|Native name||Նորատ Տեր-Գրիգորյանց|
16 July 1936 |
Vladikavkaz, Russian SFSR, Soviet Union
|Allegiance|| Soviet Union
|Service/branch|| Soviet Army
Armed Forces of Armenia
|Years of service||1955—1991
|Commands held||40th Army
Soviet Ground Forces
|Battles/wars||Afghan Civil War
|Other work||First Deputy Minister of Defense of Armenia, 1992-1995
Acting Minister of Defense of Armenia, 1993
Norat Grigoryevich Ter-Grigoryants (Armenian: Նորատ Տեր-Գրիգորյանց, Russian: Нора́т Григо́рьевич Тер-Григорья́нц; born 16 July 1936) is a retired Soviet and Armenian lieutenant-general who played a leading role in developing the Armed Forces of Armenia during the Nagorno-Karabakh conflict in 1992-1995.
An ethnic Armenian from the Russian Soviet Federative Socialist Republic who served as chief of staff for the Soviet 40th Army in Afghanistan and deputy chief of the Soviet Ground Forces' main staff before the dissolution of the Soviet Union in 1991, Ter-Grigoryants took up the Armenian government's invitation to take command of the Armenian Army in 1992. Ter-Grigoryants became the head of the general staff and the Armenian government's first deputy minister of defense in 1992-1995. He briefly served named Acting Minister of Defense in 1993.
Norat Ter-Grigoryants was born and educated in the city of Vladikavkaz in the Russian Soviet Federative Socialist Republic of the Soviet Union, where his Armenian family had come in the 1920s after fleeing from the Armenian Genocide in the Ottoman Empire. His parents were from Erzurum Province (part of the Ottoman Empire) and Kars (an Armenian province in the Russian Empire annexed by the Turks in the aftermath of World War I).
Soviet Army: 1955-1991
Ter-Grigoryants initially entered the Soviet Army as a conscript in 1955, but rejoined in 1957 to become an officer and graduated from the Ulyanovsk Tank School in 1960. He subsequently attended the Vystrel higher officers' course and graduated from the Malinovsky Military Academy of the Armored Troops in Moscow in 1973. He attended the Voroshilov General Staff Academy as a major-general and graduated in 1980.
Ter-Grigoryants was stationed in Afghanistan for three years in the early 1980s and was awarded the Order of Lenin for his work as chief of staff to Major-General Viktor Yermakov's 40th Army in Afghanistan in 1982-1983. Ter-Grigoryants was made deputy chief of the Main Staff of the Ground Forces of the USSR upon returning from Afghanistan in late 1983 and remained deputy chief as a lieutenant-general until 1991.
Armenian Army: 1992-1995
The dissolution of the Soviet Union in 1991 turned the violent and increasingly warlike ethnic conflict between Armenians and Azeris that had developed during the Gorbachev period over the Nagorno-Karabakh region into a full-scale undeclared war between the newly independent Armenian and Azerbaijani states. Armenia's government invited Ter-Grigoryants to assume command of the Armenian Army in 1992. Assisting the minister of defense, a military non-professional, Grigoryants was simultaneously named to the post of first deputy defense minister. His formal position was changed to head of the general staff and first deputy minister of defense soon after, when the position of the overall Armenian Army commander was phased out in the course of the ongoing military reform, but he remained a key figure in organizing the Armenian military into an effective force and developing the country's military doctrine. In June 1993, Ter-Grigoryants replaced Defense Minister Vazgen Manukyan in acting capacity following his leave until the appointment of Serzh Sargsyan a month later.
Ter-Grigoryants' development of Armenian military doctrine emphasized the role of motorized brigades to allow for operational mobility and flexibility. The air defense forces, previously almost non-existent, were also equipped and organized.
Ter-Grigoryants retired in 1995, shortly after the end of the war in Nagorno-Karabakh in 1994. He has resided in the Russian Federation since 1995, but maintains his ties to Armenia and Russia's Armenian community.
- Order of Lenin
- Order of the Red Banner
- Order of the Red Star
- Order for Service to the Homeland in the Armed Forces of the USSR, 2nd class
- Order for Service to the Homeland in the Armed Forces of the USSR, 3rd class
- Jubilee Medal "In Commemoration of the 100th Anniversary since the Birth of Vladimir Il'ich Lenin"
- Jubilee Medal "Twenty Years of Victory in the Great Patriotic War 1941–1945"
- Medal "Veteran of the Armed Forces of the USSR"
- Medal "For Strengthening of Brotherhood in Arms"
- Jubilee Medal "50 Years of the Armed Forces of the USSR"
- Jubilee Medal "60 Years of the Armed Forces of the USSR"
- Jubilee Medal "70 Years of the Armed Forces of the USSR"
- Medal "For Impeccable Service", 1st class
- Medal "For Impeccable Service", 2nd class
- Medal "30 Years of Victory over militaristic Japan"
- Order of the Red Banner
- Medal "Soldiers-internationalists"
- Order of the Combat Cross, 1st degree
- "Marshal Baghramyan" Medal
- Avagyan, Karine (24 September 2011). "I Have Strong Ties with my Homeland..." Hayern Aysor. Retrieved 19 December 2011.
- "Intervyu s legendarnym generalom". (16 October 2011). Miacum.ru. Retrieved 20 December 2011. (Russian)
- Harutyunyan, Mark (29 October 1992). "Steps for Creation of Army Urged". In Brzezinski, Zbigniew & Paige Sullivan (Eds.). Russia and the Commonwealth of Independent States: Documents, Data, and Analysis pp. 222-223. Washington, D.C.: Center for Strategic and International Studies, 1997. ISBN 1-56324-637-6.
- Dawisha, Karen & Bruce Parrott. (1994). Russia and the New States of Eurasia: The Politics of Upheaval. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. p. 312. ISBN ISBN 0-521-45895-1.
- Adalian, Rouben Paul (2010). Historical Dictionary of Armenia. Lanham, MD: Scarecrow Press. pp. 114-115. ISBN 978-0-8108-6096-4.
- Curtis, Glenn E. (1995). Armenia, Azerbaijan, and Georgia: Country Studies. Washington, D.C.: Federal Research Division, Library of Congress. p. 74. ISBN 0-8444-0848-4.