Nordea

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Nordea Bank AB
Type Publicly traded Aktiebolag
Traded as
Industry Financial services
Founded 2000
Headquarters Stockholm, Sweden
Key people Björn Wahlroos (Chairman), Christian Clausen (President and CEO)
Products Corporate and retail banking, asset management
Revenue €9.501 billion (2011)[1]
Net income €2.634 billion (2011)[1]
AUM €187.4 billion (2011)[1]
Employees 33,068 (FTE, end 2011)[1]
Website nordea.com

Nordea Bank AB, commonly referred to as Nordea, is a Nordic-based financial services group operating in Northern Europe. The bank is the result of the successive mergers and acquisitions of the Finnish, Danish, Norwegian and Swedish banks of Merita Bank, Unibank, Kreditkassen (Christiania Bank) and Nordbanken that took place between 1997 and 2000. The Baltic countries and Poland are today also considered part of the home market. The largest share holder of Nordea is Sampo, a Finnish insurance company with around 20% of the shares. Nordea is listed on the Copenhagen Stock Exchange, Helsinki Stock Exchange and Stockholm Stock Exchange.

Nordea is headquartered from Stockholm and has more than 1,400 branches. The bank is present in 19 countries around the world, operating through full service branches, subsidiaries and representative offices.

The international corporate banking division has branches in Germany (Frankfurt), United Kingdom (London), Singapore, China (Shanghai)[2] and in the United States (New York). Nordea International private banking has its headquarters in Luxembourg with branches in Belgium (Brussels), France (Cannes), Luxembourg, Spain (FuengirolaMálaga) and Switzerland (Zurich). Besides, Nordea also has representative offices in Brazil (São Paulo) and China (Beijing).[2]

Nordea currently serves 11 million private[3] and 700,000 active corporate customers. The group also operates an internet bank, which has more than 5.9 million online customers doing more than 260 million payments per year.

History[edit]

Nordea is the result of the successive mergers and acquisitions of the Swedish, Finnish, Danish and Norwegian banks of Nordbanken, Merita Bank, Unibank and Kreditkassen (Christiania Bank) that took place between 1997 and 2000. The name Nordea comes from the Swedish bank Nordbanken, which was based on PK-banken (Post och Kreditbanken; owned by Swedish state) which in 1990 purchased the smaller private bank Nordbanken, and picked up that name. PK-banken was formed in 1974 at a merger between Postbanken (formed 1884) and Sveriges Kreditbank (formed 1923), both state owned. Merita Bank was a 1995 merger of the former main rivals in Finland, the originally Svecoman Union Bank of Finland (Suomen Yhdyspankki) founded in 1842 and the Fennoman National Share Bank (Kansallis-Osake-Pankki) founded in 1889.

The private Nordbanken was formed in 1986 at a merger between two smaller private local banks, Uplandsbanken and Sundsvallsbanken. In 1991 the Swedish banking crisis, resulting from deregulated markets and a housing price bubble, forced the government to nationalise Nordbanken for 64 billion kronor. Bad debts were transferred to the asset-management companies Securum and Retriva which sold off the assets.

Ownership[edit]

Nordea is owned by:

  1. Sampo, 21.3%
  2. Nordea Fonden, 3.9%
  3. Swedbank Robur Funds, 3.3%
  4. AMF Insurance and Funds, 2.1%

Nordea Markets[edit]

Nordea Markets is the international markets operation of Nordea. It handles a broad range of investment banking products and services including fixed income, currencies, commodities, equities, debt capital markets, and corporate finance. It also supplies advisory services and internationally acknowledged economic research and analysis.

There are approximately 2,200 employees including Financial Risk Control and Capital Markets Services. Its main operational centres are in Copenhagen (also the main trading floor), Helsinki, Oslo and Stockholm, and with regional offices also in Estonia, Latvia, Lithuania, Poland, Russia, Singapore and USA.

The organisation's stated aim is to provide rapid, easy access to market and trading facilities and a strong local presence to its customers in all its regions. It operates with a mission statement of "Making it possible" and a vision statement of "A great European, capital markets and investment banking organisation, acknowledged for its people, creating superior value for customers and shareholders".

Online theft[edit]

In 2007 Nordea was the subject of an online phishing scam. The amount of money involved was "between seven and eight million SEK".[4] The theft was perpetrated by targeting Nordea customers with phishing emails containing a trojan horse, that was especially made for this robbery. Apparently these emails were sent out over a period of 15 months. According to Nordea, at least 250 people had unwittingly installed the trojan. The thieves evaded detection by limiting their transfers to small sums. Nordea has refunded all the victims and has implemented a new security system, Chip Authentication Program[5]

Awards[edit]

Euromoney financial magazine named Nordea the "best provider of private banking services in the Nordic and Baltic region" each year from 2008 to 2014.[6]

Subsidiaries[edit]

The Danish headquarters of Nordea is located in Christianshavn, Copenhagen.

See also[edit]

Nordic headquarters[edit]

References[edit]

External links[edit]