Arctic Apples

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Arctic Apples are a suite of trademarked [1] apples that contain a nonbrowning trait (when the apples are subjected to mechanical damage, such as slicing or bruising, the apple flesh remains its original color) [2] introduced through biotechnology[3][4] developed through a process of genetic engineering and precision breeding by Okanagan Specialty Fruits Inc. (OSF).[5] Specifically, gene silencing is used to turn down the expression of polyphenol oxidase (PPO), thus preventing the fruit from browning.[6]

Canadian & U.S. regulatory review[edit]

Okanagan Specialty Fruits has petitioned for regulatory approval for two apple varieties in Canada from the Canadian Food Inspection Agency (CFIA) and Health Canada[7] and in the US from the Animal and Plant Health Inspection Service (APHIS), part of the United States Department of Agriculture (USDA).[8] If approved, they would be the first genetically engineered apple brought to market in North America.[9][10] In 2012, a field test application was approved to conduct a 20 acre study of the apple in the state of Washington. [11]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Petition for Determination of Nonregulated Status: Arctic™ Apple (Malus x domestica) Events GD743 and GS784. United States Department of Agriculture – Animal and Plant Health Inspection Service. Retrieved 2012-08-03.
  2. ^ "Questions and Answers: Okanagan Specialty Fruits’ Non-Browning Apple (Events GD743 and GS784)". APHIS. Retrieved 18 March 2014. 
  3. ^ Lehnert, R. "Firm seeks approval for transgenic apple" Good Fruit Grower. Jan. 15 2011.
  4. ^ Milkovich, M. "Non-browning apples cause controversy" Fruit Growers News. April 29, 2011.
  5. ^ Wilson, K. (2011, July) "Aussie Transplant Proves Fruitful: The Long Road to GMO Innovation" Orchard and Vine, 18-19.
  6. ^ "Apple-to-apple transformation". Okanagan Specialty Fruits. Retrieved 2012-08-03.
  7. ^ [1]. CFIA. Retrieved 2013-12-16.
  8. ^ Petition for Determination of Nonregulated Status: Arctic™ Apple (Malus x domestica) Events GD743 and GS784. United States Department of Agriculture – Animal and Plant Health Inspection Service. Retrieved 2012-08-03.
  9. ^ Karst, T. "Q&A | Neal Carter, Okanagan Specialty Fruits Inc." The Packer. May 18, 2012.
  10. ^ Pollack, A. "That Fresh Look, Genetically Buffed" New York Times. July 12, 2012.
  11. ^ "ISB Record 12-048-102rm". Information Systems for Biotechnology. Retrieved 19 March 2014.