Norfolk Botanical Garden

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Norfolk Azalea Garden
NorfolkBotanicalGardenCanal.jpg
Canal in the Norfolk Botanical Garden
Norfolk Botanical Garden is located in Virginia
Norfolk Botanical Garden
Location 6700 Azalea Garden rd., Norfolk, Virginia
Coordinates 36°54′10″N 76°12′22″W / 36.90278°N 76.20611°W / 36.90278; -76.20611Coordinates: 36°54′10″N 76°12′22″W / 36.90278°N 76.20611°W / 36.90278; -76.20611
Built 1938
Architect City of Norfolk
Architectural style Naturalistic Landscape
Governing body Local
NRHP Reference # 05000895[1]
VLR # 122-1007
Significant dates
Added to NRHP August 17, 2005
Designated VLR June 1, 2005[2]

The Norfolk Botanical Garden (155 acres) is a botanical garden with arboretum located at 6700 Azalea Garden Road, Norfolk, Virginia.

Hours of operation[edit]

April 1st - October 16th

  • Gate is open from 9am - 7pm
  • Garden is open from 9am - 7pm

October 16th - April 30th

  • Gate is open from 9am - 5pm
  • Garden is open from 9am - 7pm

Closed on Thanksgiving, Christmas and New Year's Day.

Admission to the garden[edit]

  • Members Free
  • Adults $11
  • Seniors and Military $10
  • Children & Youth (3-18) $9
  • Toddlers (2 and under) Free with Parent or Guardian

Boat Tours:

  • Adults $8
  • Toddlers (2 and under) Free

Sunset Boat Tours:

  • Adult Members $10
  • Adult Non-members $18
  • Toddlers (2 and under) Free

History[edit]

The Norfolk Botanical Garden was first called the Norfolk Azalea Garden, was listed on the National Register of Historic Places in 2005.[1] Norfolk Botanical Garden opened in 1938, when the city of Norfolk set aside a 75 acres (300,000 m2) of high, wooded ground plus 75 acres (300,000 m2) of reservoir for a city garden. In 1938, under a Works Progress Administration (WPA) grant, 200 African-American women and 20 men cleared the site. By March 1939, 4,000 azaleas, 2,000 rhododendrons, several thousand miscellaneous shrubs and trees, and 100 bushels of daffodils had been planted. In 1958 the Old Dominion Horticultural Society took over maintenance and changed the garden's name to Norfolk Botanical Garden. The garden did at one point contain 175 acres, but the neighboring Norfolk International Airport expanded and took away 20 acres. A number of gardens were added through the 1950s and 1960s, including a Japanese garden, desert plants garden, colonial garden and rose garden.[3]

Today the grounds include numerous theme gardens, including:

  • All-American Selections Display Garden - features All-America Selections (AAS) of new annual varieties.
  • Annette Kagan Healing Garden - medicinal plants, stream, and pools.
  • Bicentennial Rose Garden (1976) - over 3,000 rose plants representing more than 430 varieties.
  • Colonial Herb Garden - American herb garden of the 18th and 19th centuries, hedged with boxwood.
  • Fern Glade - numerous fern species.
  • Flowering Aboretum (17.5 acres) - a collection of 336 flowering trees.
  • Four Seasons Garden and Wildflower Meadow (1994) - more than 50 wildflower species and 10 species of grasses.
  • Hofheimer Camellia Garden (1992) - one of the region's largest camellia collection; more than 500 varieties. Predominant types are varieties of Camellia japonica and C. sasanqua.
  • Holly Garden & Turner Sculpture Garden (1950s, 3 acres) - evergreen hollies in garden "rooms". The garden contains 121 varieties of hollies, including more than 20 types of American and Asiatic hollies and a dozen English hollies are grouped by geographic regions.
  • Japanese Garden (1962) - created to honor Norfolk's sister city, Moji, Japan, and rededicated in 1962 to Kitakyushu, formerly Moji; redesigned and refurbished in 1995.
  • Kaufman Hydrangea Garden - nearly 200 varieties of hydrangea and close relatives.
  • Matson Garden (0.25 acres) - large sweeps of perennials and smaller mixed groups.
  • Mirror Lake (1939) - lake with paved trail and small woodland trails.
  • NATO Overlook - view of garden, with redwoods and blue atlas cedars; named in honor of the nearby NATO installation.
  • Norfolk International Airport Overlook - detailed map of Norfolk International Airport with a description of how planes work. Visitors can monitor airport ground communications.
  • Purity Garden - Cataldi's sculpture of Madonna and Child, with backdrop of camellias.
  • Renaissance Garden (1994) - patterned upon Italian Renaissance gardens of the late 16th century, with vista, terraces, stone fences, statues of the seasons, and reflective pool and fountain.
  • Sarah Lee Baker Perennial Garden (1 acre) - more than 200 varieties of perennials, in a formal setting with limestone fountain and canals.
  • Sunken Garden (1963) - small pool with shade and sun plants.
  • Virginia Native Plant Garden (6 acres) - four plant communities that once covered much of southeastern Virginia: bald cypress / tupelo swamp; bottomland hardwood forest; longleaf pine flatwoods; and Atlantic white cedar forest.
  • Winter Garden - plants of winter interest.
  • World of Wonders (3 acres) - for families and children.

Tours offered[edit]

Tram[edit]

The tram starts in front of Baker Hall Visitor Center, in the designated tram circle. The tram tour takes approximately 25 minutes, and has six stops around the garden. On weekdays the tram runs at the top of the hour, and on weekends the trams runs every half hour. The tram is driven by a Garden Guide that will explain the different gardens passed by during the tour.

Rose Walking[edit]

This tour is an in depth view of the Bicentennial Rose Garden. It was completed in 1976 in honor of America's 200th birthday. Inside the 3.5 acres there are 3,000 individual rose bushes representing roughly 400 cultivars. It was previously one of 23 testing sites for the All-American Selection for roses (All American Rose Selection), and now it is a designated display site only.

Boat[edit]

A 45 minute tour that starts and end at the boat basin right behind Baker Hall and next to the Japanese Garden. The tour goes out onto Lake Whitehurst where you learn about the lake and all the inhabitants.

Sunset Boat[edit]

These tours are only offered about once a month. It is a tour that lasts for an hour and a half out on Lake Whitehurst. It is a more in depth look into the body of water and all its inhabitants than the daily boat tour.

Gallery[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "National Register Information System". National Register of Historic Places. National Park Service. 2009-03-13. 
  2. ^ "Virginia Landmarks Register". Virginia Department of Historic Resources. Retrieved 19 March 2013. 
  3. ^ Cheryl S. White (December 2004). "National Register of Historic Places Inventory/Nomination: Norfolk Azalea Garden". Virginia Department of Historic Resources.  and Accompanying four photos

External links[edit]