In phonetics and phonology, nonexplosive stops are non-pulmonic (called "non-obstruent") stop consonants that lack the pressure build-up and burst release associated with pulmonic stops. They are reported to occur in Ikwere, an Igboid (Niger–Congo) language of Nigeria.
Ikwere's two nonexplosive stops, transcribed as voiced ⟨ḅ⟩ and pre-glottalized ⟨ʼḅ⟩, correspond to labial-velars /k͡p/ and /ɡ͡b/, respectively, in most other Igboid languages, and implosives /ɓ̥/ and /ɓ/ in some varieties of Igbo. Ikwere's stops resemble both, in that they are velarized and have a non-pulmonic airstream mechanism.[clarification needed]
- Clements, George N.; Osu, Sylvester (2002). "Explosives, implosives, and nonexplosives: Some linguistic effects of air pressure differences in stops". In Carlos Gussenhoven and Natasha Warner. Laboratory Phonology 7. Berlin: Mouton de Gruyter. pp. 299–350.
- Clements, George N.; Osu, Sylvester (2005). "Nasal harmony in Ikwere, a language with no phonemic nasal consonants". Journal of African Languages and Linguistics 26 (2): 165–200. doi:10.1515/jall.2005.26.2.165.
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