB variant to British Airways. The great-circle distance between London Heathrow Airport and Sydney Airport is 16,995 km.

On November 2013, Boeing officially launched the 777X program,[61] with the Boeing 777-8X capable of traveling 9,300 nautical miles (17,200 km). The 777X is scheduled to enter service in 2020.[62]

Other proposals include utilization of point-to-point sub-orbital spaceflight for the ultra long-haul distances.

Shortest flights[edit]

The following table lists the shortest (less than 100 miles/160 kilometers) non-stop scheduled passenger routes per airline.

Airline Flight Number Route Distance (km) Distance (mi) Scheduled duration Aircraft Type
Aer Arann RE-XXX Connemara to Inishmaan 16.8 10.4 06 min Britten-Norman Islander
Aerovías DAP DAP-XXX Punta Arenas to Porvenir 45.5 28.2 12 min Beechcraft King Air
Cessna 402
Air Berlin AB 4651 Lanzarote to Fuerteventura 60 37 30 min Boeing 737
Air Calédonie 821 Tiga to Lifou 59.3 36.8 25 min DHC-6 Twin Otter Series 300
Air Georgian ZX 7208/7210 Calgary to Red Deer 116.9 73.3 34 min Beechcraft 1900D
Air Madagascar MD 407 Antalaha to Maroantsetra 84.8 52.7 30 min DHC-6 Twin Otter Series 300
Air New Zealand NZ 2451 Wellington to Blenheim 80.4 50 25 min Beechcraft 1900D
Air Saint-Pierre PJ 830/1600 Saint-Pierre to Miquelon 40 25 15 min Cessna 406
Air Seychelles HM 3124 Praslin to Mahe Island 48.9 30.4 15 min Shorts 360-300
Air Tahiti VT 201 Papeete (Fa'a'ā) to Moorea 18.0 11.0 15 min ATR 42
Air Tanzania TC 115 Zanzibar to Dar es Salaam 74.2 46.1 30 min Bombardier Dash 8–300
Air Vanuatu NF 243 Ipota to Dillon's Bay 31.3 19.5 10 min Britten-Norman Islander
Alaska Airlines AS 65 Wrangell to Petersburg 52.1 32.4 20 min Boeing 737-400
All Nippon Airways
from Oct 27th 2013
NH 1791/1792 Miyako to Ishigaki 76 30 min Boeing 737-800
AmericanConnection
under American Airlines
RP 5002/5004 Chicago (O'Hare) to Milwaukee 107 67 40 min Embraer ERJ 140
ANA Wings
under All Nippon Airways
NH 1843/1844 Tokyo (Haneda) to Oshima 74 30 min Bombardier DHC-8-300
Arkefly OR 365 Curaçao to Bonaire 74.6 46.4 35 min Boeing 767-300ER
Aurigny GR 202 Guernsey to Alderney 32.0 20 12 min Britten-Norman Trislander
Avianca AV 9302 Bogotá to Rionegro 150 94 50 min Airbus A320, Airbus A319, Airbus A318, Fokker 50
Bahamasair UP 337 Treasure Cay to Marsh Harbour 40 25 15 min De Havilland Canada Dash 8
B&H Airlines JA 102 Sarajevo to Mostar 71.3 44.3 30 min ATR 72-212
Bearskin Airlines JV 361 Sioux Lookout to Dryden 76.4 47.5 15 min Fairchild Swearingen Metroliner
British Airways BA 125 Bahrain to Doha 146 91 40 min Boeing 777
Bulgaria Air FB 985 Varna to Bourgas 77.2 48 12 min Embraer 190
Canadian North 5T 606/607 Igloolik to Hall Beach 69 43 15 min de Havilland Canada Dash 8
Cape Air 9K 153/167 Hyannis to Martha's Vineyard 41 26 18 min Cessna 402
Caribbean Airlines BW 1502 Trinidad to Tobago 72 45 20 min de Havilland Canada Dash 8, ATR 72-500
Cayman Airways KX 4421 Cayman Brac to Little Cayman 22 14 10 min DHC-6 Twin Otter Series 300
Cebu Pacific Air 5J 2920/2921 Cebu to Tacloban 159 99 30 min Airbus A319
ATR 72-500
China Southern Airlines CZ 633 Guangzhou to Hong Kong 118 73.1 50 min Airbus A320
Cimber Sterling QI 623 Copenhagen to Rønne 147 91 35-40 min ATR 72, Boeing 737-700
Coastal Aviation SC-DAR-ZNZ, SC-ZNZ-DAR Zanzibar to Dar es Salaam 74.2 46.1 20 min Cessna 208
Comores Aviation KR 330 Mohli to Anjouan 74.3 46.2 20 min Let 410
Copenhagen Air Taxi CAT 110 Anholt to Læsø 73 45 20 min Partenavia P.68, Britten Norman Islander
Croatia Airlines OU 632 Zadar to Pula 143 77 35 min Bombardier Dash 8 Q400
Daily Air DA 73XX Taitung to Green Island 38.6 24 15 min Dornier Do 228
Darwin Airline F7 203/209 Trapani to Lampedusa 130 81 35 min ATR 72
Delta Connection
under Delta Air Lines
DL 7414/7415 Iron Mountain, MI to Rhinelander, WI[63] 106 66 40 min Canadair Regional Jet
Dragonair KA 782/786 Hong Kong to Guangzhou 118 73.1 50 min Airbus A320-200
Airbus A330-300
Easyjet U2 636 Isle of Man to Liverpool 143 89 35 min Airbus A319
Era Alaska ZH835 Kenai to Anchorage 95 59 25 min DeHavilland Dash 8 100
Beechcraft 1900D
Fiji Airways FJ 181 Nadi to Malololailai 24.9 15.5 10 min Britten-Norman Islander
Finist'Air XXX-XXX Brest to Ouessant 46 28.6 15 min Cessna Caravan
Finncomm Airlines FC 167 Varkaus to Savonlinna 66 41 20 min ATR 42-500
Firefly FY 1010/1016 Penang to Langkawi 129 80 35 min ATR 72-500
First Air 7F 822 Igloolik to Hall Beach 69 43 25 min ATR 42-300
Flybe BE 603 Isle of Man to Liverpool 143 89 40 min Bombardier Q400
Freedom Air (Guam) FP 101 Saipan to Tinian 17.4 10.8 10 min Piper PA-31 Navajo
Garuda Indonesia GA 436 Denpasar, Bali to Mataram 104.59 65 35 min ATR 72-600, Boeing 737-800
Gol Transportes Aéreos G3 1679 Campina Grande to Recife 141 87.6 35 min Boeing 737-700
Gulf Air GF 101/103/117 Bahrain to Dammam 97 60 35 min Airbus A320
Hapagfly HF 7102 Boa Vista to Sal 75.1 46.7 40 min Boeing 737
Hawaiian Air HA 170,150 Kahului to Kona 135 84 32 min Boeing 717
Horizon Air QX2216 Pullman, Washington to Lewiston, Idaho 40 25 25 min Bombardier Dash 8 Q400
Iberia IB 8480/2/6/8 Menorca to Palma, Mallorca 130 81 35 min ATR 72, Bombardier Dash 8–300, Bombardier CRJ200
Island Air WP 303 Molokai to Lanai 43 27 10 min de Havilland Canada Dash 8
Isles of Scilly Skybus IOS 203/233 Land's End to St Mary's 50 31 20 min Britten Norman Islander
Japan Air Commuter JAC3830-JAC3836 Amami Ōshima to Kikaijima 25 15 20 min Saab 340
Jazz Air QK 8259 Vancouver to Nanaimo 54.5 33.9 20 min De Havilland Canada Dash 8
Jet Airways 9W 618 Mumbai to Pune 93 58 30 min Boeing 737
Kan Air KND 741 Chiang Mai to Pai 87 54 30 min Cessna C208 Caravan
Kingfisher Airlines IT2404 Bengaluru to Mysooru 140 86 45 min ATR 72-500
LAN Airlines LA 3246 Bogotá to Villavicencio 82 51 60 min De Havilland Canada Dash 8
LIAT LI 368 Antigua to Nevis 86 53 30 min De Havilland Canada Dash 8
Loganair LOG312/LOG313 Westray to Papa Westray 2.73 1.7 02 min Britten Norman Islander
Lufthansa LH 620 Bahrain to Doha 146 91 30 min Airbus A330-300
Luxair LG 9561/9451/9563 Luxembourg to Saarbrücken 80 50 30 min Bombardier Dash 8–400, ERJ 145
Manx2 Various Blackpool to Isle of Man 109 68 40 min Let L-410 Turbolet
MAS Wings MH 3563 Miri to Marudi 45 28 20 min Twin Otter
Maya Island Air MW 2100 Caye Chapel to Caye Caulker 3.8 2.4 02 min Cessna 208 Caravan
Mesaba Aviation XJ 3156/3272/3273/3278 Escanaba to Iron Mountain 80 50 24 min Saab 340
New England Airlines EJ 123 Block Island to Westerly 28 17 12 min Britten-Norman Islander
New Japan Aviation NJA 101 102 103 104 Niigata to Sado 63 39 25 min Britten-Norman Islander
NHT Linhas Aéreas NHG 4515 Rio Grande to Pelotas 43.1 26.8 15 min Let 410
Nok Air DD 8202 8208 Chiang Mai to Mae Hong Son 119 74 35 min ATR 72-201
Norlandair FNA 536 Akureyri to Grímsey 100 62 25 min DHC-6 Twin Otter Series 300
Norwegian Air Shuttle DY 1570 Varna to Bourgas 78.7 48.9 30 min Boeing 737
Olympic Air OA 34 Karpathos to Kasos Island 22 12 15 min De Havilland Canada Dash 8
Oriental Air Bridge
codeshare with All Nippon Airways
ORC 41 42 45 46 47 48
NH 4641 4642 4645 4646 4647 4648
Nagasaki to Iki 60 30 min Bombardier DHC-8-200
PAL Express 2P 2245/2246 Zamboanga to Jolo 151 94 40 min Bombardier Dash 8–400
Pacific Wings LW 270/280/290 Hoolehua (Molokai Airport) to Kalaupapa 14.2 8.8 10 min Cessna 208B Grand Caravan
PenAir KS 701 Manokotak to Twin Hills 69.8 43.4 10 min Piper PA-31 Navajo
Passaredo Linhas Aéreas Y8 2359 Marília to Bauru 87 54.1 20 min Embraer 145
Pinnacle Airlines 9E 3970, 9E 4123, 9E 4042, 9E 4269, 9E 3850 Detroit to Flint 90 55 49 min Bombardier CRJ-200
Precision Air PW 450, PW 713, PW 715, PW 730 Zanzibar to Dar es Salaam 74.2 46.1 15 min ATR 42/72
Qantas QF 2300, QF 2331 Rockhampton to Gladstone 91.8 57.4 25 min Bombardier Dash 8–400
Régional YS 3211/3215 Clermont-Ferrand to Lyon 149 93 40 min Embraer 135
Regional Express ZL 456/464/472/473 Narrandera-Leeton to Griffith 63.5 40 25 min Saab 340
Regional Pacific Airlines QT 120 Warraber Island to Yam Island 34.7 21.6 15 min Britten-Norman Islander
Royal Jordanian RJ 347 Tel Aviv to Amman 112 69.5 45 min Embraer
Ryanair FR 7682 Glasgow (Prestwick) to Derry (City of Derry) 148 92 45 min Boeing 737-800
Ryukyu Air Commuter RAC835/RAC836 Minami-Daito to Kita-Daito 12 7 15 min Bombardier Dash 8
Sansa RZ 602 San José to Quepos 54.1 33.6 34 min Grand Caravan
Scandinavian Airlines SK 434 Copenhagen to Gothenburg, Sweden 321.1 199.5 42 min Canadair Regional Jet 900

Airbus A320

SATA SP 1690 Funchal to Porto Santo 58 36 20 min De Havilland Canada Dash 8
SATA SP 904 Flores to Corvo 27 17 15 min De Havilland Canada Dash 8
Seaborne Airlines BB 164 St. Thomas Island to St. Croix Island 71.3 44.3 25 min DHC-6 Twin Otter Series 300
SGA Airlines 5E 941 943 945 947 949 Chiang Mai to Mae Hong Son 119 74 35 min Saab 340
SkyKing RU 8510 Grand Turk to Salt Cay 38.9 24.2 10 min DHC-6 Twin Otter Series 300
Sun Air LW 2452 Washington, DC (Dulles) to Hagerstown, MD 84.5 53 40 min Piper Navajo
Swiss European Air Lines LX 2990 Zürich to Basel 79 49 35 min Avro RJ100
TAM Airlines JJ 3675 São Paulo (Guarulhos) to Campinas (Viracopos) 80.6 50.1 20 min Airbus A320
TAME EQ 222 Tena (Jumandy) to Quito (Mariscal Sucre Int'l) 114.09 70.9 50 min ATR 42-500
TEAM Linhas Aéreas TE 6865 Macaé to Campos 86.2 53.6 15 min Let 410
TRIP Linhas Aéreas T4 5404 São Paulo (Guarulhos) to Campinas (Viracopos) 80.6 50.1 20 min Embraer 190
Tropic Air PM 10/11, PM 20/21, PM 30/31, PM 40/41, PM 50/51, PM 60/61, PM 70/71, PM 80/81, PM 90/91, PM 100/101, PM 110/111 Belize City (Philip S. W. Goldson) to San Pedro 55 34 15 min Grand Caravan
Tyrolean Airways VO 963 973 977
VO 975
Vienna to Graz 143 89 35 min De Havilland Canada Dash 8
Fokker 70
Uni Air B7 639 Chiayi to Makung 81.9 50.9 30 min De Havilland Canada Dash 8
United Express
under United Airlines
Various Altoona to Johnstown 43 27 29 min Saab 340

Saab 340B

US Airways US 1516/1189 Baltimore to Philadelphia 145 90 39 min Airbus A319
Boeing 737-300
Widerøe WF 934 Kirkenes to Vadsø 38.6 24 15 min Bombardier Dash 8–100
Winair WM 441 St Maarten to Saba 48 30 12 min DHC-6 Twin Otter Series 300
Wings of Alaska KS 242 Skagway to Haines 28.6 17.8 15 min Grand Caravan
ZanAir B4 303 Zanzibar to Dar es Salaam 74.2 46.1 20 min Let 410
Zest Air Z2 200 Manila to Marinduque 154 96 50 min Xian MA60

Compare[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Mañana llega a Barajas el primer avión del nuevo servicio Buenos Aires-Madrid, sin escalas ABC, 6 August 1969, p65. Retrieved: 17 October 2013.
  2. ^ Advertisement with service details ABC Magazine ABC, 28 September 1967, p20. Retrieved: 17 October 2013.
  3. ^ SIA sets new world record with direct flight to New York
  4. ^ Cathay Pacific launches new services to Chicago and Abu Dhabi, boosts frequencies to New York and Toronto
  5. ^ "Flight-distance record awaits as big 777 heads to London". Seattle PI, 8 November 2005. Retrieved: 1 July 2011.
  6. ^ [1]
  7. ^ Peter J. Marson, The Lockheed Constellation. Tonbridge, Kent, England: Air-Britain (Historians), 2007
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  9. ^ "QANTAS to launch Dallas service and cancels San Francisco from May 2011". Airline Route. 01/14/11. Retrieved 23 January 2011. 
  10. ^ "Routemaps". Qantas. Retrieved 23 January 2011. 
  11. ^ "Delta to Offer Customers Service to More Unique International Destinations in 2009". Delta Air Lines. 12 November 2008. Retrieved 17 December 2010. 
  12. ^ "Emirates Terminal 3 at Dubai International Launches Phase Two" (Press release). emirates.com. 19 October 2008. Retrieved 6 January 2014. 
  13. ^ "Saudia to Launch Los Angeles Service from late-March 2014". Airlineroute.net. 12/10/13. Retrieved 9 January 2014. 
  14. ^ "QANTAS to launch Dallas service and cancels San Francisco from May 2011". Airlineroute.net. 01/14/11. Retrieved 14 January 2011. 
  15. ^ "Emirates forges new Houston – Dubai route". AsiaTravel Tips.com. 26 January 2007. Retrieved 17 December 2010. 
  16. ^ "Emirates Airline Launches San Francisco Service with World's Longest Green Flight". NewsWireToday. 9 December 2008. Retrieved 30 May 2011. 
  17. ^ "Cathay Pacific Airways Adding 2,100 More Seats A Week To Hong Kong Soon". cathaypacific.com. 24 March 2011. Retrieved 25 November 2013. 
  18. ^ a b c d Summer schedule. (northern hemisphere)
  19. ^ a b c d Winter schedule. (northern hemisphere)
  20. ^ "Cathay Pacific to open non-stop New York air route from July 1". PeopleDaily.com.cn. 12 June 2004. Retrieved 17 December 2010. 
  21. ^ "Continental Airlines Makes Aviation History with First New York-Hong Kong Nonstop" (Press release). New York: Contintental Airlines. 28 February 2001. Retrieved 17 December 2010. 
  22. ^ "Cathay Pacific Celebrates Newark Route Launch with Fare Sale". cathaypacific.com. 12 September 2013. Retrieved 25 November 2013. 
  23. ^ "Qatar Airways Launches Inaugural Flight To Houston" (Press release). Qatar Airways. 31 March 2009. Retrieved 17 December 2010. 
  24. ^ "Emirates upgrades United States network with new services to Seattle and Dallas". Airline Route. 28 September 2011. Retrieved 28 September 2011. 
  25. ^ SAA flights
  26. ^ 16 hr 00 minutes
  27. ^ "Fact File: QANTAS AT A GLANCE" (PDF). Qantas. Retrieved 17 December 2010. 
  28. ^ Easdown, Geoff (17 August 2009). "New routes for V Australia". News.com.au. Retrieved 17 December 2010. 
  29. ^ "Cathay Pacific Airways Announces Non-Stop Flights Between Toronto and Hong Kong" (Press release). Cathay Pacific. 14 November 2007. Retrieved 18 December 2010. 
  30. ^ "New non-stop service between Toronto – Hong Kong" (PDF). Air Canada. 22 April 2004. Retrieved 17 December 2010. 
  31. ^ a b "EVA to Fly into JFK-Passenger services relocated from Newark, effective 31 Oct., 2011" (Press release). EVA Air. 1 August 2011. Retrieved 19 December 2012. 
  32. ^ a b Roxanne Butler. "We’re Off to Mumbai". Continental Airlines though its magazine, Continental. Retrieved 17 December 2010. 
  33. ^ Timeline
  34. ^ "Chicago Becomes Cathay Pacific's Next U.S. Destination". cathaypacific.com. 12 June 2010. Retrieved 12 February 2011. 
  35. ^ "Air Canada to launch direct Flights between Vancouver and Sydney". AsiaTravelTips.com. 2 March 2007. Retrieved 18 December 2010. 
  36. ^ "Delta's Overnight Flights From Dubai To Anywhere In N. America The Following Day". PRLog. 7 May 2007. Retrieved 17 December 2010. 
  37. ^ "Emirates to launch Flights to Sao Paulo, Brazil". AsiaTravelTips.com. 26 January 2007. Retrieved 17 December 2010. 
  38. ^ "EL AL LAUNCHES THE ONLY NONSTOP FLIGHTS BETWEEN Los angeles AND Israel". Travelindustrydeals.com. 8 June 2006. Retrieved 17 December 2010. 
  39. ^ "Qatar Airways Launches Inaugural Flight To Houston" (Press release). Qatar Airways. 31 March 2009. Retrieved 30 August 2013. 
  40. ^ "Etihad Airways to launch new direct service between Sydney and Abu Dhabi". Travelscopy.com. 9 April 2007. Retrieved 17 December 2010. 
  41. ^ "SIA To Make Network Adjustments In Northern Summer Schedule" (Press release). Singapore Airlines. 18 December 2012. Retrieved 19 December 2012. 
  42. ^ "Singapore Airlines beats its own long-haul record". Airways.ch. 29 June 2004. Retrieved 17 December 2010. 
  43. ^ "Thai Airways to cancel direct flight to New York". Forbes.com. 6 August 2008. Archived from the original on 28 December 2011. Retrieved 6 January 2014. 
  44. ^ "Delta ends nonstop flights to India". Global Atlanta. 9 July 2009. Retrieved 22 November 2012. 
  45. ^ Philippine Airlines.com - MNL-YYZ
  46. ^ "United to Begin Daily Nonstop Service Between New York-JFK and Hong Kong". Retrieved 21 November 2012. 
  47. ^ "South African Airways Announces New Non-Stop Service from New York JFK to South Africa". Business Wire. Fort Lauderdale, Florida. 17 December 2008. Retrieved 29 May 2011. 
  48. ^ "Delta to drop Detroit-Hong Kong service". Business Traveller. 26 June 2012. Retrieved 24 October 2012. 
  49. ^ "DELTA cancel New York – Mumbai". AirlineRoute.net. 11 August 2008. Retrieved 13 February 2011. 
  50. ^ "Air India W10 Long-haul changes overview". AirlineRoute.net. 29 July 2010. Retrieved 13 February 2011. 
  51. ^ Jon, Tevlin (12 September 1998). "Hong Kong flight halt may stop runway - MAC approved extension for bigger airplanes". Minneapolis Star-Tribune (Minneapolis, Minnesota: The McClatchy Company). p. 1D. "Northwest spokesman Doug Killian said the decision to halt the non-stop flights to Hong Kong was made "well before" Northwest pilots went on strike Aug. 28. The service was canceled Aug. 31 in a reshuffling of several Northwest trans-Pacific flights to adjust to slumping demand. The Hong Kong flight effectively died when the strike began, because it will not resume when Northwest's flight operations resume, Killian said." 
  52. ^ "American Airlines ends Chicago-New Delhi route". The Indian Express. 16 January 2012. Retrieved 22 November 2012. 
  53. ^ a b [2]
  54. ^ [3]
  55. ^ [4]
  56. ^ http://www.tjm.aero/index.php?option=com_content&view=article&id=71&Itemid=83
  57. ^ [5]
  58. ^ http://www.ethiopianairlines.com/en/timetable/timetable.aspx
  59. ^ The Sun Country flight from London-Gatwick to Gander is only a re-fuelling point. The flight's actual destination is Minneapolis.
  60. ^ Doyle, Andrew (24 October 2012). "SIA to drop nonstop USA flights as Airbus buys back A340s". flightglobal.com. 
  61. ^ Trimble, Stephen (17 November 2013). "DUBAI: Boeing formally launches 777X family with 259 commitments". flightglobal.com. 
  62. ^ "Boeing 777X Airplane". newairplane.com. The Boeing Company. 17 November 2013. Retrieved 25 November 2013. 
  63. ^ Ford Airport (Iron Mountain)

External links[edit]