|Passes through||Baltic Sea|
|Manufacturer of conductor/cable||ABB|
|Manufacturer of substations||ABB|
|Construction started||11 April 2014|
|Construction cost||€ 552 mill.|
|Type of current||HVDC|
|Total length||450 km (280 mi)|
|Power rating||700 MW|
|AC Voltage||330 kV
|DC Voltage||±300 kV|
|Number of poles||2|
NordBalt (also known as SwedLit) is a planned submarine power cable between Klaipėda in Lithuania and Nybro in Sweden. The aim of the project is to promote trading between Baltic and Nordic electricity markets, as also to increase the security of power supply in both markets.
The project was originally suggested in 2004. Original project Swindlit was aimed at construction of the wind farm in the Baltic Sea and ensuring the electricity transmission therefrom to Sweden and Lithuania. The participants of this project were interested also in Kruonis Pumped Storage Plant as an accumulator of unpredictable wind energy.
In August 2006, the Lithuanian and Swedish transmission grid operators Lietuvos Energija and Svenska kraftnät agreed to launch a feasibility study of a possible interconnection. In February 2007, Lietuvos Energija and Svenska Kraftnät signed an agreement with Swedish consulting company SWECO International on preparation of feasibility study. The study was completed in March 2008 with positive conclusions for the implementation of the project.
On 9 July 2009, Lietuvos Energija, Latvenergo and Svenska kraftnat signed a memorandum of understanding on the NordBalt project. Invitation for pre-qualification for NordBalt converters' and cable procurement was launched in December 2009. The sea bottom survey was conducted by Marin Mätteknik by 13 December 2009. On 17 December 2010, Litgrid, a newly established transmission system operator of Lithuania who took the project over from Lietuvos Energija, and Svenska kraftnät, signed a €270 million contract with ABB according to which ABB will manufacture the cable. According to another contract, signed on 20 December 2010, ABB will supply two converter stations.
In March 2013 Government of Lithuania approved constructions plan around coast area. In 18 April 2013 Sweden government gave its final approval to the construction of a power cable. Cable laying started in 11 April 2014. Completion is planned for 2015.
The interconnection would be high-voltage direct current cable. The length of the cable will be 450 kilometres (280 mi), of which 400 kilometres (250 mi) is the submarine cable, 40 kilometres (25 mi) is the land cable in Sweden, and 10 kilometres (6.2 mi) is the land cable in Lithuania. Its capacity will be 700 MW. The cable is expected to be commissioned in December 2015. It is expected to cost €580 million, of which the submarine cable costs €270 million. €175 million is provided by the European Commission.
NordBalt is expected to be third longest submarine cable.
The Foreign Ministry of Lithuania reported that Russian military ships several times maliciously created obstacles for the project. In one instance the Russian Navy, while in the Exclusive Economic Zone of Lithuania, ran off a ship constructing the NordBalt.
- Estlink (between Estonia and Finland)
- Fenno-Skan (between Finland and Sweden)
- LitPol Link (planned between Lithuania and Poland)
- SwePol (between Poland and Sweden)
- "Agreement on Feasibility Study of Construction of Transmission Line between Lithuania and Sweden signed" (Press release). Lietuvos Energija. 2006-08-25. Retrieved 2009-07-10.
- Sweco (March 2008). "SwedLit Feasibility study summary" (PDF). InterLinks. Retrieved 2010-02-27.
- "Sweden, Lithuania, Latvia sign deal for power link". Reuters. 2009-07-10. Retrieved 2009-07-11.
- Adomaitis, Nerijus (2010-12-17). "ABB signs 270 mln euro NordBalt power cable deal". Reuters. Retrieved 2010-12-20.
- Reid, Katie (2010-12-20). "ABB wins Nordic-Baltic power order". Reuters. Retrieved 2010-12-31.
- "Vyriausybė leido tiesti elektros jungties "NordBalt" kabelį pajūrio juostoje" [The government has allowed the construction of the electrical interconnector NordBalt in the coastal zone] (in Lithuanian). Delfi. 2013-03-06. Retrieved 2013-03-06.
- "Pradedamas tiesti elektros jungties "NordBalt" kabelis" [NordBalt power cable construction started]. Lietuvos žinios (in Lithuanian). 2014-04-11. Retrieved 2014-04-11.
- "The world's longest HVDC Light cable NordBalt HVDC Light connection, Sweden-Lithuania" (PDF). ABB. Retrieved 2014-04-11.
- "NordBalt HVDC connection strengthens integration of Baltic energy markets with northern Europe". ABB Group. Retrieved 2010-12-31.
- Harrison, Pete (2009-06-10). "Power and pollution at heart of EU's Baltic project". Reuters. Retrieved 2009-07-10.
- "Foreign Ministry of Lithuania summoned the Russian ambassador to express strong protest". Foreign Ministry of Lithuania. Retrieved 2015-05-02.
- Braw, Elisabeth (5 May 2015). "Balts Say Russian Navy Bullying Undersea Cable Crews". Radio Free Europe. Retrieved 7 May 2015.