Nong Chik was one of the seven states (Mueang) into which the Pattani kingdom was split in the early 19th century to diminish the power of the often rebellious tributary kingdom. The capital was located in tambon Nong Mai (Yarang district). 1901 the district office was moved to Tu Yong, where it is still located today.
Due to the district office location in Tu Yong, the district was renamed to Tu Yong in 1917. In 1938 it was renamed back to the historical name Nong Chik.
The district is subdivided into 12 subdistricts (tambon), which are further subdivided into 74 villages (muban). Bo Thong and Nong Chik are two subdistrict municipalities (thesaban tambon). Nong Chik covers parts of tambon Tu Yong, while Bo Thong covers the complete tambon Bo Thong and parts of Bang Khao. There are further 11 Tambon administrative organizations (TAO).