Anthropornis

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Anthropornis
Temporal range: EoceneOligocene, 37–45Ma
Anthropornis nordenskjoeldi.jpg
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Class: Aves
Order: Sphenisciformes
Family: Spheniscidae
Genus: Anthropornis
Wiman, 1905
Species
  • A. nordenskjoeldi Wiman, 1905 (type)
  • A. grandis (Wiman, 1905)

Anthropornis is a genus of giant penguin that lived 37-45 million years ago, during the Late Eocene and the earliest part of the Oligocene.[1] It reached 1.7 m (5 ft 7 in) in height and 90 kg (200 lb) in weight. Fossils of it have been found on Seymour Island off the coast of Antarctica and in New Zealand. By comparison, the largest modern penguin species, the emperor penguin, is just 1.2 m (3 ft 11 in) tall.

The type species, Anthropornis nordenskjoldi, had a bent joint in the wing, probably a carryover from flying ancestors.

Human and A. nordenskjoldi size comparison

References[edit]

  1. ^ Myrcha, A., Jadwiszczak, P., Tambussi, C.P., Noriega, J.I., Gazdzicki, A., Tatur, A., and Valle, R.A. (2002). "Taxonomic Revision of Eocene Antarctic Penguins Based on Tarsometatarsal Morphology". Polish Polar Research, 23(1): 5-46