Nonthaburi (city)

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Nonthaburi
นนทบุรี
City Municipality
The Museum of Nonthaburi (former Nonthaburi City Hall)
The Museum of Nonthaburi (former Nonthaburi City Hall)
Nonthaburi is located in Thailand
Nonthaburi
Nonthaburi
Coordinates: 13°51′03″N 100°31′20″E / 13.85083°N 100.52222°E / 13.85083; 100.52222
Country Thailand
Province Nonthaburi
Establishment 1851
Government
 • Mayor นายสมนึก ธนเดชากุล
Area
 • Total 38.9 km2 (15.02 sq mi)
Population (2012)
 • Total 258,550
 • Density 6,600/km2 (17,000/sq mi)
Time zone TST (UTC+7)
 • Summer (DST) Not observed (UTC)
Website http://www.nakornnont.com/
Mean solar time UTC+06:42:04

Coordinates: 13°31′N 100°19′E / 13.51°N 100.31°E / 13.51; 100.31

Nonthaburi (Thai: นนทบุรี, pronounced [nōn.tʰá.bū.rīː]) is the provincial capital of Nonthaburi, Thailand. It is situated near the mouth of the Chao Phraya River and faces the Gulf of Thailand. Nonthaburi is the 2nd largest city in Thailand.

Recently, the National Physical Plan 2005 identified Nonthaburi as one of the future growth centres and a hub for trade, commerce, transportation and tourism. Nonthaburi is also considered as the social, economic and commercial hub for Central Region due to its strategic location. Rapid development since early 21st century has transformed and modernized Nonthaburi. Since 2005, Nonthaburi has had many development projects across the city.

History[edit]

Nonthaburi in the 14th century was a part of Lavo Kingdom. In the 11th century, this piece of land was conquered by another small empire before being taken over by the Siamese during 12th century. In 1549, Kuantan was ruled by the Ayutthaya Kingdom.

Nonthaburi is said to have been founded in the 1549.

In its early days, it was known as Ban Talat Khwan (Talat Khwan Village). The village was situated at the eastern bank of Chao Phraya River which is in front of the current hospital. Early primary economic activities included fishing and small businesses.

Towards the late 19th century, arrival of Chinese miners and traders saw the establishment of a township in Nonthaburi.

Administration[edit]

The Nonthaburi provincial government shifted the administrative centre of Nonthaburi from Pak Kret to Nonthaburi.

Climate[edit]

Nonthaburi features a tropical rainforest climate under the Köppen climate classification. Usually, Nonthaburi experiences two seasons per year, i.e., the "Dry" and Hot Season and also the Rainy Season. The temperature may reach 40 degrees celsius. The Rainy Season usually occurs between March to October. During this season, the north-east winds bring rain to Nonthaburi. It can get very cloudy with a large amount of rainfall. Floods may also occur. Areas subject to possible flooding include the road to Sungai Lembing and also a few areas along the Chao Phraya River.

Climate data for Nonthaburi
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Average high °C (°F) 28
(83)
30
(86)
31
(87)
32
(89)
32
(89)
32
(89)
32
(89)
32
(89)
31
(88)
31
(88)
29
(85)
28
(82)
31
(87)
Average low °C (°F) 22
(72)
22
(72)
23
(73)
23
(74)
24
(75)
23
(74)
23
(73)
23
(74)
23
(73)
23
(74)
23
(73)
23
(73)
23
(73)
Precipitation mm (inches) 300
(11.81)
170
(6.69)
180
(7.09)
170
(6.69)
190
(7.48)
160
(6.3)
160
(6.3)
170
(6.69)
230
(9.06)
270
(10.63)
310
(12.2)
440
(17.32)
2,860
(112.6)
[citation needed]

Demographics[edit]

Nonthaburi's population is approximately 258,550. The population of Nonthaburi is composed of 57% Thai, 32% Chinese, 10% Indian and 1% other races. According to the World gazetteer, a calculation indicates that the annual population growth of Nonthaburi is the greatest among the Central Thailand, which is 3.88 in general.

Tourism[edit]

Shopping[edit]

Main shopping malls in Nonthaburi:

Landmarks[edit]

  • Nonthaburi Old City Hall (ศาลากลางจังหวัดนนทบุรีหลังเก่า)
  • Nonthaburi City Pillar (ศาลหลักเมืองนนทบุรี)
  • Wat Khemaphirataram Rajaworawiharn (วัดเขมาภิรตารามราชวรวิหาร) The major attractions at Wat Khema are its big pagoda enshrining the lord Buddha’s relics and the Buddha’s image of the Ayutthaya period as well as Tamnak Daeng Building, and Phra Thinang Monthian Hall.
  • Water Airport Road(สนามบินน้ำ) A main street in Nonthaburi.
  • Non Market (ตลาดนนท์)

Transportation[edit]

Land[edit]

Nonthaburi is connected to Bangkok via the Expressway. Nonthaburi is now more accessible by road transportation than before, primarily because of the opening of the expressway. The Expressway also links Nonthaburi to other major towns in Nonthaburi. Two other important towns: Nakhon Ratchasima and Rayong are connected via coastal trunk roads.

Alternatively, express buses to Kuantan also depart from Bangkok. Tickets for these buses are available from Bangkok. These express buses will stop at the Nonthaburi Terminal Bus Station. There's also local bus services which stationed at the local bus station in Thanon Yai next to the Chao Phraya River.

Air[edit]

Don Mueang Airport is located 15 km from Nonthaburi city. This was the national airport of Thailand. Currently, there are three airlines that fly to Don Mueang, namely, Nok Air, Orient Thai and AirAsia.

River[edit]

Nonthaburi Pier is a multipurpose port serving Nonthaburi and the central region.

Healthcare[edit]

Medical needs are served by several hospitals and clinics.

References[edit]

External links[edit]