Norm Dicks

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Norm Dicks
Norman Dicks, official portrait, 111th Congress.jpg
Member of the U.S. House of Representatives
from Washington's 6th district
In office
January 3, 1977 – January 3, 2013
Preceded by Floyd Hicks
Succeeded by Derek Kilmer
Personal details
Born (1940-12-16) December 16, 1940 (age 74)
Bremerton, Washington, US
Political party Democratic
Spouse(s) Suzanne Callison
Residence Belfair, Washington
Alma mater University of Washington
Occupation Attorney
Religion Lutheran - ELCA[1]

Norman DeValois "Norm" Dicks (born December 16, 1940) was the U.S. Representative for Washington's 6th congressional district, serving between 1977 and 2013. He is a member of the Democratic Party. His district is located in the northwestern corner of the state, and includes most of Tacoma. Norman Dicks retired at the end of the 112th Congress.[2]

Early life, education, and early political career[edit]

Norm Dicks was born and raised in Bremerton, Washington. His family attended Our Saviour's Lutheran Church in Bremerton, and he was confirmed there as a teenager. He attended the University of Washington, where he was a linebacker on the Huskies football team and pledged Sigma Nu Fraternity. He earned a B.A. and a J.D. degree there.

After college, he became legislative and administrative assistant to long-serving U.S. Senator Warren G. Magnuson of Washington.[citation needed]

U.S. House of Representatives[edit]

Elections[edit]

In 1976, incumbent Democrat U.S. Representative Floyd Hicks decided to retire to run for a Washington State Supreme Court seat. Dicks qualified for the general election via the blanket primary and won the general election with 74% of the vote against Republican nominee Rob Reynolds.[3] He won re-election 17 more times and only got less than 58% of the vote in a November general election once (1980).[4] That year, he defeated Republican nominee Jim Beaver 54% to 46%, the lowest winning percentage and margin of victory in his career.[5] His second lowest general election winning percentage is 58%, in 1994 and 2010 (both years when Republicans took back the majority).

Tenure[edit]

Congressman Norm Dicks and Major General Howard S. McGee tour Camp Murray, Washington in 1975.

Elected to the House in 1976, he won a coveted seat on the House Appropriations Committee in his first term. He became a "powerful . . . senior Democrat" on that committee.[6] He also served for 8 years on the House Intelligence Committee.

On October 10, 2002, Norm Dicks was among the 81 House Democrats who voted in favor of authorizing the invasion of Iraq but later changed his position and supports an end to the war. With Boeing a major employer in Washington, Dicks has also supported the acquisition of military aircraft on the Defense Appropriations Subcommittee.

On October 22, 2004, Dicks cut the ribbon during the dedication ceremony for the Norm Dicks Government Center in Bremerton, Washington. On June 9, 2007, he presented the 132nd commencement speech at the University of Washington.[7] Recently, Congressman Dicks was given the 2008 Ansel Adams Conservation Award by The Wilderness Society,[8] and in 2010, Congressman Dicks was the first recipient of Washington non-profit Long Live the King's annual Lifetime Achievement Award in Salmon Conservation.[9]

In June 2007, Dicks expressed support for a House of Representatives bill that would increase funding for environmental protection, national parks and conservation by approximately $1.2 billion. In support of the bill, he said "The Bush administration has cut the Interior Department budget over the last six to seven years by 16 percent..."It has cut EPA by 29 percent. It has cut the Forest Service by 35 percent. It has devastated these agencies...We are trying to turn the corner, to bring these agencies back".[10] In 2008 the U.S. Navy Memorial Foundation awarded Congressman Dicks its Naval Heritage Award for his support of the U S Navy and military during his terms in Congress on the Appropriations Committee.

On May 8, 2008, Norm Dicks voted yes on H.R. 4279: Prioritizing Resources and Organization for Intellectual Property Act of 2007, sometimes called the PRO-IP Act. The PRO-IP Act is an act that would increase both civil and criminal penalties for trademark and copyright infringement. The purposed act would create a new executive branch office, the Office of the United States Intellectual Property Enforcement Representative (USIPER).[11] Preliminary punishments involve seizing of pirated copies and the device on which the copies are stored. Hefty fines could also be associated with violations.

On June 20, 2008, Representative Dicks voted yes on the controversial FISA Amendments Act of 2008. The bill would provide immunity for AT&T, Verizon Communications and other U.S. telecommunications companies against 40 lawsuits alleging that they violated customers' privacy rights by helping the government's NSA electronic surveillance program conduct a warrantless spying program after the September 11th attacks.[12]

The bill also sought to:[13]

  • Require FISA court permission to wiretap Americans who are overseas.
  • Prohibit targeting a foreigner to secretly eavesdrop on an American's calls or e-mails without court approval.
  • Allow the FISA court 30 days to review existing but expiring surveillance orders before renewing them.
  • Allow eavesdropping in emergencies without court approval, provided the government files required papers within a week.
  • Prohibit the government from invoking war powers or other authorities to supersede surveillance rules in the future.

Committee assignments[edit]

Caucus memberships[edit]

Retirement and Ongoing Civic Engagement[edit]

When deciding to retire from Congress in 2012, Dicks said his biggest regret was voting for the Iraq War. "I'm still glad Saddam Hussein is not there, but I feel we were misled, not intentionally misled, but we were not given accurate information, and if we had known Saddam Hussein did not have weapons of mass destruction, I don't think Congress would even have been asked to vote on that."[14]

In 2013, the former congressman joined the board of the Seattle non-profit Long Live the Kings as an Ambassador to a new U.S./Canada partnership, the Salish Sea Marine Survival project, stating that: "Efforts like the joint US/Canada Salish Sea Marine Survival Project promise to fundamentally change our knowledge about salmon and steelhead in saltwater; filling a crucial information-gap that has inhibited the progress of recovery."[9] In 2014, Dicks was elected to the Board of Directors of the National Bureau of Asian Research.[15]

Electoral history[edit]

Washington's 6th congressional district: Results 1976–2010[16][17]
Year Democrat Votes  % Republican Votes  % Third party Party Votes  % Third party Party Votes  %
1976 Norm Dicks 137,964 73% Robert Reynolds 47,539 25% Michael Duane U.S. Labor 2,251 1%
1978 Norm Dicks 71,057 61% James Beaver 43,640 37% Mary Smith Socialist Workers 2,043 2%
1980 Norm Dicks 122,903 54% James Beaver 106,236 46%
1982 Norm Dicks 89,985 63% Ted Haley 47,720 33% Jayne Anderson Independent 6,193 4%
1984 Norm Dicks 124,367 66% Mike Lonergan 60,721 32% Dan Blachly Libertarian 2,953 2%
1986 Norm Dicks 90,063 71% Don McDonald 36,410 29%
1988 Norm Dicks 125,904 68% Kevin Cook 60,346 32%
1990 Norm Dicks 79,079 61% Bert Mueller 49,786 39%
1992 Norm Dicks 152,933 69% Lauri Phillips 49,786 22% Tom Donnelly Independent 14,490 7% Jim Horrigan Libertarian 4,075 2%
1994 Norm Dicks 105,480 58% Benjamin Gregg 75,322 42%
1996 Norm Dicks 155,467 66% Bill Tinsley 71,337 30% Ted Haley Independent 5,561 2% Jim Horrigan Libertarian 4,075 2%
1998 Norm Dicks 143,308 68% Bob Lawrence 66,291 32%
2000 Norm Dicks 164,853 65% Bob Lawrence 79,215 31% John Bennett Libertarian 10,645 4%
2002 Norm Dicks 126,116 64% Bob Lawrence 61,584 31% John Bennett Libertarian 8,744 4%
2004 Norm Dicks 202,919 69% Doug Cloud 91,228 31%
2006 Norm Dicks 158,202 71% Doug Cloud 63,883 29%
2008 Norm Dicks 205,991 67% Doug Cloud 102,081 33%
2010 Norm Dicks 151,873 58% Doug Cloud 109,800 42%

References[edit]

External links[edit]

United States House of Representatives
Preceded by
Floyd Hicks
Member of the U.S. House of Representatives
from Washington's 6th congressional district

1977–2013
Succeeded by
Derek Kilmer