Map of Nonouti
|Area||19.85 km2 (7.66 sq mi)|
|Highest elevation||3 m (10 ft)|
|Population||2,683 (as of 2010 Census)|
|Density||135 /km2 (350 /sq mi)|
|Ethnic groups||I-Kiribati 99.7%|
Nonouti is an atoll and district of Kiribati. The atoll is located in the South Gilbert Islands, 38 km north of Tabiteuea, and 250 km south of Tarawa. The atoll is the third largest in the Gilbert Islands and is the island where the Catholic religion was first established in Kiribati, in 1888.
The eastern side of the atoll is the primary permanent landmass. There is an islet on the northwest side of the atoll called Noumatong, which is uninhabited and is reserved as a bird sanctuary. The eastern area of the atoll consists of tiny islets and islands which form a continuous line.
The government station on the island is located in the village of Matang. The island clerk is the highest ranking government official on the island. The former president, Ieremia Tabai, is from Nonouti.
Nonuti hosts seven primary schools and one Junior Secondary School, and is home to George Eastman High School, run privately by the Kiribati Protestant Church.
The land area of Nonouti islets, and village populations, are:
|Nonouti: Population and Land Area|
|Census Area||Population 2010||Land area by islet||Density (people per hectare)|
|Abamakoro||104||185 hectares (457 acres)||0.6|
|Benuaroa||84||108 hectares (267 acres)||0.8|
|Teuabu||269||34 hectares (84 acres)||7.9|
|Temanoku||286||150 hectares (371 acres)||1.9|
|Rotuma||405||562 hectares (1,389 acres)||0.9|
|Matang||537||811 hectares (2,004 acres)||1.5|
|Temotu||194||138 hectares (341 acres)||1.4|
|Nonouti total||2683||1,988 hectares (4,912 acres)||1.3|
Later in the 1870s, a blackbirding ship came to Nonouti to recruit people to work in Tahiti. Betero and Tiroi from Nonouti were among these people. They stayed in Tahiti and became strong members of the Roman Catholic Church there.
In 1888, the Roman Catholic missionaries from France arrived in Nonouti. Close to where the first catholic missionaries arrived in 1888, just behind the apse of the Catholic Church in Taboiaki village, are the six graves of important foreign missionaries and people to the Catholic Church. Opposite this Catholic Church is the biggest maneaba in Kiribati known as the Aake Maneaba.
Nonouti Post Office opened around 1923.
- "Nonouti Island Report Update". Government of Kiribati.
- "Kiribati Census Report 2010 Volume 1". National Statistics Office, Ministry of Finance and Economic Development, Government of Kiribati.
- Stevenson, Robert Louis (1987) . In the South Seas, Part V, Chapter 1. Chatto & Windus; republished by The Hogarth Press.
- "Nonouti Fact Sheet" (PDF). Kiribati Tourism. Retrieved 24 April 2014.
- Premier Postal History. "Post Office List". Premier Postal Auctions. Retrieved 5 July 2013.
- Exhibit: The Alfred Agate Collection: The United States Exploring Expedition, 1838-1842 from the Navy Art Gallery
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