Nordic combined at the Winter Olympics

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Nordic combined at the Winter Olympics
Nordic combined pictogram.svg
Governing body FIS
Events 3 (men)
Games
1924 1928 1932 1936 1948 1952
1956 1960 1964 1968 1972 1976
1980 1984 1988 1992 1994 1998
2002 2006 2010 2014
Medalists

The Nordic combined events have been contested at the Winter Olympic Games since 1924. The first competition involved 18 km cross-country skiing, followed by ski jumping. Whoever earned the most points from both competitions won the event. At the 1952 Winter Olympics, the ski jumping was held first, followed by 18 km cross-country skiing. The cross-country skiing portion was reduced to 15 km at the 1956 Winter Olympics. The ski jumping styles would change over the years as well, from the Kongsberger technique after World War I to the Daescher technique in the 1950s to the current V-style from 1985 onwards. The cross-country skiing technique would switch from classical to freestyle for all competitions beginning in 1985, but the biggest change would occur at the 1988 Winter Olympics in the scoring with the Gundersen method, meaning the 15 km cross country portion would go from an interval start race to a pursuit race, so that whoever crossed the finish line first won the event. The team event with a 3 x 10 km cross country relay started at the 1988 Winter Olympics, changing to the current 4 x 5 km cross-country relay at the 1998 Winter Olympics. The 7.5 km sprint event was added at the 2002 Winter Olympics. Nordic combined remains a men's only event as of the 2010 Winter Olympics. For the 2010 Winter Games, the 15 km Individual Gundersen which consisted of 2 jumps from the normal hill followed by 15 km cross country will be replaced by a 10 km individual normal hill event which will consist of one jump from the individual normal hill following by 10 km of cross country using the Gundersen system while the 7.5 km sprint will be replaced by the 10 km individual large hill event.

Events[edit]

Event 24 28 32 36 48 52 56 60 64 68 72 76 80 84 88 92 94 98 02 06 10 14 Years
10 km individual normal hill 22
Team normal hill 8
10 km individual large hill 4
Total events 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 2 2 2 2 3 3 3 3

Medal table[edit]

Rank Nation Gold Silver Bronze Total
1  Norway (NOR) 13 9 8 30
2  Finland (FIN) 4 8 2 14
3  Austria (AUT) 3 2 8 13
4  East Germany (GDR) 3 0 4 7
5  Germany (GER) 2 4 3 9
6  Japan (JPN) 2 2 0 4
7  France (FRA) 2 1 1 4
8  West Germany (FRG) 2 1 0 3
9  United States (USA) 1 3 0 4
10  Switzerland (SUI) 1 2 1 4
11  Unified Team of Germany (EUA) 1 0 1 2
12  Soviet Union (URS) 0 1 2 3
13  Sweden (SWE) 0 1 1 2
14  Poland (POL) 0 0 1 1
 Russia (RUS) 0 0 1 1
 Italy (ITA) 0 0 1 1
Total 34 34 34 102

Number of Nordic combined skiers by nation[edit]

Nation 24 28 32 36 48 52 56 60 64 68 72 76 80 84 88 92 94 98 02 06 10 14 Years
 Austria (AUT) 1 3 4 4 5
 Canada (CAN) 2 4 4 1
 Czechoslovakia (TCH) 4 4 4 4 4
 Estonia (EST) 4 4 4 2 1 5
 Finland (FIN) 2 2 4 5
 France (FRA) 4 3 5
 Germany (GER) 5 4 5
 Great Britain (GBR) 1
 Hungary (HUN) 3 1 2
 Italy (ITA) 1 3 2 4
 Japan (JPN) 1 3 3 5
 Latvia (LAT) 1
 Norway (NOR) 4 4 4 4 5
 Poland (POL) 2 3 3 4 4 4 1 1 4 3 4 4 1 2 1
 Russia (RUS) 2
 Slovenia (SLO) 2
 Sweden (SWE) 3 1 2 3
 Switzerland (SUI) 4 4 3 3 5
 United States (USA) 4 3 4 4 5
 Ukraine (UKR) 1
 Yugoslavia (YUG) 4
Nations 9 14 10 16 14
Nordic combined skiers 30 35 33 51 54
Year 24 28 32 36 48 52 56 60 64 68 72 76 80 84 88 92 94 98 02 06 10 14

See also[edit]

References[edit]

External links[edit]

Media related to Nordic combined at the Olympics at Wikimedia Commons