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CAS number 279-23-2 YesY
PubChem 9233
ChemSpider 8878 YesY
Jmol-3D images Image 1
Molecular formula C7H12
Molar mass 96.17 g mol−1
Appearance white volatile solid
Melting point 85 to 88 °C (185 to 190 °F; 358 to 361 K)
Except where noted otherwise, data are given for materials in their standard state (at 25 °C (77 °F), 100 kPa)
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Infobox references

Norbornane (also known as bicyclo[2.2.1]heptane) is an organic compound and a saturated hydrocarbon with chemical formula C7H12. It is a crystalline compound with melting point 88 °C. The carbon skeleton is derived from cyclohexane ring with a methylene bridge in the 1,4- position, and is a bridged bicyclic compound. The compound is a prototype of a class of strained bicyclic hydrocarbons.

The compound was originally synthesized by reduction of norcamphor.[1]

The name norbornane is derived from bornane, which is 1,7,7-trimethylnorbornane, being a derivative of camphor (bornanone). The prefix nor refers to the stripping of the methyl groups from the parent molecule bornane.

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  1. ^ Komppa, Gust.; Beckmann, Siegfried "Der Grundkörper der Camphergruppe, das Bicyclo-[1.2.2]-heptan, und die stereoisomeren Norborneole" Naturwissenschaften 1934, vol. 22, pp. 171. doi:10.1007/BF01496254

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