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November 25, 1925
Kostiantynivka, Donetsk Oblast, Soviet Union
|Died||July 6, 2008
|Spouse(s)||Vyacheslav Tikhonov (divorced)|
Noyabrina "Nonna" Viktorovna Mordyukova (Russian: Но́нна (Ноябри́на) Ви́кторовна Мордюко́ва; November 25, 1925 – July 6, 2008) was a Soviet actress and People's Artist of the USSR (1974). She was the star of films like director Denis Yevstigneyev's Mama and Nikita Mikhalkov's 1980s hit Family Relations She co-starred with the best actors of the Soviet era, among them Vasily Shukshin, Yuri Nikulin, Valentin Zubkov, Mikhail Ulyanov, Vyacheslav Tikhonov and others.
Nonna (Noyabrina) Viktorovna was born into a large family in the Cossack village of Kostiantynivka, Donetsk Region, Ukrainian SSR. Nonna spent her childhood in a settlement where her mother worked as chairwoman of kolkhoz (collective farm). In 1946 Nonna Mordyukova entered the Actors’ Faculty of VGIK and studied there under Boris Bibikov and Olga Pyzhova. After graduating she played on stage of Theatre Studio of Film Actor and was often featured by film directors. In 1948, Nonna Mordyukova was married to actor Vyacheslav Tikhonov and had a son from him (who died). The two were divorced in 1963.
Her impressive filmography reveals, however, that while she has had the chance to work with a constellation of the best Soviet directors, it has usually been for one project only. There is no high profile director with whom she has a continuous working relationship. After her work for Sergei Gerassimov on The Young Guard, she was cast in the last movie of veteran Vsevolod Pudovkin The Return of Vasili Bortnikov (1952). Other one-time collaborations with well-known directors have been with Mikhail Shvejtser for Chuzhaya rodnya (1955), Lev Kulidzhanov for Otchij dom (1959), with Leonid Gaidai for The Diamond Arm, with Andrei Konchalovsky for the Turgenev adaptation Dvoryanskoye gnyezdo (1969), with Grigori Chukhrai for Tryasina (1978), with Eldar Ryazanov for Railway Station for Two, and with Nikolai Gubenko for Zapretnaya zona (1988). She only played once in a film by Nikita Mikhalkov, who structured his village comedy-drama Kinfolk (1981) entirely around the personality of the actress, who had by that time established herself as an epitome of the Russian peasant woman.
The role of Klavida Vavilova, a robust and boisterous Red Army Commissar who has accidentally become pregnant, in Aleksandr Askoldov's Commissar (1967) is Mordyukova's most memorable work. The film, shot in 1966, was shelved and was only released in 1988. By that time Mordyukova was over sixty and had starred in over twenty other films. The wide critical acclaim and appreciation for what is probably her best performance came too late to have any definitive effect on her profile as an actor. She received FIPRESCI Award, Otto Dibelius Film Award, and Special Jury Prize at the Berlin International Film Festival, and Silver Spur Award (Flanders International Film Festival) for The Commissar.
During the period of perestroika, Mordyukova appeared in a number of supporting roles in a range of comedy-dramas. Similarly, she has been a highly visible presence throughout the 1990s, with supporting roles in some of the most-popular Russian features, such as Pavel Lungin's Luna Park (1992) and Vladimir Menshov's Shirli-Myrli (1995). In 1999 she played the leading role in Mummy (1999), directed by Denis Yevstigneyev; a family saga loosely based on a real story, mixing action, melodrama and comedy elements and spanning several decades.
Reportedly, "Russian cinema goers and critics call Mordyukova one of the best actresses of the 20th century." In over fifty years of work in the cinema she has played in dozens of films, where she acted mainly as ordinary Russian women.
The asteroid 4022 Nonna is named after Nonna Mordyukova.
|Year||English Title||Original Title|
|1948||The Young Guard||Молодая гвардия|
|1952||The Return of Vasili Bortnikov||Возвращение Василия Бортникова|
|1955||Other People's Relatives||Чужая родня|
|1959||A Home for Tanya||Отчий дом|
|1960||A Simple Story||Простая история|
|1965||Balzaminov's Marriage||Женитьба Бальзаминова|
|1965||Thirty Three||Тридцать три|
|1968||The Diamond Arm||Бриллиантовая рука|
|1971||Russian Field||Русское поле|
|1973||No Return||Возврата нет|
|1975||They Fought for Their Country||Они сражались за Родину|
|1995||What a mess!||Ширли-мырли|
Honours and awards
- This article incorporates information from the Russian Wikipedia.
- State awards
- Order of Merit for the Fatherland;
- 2nd class (25 November 2005) - for outstanding contribution to the development of national culture and cinema, many years of creative activity
- 3rd class (23 November 2000) - for his great personal contribution to the development of cinematography
- 4th class (27 November 1995) - for services to the state and many years of fruitful work in the arts and culture
- Order of Friendship of Peoples (1985)
- Order of the Badge of Honour (1975)
- People's Artist of the USSR (1974)
- People's Artist of the RSFSR (1969)
- Honoured Artist of the RSFSR (1965)
- Stalin Prize, 1st class (1949) - for his role in the film Uliana Gromova, "Young Guard"
- State Prize of the RSFSR Vasiliev brothers (1973) - for roles in "Crane", "President", etc.
- Prize of the President of Russia (2001) in art and literature
- Public Awards
- National Film Award "Nika" (2004) in the "honour and dignity"
- Premium business circles of Russia, "Idol" (1999) in the nomination "For high service to art"
- Award "Kinotavr" (1996) in the "President's Council Award for creative careers"
- Award "Golden Aries" (1995) in the "Man of cinematic year"
- Recognised as one of the 10 most prominent actresses of the 20th century (1992) - according to the Editorial Board of the British reference book "Who's who"
- Yulia Savelyeva's Naked City. Yulia Savelyeva. The Moscow Times. No. 1812. October 9, 1999.
- NONNA MORDYUKOVA; Star of 'The Commissar', cause celèbre of glasnost cinema. John Riley. The Independent (London). OBITUARIES; Pg. 44. July 12, 2008
- Vladimir Putin Awards Famed Russian Actress Nonna Mordyukova Order for Service To Fatherland. RIA Novosti November 25, 2000.
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Nonna Mordyukova.|
- Nonna Mordyukova at the Internet Movie Database
- Nonna Mordyukova, Legendary Cossack Woman of Soviet Cinema (Biography)
- Her scene as Varvara Pliushch in the Diamond Arm on YouTube