Norio Ohga

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Norio Ohga
NOhga.jpg
Born (1930-01-29)January 29, 1930
Numazu, Shizuoka, Japan
Died April 23, 2011(2011-04-23) (aged 81)
Tokyo, Japan
Nationality Japanese
Education Tokyo National University of Fine Arts and Music
Berlin University of the Arts
Occupation Businessperson, Singer (Baritone), Conductor
Organization Sony
Tokyo Philharmonic Orchestra
Known for Sony
Spouse(s) Midori Matsubara

Norio Ohga (大賀典雄 Ōga Norio?), otherwise spelled Norio Oga (January 29, 1930 – April 23, 2011), was the former president and chairman of Sony Corporation, credited with spurring the development of the compact disc[1] as a commercially viable audio format.

Biography[edit]

Early career[edit]

Ohga was born in Numazu, Shizuoka.[2] When he was a child, he suffered tuberculosis that kept him in bed for a long time during which an acquaintance taught him physics and music. As a young man, Ohga aspired to be a professional opera singer, and went on to read at the prestigious Tokyo National University of Fine Arts and Music, graduating in 1953. It was a highly critical letter written to the Tokyo Tsushin Kogyo KK (also known as Totsuko and later as Sony), complaining about their tape recorder’s many failings that got him noticed by Masaru Ibuka, Akio Morita and other Totsuko executives. Because of his insight in music and technology, the company hired him as a part-time consultant.[3] He went on to study music in Munich and Berlin, where he formed a friendship with the conductor Herbert von Karajan.[4] The young man's knowledge of sound and electrical engineering continued to be an asset to the company, and rising to become the president of CBS/Sony Records Inc. (currently Sony Music Entertainment Japan) in 1970, by the age of 40 - this was unprecedented in the history of the Japanese company.[5]

Later career[edit]

He was made the president of Sony in 1982, and the CEO of Sony in 1989. That same year, he purchased Columbia Pictures Entertainment (currently Sony Pictures Entertainment) from the Coca-Cola Company for $3.4 billion.[6][7]A year earlier, he acquired the CBS Records Group (currently Sony Music Entertainment) from Columbia Broadcasting System. Ohga also played a key role in establishing Sony Computer Entertainment in 1993. He supported Ken Kutaragi to develop the PlayStation as a Sony-owned console.

In 1994 he succeeded co-founder Akio Morita as Sony chairman. The next year he selected Nobuyuki Idei as the company's next president, a decision he later told author John Nathan appalled 99 out of 100 people at the company, and it led to a sweeping reorganization of the company. Indeed, Idei lasted until 2005 when he was succeeded by Howard Stringer. Idei became co-CEO with Ohga in 1998, and sole CEO in 1999.

In 2000 he became semi-retired, staying Chairman of the Board while Idei became Executive Chairman. In November 2001, Ohga collapsed onstage due to a cerebral hemorrhage while conducting an orchestra at a music festival in Beijing. He later recovered his ability to speak and move after a three-month coma. On his 73rd birthday in 2003, Ohga retired from the board and became Honorary Chairman. He served as chairman of the Tokyo Philharmonic Orchestra.[8] He died in Tokyo.

Awards[edit]

His international recognition included the Japanese Medal of Honor with Blue Ribbon (2001), Grand Cordon of the Order of the Sacred Treasure (2001) and France's Legion of Honour.[6]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Jack Schofield (2011-04-24). "Norio Ohga obituary". The Guardian. Retrieved 2014-11-25. 
  2. ^ "Chairman of the Board Norio Ohga Retires as Director of Sony Corporation" (Press release). Sony Global. 28 January 2003. Retrieved 26 April 2011. 
  3. ^ O'Neal, Sean (April 25, 2011). "R.I.P. Norio Ohga, Sony executive who helped invent the compact disc". A. V. Club. Retrieved 26 April 2011. 
  4. ^ Lebrecht, Norman (31 May 1992). "MUSIC & DANCE : Sony's Stickman : By day, Norio Ohga runs the worldwide media and electronics giant. In the middle of the night, his thoughts turn symphonic". Los Angeles Times. 
  5. ^ "Norio Ohga, former Sony president, dies". BBC News. 23 April 2011. Retrieved 26 April 2011. 
  6. ^ a b Sony, "Passing of Norio Ohga, Senior Advisor and former President and Chairman, Sony Corporation," April 23, 2011; retrieved 2011-08-08
  7. ^ R.I.P. Norio Ohga, deadline.com
  8. ^ Jason Deans (2011-04-24). "Former Sony president Norio Ohga dies aged 81". The Guardian. Retrieved 2014-11-25. 

External links[edit]

Business positions
Preceded by
Kazuo Iwama
President of Sony Corporation
1982–1989
Succeeded by
Nobuyuki Idei
Preceded by
CEO of Sony Corporation
1989–1999
Succeeded by
Nobuyuki Idei
Preceded by
Akio Morita
Chairman of the Board of Sony Corporation
1994–2003
Succeeded by
Nobuyuki Idei
Preceded by
Honorary Chairman of Sony Corporation
2003–2011
Succeeded by