North West Norfolk (UK Parliament constituency)
|North West Norfolk|
|for the House of Commons|
Boundary of North West Norfolk in Norfolk.
Location of Norfolk within England.
|Electorate||73,269 (December 2010)|
|Major settlements||Kings Lynn and Hunstanton|
|Member of Parliament||Henry Bellingham (Conservative)|
|Number of members||One|
|Created from||King's Lynn|
|Number of members||One|
|Replaced by||King's Lynn|
|European Parliament constituency||East of England|
- 1 History
- 2 Boundaries
- 3 Constituency profile
- 4 Members of Parliament
- 5 Elections
- 6 See also
- 7 Notes and references
The constituency was created under the Redistribution of Seats Act 1885 for the 1885 general election, and abolished for the 1918 general election. It was re-established for the February 1974 general election, replacing the former King's Lynn constituency.
The first MP had gained almost exactly the same wards (in the old seat) in 1970, before which Lynn was held by one of Harold Wilson's government colleagues in the Labour Party, largely as a bellwether. Christopher Brocklebank-Fowler therefore effectively held the seat in the two 1974 elections and in 1979 however by March 1981 he became distanced from the Conservatives and defected to the newly formed Social Democratic Party shortly before the 1983 Conservative Landslide where Brocklebank-Fowler lost his seat to the replacement Conservative candidate Henry Bellingham.
Bellingham increased his precarious lead over Brocklebank-Fowler at the 1987 general election who therefore in the following election chose to contest another area[n 3] and at which Labour's candidate regained second place, almost doubling their share of the vote. Labour gained the seat at the 1997 general election but Bellingham regained the seat at the 2001 general election and increased his majority subsequently in both 2005 and 2010.
The latter election saw political party infighting when the Labour candidate for North West Norfolk, Manish Sood[n 4] stated in an interview with the local newspaper Lynn News that Gordon Brown was
"the worst prime minister we have had in this country."
This gained national attention and resulted in Labour disowning their candidate. Sood did not attend the count and stated he would watch it from his home in Leicester, only to finish third, behind Bellingham and the Liberal Democrat candidate William Summers, whose party received their best ever result in the constituency, with an 18.3% swing from Labour to the others.
For the general elections from 1997 to 2005 North West Norfolk consisted of 30 wards from the district of King's Lynn and West Norfolk. Parliament accepted the Boundary Commission's Fifth Periodic Review of Westminster constituencies which removed Walton, Marshland St. James, Tilney St Lawrence, and Wiggenhall to the South West Norfolk constituency from the 2010 general election since which it has electoral wards:
- Brancaster; Burnham; Clenchwarton; Dersingham; Docking; Fairstead; Gayton; Gaywood Chase; Gaywood North Bank; Grimston; Heacham; Hunstanton; North Lynn; North Wootton; Old Gaywood; Priory; Rudham; St Margarets with St Nicholas; Snettisham; South and West Lynn; South Wootton; Spellowfields; Springwood; Valley Hill; Walpole; West Winch.
Norfolk North West constituency covers an extensive hinterland in the far corner of East Anglia - remote from London, but close to Lincolnshire and the East Midlands, with which the area shares more economic links.
A minority of King's Lynn contain severe poverty marked by unemployment, social housing dependency and social problems - within relatively affluent East Anglia, only Jaywick and Great Yarmouth from 2001-2004 scored higher in deprivation indices. Contrasted with this is the bulk of the area: the tourist resort Hunstanton, retail, military, public sector and commercial activity of Kings Lynn and the royal estate at Sandringham, along with many small villages and more than 50% undulating cultivated farmland — incomes and types of dwelling are close to the national average. The most frequent result has been of a fairly marginal but not negligible majority for a Conservative.
Members of Parliament
|1886||Lord Henry Cavendish-Bentinck|
|1900||Sir George White||Liberal|
|1912 by-election||Edward George Hemmerde||Liberal|
|1918||constituency abolished: see King's Lynn|
MPs since 1974
|Feb. 1974||Christopher Brocklebank-Fowler||Conservative|
Elections in the 2010s
|General Election 2010: North West Norfolk|
|Liberal Democrat||William Summers||11,106||23.2||+8.5|
|UKIP||John William Gray||1,841||3.9||+0.2|
|Green||Mike de Whalley||745||1.6||+1.6|
Elections in the 2000s
|General Election 2005: North West Norfolk|
|Liberal Democrat||Simon Higginson||7,026||13.9||+5.5|
|General Election 2001: North West Norfolk|
|Liberal Democrat||Ian Mack||4,292||8.4||-1.2|
|Conservative gain from Labour||Swing|
Elections in the 1990s
|General Election 1997: North West Norfolk|
|Liberal Democrat||E Knowles||5,513||9.6||-4.2|
|Referendum Party||R Percival||2,923||5.1||N/A|
|Labour gain from Conservative||Swing||10.4|
|General Election 1992: North West Norfolk|
|Liberal Democrat||AM Waterman||8,599||13.8||−18.2|
|Natural Law||SRA Pink||330||0.5||N/A|
Elections in the 1980s
|General Election 1987: North West Norfolk|
|Social Democrat||Christopher Brocklebank-Fowler||18,568||31.93|
|General Election 1983: North West Norfolk|
|Social Democrat||Christopher Brocklebank-Fowler||20,211||37.63|
|Conservative gain from Social Democrat||Swing|
Elections in the 1970s
|General Election 1979: North West Norfolk|
|General Election October 1974: North West Norfolk|
|General Election February 1974: North West Norfolk|
|Conservative win (new seat)|
Elections in the 1910s
|North West Norfolk by-election, 1912
|Liberal||Edward George Hemmerde||5,613||53.1||-2.8|
|Conservative||Neville Paul Jodrell||4,965||46.9||+2.8|
|General Election December 1910: North West Norfolk
|Liberal||Sir George White||5,407||55.9||-0.1|
|Conservative||Neville Paul Jodrell||4,264||44.1||+0.1|
|General Election January 1910 North West Norfolk
|Liberal||Sir George White||5,596||56.0|
|Conservative||Neville Paul Jodrell||4,388||44.0|
Elections in the 1900s
|General Election 1906 North West Norfolk
|Conservative||William John Lancaster||2,972||34.0|
|General Election 1900 North West Norfolk
|Liberal Unionist||Sir William Howell Browne Ffolkes||3,811||47.1|
Notes and references
- A county constituency (for the purposes of election expenses and type of returning officer)
- As with all constituencies, the constituency elects one Member of Parliament (MP) by the first past the post system of election at least every five years.
- South Norfolk constituency
- At the time a Leicester councillor
- "Electorate Figures - Boundary Commission for England". 2011 Electorate Figures. Boundary Commission for England. 4 March 2011. Retrieved 13 March 2011.
- "Thousands celebrate Diwali event". BBC News. 28 October 2008. Retrieved 5 May 2010.
- PM attack Labour candidate stayed at home  Diss Express 6th May 2010
- Chris Bishop (8 May 2010). "Henry Bellingham increases his NW Norfolk majority". Norwich Evening News.
- "Election 2010: Brown worst PM says Labour candidate". BBC News. 2010-04-16. Retrieved 5 May 2010.
- "Brown is 'worst PM ever'". BBC News. 2010-04-16. Retrieved 5 May 2010.
- Mason, Trevor (4 May 2010). "Disowned candidate Manish Sood unrepentant over PM blast". The Independent. Retrieved 5 May 2010.
- 2010 post-revision map non-metropolitan areas and unitary authorities of England
- Unemployment claimants by constituency The Guardian
- Election results 1992-2005, Guardian
- Leigh Rayment's Historical List of MPs – Constituencies beginning with "N" (part 2)[self-published source][better source needed]
- "Politics Resources". Election 1992. Politics Resources. 9 April 1992. Retrieved 2010-12-06.
- British parliamentary election results, 1885-1918 (Craig)