Nonane

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Nonane
Skeletal formula of nonane
Skeletal formula of nonane with all implicit carbons shown, and all explicit hydrogens added
Nonane-3D-balls-B.png
Identifiers
CAS number 111-84-2 YesY
PubChem 8141
ChemSpider 7849 YesY
EC number 203-913-4
UN number 1920
MeSH nonane
ChEBI CHEBI:32892 YesY
ChEMBL CHEMBL335900 YesY
RTECS number RA6115000
Beilstein Reference 1696917
Gmelin Reference 240576
Jmol-3D images Image 1
Properties
Molecular formula C9H20
Molar mass 128.26 g mol−1
Appearance Colorless liquid
Odor Gasoline-like
Density 718 mg mL−1
Melting point −54.1 to −53.1 °C; −65.5 to −63.7 °F; 219.0 to 220.0 K
Boiling point 150.4 to 151.0 °C; 302.6 to 303.7 °F; 423.5 to 424.1 K
log P 5.293
Vapor pressure 1.33 kPa (at 20.0 °C)
kH 1.7 nmol Pa−1 kg−1
Refractive index (nD) 1.405
Thermochemistry
Specific
heat capacity
C
284.34 J K−1 mol−1
Std molar
entropy
So298
393.67 J K−1 mol−1
Std enthalpy of
formation
ΔfHo298
−275.7–−273.7 kJ mol−1
Std enthalpy of
combustion
ΔcHo298
−6125.75–−6124.67 kJ mol−1
Hazards
GHS pictograms The flame pictogram in the Globally Harmonized System of Classification and Labelling of Chemicals (GHS) The exclamation-mark pictogram in the Globally Harmonized System of Classification and Labelling of Chemicals (GHS) The health hazard pictogram in the Globally Harmonized System of Classification and Labelling of Chemicals (GHS)
GHS signal word DANGER
GHS hazard statements H226, H304, H315, H319, H332, H336
GHS precautionary statements P261, P301+310, P305+351+338, P331
EU classification Harmful Xn
R-phrases R10, R20, R53, R65, R67
Flash point 31.0 °C (87.8 °F; 304.1 K)
Explosive limits 0.87–2.9%
Related compounds
Related alkanes
Except where noted otherwise, data are given for materials in their standard state (at 25 °C (77 °F), 100 kPa)
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Infobox references

Nonane is a linear alkane hydrocarbon with the chemical formula C9H20.

Nonane has 35 structural isomers.

Its substituent form is nonyl. Its cycloalkane counterpart is cyclononane, (C9H18).

Unlike most alkanes, the numeric prefix in its name is from Latin, not Greek. (A name using a Greek prefix would be enneane.)

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "nonane - Compound Summary". PubChem Compound. USA: National Center for Biotechnology Information. 16 September 2004. Identification and Related Records. Retrieved 6 January 2012. 

External links[edit]