Nor Hachen

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Coordinates: 40°18′07″N 44°34′59″E / 40.30194°N 44.58306°E / 40.30194; 44.58306

Nor Hachen
Նոր Հաճըն
Memorial to the Haçin resistance in Nor Hachen, erected in 1973
Memorial to the Haçin resistance in Nor Hachen, erected in 1973
Nor Hachen is located in Armenia
Nor Hachen
Nor Hachen
Coordinates: 40°18′0″N 44°34′48″E / 40.30000°N 44.58000°E / 40.30000; 44.58000
Country Armenia
Province Kotayk
founded 1958
Government
 • Mayor Gagik Matevosyan
Area
 • Total 2.3 km2 (0.9 sq mi)
Elevation 1,920 m (6,300 ft)
Population (2009)
 • Total 10,300
Sources: Population [1]

Nor Hachen (Armenian: Նոր Հաճըն), is a town in the Kotayk Province of Armenia, founded in 1958. It has a population of 10,300 as per the 2009 official estimate. The town is located to the west of the Arzni canyon, on the immediate proximity of the Arzni-Shamiram canal.

The town is bordered by the Arzni village and the town of Byureghavan from the east, the village of Nor Geghi from the north, the village of Nor Artamet from the west and the village of Getamej from the south. The Yeghvard training airfield is located to the west of Nor Hachen.

Historical Background[edit]

Nor Hachen

The geographical location of modern-day Nor Hachen corresponds with the location of the historical Kotayk canton of the Ayrarat province of the ancient Greater Armenia.

In 1953, a small settlement was created near the village of Arzni to accommodate the workers of the surrounding hydro power plants, mainly the Arzni Hydro Power Plant which was opened in 1956. Subsequently the settlement became popularly known as "Silovoy" (the Russian naming of the power generator of the plant). With the establishment of the Sabfir stone-processing factory in 1958, along with many other industrial plants, a new planned urban settlement was formed around the area of Silovoy settlement. During the 1960s, the newly created urban settlement was named Nor Hachen (New Haçin) in memory of the Armenian town of Hachen in Cilicia (nowadays known as Saimbeyli in modern-day Turkish Republic).[2]

Between 1988 and 1990, around 400 Armenian refugees from Azerbaijan were resettled in Nor Hachen.

Currently, the town has a cultural centre, 4 primary schools, 1 high school, 1 school of arts and amuseum dedicated to the "History of the Armenians of Cilicia". The memorial to the Haçin resistance erected in 1973 and composed by architect Rafael Israelyan, is the main ladnmark of the town.

Nor Hachen used to be a major industrial centre in the Armenian SSR. However, after the independenc e of Armenia in 1991, very few industrial plants have survived in the town. The "Shoghakn" diamond manufacturing plant was closed in 2007.[3]

Sport[edit]

Hachen FC was a football club from Nor Hachen, used to play their home games at the Hachen City Stadium of 5,000 seats. The club was dissolved in early 1997 due to financial difficulties and is currently inactive from professional football.

References[edit]